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PERMACULTURE
&
FOREST GARDENING
Mediterranean Garden Society, Italy

2015-10-09
Annemiek van Moorst
gardening with nature ...
why change is needed
2
continuous increase in CO2 and other gases
cause the greenhouse effect and climate change
3
deforestation
4
polar ice melting at alarming rate
5
oceans acidify, warm-up, sea levels rising
6
California's worst drought in 1,200 years
7
Up to 60 percent of Syria's land and 1.3
million people are affected by drought in Syria
8
agricultural malpractice: monoculture,
pesticides, loss of top soil
9
http://naturedesignsjohnfranci.com/videos/
10
and we eat too much meat - ‘cow-spiracy'
11
Culture change
Consumption culture 

“I am what I buy”
12
Renewable energy culture 

“I am what I save and protect”
13
–Bill Mollison
“Though the problems of the world
are increasingly complex, the
solutions remain embarrassingly
simple”
14
Permaculture is...
• The conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally
productive systems which have the diversity, s...
Permaculture is...
• The best way to fight climate change, erosion,
protect nature and biodiversity in a productive
settin...
Forest gardening is…
• A low-maintenance sustainable plant-based
food production and agroforestry system based
on woodland...
My favs
Martin Crawford
Sepp Holzer
Masanoku Fukuoka
Gilles Clément
Paul Gautschi
Paul Stamets
lizard orchid
himantoglossu...
Martin Crawford
‘Creating a forest garden’
19
https://www.agroforestry.co.uk
20
Sepp Holzer
‘Holzer’s permaculture’
21
http://youtu.be/J3iGa539a4M
22
Masanoku Fukuoka
‘The one-straw revolution’
23
Gilles Clément
Le jardin en mouvement
24
Paul Gautschi
‘Back to Eden’
25
Paul Stamets
‘Mycelium running’
https://www.ted.com/talks/
paul_stamets_on_6_ways_mushrooms_can_s
ave_the_world
26
rebuild natural capital
Care for the earth
Care for peoplefair share
27
observe
& interact
catch
& store
energy
obtain
a yield
self-regulate
& accept feedback
use & value renewable
resources& se...
Care for the earth
Care for peoplefair share
Permaculture: 

ethics and design principles
29
Care for the earth
Care for peoplefair share
observe & interact
creatively use & respond
to change
catch & store
energy
pr...
the seven layers of a forest garden
31
sassafras albidum
32
siberean pea
caragena arborescens
33
fuchsia magellanica
34
russian comfrey
symphytum x uplandicum
35
elephant garlic
allium ampeloprasum
36
groundcover raspberry
rubus pentalobus
37
hardy kiwi
actinidia arguta
38
five-flavour berry
schisandra chinensis
39
Tips & Advice
• Make an overall plan but 'le jardin en mouvement': adjust
• Mulch with wood chips, straw, weeds, grass cli...
41
Help Italy change
• Start in your own garden
• Spread the word…
• Questions?
42
THANK YOU!
buckwheat
fagopyrum esculentum
43
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Permaculture & Forest Gardening

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Presentation given 9 Octobre 2015 to the Mediterranean Garden Society Italy by Annemiek van Moorst

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Permaculture & Forest Gardening

