Cotton industry

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Cotton industry

  1. 1. ARMY PUBLIC SCHOOL,AHMEDABAD CANTT. 2013-’14 CLASS: X A SCIENCE PROJECT TOPIC: COTTON INDUSTRY EFFORTS BY: • URVASHI BANGUR • ANOWYESHA DASH • NEERAJ DEWANI • MANISH GUPTA
  2. 2. COTTON INDUSTRY  Cotton is a soft fluffy staple fiber that grows in a ball, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium.  The cotton industry is the business of spinning and weaving cotton; in Britain this was an important part of the Industrial Revolution.
  3. 3. STEPS INVOLVED The major steps involved in the production of cotton textiles are:  Cotton ball harvesting.  Carding.  Yarn spinning.  Fiber to Fabric.  Output and Delivery.
  4. 4. COTTON HARVEST  Cotton is from the cotton plant. The cotton fiber grows around the seed pod of the plant.  It is natively found in tropical and subtropical regions such as India and Africa. The fiber is most often spun into yarn or thread. It is used to make cotton.
  5. 5. CARDING  Carding is a mechanical process that disentangles, cleans and intermixes fibers to produce a continuous web.  This is achieved by passing the fibers between differentially moving surfaces covered with card clothing. It breaks up locks and unorganized clumps of fiber and then aligns the individual fibers to be parallel with each other
  6. 6. YARN SPINNING  Spinning is a major part of the textile industry. It is part of the textile manufacturing process where three types of fiber are converted into yarn, then fabrics, which undergo finishing processes to become textiles.  The textiles are then fabricated into clothes or other products.
  7. 7. FIBER TO FABRIC  Fiber is a rope or string used as a component of composite materials into sheets to make products such as paper or felt.  The strongest engineering materials are generally made as fibers. Cotton comes under the category of Natural fiber.
  8. 8. OUTPUT AND DELIVERY  Generally, goods and services are the outcome of human or nature efforts. The cotton fabric is supplied to a department store which offers a wide range of consumer goods such as clothing.  Clothing is fiber and textile material worn on the body. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of nearly all human societies.
  9. 9. THANK YOU!

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