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  4. 4. POST-EDSA TO THE PRESENT President Ferdinand Marcos -was the last president under the Third Republic and the only president under The Fourth Republic Assume the Presidency 1.President Fidel V. Ramos  2.President Joseph Ejercito Estrada 3.President Gloria Macapagal  The President of the Third Republic from Corazon C. Aquino to the present administration of Gloria Macapagal Arroyo had specific program of government.
  5. 5. THE AQUINO PRESIDENCY    People Power –it is a repudiated Marco’s authority to rule (under the Constitution of 1973) the question arose as to which Constitution should Mrs. Corazon Aquino govern the Philippines. March 25,1986 –President Corazon Aquino proclaimed a Freedom Constitution , which defined her powers Proclaimed a Freedom Constitution ∞ The new government was installed through a direct exercise of the power of the Filipino People assisted by units of the New Armed Forces of the Philippines. The heroic action of the people was done in defiance of the 1973 Constitution .The direct mandate of the people as manifested by their extraordinary action , demands the complete reorganization of the government.
  6. 6.   President Aquino -though vested with unlimited powers ,had no desire to become a dictator. 1987 Constitution – preserved many of the provisions of the 1935 Constitution .  New Provisions  A single fixed term of six years for the President A President’s power to appoint cabinet members , ambassadors , and consuls , the Armed Forces (from the rank of colonel and up) subject to confirmation by the Commission on Appointments in Congress the approval of Congress and that the president reports on his/her action within forty-eight hours. 
  7. 7.    the Senator’s term is limited to two terms ; the Representatives to three terms; and Members of judiciary ,although to be appointed by the president , should be recommended by a Judicial and Bar Council. 1987 Constitution- provides for people empowerment ; the recall of elected officials; the appointment of sectoral representatives from labor, peasants , urban poor , indigenous cultural communities , women youth , the disabled ; and the recognition of the role of people’s organization.
  8. 8.  Other priorities and acts of the Aquino Government • The lifting of the suspension of the previlege of the writ of habeas corpus The grant of amnesty to all political prisoners, which set free about 459 detainees Restoration of elections and important democratic institution like an independent COMELEC , judiciary and legislature ;free press ;mechanism for conflict resolution in the Muslim South the Cordillera A restructuring of the inherited foreign debt The creation of the Philippine Commission on Good Government (PCGG) Approval into law of the Local Government Code ,towards strengthening a decentralized government machinery. • • • • •  Amnesty- the act of pardon by an authority like the president to prisoners whether the political in nature or criminal in character.
  9. 9. THE RAMOS PRESIDENCY  Fidel V Ramos – a former general became president through the normal constitutional process.  The Seven Presidentiables for the Presidency in the 1992 • 1. Miriam Defensor Santiago 2. Fidel V Ramos 3. Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. 4. Ramon Mitra Jr. 5. Imelda R. Marcos 6. Jovito R. Salonga 7. Salvador H. Laurel • • • • • •
  10. 10. FIRST ACTS OF THE RAMOS PRESIDENCY • • • • • • The creation of the Legislative-Executive Development Council (LEDA) to facilitate the passage of priority legislations Negotiations with military rebels , communists rebels, and Muslim secessionist the creation of the special Zone of Peace and Development in Southern Philippines (ZOPAD) Institution of anti-crime bodies to deal with crime syndicates , private armies , and terrorists Enlistment of the support and participation of the AFP in civil works projects (building roads and bridges , schoolhouses , and mega dikes ) disaster preparedness (including rescue and rehabilitation )environmental protection and conservation and human resource development Institution of electoral reforms through the COMELEC
  11. 11.  President Ramos favored the exercise of free market forces with the least intervention from the government  The Ramos government supported and signed into law R.A.7432-which grants special privileges to senior citizen R.A.8353-which reclassified rape from private offense such that it was no longer a crime against chastity, but a crime against a person R.A.8369-known as the Family Courts Act of 1997, which established Courts to handle cases of domestic violence , and women’s desks in the police agencies to attend to women victims of violence. The women in Nation Building Law ,which gives women equal economic opportunities in national development efforts, budget for gender and development in government agencies, and credit or lending windows for Women at the Land Bank and Development Bank of the Philippines President Ramos emphasized diplomacy for economic development, political cooperation, and national security.   • • 
  12. 12. THE ESTRADA ADMINISTRATION AND PEOPLE POWER II • • The transfer of power from President Ramos to President Joseph Estrada was a peaceful and orderly, despite fears of a failure of election. A few months before elections, a group of Ramos admirers initiated a move for Charter Change (ChaCha movement) to allow a 2nd term for President Ramos, President Aquino and Cardinal sin led a rally in Luneta to denounce the ChaCha move. Estrada despite charges of being “a womanizer, drinker, and gambler” won almost 40% of the votes, with Gloria Arroyo as his Vice President. The speedy canvassing and senate proclamation of Estrada as President elect and Macapagal Arroyo as Vice President attested to the democratic processes that were restored by the Edsa People Power and the statesmanship of President Ramos.
