It was the first transcontinental expedition to the Pacific coast (by the US)
During their journey, there is not a single trace of a serious fight between them.Born leaders, experienced woodsmen-frontiersmen and Army officers, they were cool in crisis and quick to make decisions.
The Louisiana Purchase
The louisiana purchase Ana Carolina Freire de Azevedo Cultura Norte-Americana Mrs. Marta Ramos Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Basic data• April 30, 1803 • http://www.enchantedlearning.com/expl orers/gifs/LewisandClarkmap.GIF• President of the US: Thomas Jefferson• France sold 2,144,510 square km of land west of the Mississipi River to the beginning of the Rocky Mountains.• Cost: $15 million (nowadays, U$283 million), about 3 cents per acre (they did not know the soil was good due to no exploration)• The Lousiana Purchase encompasses todays Arkansas, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas and Wyoming.
Louisiana • From 1699 up to 1762 it belonged to FranceHistorical context • 1762: France gave it to Spain, its ally • 1800: Napoleon got it back
Historical context Why did Napoleon sell Louisiana? Why did TJ want to buy Louisiana?• A French commander lost a battle • Mississipi River: main trading in Saint-Domingue (Haiti) and had channel for goods shipped among to cut off the connection to USs the states that bordered with it for sourthen coasts ports the purposes of commerce with Asia• As Americas population was growing quickly, Napoleon thought • Because of that, the government it would be too difficult to keep wanted to buy New Orleands, an Louisiana from the American important port city and mouth of pioneers the river, property of France• Frances navy was not good • What follows is that Napoleon enough to control lands so far offered the entirety of Frances away from home lands in America, instead of New Orleans, as the Louisiana• Selling the land would raise funds Purchase. Some negotiators to conquer England signed the deal on TJs behalf, and the treaty was approved by 24 to 7 in Congress.
The lewis & clark expedition Meriwether Lewis & William Clark (and Sacagawea) Beginning: 1804 / End: 1806 / Expedition length: 12,800kmStarting line: northwest up the Missouri River, then west from its end down to the Pacific Ocean.
The expedition• The government sponsored • During the expedition years, these expeditors (aka Corps of they gathered information on Discovery) to explore the west, landscapes, flora, fauna, which was only a huge wild resources and the Native back then, right after the Americans that resided there. Purchase. Their goal was to study the areas • Among the fauna encountered fauna/flora/geography and also during the expedition were to learn how it could be bisons, grizzly bears, prairie exploited commercially. dogs, bighorn sheep and antelopes (The guys named a• They left from Missouri in 1804, pair of birds after themselves: and came back from the Clarks nutcracker and Lewiss expedition in 1806. woodpecker.) • The gathered information filled journals of 180 species of plants and 125 of animals yet unknown to scientists.
LEWIS & CLARK• Lewis, a TJ protegè, was • Clark was the leader of the better educated and more expedition. He was more of refined, but also introverted a practical man of action. and melancholic. • Clark was appointed to• Lewis was appointed Superintendency of Indian Governor of Louisiana Affairs and lived a long life Territory, but died only in St. Louis, dying at age three years after the 68 in 1838. expedition. TJ wrote his epitaph.
• The 1788 Idaho born Lemhi Shoshone Indian woman who led the expeditors is remembered by Americans as a remarkable woman of strenght and courage. sacagaweaThere is little known fact on her • Her husband was an abusive French Canadian named character and life, but she is Charbonneau. He forced her tonevertheless marked as a very become one of his wives. It isimportant part of the American believed that she was sold to him. It was not the first time that history. Sacagawea had been sold; the same happened before, when she was sold as a slave by the Minnetaree, after their attacking her tribe and kidnapping some other several women from it. • Sacagawea was hired by the Corps of Discovery to serve as a guide and translator so they could communicate with the Shoshone people.
