Presented by Lisa, Jessica, Ozan,
Tegan and Annik
What is LibraryThing?
• An online site for social sharing
• Online since 2005
• Specifically design to catalogue books
• T...

Description
Type of content
 Books, DVDs, CDs and
more
 Multiple languages
 English and French
mostly
 User-generate...

Description
Tagging
 Non-consistent and no
control vocabulary
 Left to the users
 Limited per item
 Tags or more per...

Tagging

Design and user interface

Design and user interface

Purpose
To examine the “messiness” of social tagging
in LibraryThing in relation to their use for
search and retrieval ...

 Chose LibraryThing because it closely resembles a library catalogue.
 Quantitative analysis
 Used ten books, the dat...

Findings
Titles Spelling Foreign
language
Non-
alphabetic
characters
Dates Abbrev.,
acronyms,
initialisms
Sentence
parag...

Findings
Titles Jargon Slang Nouns Plural Singular Both Variations Tags
Da Vinci
Code
129 168 1,246 167 1,044 34 1,121 3...

 Folksonomies can enhance controlled vocabularies like
LCSH
 They are messy and inconsistent
 Variations among tags i...

Background information
LibraryThing for Libraries (LTFL) is a series
of enhancements that can be embedded into a
librar...
Example of LibraryThing for Libraries
Logan Library (Utah): http://library.loganutah.org/

Research question
What is the utility of tags as a means of enhancing subject access and
discovery of items in library c...

Findings

Findings

Tags can be useful for finding materials in
library catalogues
However, there are several problems with
the LTFL tag b...

Value of Site for Subject Retrieval
Pros
Variety of Content
and
Social Creations
Variety of content
Books, movies, music, board games
Many languages (including translations)
Author and publisher infor...
Social Creation
User-generated, admin approved submissions
Boardgamegeek: http://boardgamegeek.com/user/jesslynch
Makin...

Value of Site for Subject Retrieval
Cons
No Search Limiters
and
Lack of Helpful Search Advice
Search Site
Tagmash
Add books

 LibraryThing is a great idea that needs work
 Seems outdated
 Hard to navigate
 Tagging strategies are lacking
 It...
 Bates, J., & Rowley, J. (2011). Social reproduction and exclusion in subject indexing: A comparison of public library O...
Library thing
Library thing
Library thing
Library thing
Library thing
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Library thing