  13. 13. FIRST ACT OF PRESIDENT ESTRADA’S • the suspension of the release of the 37billion in “Pork Barrel” allocations for pet projects of the congressmen; • the organization of the PAOCTF (Presidential Anti-Organized Crime Task Force ) with General Panfilo Lacson as head; • the reduction of debt servicing or payment to IMF-WB; and • redirection of Land Bank and DBP funds to small and medium scale enterprises
  14. 14. PRESIDENT ESTRADA PRIORITIES • • • • Provision of opportunities for employment and income generation Provision of food , shelter , and basic utilities Improvement of the economy through the acceleration of infrastructure programs and privatization promotion of participatory leadership that is free from graft and corruption and political patronage
  15. 15. PRESIDENT ESTRADA INVOLVES SCANDALS IN HIS PERSONAL AND OFFICIAL LIFE • • • •     His alleged involvement in number games as king of Jueteng lords His rumored mistresses and gifts of mansions His much-criticized drinking sprees and midnight cabinet sessions His huge bank account under a false name The resignation of Vice President Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo :the issuance of a statement by the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) condemning President Estrada’s jueteng involvement as “morally reprehensible” the Makati Business Club expressing its loss of confidence in his ability to govern and their call for his resignation Parliament of the Streets-execution of what appeared to be a concerted effort to oust President Estrada General Angelo Reyes-Estrada’s AFP Chief of staff, emboldened the people’s protest to EDSA Shrine January 20,2001-Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took her oath of office as the fourth president the Fifth Republic.
  16. 16. THE MACAPAGAL ARROYO GOVERNMENT • • • • • • President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in her fist state of the Nation Address (SONA) on July 23,2001 Reduce poverty incidence Fight poverty by creating jobs, not destroying them Address the complaint of the masses about high prices and inadequate wages reduce excessive friction in labor ad management relations, working for industrial peace Control the budget deficit by collecting taxes vigorously and spending money prudently Balance the economic plan to nurture the disadvantage members of society and those left by progress
  17. 17. • • • • • • • • • Increase the chances of Filipino children finishing school Create a million new jobs within the year in agriculture and fisheries Strive to achieve self- sufficiency in rice production Produce cheap rice and increase the number of prosperous farmers Annually distribute 200,000 hectares of land for agrarian reform 100,00 hectares of private land and 100,000 ancestral domain titles for indigenous people Develop information and communication technology to leapfrog the economy into the new millennia Stop the increase in prices of basic necessities of workers , monitor oil prices Increase the number of categories of workers who need not pay taxes Reduce corruption in the executive branch investigate and prosecute corruption in high places reduce corruption among elective officials no one is above the law
  18. 18. • Enhance the relations with the United States whose economic and Military power continue to make it an important factor in the affairs of the region and the nation  People Power 11 – a political analysts , it was an elitedominated plot to oust President Estrada whose Promasa (Pro People Agenda)and “low moral lifestyle” disqualified him to continue as President  May 2010- second term of Gloria Macapagal- Arroyo
  20. 20. FIDEL V. RAMOS
  21. 21. FIDEL V. RAMOS
  26. 26. RAMON MITRA JR.