Further benefits• The expedition resulted in another acquisition, the Oregon Territory. Now, the west was even more accessible to pioneers coming from the east.• With the expedition, the American government could finally understood what the Indians already knew for years and had tried to pass on: natural informations (waterfalls, mountains, wetlands etc.), a vast amount of wildlife and natural resources.
Fun facts!• Sacagawea is in the 2008 movie Night at the Museum, which portrayed the possibility of a romance between her & William Clark. Aside from that, she is very popularly portrayed in fictional movies and novels, and she is in a dollar coin.• When the expedition reached • Lewis had purchased a the Pacific the party voted on Newfoundland dog (named where to spend the winter. York Seaman) right before the (Clarks slave) and Sacagawea expedition. He made the entire were both allowed to vote. journey! Thats about 60 years before slaves were emancipated in the US and more than a century before either women or Indians were granted full rights of citizenship.
For more information: http://www.lewisclark.net/ http://www.squidoo.com/sacagawea-woc http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lewis_and_Clark_Expeditionhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/l/lewisandclark.shtml
Tecumseh and tenskwatawa Names: Tecumtha (Tecumseh) and Lalawethika/Tenskwatawa, the ProphetA heroic figure in American indian & Canadian history and his brother, the “wizard”
tecumseh• Name: Tecumtha• March 1768 - October 5, 1813• Leader of the Shawnee• Tecumsehs Confederacy (opposes US during Tecumsehs war and war of 1812)• Grew up in Ohio County during • At age 15, after the American Rev. the American Rev. War and War, Tecumseh joined a group of Northwest Indian War Shawnee natives who wanted to stop the white invasion of their• Tecumseh wanted to establish an lands. independent American Indian nation east of Mississipi • War of 1812: Alliance with British (The Canadas) - Killed in the• Recruited tribes from the South Battle of Thames (oct. 1813)
The prophet• Tenskwatawa (Open Door), formerly Lalawethika (He Makes a Loud Noise), was blind in one eye and very clumsy with weaponry. In his adult life, he became an alcoholic. • In April 1805, he had a vision: the Master of Life• He became the villages had told him that the medicine man after the Indians must give up all previous one died, but the white culture and products villagers did not trust him, (such as guns, iron making his alcohol abuse cookware, alcohol etc.) even more prominent. • If they did, He would drive the whites off their lands.
the beginning• He formed a village in Ohio with his followers. His fame grew in 1806, when he predicted a sun eclipse (believed to have been an information passed to him by his brother, Tecumseh).• Tecumseh wanted his brother to be credited for the eclipse because he wanted to form a united front of Indian tribes (Tecumseh Confederation) west of the Appalachian Mountains to get the whites off their land.• Tecumseh and the Prophet plus the Shawnee moved from Ohio to Indiana, settling Prophetstown in 1808.In 1811, the Confederation was so big that the government sent an army against them.
battle of tippecanoe• Tecumseh was away, so the Prophet said to their troops that the Master of Life had come to him and told that the Indians would succeed in defeating the Americans and that the bullets would not harm them.• The American army was surprised by the Indians and suffered heavy loss (62 killed & 126 wounded out of 1.000 troops). This was the Battle of Tippecanoe.• The American army thus proceeded to burn down Prophetstown. The Indians (rightfully) lost their faith in the Prophet and returned to their own villages.• Because the alliance between Tecumseh and his brother fell off, the Indian faith in surviving the American dominance was also fading.
War of 1812• Tecumseh and the Prophet made alliance with the British against the US in the War of 1812, where Tecumseh was killed during the Battle of Thames (1813).• The Prophet tried to regain the Indianss faith upon himself, but they still remembered the Battle of Tippecanoe. He still tried among the Shawnee, but from Canada and back to Ohio, he got no alliances.• While the Prophet once was the catalyst for one of the greatest Indian alliances in history, he died, in 1836, as a virtually forgotten figure.
That’s a wrap, everyone! Thanks for listening!