  1. 1. Presented by Lisa, Jessica, Ozan, Tegan and Annik
  2. 2. What is LibraryThing? • An online site for social sharing • Online since 2005 • Specifically design to catalogue books • The creator built the site to catalogue his own books • Finds links to the item on other website • Price comparison • Where to buy online • Local bookstore where to find the item
  3. 3.  Description Type of content  Books, DVDs, CDs and more  Multiple languages  English and French mostly  User-generated with approved submission  Results come from other sources Target audience  People who want to keep a list of the books, DVDs and/or CDs  People who would like to have recommendation based on what they like  Via the website or other users  Libraries so they can shared their own collection
  4. 4.  Description Tagging  Non-consistent and no control vocabulary  Left to the users  Limited per item  Tags or more personal then useful  Users tags for themselves rather then everybody  Not very useful for the other users Design and user interface  Design is outdated with to much scrolling  Not mobile compatible  Connects/links to Facebook and Twitter  Can use a scanner to scan barcodes and find books  Recommendations given are accurate
  5. 5.  Tagging
  6. 6.  Design and user interface
  7. 7.  Design and user interface
  8. 8.  Purpose To examine the “messiness” of social tagging in LibraryThing in relation to their use for search and retrieval in a library catalogue using a quantitative analysis. Highlights of the article: “Trashy tags: problematic tags in LibraryThing”
  9. 9.   Chose LibraryThing because it closely resembles a library catalogue.  Quantitative analysis  Used ten books, the data was collected in September and October 2008  Excluded personal tags, i.e. “to read,” “box 1”  40% of tags were excluded  Studied a total of 7,653 tags Methodology • The Da Vinci Code • The God Delusion • The Screwtape Letters • The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People • Million Little Pieces • Lonesome Dove • Heather Has Two Mommies • Sin City • I’m a Soldier, Too • Martha Stewart’s Wedding Cakes
  10. 10.  Findings Titles Spelling Foreign language Non- alphabetic characters Dates Abbrev., acronyms, initialisms Sentence paragraphs Articles Tags Da Vinci Code 182 278 782 176 360 99 27 3,049 God Delusion 56 74 178 45 103 8 6 1,174 Screwtape Letters 44 25 245 73 140 5 4 1,059 Seven Habits … 59 29 269 34 147 5 2 952 Million Little … 41 16 145 50 54 27 4 668 Lonesome Dove 13 3 122 39 80 19 9 536 Heather… 5 0 29 5 20 0 0 119 Sin City 1 2 4 1 3 0 0 52 I Am a Soldier… 0 0 4 3 3 0 0 37 Martha Stewart’s… 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 7 Totals 401 427 1,778 426 911 163 52 7,653 % of total tags 5.24 5.58 23.23 5.57 11.90 2.13 0.68
  11. 11.  Findings Titles Jargon Slang Nouns Plural Singular Both Variations Tags Da Vinci Code 129 168 1,246 167 1,044 34 1,121 3,049 God Delusion 52 14 665 100 556 9 342 1,174 Screwtape Letters 42 22 505 70 423 12 402 1,059 Seven Habits … 95 13 465 73 378 15 380 952 Million Little … 27 30 307 33 269 5 206 668 Lonesome Dove 30 8 299 42 253 5 193 536 Heather… 12 7 74 39 34 1 52 119 Sin City 4 3 28 3 25 0 8 52 I Am a Soldier… 5 1 25 2 23 0 12 37 Martha Stewart’s… 0 0 5 0 5 0 2 7 Totals 396 266 3,619 529 3,010 81 2,718 7,653 % of total tags 5.17 3.48 47.29 6.91 39.33 1.06 35.52 % of nouns 14.62 83.17 2.24
  12. 12.   Folksonomies can enhance controlled vocabularies like LCSH  They are messy and inconsistent  Variations among tags is the biggest problem  Could be fixed by offering suggestions and recommendations, giving guidelines and allowing the editing and combining of tags  But don’t want to discourage users from creating tags  “The charm of tagging is its open and unstructured form, and this is a strength of the resultant folksonomy” Conclusions
  13. 13.  Background information LibraryThing for Libraries (LTFL) is a series of enhancements that can be embedded into a library’s online catalogue. Adds a tag cloud of LibraryThing tags directly to catalogue records. Highlights of the article: “Tags in the catalogue: Insights from a usability study of LibraryThing For Libraries” (Pirmann, 2012)
  14. 14. Example of LibraryThing for Libraries Logan Library (Utah): http://library.loganutah.org/
  15. 15.  Research question What is the utility of tags as a means of enhancing subject access and discovery of items in library catalogues? Methodology  Major research university library  13 participants  Usability test • Open-ended searches • Known-item searches • Unknown-item searches  Screen capture software & webcam  “Think aloud” technique  Semistructured interviews Methodology
  16. 16.  Findings
  17. 17.  Findings
  18. 18.  Tags can be useful for finding materials in library catalogues However, there are several problems with the LTFL tag browser: • Displays maximum of 30 tags • Relevancy ranking of results • Not seamlessly integrated in the catalogue Conclusions
  19. 19.  Value of Site for Subject Retrieval Pros Variety of Content and Social Creations
  20. 20. Variety of content Books, movies, music, board games Many languages (including translations) Author and publisher information Data on collections Similar content and recommendations ISBN and BINC number searches Growing collection Quick Links; Get this Book: price comparisons from Bookfinder.com
  21. 21. Social Creation User-generated, admin approved submissions Boardgamegeek: http://boardgamegeek.com/user/jesslynch Making and sharing lists Connecting to users with similar interests Forums and groups Suggestions for site improvements Links to Facebook and Twitter External searches: Library of Congress Catalogue, Overcat, Amazon.com
  22. 22.  Value of Site for Subject Retrieval Cons No Search Limiters and Lack of Helpful Search Advice
  23. 23. Search Site
  24. 24. Tagmash
  25. 25. Add books
  26. 26.   LibraryThing is a great idea that needs work  Seems outdated  Hard to navigate  Tagging strategies are lacking  It is more adapted for some context and users  Smaller libraries  Devoted users To Summarize
  27. 27.  Bates, J., & Rowley, J. (2011). Social reproduction and exclusion in subject indexing: A comparison of public library OPACs and LibraryThing folksonomy. Journal of Documentation, 67(3), 431-448. doi: 10.1108/00220411111124532  DeZelar-Tiedman, C. (2011). Exploring User-Contributed Metadata's Potential to Enhance Access to Literary Works: Social Tagging in Academic Library Catalogs. Library Resources & Technical Services, 55(4), 221-233. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from https://login.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx? direct=true&db=llf&AN=525501497&site=ehost- live  Lu, C., Park, J., & Hu, X. (2010). User tags versus expert-assigned subject terms: A comparison of LibraryThing tags and library of congress subject headings. Journal of Information Science, 36(6), 763-779. doi: 10.1177/0165551510386173  O'Neill, J. (2007). LibraryThing: Cataloging for the (social) masses. Information Today, 24(8), 23. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from https://login.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/57648651?accountid=14701  Pirmann, C. (2012). Tags in the catalogue: Insights from a usability study of LibraryThing for libraries. Library Trends, 61(1), 234-247. doi: 10.1353/lib.2012.0021  Richards, A., & Sen, B. (2013). An investigation into the viability of LibraryThing for promotional and user engagement purposes in libraries. Library Hi Tech, 31(3), 493-519. doi: 10.1108/LHT-03-2013-0034  Starr, J. (2007). LibraryThing.com: The Holy Grail of Book Recommendation Engines. Searcher, 15(7), 25-32. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from https://login.proxy.bib.uottawa.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=llf&AN=502919069&site=ehost- live  Thomas, M., Caudle, D. M., & Schmitz, C. (2010). Trashy tags: Problematic tags in LibraryThing. New Library World, 111(5-6), 223-235. doi: 10.1108/03074801011044098  Voorbij, H. (2012). The value of LibraryThing tags for academic libraries. Online Information Review, 36(2), 196-217. doi: 10.1108/14684521211229039 Bibliography

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