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Moon Gathering By Eleanor Wilner
The moon is Earth's only natural satellite and light source during the night. As of today, not only does the moon hold these two positions, but it also
represents a variety of symbols as well. For instance, it is known as a feminine symbol due to its lunar cycle being analogous to the phases of human
maturation (Protas). "The new moon is infancy, the crescent is youth and adolescence, the full moon is maturity and pregnancy, and the waning moon
represents the decline of life, sleep" (Protas). In addition, astronomers view the moon as a symbol of soul and some even relate the phases of the moon
to immortality and eternity as well (Protas). Furthermore, as a result of its gravitational pull on earth, the moon might even reflect the "dark side ...
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However, the two differ in tone; "The Harvest Moon" being more calm and graceful and "Hunger Moon" being detached and hopeless.
Furthermore, the moon in "The Harvest Moon" had an admirable and accommodating role while the one in "Hunger Moon" was loathed. The
cause of these differences is due to the fact that these seasons of the full moon are the complete opposite of each other, one representing new life
and the other representing the decline of life due to the lack of food (Rao). In addition, Wilner's "Moon Gathering" is similar to "Hunger Moon" in
this theme of declining life. The difference in these poems is the speaker's interpretation of the moon. The speaker in "Moon Gathering" wants the
moon to not dim away since it symbolizes life, yet the speaker in "Hunger Moon" is eager to have the moon leave so that the season of "Hunger" can
go away as well. Altogether, the speakers in these three poems still look upon the moon as an object with the power of controlling life. It's the
circumstances of the poem that changes how the moon's power of controlling life is
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Life As We Knew It By Susan Beth Pfeffer
238,900 miles away, the earth's moon is one that is truly unique. With a given age of about 4.5 billion years the Earth serves a major role in real life
and in the book Life as We Knew It by Susan Beth Pfeffer. When catastrophe strikes, Earth takes a turn for the worst and great natural disasters occur.
Thousands die, but there are a number of survivors. If there are survivors, how beneficial is the moon actually? What would happen if the moon had
been destroyed? How necessary is it for human survival? The Moon, is a great benefactor to human survival because of the benefits earth gets from it.
Luna in Latin, the moon is the second brightest celestial object that can be seen from earth other than the sun. Even though it seems very bright, it is
actually very dark and shows a reflection ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
First explained with science by Isaac Newton in 1686, tides are known as the regular rise and fall of the ocean. Tides are created by the
gravitational forces of the sun and the moon. A high tide is created when the moon's gravitational force tugs on water from the oceans and causes
bulges. Even though high tides would be the most powerful on the side of Earth facing the moon, high tides will occur throughout the whole earth.
Sometimes, depending on the Earth's stage during the orbit around the sun, the earth is able to have special and even sometimes rare tides. One tide
that's rare is known as The Proxigean Spring Tide. The rare Proxigean Spring Tide is a very high tide that produce large waves. It occurs when the
moon is unusually close to the Earth and in a new moon phase. When this type of tide occurs, it also means that the moon is between the earth and
sun. In the book Life as We Knew It when the moon his with an asteroid knocking it out orbit. The moon gets very close to earth and the first natural
disaster to occur are tidal waves. The Proxigean Spring Tide came to mind because the moon, in order to happen,the moon must be unusually close
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Mercury's Surface Research Paper
Mercury's surface is very similar to that of our very own moon. Just like our moon, It has a dark grey, rocky surface. It is known to be quite porous
and covered in many craters. It is strewn with quite a few boulders and lots of dust. Interestingly enough, the lunar–like surface layer only runs about
500–600 kilometers deep into the small planet, where it meets Mercury's iron–rich core. As far as sustaining life, Mercury is geologically dead, and
according to research done over the course of years, it has been for quite some time. This is apparent from its barren landscape, and lack of weather
patterns. Data shows no record of dust storms, clouds or any form of weather, reassuring us of its similarity to our Earth's moon.
Venus is known to
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Martian Moons Research Paper
The Martian moons, Phobos and Deimos were discovered in 1877 by American astronomer Asaph Hall who was working for the US Naval
Observatory at the time. Using the largest telescope at the time, the USNO 66–cm refracting telescope, he was able to visually see Phobos and Deimos.
