FERNS and Friends      Botanical name Pteridophyta                   over 12,000 speciesby Annie Cloutier Science Departme...
Plants have evolved from Earth’s aquatic environments                and moved onto lands.• Ferns developed true  vascular...
Ferns make spores not seeds                      • A spore is different than                        a seed                ...
Spores are released when they are  mature and fully developed          copyright acloutier 2013
Gametophytes large heart shaped structures                            • Male antheridia make                              ...
Prothallus is the gametophytes for ferns           copyright acloutier 2013
Damp moist environments are        necessary for most ferns• Water• Moist soil with humus• Waxy cuticle protect  spores ti...
Rhizomes are horizontal stems not true roots             copyright acloutier 2013
Ferns can grow up to 85 feet (25 meters) ! And are some of the earliest plants ever to live on Earth                  copy...
Ferns are good for the environment    floating ferns can suffocate mosquito lava             copyright acloutier 2013
Fern Fossils are often found in Pennsylvania and                       Rhode Island• 375 million year old  fern fossils ca...
Benefits of ferns             they are natural air filters• One Boston fern can  remove 1,800  micrograms of  formaldehyde...
Fiddleheads & Aerial ferns       copyright acloutier 2013
In the Spring time fiddleheads appear, see if you can                 find some outside        …where should you look for ...
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Ferns and friendspowpt2013cloutier

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Basic fern facts

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Ferns and friendspowpt2013cloutier

  1. 1. FERNS and Friends Botanical name Pteridophyta over 12,000 speciesby Annie Cloutier Science Department Sandwich High School Massachusetts 2013 copyright acloutier 2013
  2. 2. Plants have evolved from Earth’s aquatic environments and moved onto lands.• Ferns developed true vascular systems• the xylem and phloem conduct water and nutrients from tiny hair- like roots attached to the rhizomes, bringing water to other parts of the plant copyright acloutier 2013
  3. 3. Ferns make spores not seeds • A spore is different than a seed • Spore are often found underneath a fern’s fronds copyright acloutier 2013
  4. 4. Spores are released when they are mature and fully developed copyright acloutier 2013
  5. 5. Gametophytes large heart shaped structures • Male antheridia make sperm to unify with the archegonia, the female egg • This fern structure is where the haploid (n) alternate generations are made copyright acloutier 2013
  6. 6. Prothallus is the gametophytes for ferns copyright acloutier 2013
  7. 7. Damp moist environments are necessary for most ferns• Water• Moist soil with humus• Waxy cuticle protect spores till they are ready to be dispersed copyright acloutier 2013
  8. 8. Rhizomes are horizontal stems not true roots copyright acloutier 2013
  9. 9. Ferns can grow up to 85 feet (25 meters) ! And are some of the earliest plants ever to live on Earth copyright acloutier 2013
  10. 10. Ferns are good for the environment floating ferns can suffocate mosquito lava copyright acloutier 2013
  11. 11. Fern Fossils are often found in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island• 375 million year old fern fossils can be found in the states of Pennsylvania• Coal and fossil fuels come from ancient fern and bog deposits.• Carboniferous period is referred to as the AGE of FERNS copyright acloutier 2013
  12. 12. Benefits of ferns they are natural air filters• One Boston fern can remove 1,800 micrograms of formaldehyde from house hold carpeting in a single hour copyright acloutier 2013
  13. 13. Fiddleheads & Aerial ferns copyright acloutier 2013
  14. 14. In the Spring time fiddleheads appear, see if you can find some outside …where should you look for them ? (grocery stores sell them) The end… copyright acloutier 2013

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