Hadewijch Vanwynsberghe (MICT) ! Media literacy!
User Empowerment is... !“Enabling citizens to control their own lives and to take advantage of opportunities. It means increasing the range of human choise.” (Walker & Van Der Maesen, 2003, p.5)!
Media literacy is… • Knowing how to keep personal information private! • Differentiate between media violence and real world violence • Recognize bias and stereotyping in the media
Media literacy is…! • Consume and produce media messages for civic engagement• Understanding how media messages are constructed • Knowing which online information is reliable and knowing how to recognise correct information
Media literacy is…!“ The ability to access, analyze, evaluate and create messages across a variety of contexts.” (Livingstone, 2004, p. 5)
Media literacy is…!• European Commission (EC): “media literacy is the competence to cope, autonomously and critically, with the communication and media environment established within the consequense of the ʻinformation society.” (EAVI study, 2009, p. 21) !• EC makes a clear distinction between two dimensions: ! o 1) Individual competences (for example: technical use, critical understanding and social skills) ! o 2) Environmental factors (for example: media education, policies and regulation, media availability)!
Media literacy is…!• Several deﬁnitions of media literacy!• Media literacy: !
Searching for sense!• Media competences =!• Competences vs skills: !“The terms ʻcompetenceʼ and ʻkey competenceʼ are preferred to ʻbasic skillsʼ which was considered too restrictive as it was generally taken to refer to basic literacy and numeracy and to what are known variously as ʻsurvivalʼ or ʻlifeʼ skills. ʻCompetenceʼ is considered to refer to a combination of skills, knowledge, aptitudes and attitude, and include the disposition to learn in addition to know-how.” (Martin & Grudziecki, 2006, p.256) !
Privacy is …!• Privacy (in our research) = privacy awareness. !• Privacy awareness = media competence: ! -Knowledge ! -Skills! -Attitudes !
Inclusion is…!“Enabling all individuals to make informed and empowerd choices about the uses of ICTs whilst ensuring these individuals have ready access to the resources required to enable them to act on these choises.” (Selwyn & Facer, 2007, p.23) !