Hall on the suggestion of Henry Madan, Science Master of Eton College, used Homer's Illiad, to name the two moons Phobos meaning Panic or Fear
and Deimos meaning Terror or Dread. Phobos and Deimos being the attendants or sons of the Greek god Ares the counterpart to Roman godMars. Hall
had seen an object orbiting close to the planet mars on the 10th but could not identify it clearly because of bad weather. Hall discovered Deimos on the
12th of August and over the course ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The moons of Mars were found to actually be potato shaped. This is one of the reasons for the theory that they may actually be captured asteroids.
The radii of Phobos was found to be about 2.76 Mars Radii and Deimos about 7 Mars radii. The moons are 23 km and 6 km with Phobos being the
bigger of the two, and like our own moon are tidally synchronized to Mars (always presenting the same side to Mars). Phobos is gradually losing
orbital energy and as a decaying orbit. Which means eventually it will fall into and collide with Mars in about 45 million years. Deimos on the other
hand is just beyond Mars geostationary orbit, so it is gradually gaining orbital energy and will only increase its orbital distance over the years. Even
though Phobos and Deimos have low self–gravity they themselves are deep within the mars gravity well. Meaning with a little work you could escape
the gravitational pulls of the moons but you would still be pulled by mars gravity. Phobos is so close to its planet that the apparent size of Mars from
Phobos is 42.5 degrees which is about 6400 times larger than our moon from
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Analysis of “The Moon: Cold, Wet, and Breathing.” Essay
Analysis of "The Moon: Cold, Wet, and Breathing."
The article "Top 100 Stories of 2009 #16: The Moon: Cold, Wet, and Breathing" from DiscoveryMagazine.com discusses the LCROSS mission of
2009. This is a Moon mission conducted to search for the presence of water (Barone 2009). The mission is an important part of the ultimate goal of
visiting the Moon and establishing a Moon base (NASA 2005).
The article is written to expand upon what occurred during the LCROSS mission (Barone 2009). LCROSS stands for Lunar Crater Observation and
Sensing Spacecraft. The mission was designed to search for water on the surface of the Moon. Water on the Moon has long been theorized, but
previous moon missions have not found any (Lutgens 2008). The ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
NASA used the LCROSS module to take the 2.8 ton upper stage of an old Centaur rocket out of Earth's orbit. LCROSS then accelerated the Centaur
portion towards a dark crater. The best examples of craters that don't receive light are those on the Moon's south pole.
The LCROSS project according to the article involved three portions (Barone 2009). This includes the LCROSS module, the Centaur rocket portion,
and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter or LRO. The LCROSS orbiter sped the Centaur rocket up to 6500 MPH and impacted it with a crater near the
Moon's south pole (LCROSS 2010). LCROSS followed behind it and analyzed the plume from the Centaur portion, sending information back to Earth,
until it also impacted with the Moon (Barone 2009). The impact plume stretched to ten miles above the rim of the crater (Braukus 2010). Four minutes
after the impact, the LRO flew through the debris cloud ejected by the impacts. It collected the raw data of what the cloud plume was composed of and
transferred the information back to LCROSS control where computers received the data and started the analysis.
Computers at NASA's Ames Research Center tore apart the ultraviolet, visual, and infrared spectroscopy images (LCROSS 2010). This was done
under the careful supervision of NASA researchers who together with these high–powered computers took numbers and turned them into a breakdown
of what the plume is
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Two Types Of Solar Eclipses In Greek History
An eclipse is an astronomical event that happens when a celestial object such as a moon or a planet moves into the shadow of another celestial body
and there are two types of the eclipse on Earth named solar eclipse and lunar eclipse. A solar eclipse happens when the moon's shadow falls
somewhere on the surface of the earth and a lunar eclipse is the opposite of solar eclipse which happens when the earth's shadow falls on the moon.
