To Kill a Mockingbird


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To Kill a Mockingbird

  1. 1. Introduction:To Kill a Mockingbird<br />By HarperLee<br />
  2. 2. SETTING OF THE NOVEL<br />Southern United States<br />1930’s<br />Great Depression<br />Prejudice and legal segregation<br />Ignorance<br />
  3. 3. Southern Mentality<br />Family values<br />Hospitality<br />Gossip<br />
  4. 4. 1930’s - Great Depression began when the stock market crashed in October, 1929 <br />Businesses failed, factories closed<br />People were out of work<br />Even people with money suffered because nothing was being produced for sale.<br /> Poor people lost their homes, were forced to “live off the land.”<br />
  5. 5. Social Class in the Novel<br />This is probably similar to how class structure existed during the 1930’s in the South. The wealthy, although fewest in number, were most powerful. The blacks, although great in number, were lowest on the class ladder, and thus, had the least privileges. <br />Examples of each social class:<br />Wealthy - Finches<br />Country Folk - Cunninghams<br />“White Trash” – Ewells<br />Black Community – Tom Robinson<br />
  6. 6. Racial prejudice was alive & well. Although slavery had ended in 1864, old ideas were slow to change. <br />
  7. 7. Racial separation (segregation)<br />
  8. 8. Gender Bias (Prejudice)<br />Women were considered “weak”<br />Women were generally not educated for occupations outside the home<br />In wealthy families, women were expected to oversee the servants and entertain guests <br />Men not considered capable of nurturing children<br />
  9. 9. Legal Issues of the 1930’s which impact the story<br />Women given the vote in 1920<br />Juries were MALE and WHITE <br />“Fair trial” did not include acceptance of a black man’s word against a white man’s<br />
  10. 10. Legal Segregation in Alabama, 1923-1940<br />No white female nurses in hospitals that treat black men<br />Separate passenger cars for whites and blacks<br />Separate waiting rooms for whites and blacks<br />Separation of white and black convicts<br />Separate schools<br />No interracial marriages<br />Segregated water fountains <br />Segregated theatres<br />
  11. 11. Prejudice in the novel<br />Race<br />Gender<br />Handicaps<br />Rich/Poor<br />Age<br />Religion<br />
  12. 12. Main Characters<br /><ul><li>Scout (Jean Louise Finch) – six years, old narrator of story
  13. 13. Jem (Jeremy Finch) – her older brother
  14. 14. Atticus Finch – Jem and Scout’s father, a prominent lawyer who defends a black man accused of raping a white woman
  15. 15. Arthur (Boo) Radley – a thirty-three-year-old recluse who lives next door
  16. 16. Charles Baker (Dill) Harris – Jem and Scout’s friend who comes to visit his aunt in Maycomb each summer
  17. 17. Tom Robinson – a respectable black man accused of raping a white woman
  18. 18. Calpurnia – the Finches’ black cook</li></li></ul><li>Language<br />Sometimes the language of Scout will be that of her as a child; other times, she will be speaking in the voice of an adult<br />Atticus uses formal speech<br />Calpurnia uses “white language” in the Finch house and switches to “black jargon” when amidst blacks<br />The Ewells use foul words and obscenities<br />Jem, Scout, and Dill will use slang words, typical of their age<br />Tom Robinson uses language typical of the southern black such as “suh” for “sir” and “chillun” for “children”<br />Various derogatory terms for blacks will be used such as “nigger,” “darky,” “Negroes,” and “colored folk” – Lee uses such language to keep her novel naturally in sync with common language of the times<br />
  19. 19. Reading Notes<br />While you are reading, take notes on the following five topics:<br />Injustice<br />Jem and Scout growing up<br />Words of Wisdom<br />Conflict<br />Family relations<br />
  20. 20. "Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't eat up people's gardens, don't nest in corncribs, they don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird."<br />