  1. 1. PERMACULTURE & FOREST GARDENING Mediterranean Garden Society, Italy
 2015-10-09 Annemiek van Moorst gardening with nature not against it 1
  2. 2. why change is needed 2
  3. 3. continuous increase in CO2 and other gases cause the greenhouse effect and climate change 3
  4. 4. deforestation 4
  5. 5. polar ice melting at alarming rate 5
  6. 6. oceans acidify, warm-up, sea levels rising 6
  7. 7. California's worst drought in 1,200 years 7
  8. 8. Up to 60 percent of Syria's land and 1.3 million people are affected by drought in Syria 8
  9. 9. agricultural malpractice: monoculture, pesticides, loss of top soil 9
  10. 10. http://naturedesignsjohnfranci.com/videos/ 10
  11. 11. and we eat too much meat - ‘cow-spiracy' 11
  12. 12. Culture change Consumption culture 
 “I am what I buy” 12
  13. 13. Renewable energy culture 
 “I am what I save and protect” 13
  14. 14. –Bill Mollison “Though the problems of the world are increasingly complex, the solutions remain embarrassingly simple” 14
  15. 15. Permaculture is... • The conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally productive systems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems. It is the harmonious integration of the landscape with people providing their food, energy, shelter and other material and non-material needs in a sustainable way • Permanent (agri)culture • Founded by Bill Mollison in 1974
 Cofounders: David Holmgren, Geoff Lawton (students) 15
  16. 16. Permaculture is... • The best way to fight climate change, erosion, protect nature and biodiversity in a productive setting… • Forest gardening may be the best choice for gardeners like us... 16
  17. 17. Forest gardening is… • A low-maintenance sustainable plant-based food production and agroforestry system based on woodland ecosystems • A prehistoric method of securing food in tropical areas • In the 1980s, Robert Hart coined the term "forest gardening" after adapting the principles and applying them to temperate climates 17
  18. 18. My favs Martin Crawford Sepp Holzer Masanoku Fukuoka Gilles Clément Paul Gautschi Paul Stamets lizard orchid himantoglossum hircinum 18
  19. 19. Martin Crawford ‘Creating a forest garden’ 19
  20. 20. https://www.agroforestry.co.uk 20
  21. 21. Sepp Holzer ‘Holzer’s permaculture’ 21
  22. 22. http://youtu.be/J3iGa539a4M 22
  23. 23. Masanoku Fukuoka ‘The one-straw revolution’ 23
  24. 24. Gilles Clément Le jardin en mouvement 24
  25. 25. Paul Gautschi ‘Back to Eden’ 25
  26. 26. Paul Stamets ‘Mycelium running’ https://www.ted.com/talks/ paul_stamets_on_6_ways_mushrooms_can_s ave_the_world 26
  27. 27. rebuild natural capital Care for the earth Care for peoplefair share 27
  28. 28. observe & interact catch & store energy obtain a yield self-regulate & accept feedback use & value renewable resources& services produce no waste design from patterns to detail integrate rather than segregate use small and slow solutions use and value diversity use edges & value the marginal creatively use & respond to change 28
  29. 29. Care for the earth Care for peoplefair share Permaculture: 
 ethics and design principles 29
  30. 30. Care for the earth Care for peoplefair share observe & interact creatively use & respond to change catch & store energy produce no waste obtain a yield Self-regulate & accept feedback use & value renewable resources& services design from patterns to detail integrate rather than segregate use small and slow solutions use and value diversity use edges & value the marginal 30
  31. 31. the seven layers of a forest garden 31
  32. 32. sassafras albidum 32
  33. 33. siberean pea caragena arborescens 33
  34. 34. fuchsia magellanica 34
  35. 35. russian comfrey symphytum x uplandicum 35
  36. 36. elephant garlic allium ampeloprasum 36
  37. 37. groundcover raspberry rubus pentalobus 37
  38. 38. hardy kiwi actinidia arguta 38
  39. 39. five-flavour berry schisandra chinensis 39
  40. 40. Tips & Advice • Make an overall plan but 'le jardin en mouvement': adjust • Mulch with wood chips, straw, weeds, grass clippings, gravel • Make your own compost (or throw kitchen waste directly on ground) • Do not dig, let worms and microorganisms do the work for you • Do not fill plant holes with anything other then original soil • Choose plants that fit your conditions • Minimise weeding: start loving some… • Observe and learn 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. Help Italy change • Start in your own garden • Spread the word… • Questions? 42
  43. 43. THANK YOU! buckwheat fagopyrum esculentum 43

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