There are two sections of the shadow, the dark umbra, and the partially shaded penumbra, their placement determines the type of eclipse that can be
seen on earth though placement sun.According to Greek history, the person who predicted the first eclipse was a Greek mathematician, Thales of
Miletus. On May 28, 585 BC, the Lydians, and Medes were engaged in fierce fighting and this was the six–year of war between them. Each was from a
different side of Anatolia which is modern–day Turkey. As the battle stretched on into the evening, both armies were surprised to see the Sun suddenly
darkening and they believed that it was a message from the gods that they were displeased by the strife. But the Lydians and Medes laid down
their arms. They swore to end the long war and solidified the peace by giving a Lydian princess to marry the king of the Medes. This is one of the
earliest events in recorded history to which we can set an exact date as we can calculate when that eclipse took place. The eclipses are valuable to
the historian as they give us an event that we can use to correctly date ancient chronologies. Ancient historians recorded that his eclipse that stopped
the war was actually predicted by Thales. Through thousands of year, patiently watching the movements of the Sun and Moon in the sky, ancient
astronomers realized eclipses happen when the moon passed directly in front of the Sun. For the solar eclipse to work though, of course, the moon
has to be big enough to block out the sun. In reality, the moon is 400 times smaller than the Sun but in a fantastic cosmic. However, from our point
of view, the moon is almost exactly the same size as the sun in the sky and this means it will line up and it will completely block the disc of the sun.
If the moon is the smaller or any further
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The Evolution Of The Moon's Craters
Not that many people know how our moon's craters were created, some scientists say there were asteroids that had hit the newly created satellite. And
those asteroids formed circular holes on the surface of this new satellite. After the new satellite was created it was being pulled around a planet which
we know as our home planet Earth. Have you ever wondered about how the craters on the moon were created. Like that rabbit that everybody sees but
yet I can't!There are many different types of hypothesis on how the moon's craters . But today I will try to recreate how the moon's craters were
created or formed. You're probably saying as you read this "Didn't he say there are many different hypothesis on how the moon's craters were created
?" Yes... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
There are many astrologers in the world , but some astrologers don't really know how the moon's mysterious craters suddenly appeared all over the
moon. So I thought "hey" "I should help out these astronomers who don't really know who the moon's craters were actually created" so I decided
to help out these astronomers , by creating my own project which surface would be best for craters? Some astrologers say the moon's surface has
many types of material. But I will be testing out which one would be best or the the surface that looks like a moon! I am going to use a rubber and
sponge ball to reenact as asteroids that are going to hit the moon from billions of years ago. To start the investigation we first need to find out how
high we will drop the ball , we will drop it around my height , so about 5 feet 7 inches then we will continuously be dropping the ball in the 4 different
type of surfaces such as gravel (small rocks) , flour , soil, dirt, and we will be dropping the ball five times from the same height for each surface and
we'll go on from there . And some important vocabulary words for this experiment are Astronomy, Asteroids, Gravity Diameter , height , sponge
ball , rubber ball , craters , and yes it is a lot of words but guess what? It's all worth it at the end you all are really going to enjoy this project , I
guarantee it. If you don't like you'll get your money
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Eight Phases Of The Moon
The moon is the planet Earth's only natural satellite and is one of the largest in the Solar System. This natural satellite was not formed long after Earth
about 4.5 billion years ago. The gravitational forces continue to keep the moon in orbit of Earth. Even though it appears so, the moon does not
physically produce light but it does reflect light from the sun (which is why we are able to see it). It takes our Moon 27.3 days to completely cycle
through the Lunar month, which has eight phases. Through these different phases we see it lit from different angles and this depends upon the position
of the Moon in its orbit. These phases include; the new moon, waning crescent, third quarter, waning gibbous, full moon, waxing gibbous, first quarter,
waxing crescent and this process repeats. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
As the moon takes 27.3 days to fully complete the lunar month this means that it takes this amount of time to fully orbit around the Earth. The orbiting
moon moves about 12.8o per day around the Earth. It is also noticeable if you watch the moon over several hours in a night that it will move its
position amongst the stars. As the moon changes position in correspondence with the sun it creates the lunar phases. Have you ever wondered why we
can't see the "far–side" of the moon? If the moons rotation was faster or slower or if it did not rotate at all we could see even a glimpse of the
"far–side." This is all from the cause of gravity as the pull from the Earth to the moon has slowed its speed of rotation therefore its orbit of the Earth is
synchronised with its time of
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Apollo 11 Research Paper
When Apollo astronauts carried samples of the moon's surface back to earth, the rocks and sediments has shown something incredible. It contained
