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students' use of digital technologies in formal and informal learning


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Slides of my talk at EDMEDIA 2008 conference - outlining findinsg from LDN study.

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students' use of digital technologies in formal and informal learning

  1. 1. students’ use of technology in formal and informal learning Anoush Margaryan, David Nicol*, Allison Littlejohn and Kathryn Trinder Glasgow Caledonian University, UK * University of Strathclyde, UK This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this licence, visit
  2. 2. decentralisation user control prosumption & remix participation wisdom of crowds
  3. 3. gap between culture of universities and learners’ lives?
  4. 4. What students think? full report :
  5. 5. Survey & interviews: <ul><li>demographic data </li></ul><ul><li>types of tools used </li></ul><ul><li>extent of use </li></ul><ul><li>purpose of use </li></ul><ul><li>examples </li></ul>
  6. 8. formal learning (course)
  7. 9. Informal learning (not course)
  8. 10. social use (not learning-related)
  9. 11. what are the tools used for? <ul><li>mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>organising project meetings </li></ul><ul><li>discussing assignments </li></ul><ul><li>- support during pre-exam panic </li></ul><ul><li>“ no study materials on my phone please – it’s not a work item” </li></ul>
  10. 12. what are the tools used for? <ul><li>Instant Messaging </li></ul><ul><li>finding each other on campus </li></ul><ul><li>communicating timetable changes </li></ul><ul><li>arranging to meet </li></ul><ul><li>discussing coursework </li></ul>
  11. 13. what are the tools used for? <ul><li>Social networking (Bebo, MySpace) </li></ul><ul><li>socialising </li></ul><ul><li>supporting each other </li></ul><ul><li>sharing resources </li></ul><ul><li>organising learning in groups </li></ul><ul><li>mixed socialising and learning </li></ul>
  12. 14. Would you like to use these tools in your courses?
  13. 15. <ul><li>low understanding of tools </li></ul><ul><li>interdisciplinary differences </li></ul><ul><li>low concern with who provides tools </li></ul><ul><li>low digital literacy skills </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>not all young people are “digital natives” </li></ul><ul><li>pedagogic approach is a factor </li></ul><ul><li>socialising vs creating & sharing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>expectations of learning at university </li></ul><ul><li>(Litteljohn et al, in press) </li></ul>
  15. 17. Who is in charge?
  16. 18. Do all learners have the skills and mindset to be in charge?
  17. 19. Self-regulation Networking skills Self-efficacy Motivation Learning literacies