First Speaker Plaintiffs and Defendants A. Davis
Explain Everything• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecKO_9oqtbQ• Use the link above to help you understand the structure of the first speakers speech.
1. First plaintiff makes an 2. First defendant crossopening statement and examines the firstprovides the allegation plaintiff2. First defendant makes 3. Second plaintiff crossan opening statement to examines the firstdisprove the allegation. defendant 4. Second defendant3. Second plaintiff acts as cross examines thean expert second plaintiff 4. Second defendant acts 5. Third plaintiff cross as an expert examines the second plaintiff 5. Third plaintiff acts as an expert and restates 6. Third defendant cross the arguments examines the third plaintiff6. Third defendant acts as anexpert and restates the 7. Closing 8. Closingargument argument argument
Link to show the order of proceedings• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CtQ9ZJSNOlM
Structure for first speaker • Introduction o Introduce allegation o State what two points you will be making. • Body paragraph one o Define allegation o Introduce speakers and what points they will be making • Body paragraph two o First point o Explain o Example o Link • Body paragraph three o Second point o Explanation o Example o Link • Conclusion o Restate why the allegation is true/false and why your team should win
Opening speech by first speaker• Three tasks o Define o Introduce o Substantive points1. The first speaker needs to define the allegation to show what understanding they have of the case. o This needs to be done in a way that supports their side of the case.2. The first speaker needs to introduce each speaker and needs to state what points each speaker will be covering.3. The first speaker makes two points to support their argument. This are called substantive points
IntroductionsStart your speech in an interesting way.• Use an excellent example.• Contrast examples from both sides- making your example sound more important.• Use a compelling statistic• Introduce your teams your teams main argument• Say why it is important that your side wins.• State what you are going to say in your speech.
1. Define- Plaintiff• This is where you explain/ define how your teams interprets the allegation.• Rephrase and explain in detail what you understand the allegation to mean.• For example:• Allegation: That zoos should be closed down due to cruelty to animals.• Definition: It becomes illegal to own or operate a place where people pay money to view animals kept in captivity.• Explanation: Animals in Zoos need to be retrained and released into programs which prepare them for the wild and people should go to game reserves or watch TV if the want to see animals.
1. Define- Defendant• This is where you explain/ define how your teams interprets the allegation.• Rephrase and explain in detail what you understand the allegation to mean.• For example:• Allegation: That zoos are not responsible for cruelty to animals• Definition: zoos are places that protect animals.• Explanation: That animals remain well cared for in captivity so that people can come and learn about animals so that the next generation can appreciate and care for animals to ensure their survival.• You will need to cross examine points that the first Plaintiff has made.
2. Introduce• Introduce each lawyer on your case.• State what points they will be making• Introduce what two substantive points you will be making.• State why it is important that your team wins.
3. Substantive points• Point one-• Explain-• Example/ evidence• Link point back to why your team should win the case• Point one-• Explain-• Example/ evidence• Link point back to why• your team should win the case.
Example/ Evidence• Whist acting as an expert it is important to supply evidence to back up your points. Nothing will stand up in court unless you have the correct evidence to back it up.Types of examples and evidence that you can useare Make sure you have a variety of types of Pictures evidence for your case. Quotes You will need to show these during your Filmed extracts speech. Props/ objects You might want to use Sound recordings iMovie- Educreations- Pic collage- Key note- Skitch- Noob news- Podcasts- News paper extracts Audacity,- iMotion HD- Imagechef,
Closing speech• This is done by the first defendant and then the second plaintiff.• All the most important points and arguments are repeated along with how the other team responded to them.• This is done in chronological order.• This speech is written during the case.• It is the last chance to emphasise why your side of the case should win.• No new information is introduced. o Our team stated that… o Your team responded by saying… o Your argument was flawed because… o Our argument was better because…
Tips• Use facts and statistics to back up your points. o Remember to say where these come from.• Use a catch phrase or slogan that your side keeps repeating throughout the case. o “Without Zoos animals have no hope.” o “just zoo it.” o “for a small fee you can see real animals before they become extinct.” o “Cruel captivity and conditions ruins animals lives.”
While preparing• Ask why questions..• Why should we benot doing this?• Why is this bad or good?• What will happen if this changes?• What will happen if this does not change?• How will society be effected if this changes?• How will society be effected if this does not change?• Why is it important that a change does take place?• Why is it important that we maintain the status quo?
Structure• Tell us what your going to say, say it, then tell us you have said it.• Sign posting – make sure everyone knows what you are doing.• Signal that you have moved from your introduction to your cross examination to your first point, second point, third point conclusion.• Signal which point you are cross examining.• Signal which points you are making.
Cross examination• State what point you are cross examining. Pick up on when your opponents do not cross o You said that….. examine one of your• Explain what is wrong arguments. with this point. For example, we said that o This is wrong because….. Zoos are needed to help• Explain what you mean animals because of the breeding programs they in detail. offer. Your team has o What this means is that…… completely overlooked• Link the cross this argument . examination back to Keep bringing this up. the allegation. It makes your team seem o So what this shows us is….. stronger and stronger.
How to end your speeches.• Summarise what you have said.• Summarise at what point your case is at.• Summarise the problems with the other teams case.• Restate why it is important that you win your case.
Task• Using a brainstorming app create a brainstorm organising your ideas.• Make sure you have identified what type of evidence you will use in your court case.• Write your speech using the hamburger model.• Prepare and create your evidence• Practice combining reading your speech whilst showing your evidence.• Brain storming apps o Simple mind plus o iBrianstorm o Mindmash o Idea Ketch