Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on


  1. 1. Leukemia<br />
  2. 2. Leukemia Overview<br />Cancerous cells fill up the bone marrow and prevent healthy red cells, platelets, and mature white cells (leukocytes) from being made<br />Tumor suppressor genes are deactivated<br />
  3. 3. Four Types of Leukemia:<br />Leukemia<br />Acute<br />Chronic<br />Chronic Myeloid<br />Leukemia (CML)<br />Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)<br />Chronic Lymphocytic<br />Leukemia (CLL)<br />Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)<br />
  4. 4. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)<br />CLL cells (mutations) multiply and replace normal white blood cells in bone marrow<br />Spreads to blood stream<br />Failure of bone marrow<br />Almost never occurs in children<br />
  5. 5. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)<br /><ul><li> Increased and unregulated growth of mainly myeloid (bone marrow) cells in bone marrow
  6. 6. Accumulation of these mutated cells into the blood.
  7. 7. Mainly affects adults</li></li></ul><li>Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)<br />Malignant (immature) white blood cells continuously multiply and are overproduced in the bone marrow<br />Causes damage and death by crowding out normal cells and by spreading to other organs<br />Most common in children but can also occur in adults<br />
  8. 8. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)<br />Abnormal fast multiplying myeloid cells replace healthy cells, causing bone marrow to fail<br />Occurs in children and adults<br />
  9. 9. Symptoms of Leukemia<br />May be easily bruised<br />Night sweats<br />Bleed excessively<br />Feeling sick, fatigued, flu-like symptoms<br />Nausea/swollen belly<br />Headaches<br />
  10. 10. Diagnosis<br />Blood tests<br />Bone marrow aspiration<br />Bone marrow biopsy<br />Blood cell counts<br />Chest x-rays<br />Spinal tap (looks for leukemia in CSF)<br />Physical exam <br />
  11. 11. Treatments<br />Chemotherapy (main treatment)<br />Bone marrow transplant<br />Radiation treatments<br />Stem cell transplant<br />Biological therapy<br />Clinical treatments (new medicines)<br />
  12. 12. Sources<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /> <br />