Elements of Culture. & Q#4<br />Ivan Santos<br />Johanna Lopez<br />
Social Norms<br />Social Norms is manners and laws.<br />It can also be what society expect from you and what you should do as an everyday behavior.<br />Basic things that keep the human race from devolving into something uncivilized.<br />It can also be what makes a difference human from behaving as animals.<br />
Examples<br /><ul><li>Gift giving during Christmas </li></ul>is considered a social norm.<br /><ul><li>Leaving a tip for the waiter.
Wearing Clothing in public.</li></li></ul><li>Examples cont.<br />Showering.<br />Picking someone up if they fall down<br />Opening the door for old ladies.<br />Going to the back of the line.<br />Not talking with your mouth full.<br />Working for a living.<br />Stopping at red light.<br />
Institution<br />Social institutions are beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs. All societies rely on a minimum of five social institutions.<br />
Examples<br />Politic <br />-Every society must have some political structure to maintain internal order and to protect against external threats.<br />- In modern society, we have a formal system of law which we follow<br />- Armed forces for protection against external threat.<br />Socialization<br />- school is created to pass on information that may not be known to family members & to pass on more knowledge to our young members.<br />
Examples<br />Family( reproduction)<br />No society can exist for more than one generation unless it replaces itself.<br />Religious Institutions<br /> To keep people motivated, they must have a belief in something that transcends the self.<br />Economy<br />Societies must provide for the production and distribution of goods and services. As today, we rely on corporations, and high technology.<br />
Question #4<br />What are some examples of conventions, mores and laws found in US society?<br /><ul><li>Norms is the agreement upon expectations and rules by which a culture guides the behavior of its members. All norms vary depending on their cultural groups.
Ex: Americans, for instance, maintain fairly direct eye contact when conversing with others; Asians, on the other hand, may avert their eyes as a sign of politeness and respect.</li></li></ul><li>Values<br />Values in society are what it holds to be “good” or desirable. <br />Both of these are values. How do they differ?<br />
Why do we hold these values to such high regard?<br />We condition ourselves to believe that if we follow these<br />Values we will be rewarded with a “good life” <br />And general welfare. <br />35th President of the United States J.F.K. was a model citizen<br />Who followed these values consistently until his death.<br />
Honesty<br />Courage<br />Justice<br />Chivalry<br />Examples of Values<br />
Values can be determined from you set of morals for example: <br />Chivalry | Selfless-ness<br />Values can also be determined from a sense not related to morality for instance self preservation or pride. For example:<br />Economic Success | Health | Education.<br />Morally and Non-Morally based values. <br />
Globally the united states is viewed<br />as very materialistic<br />This means we value the <br />accumulation and use of money<br />Very highly.<br />Social values are what make institutions function <br />Correctly. Churches, mosques, temples have power<br />Only as long as people believe in and follow their values<br />Local Example of Values. <br />
Material Products|Cultural Artifacts<br />“Man-made objects of human skill and effort that are essential<br />To the functioning of a society”<br />Products created by a society that the society then becomes<br />dependent on to keep its status quo.<br />
Very closely related to material products<br />Technology. <br />Definition: Deals with the creation and use of technical means and <br />Their interrelation with life, society, and the environment.<br />Technology has always been a corner stone of a society. Be it<br />The advancement of its technology the gives it strength or its <br />Primitive technology that contributes to its weakness.<br />