clues to how Earth and the Moon formed as well as the history of the Sun. The scientists looked for what life would be like if humans could live on the
moon. The Apollo 11 mission brought back the first geologic samples from the Moon back to Earth. Astronauts collected twenty–two kilograms of
material which acquired samples of the lunar "soil," fifty rock samples and two core tubes which was found below the moon's surface. All the samples
was not composed with any water which provided no evidence for living organisms in the Moon's history. They figured out that there was volcanic
activity since they ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The astronauts found on the regolith that the highlands have aluminum in its rocks and the regolith in the maria contains iron and magnesium
which happens to be a major component of basalt. There was two main types of rocks found on the Apollo 11 site, basalts and breccias. The first
type of rock was basalts were are solidified from molten lava. Basalts are made up of pyroxene and plagioclase which was formed by two
chemically different magma sources and are dark gray which is why the Moon contains dark areas. The second type of rock are breccias which is
composed of fragments of older rocks by the heat and pressure of meteorites. These samples from the regolith and maria provided facts that the
maria was covered in lava flows and in the highlands provided how earth was like like 4.5 billion years ago. Apollo 12 mission contained basalts
with low amounts of titanium and Apollo 17 mission had a sample of "orange soil," which consists of small orange glass beads. The beads are glass
because they cooled rapidly with no crystals insider and all had different colors from titanium. Scientists conducted on basalts and pyroclastic glass
which showed that they formed when the interior of the Moon partially
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The Impact Of Apollo 11 On Modern Day America
Everyday America thrives to make history, and when they do they surprise us and they surprise themselves. It was July 20, 1969 when Neil
Armstrong and Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin had been the first men to step foot on the moon. Apollo 11 had began on July 16 they launched into the sky at
9:32 and into the Earth's orbit, after one and half orbit they had the "go" or as they call it "Translunar Injection" meaning it's time to head towards the
moon. Three days go by and they enter the lunar orbit, another day has gone by Armstrong and Aldrin enter the lunar module (Eagle) ready to set off,
while their companion Michael Collins orbits in the commanding module (Columbia). As we all know Neil Armstrong was the very first man to step
foot onto to the moon with his famous quote "That's one step for man, one giant leap for mankind." but not many people know about Edwin (Buzz)
Aldrin being the second man following after Armstrong. Man Takes First Steps on the Moon by Times as they describe every gesticulation and
objects that is around them, giving the readers figures in their head. In Event of Moon Disaster by William Safire the speech was written in case of
any astonishing demise while on the mission of Apollo ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The July 16, 1969, Launch: A Symbol of Man's Greatness by Ayn Rand is written from her point of view watching the space shuttle (rocket ship) take
off and describing the scenario that is surrounding
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Is A Hero Really Nothing But A Sandwich
According to the Oxford dictionary, "A hero is a person who is admired by many people for doing something brave or good" (n.d.). A hero is an
inspirational figure that people try to imitate their actions and have a strong desire to be like them. Moreover, A hero is a person who thrives to reach
to the peak of the mountain and inspire people to follow his/her footsteps. "A hero is as an individual that take action on behalf of others in need, or in
defense of integrity or a moral cause" (Dilbeck, n.d.). It is mentioned in "Is a Hero Really Nothing but a Sandwich?" one of the character traits of a
hero which is " A hero does something worth talking about." (Tollefson, 1993). A hero is a person who sacrifices his/her own life and put... Show more
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He created a system by himself and succeeded in it. Furthermore, he wanted to lend a hand to those who need it and he accomplished it. He not only
inspired people, but made them feel that what you think is impossible can be possible. Also, even though some people suffer from disability, but that
doesn't prevent them from following their goals and helping people. In my opinion, I think that we all should look up to him because he is a great role
model for the future generations and us. He teaches us how to be patient, devoted and committed just to make the world a better
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Mayan Calendar Research Paper
There are around forty different calendars used in the world today, usually for determining pious or religious events. Many countries like the United
States use the Gregorian calendar for their official and modern activities which they are able to keep everyone organized. Over a thousand years ago
in the fifth century the Mayans came out with the first calendars. There are three types of basic calendars that are being used today they are solar,
lunar and the lunisolar/solilunar calendars. A solar calendar can be identified by theSun. This calendar is also based on Earth's orbit around the Sun.
"Lunar calendars are based on the moon rotation around the Earth. This type of calendar is used usually for religious dates or purposes"
(InpaperMagazine 2013). On the other hand, lunisolar or solilunar calendars connect the two kinds and is basically solar calendars with dates
indicating a moon phase. The oldest known calendar was made by the Mayans. "The Mayans of Central America relied not only on the Sun and moon,
but also on the planet Venus" (Misiroglu 2010).
