Introduction:• gives the topic of the essay• gives (historical) background information• shows concession (although, despite)• may include a definition• may contain interesting statistics or an anecdote• usually ends with your thesis statement
Planning stage (1)The thesis statement:•is the guiding main idea or hypothesis•may very well be revised later on the basis ofwhat you have read in order to minimise orexpand the scope of your paper•is generally the last sentence of yourintroductory paragraph expressing what youintend to prove / explain in your paper
Planning stage (2):The thesis statement may be:•a debatable statement (used in argumentativeessays in which you try and persuade the readerto your point of view).•a non-debatable statement (used in expositoryand scientific articles in which you explain asituation based on facts).Do tasks 11 and 12 on pp. 100 - 101
Effective Thesis Statement:suggests your essay’s direction,emphasis and scopeWidely ridiculed as escape reading, romancenovels are becoming increasingly importantas a proving ground for many never-before-published writers and, more significantly, asshowcases for strong heroines.
Introduction: Organisation: from general to specific •Setting the scene:– Statements about the subject / background information– Attention grabber: question, quote, anecdote, example, staggering statistic, etc. •Thesis statementDo task 14, p. 103.Peer review of your introduction
Integrating sources:•Direct quotation “ ………. “•Author + reporting verb•According to (author), …….•Paraphrasing•SummarisingNB. Punctuation (cf. pp. 114-5)Do task 20, p. 110; task 23, p. 115; task 25, p. 117