They were very intelligent in mathematics and in astronomy. "A stone tablet that was found in the 1960s was supposed to have predictions of the
world's end on December 21, 2012" ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Each year in this calendar is related to a certain animal like a snake, ram, bull and even a rabbit, "it has 12 months in each year and an "intercalary"
month every two to three years ("Introduction to Calendars")". The Chinese calendar is such an old calendar with the New Year being on February
10 back in 2013, and it will be the 4711th year in the Chinese calendar. The Chinese New Year is between January 21 to February 21, depending on
when the new moon of the first lunar month is. The Chinese New Year celebration is a 15–day long celebration which is also known as the 'Spring
Festival', it is the most known or significant of all the Chinese
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Cycle Of The Dark Moon
The sun always illuminates one half of the moon, as the sun rotates we may or not be able to see the illuminated section of the moon. This process
creates the "phases" of the moon that we see in the sky every month. Magickally we recognize six phases that change what type of magic we perform
during these times.
The first phase, the dark moon, is when the moon is completely shadowed by the earth and not visible to the naked eye. This phase only lasts one
night and is a time that is generally associated with negativity. This association has lead to many pagans refusing to work magic on this day. This can
be a time to work negative magick but that magick can also be used in a positive manner to banish a negative thing in our lives. This time ... Show more
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This phase is not always recognized by all pagans because it is the first day of the waxing moon and has been referred to as the Young Moon or
Waxing Crescent. This phase shows the cycle of the moon being reenacted and as such represents new beginnings and fresh starts magickally.
As the moon grows we enter the phase known as the waxing moon. This normally lasts approximately fourteen days and is the period in between the
new moon and the full. Due to the time frame and the observance of the moon growing over time, we perform spells that involve us bringing something
positive to us that grows gradually over time, thus imitating the moon itself.
The full moon phase technically only lasts one night. Some pagan paths follow this and only celebrate or perform magick on that night. Other
paths that recognize the triple goddess will perform magick for three days. The last day of the waning phase, the full moon, and the first day of the
waning moon. These phases represent the aspects of the triple goddess, the maiden, mother and crone respectively. Due to the moon being at it's
full strength this is a really good time to perform any type of positive magick that needs a large boost. Other paths view this night as a day of
celebration and assign specific meanings to each full moon of the year. These nights are known as Esbats and witches will perform magick that
pertains to the believed association of each specific month, for example April's full moon is associated with Letting go of and honoring what has
passed and spells or rituals of this nature would be
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Moons Affecting Ocean Tides
The moon is a giant ball of rock in our sky. The moon came to be where it is now when a giant, mars sized "proto plantet" as such, smashed into
earth sending tons of molten rock flying into space and slowly the moon began to form from that rock. The moon affects our planet in many ways. It
affects the oceans tides by pulling water toward where ever it is. Also it has an effect on how long each day is because it slows down the earths
spinning by orbiting in the opposite direction. If the moon moon were only 10% further away from earth than it is today the earth would wobble and
we would be totally out of place. If the moon was closer to earth, and it depends how much closer, but if it was about 20 times closer the earth would
spin much slower ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
C, because the lines in the spectra are closer to the blue side meaning they are shorter wavelengths, so it's a blue shift so it is moving toward you.
B, because the lines in the spectra are closer to the red side meaning they have longer wavelengths, therefore it's a red shift so it is moving away from
you.
A, and after the probe has moved further away C and D
B,E, because as the probe moves toward the planets it is already moving when it releases the wave therefore the wavelength is shorter, whereas if its
moving away the wavelengths are longer because as it releases them it its moving away creating longer distances between waves.
A,B,E will at its current location but as it moves towards E they will all be effected. Because in its current location it is level with planets C and D
because they are level but as it moves away they will begin to get the Doppler effects.
3 billion years (assuming the stars are not moving)
3 billion
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Moon Observation
The Moon
The night of observing, the Moon was in the waxing gibbous phase. The Moon was formed when it collided with Earth as a planetesimal and now it
is an object that orbits Earth. The distance from Earth to the Moon is 238,855 miles away and is about 4.5 billion years old. (How) That night at
8:15 pm the telescope was places so we could see were the Moon was illuminated and where it was dark. On the left side of the Moon their were
some darker spots, were greyish in color, compared to the reset of the Moon. Even though it was partly cloudy with slight wind that night we could
see the craters on the Moon clearly. Through the telescope I saw craters with a typical bowel shape and others with more complex. Another type of
crater I saw was
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Utut
The Moon – Introduction
Its hard to imagine the history of Earth without our Moon. For as long as man walked this Earth, the Moon served as "lesser light for the night" and
faithful time–piece. The phases of the Moon were used to help guide the Harvest, or help determine the time of the river floods.
How our Moon came to existence is still under speculation. There are several possible scenarios:
Fission Theory – the Earth spinning so fast during early formation that a piece broke off forming the Moon
Capture Theory – the Moon formed elsewhere passed close to Earth and was captured
Co–Creation Theory – the Earth and Moon formed and evolved together
Collisional Ejection Theory – a large piece impacted the Earth and broke off pieces ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
This article provides a brief introduction to the types of geological feature to be found on the Moon, to assist in any comparison with other planets and
to help the reader decide whether there are any topics they would like to investigate further.
The Moon is a timekeeper, and the luminary that takes over when the Sun sets. In ancient Egypt, this Sun–Moon switchover was embodied by the Sun
god Ra and the Moon god Thoth. When the Sun god Ra journeyed into the underworld at night, Thoth took over until Sunrise.
In even earlier, pre–historic times, the count of lunar months, and a lunar calendar, was in use across many cultures. The oldest artifacts show lunar
markings on animal bone and carved into cave walls. The Native American elder might say he's been around for Many Moons. In Japan, there's a
Moon–god called Tsuki–Yomi, which comes from Japanese words that mean moon and counter.(1)
During the late 1800s and well into the 1900s it seemed that every book that described the craters, mountains and other features of Earth's moon was
titled The Moon. In my mind this came to stand for an encyclopedia–like series of descriptions of features on the lunar surface. In general, more recent
books, especially those by professional scientists, describe the processes that formed and modified the Moon, and the surface features themselves are
no longer described systematically. But for many lunar observers and others thinking about the Moon as a place, knowledge
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Apollo 11 : The First Space Mission
Apollo 11 was the first space mission that landed humans on the moon. On July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed on the
Moon while Michael Collins stayed in the Command Module. On the surface, Armstrong and Aldrin spent two and a half hours collecting samples,
taking pictures, and exploring the surface of the moon. After they got their samples, they placed a three by five feet American flag on the moon, a
plaque that said, "Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 20, 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind." They landed
off the shores of Hawaii on July 24, 1969. Apollo 11 landing on the moon exchanged new scientific and technological information in history,
encountered a new region to discover, and started more explorations in space. According to the Lunar and Planetary Institute, Apollo 11 brought back
the first geological substances back from the moon. One of the substances was one–hundred and ninety–three grams of basalt. Basalt are hardened
rocks from molten lava. These rocks are commonly found in Hawaii. Basalt has a dark gray color, so when the moon is looked at, the darker areas
are basalt. These minerals are very similar to the ones on Earth, except for the extra titanium. These basalts from the Apollo 11 landing site are from a
range of 3.6 to 3.9 million years old and come from at least two differently chemically magma sources.
The other substance was two–hundred and thirteen grams of breccia. Breccia are just
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The Glass Menagerie Analysis
"The Glass Menagerie," by Tennessee Williams, is a memory play designed to reveal some type of truth by examining the life of a family living in
St. Louis. However, what exactly the play is trying to reveal remains unclear even as the play draws to a close. The play ends on a slightly confusing
note, with Tom, the narrator, saying "for nowadays the world is lit by lightning! Blow out your candles, Laura– and so goodbye...." (Williams 97) and
then Laura blowing out her candles. However, upon closer examination, the meaning and significance of this line become clear. After examining the
symbolism around candlelight and natural light, it is evident that the last line of the play is really Tom saying that he is seeing the harsh reality of the
world, and therefore he is begging Laura to get rid of her kindness and hope. Only once he relays this message can he say goodbye and let go of her
memory, which gives the reader a hint at his motivation for telling this story. Candlelight is used to symbolize human kindness and romantic hope.
Partway through Jim and Laura's conversation during dinner, the stage directions indicate that "Jim lights a cigarette and leans indolently back on his
elbows smiling at Laura with a warmth and charm which lights her inwardly with altar candles." (Williams 79) These directions plainly draw an
association between "warmth and charm" and "candles," which indicates that candles are correlated with human kindness. Additionally, these stage
directions
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Six Moon Phases
Six moon phases
New moon:
On the day of the new moon the moon rises when the sun rises and sets when the sun sets. A day or two later the moon reappear in the west after
sunset. The first phase in the lunar cycle in the new moon. New moon workings can be done from the first day of the new moon to three and a half days
later. New moon magick is good for beauty,health,self–empowerment,farms and gardens,job hunting,love,purity,and romance,networking,protection and
creates a shield for the beginning of the cycle,starting new adventures,new beginning and secrets. The new moon is a good time to preform lunar
goddess invocations,fertility rituals,transformation,spirit conjuring and spells that increase psychic abilities and prophetic dreams. ... Show more content
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It is a time when everything comes together, it is a time of ideas, also a time of commitment, to a person, idea or project. It is also a time of family,
and, or friends coming together, any spell is well aspect during this phase of the Moon. This moon happens 14 days after the new moon and is the
Mother aspect of the goddess. At this time your energies are hightened you should do your workings that take lot of energy at this time. The full moon
is completely in the sun's light and appears in her round silvery lumiance. This is the time to do the most difficult of spells full moon is like the
white candle it is an all purpose moon for your workings. It is time to give thanks for all the blessings that has already come your way. The full moon
is most commonly celebrated by pagans. The full moon brings power and energy to both the seed you planted at the new moon or to fulfill a
long–term goal or desire. Artistic endeavors,Beauty, health and fitness,Change and decisions,Children,Competition,Dreams, Families,Health and
healing,Knowledge,Legal undertakings,Loveandromance,Money,Motivation,Protection,Psych–ism, Self–improvement to just name a
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Significances Of Total Solar Eclipses
A Total Solar Eclipse occurs when the visible portion of our Moon covers the visible portion of our sun, causing it to seem like a white ring with a
black center, causing an extremely unique view of our sun and Moon. The Total Solar Eclipse can only be seen from a few points in the world, in the
umbral shadow. Most people in the world will only see a partial Solar Eclipse, where the Moon will only cover a portion of the sun, due to the fact that
they're in the penumbral. While not as unique, it's still a rare sight to behold. The reason Solar Eclipses are so rare to begin with is due to the
special coincidence of the Moon and sun being the same size to our eyes. While our sun is 400 times the size of our Moon, our sun is also 400 times
farther away, causing them to appear the same size in our sky.
As previously stated, you can only see a Total Solar Eclipse from an umbral shadow, which is the darkest part of the shadow cast on theEarth. This only
happens when the Moon Totally covers the sun, but this is not the only factor. The Moon also has to be close to, or at the point of perigee, the
point of the Moon's orbit closest to Earth. The penumbral shadow is only visible when the Moon only partly obscures the Sun's disk, causing a
partial Solar Eclipse, but there are still more. There's the Annular Solar Eclipse, which is similar to a Total Solar Eclipse, but the Moon is too small
to completely cover the sun, and the Sun's outer edges remain visible to form a ring of fire in the sky. This can only happen when the Moon is near
to, or at the point of apogee, the point of the Moon's orbit farthest from Earth, and can only be seen from the Moon's antumbra. The last type of
eclipse, Hybrid Solar Eclipses, also known as annular–Total eclipses, are the rarest type. This only occurs when a Solar Eclipse changes between a
Total Solar Eclipse and an Annular Solar Eclipse along it's path.
According to the article "What Are Solar Eclipses?" on the website timeanddate.com/eclipse/solar–eclipse.html "For a solar eclipse to take place, the
Sun, the Moon, and Earth must be aligned in a perfect or near perfect straight line–an alignment astronomers call syzygy. This happens around New
Moon every lunar month." There are 2
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Moon Research Paper
Earth, the planet we humans live on. The Earth revolves around the Sun and the moon revolves around the Earth. The moon is Earth's only natural
satellite. If you didn't know a satellite is a celestial body that orbits the Earth or other planets. Other than that, there is more about the moon. First off,
the moon radius is around 1,079 miles. Secondly, the moon's gravity is about 1/6ths of Earth's gravity. Also, the moon has a thin atmosphere, which
makes it unsuitable for humans to breathe. Other than Moon's features, there is more about the moon. First, there are moon phases. A moon phase
is the shape of the sunlit side of the moon. The moon has 8 phases. In the moon cycle, the 8 moon phases go in a certain order. For a new moon to a
full moon, it starts off with a new moon then a waxing crescent, half moon (first quarter), waxing gibbous, and it ends with a full moon. For a full
moon back to a new moon, it starts with a full moon then a waning gibbous, half moon (last quarter), waning crescent, and it ends with a new moon.
As you can see, the terms "waxing" and "waning" appeared through half of the moon cycle. These terms describe the moon's sunlit side's size. Waxing
means to increase and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
An eclipse is when the light from the Sun or moon on briefly. There are two types of eclipses, solar and lunar. A solar eclipse is when the moon
blocks out the Sun's light temporarily. When there is a solar eclipse, the moon phase is a new moon. During a solar eclipse, the only part of the Sun
that is visible is the corona, the outer rim of the Sun. This light is very bright and focused, so just looking at it can cause blindness. On the other
hand, a lunar eclipse is when the moon appears darker from passing into the Earth. When there is a lunar eclipse, the moon is full. This doesn't mean
that there is a lunar eclipse in every full moon because the moon doesn't always get on the Earth's
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Portrait5Es Template2015sem1 2
5Es Constructivist Lesson Sequence: Earth and Space Science
Student name:
Student number:
Course:
EDX2260 Assignment 2
Australian Curriculum: Science http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/Science/Curriculum/F–10 Topic: Sky and Space
(3 weeks duration)
Year Level:
Science Understanding
(only select relevant statements)
Science as a Human Endeavour
(only select relevant statements)
Science Inquiry Skills
(only select relevant statements)
Earth and Space Sciences
Content description:
Observable changes occur in the sky and landscape (ACSSU019)
Elaborations:
Recording short and longer–term patterns of events that occur on Earth and in the sky, such as the appearance of the moon and stars at night, the
weather and the seasons. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Discover Students misconceptions and list them on an interactive white board for future understandings.
Inform the children that you're going to take them out in all the four season to observe, take pictures and discuss about each season and the weather.
Four sets of season's pictures in boxes (When finding pictures look for a variety of weather and different changes in each picture. Ensure all the
sceneries are not similar)
Magazines
Paper strips printed the four seasons
Pencils and pens to write
Drawing papers
Interactive white board
Camera
Sticky tape
I Spy Game ( Reference)
EXPLORE
To provide hands–on, shared experiences.
To support students to investigate and explore ideas.
Science learning experiences
Resources
Lesson 2
Hence children have misconceptions on the weather elements and changes in the environment (Reference book Year 1) Probing questions and
discussing with the students about the moon's phases
Asking the class as a whole. Can we see the moon during the daytime? Does the moon appear in the sky during daytime?
Guiding the students to investigate the question through the Internet. Exploring through the Internet about the moon.
Explaining and discussing about "what they knew" and "what they learnt" after the investigation. (Eg: What they know– the moon can be seen only in
the night. What they learnt– the moon can also be seen during the daytime).
Discussing about the new words throughout the
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Starry Night
Starry Night is a beautiful painting, representational in the type of art. The size of the painting is 29 in. by 36 Вј in., and oil on canvas were the
materials used. Van Gogh is using an expressive quality and an emotionalism viewpoint. On the left side of the painting, there is a group of black lines
that curve in waves upward, coming to a point. To the lower right, there is a small town that leads up to hills and then mountains. The painting is set at
night, and the sky is a wondrous swirl of bursting blues, greens, and a gentle yellow for the crescent moon that is in the upper right corner. Lighter
values of blue shape the outlines of large stars in the sky, though some stars are smaller than others. Sometimes, there is a yellow dot,... Show more
content on Helpwriting.net ...
This painting is fairly realistic, so as far as the type of art, the objective was met. However, emotionalism is also an objective, because the artist
imitates reality, but also draws inward for emotion. Good balance is shown in the painting, I would say it is symmetrical. Rhythm is also well shown,
as you gaze at the painting, your eyes moving around as each part flows into another. Emphasis is shown on the night sky and the great black figure.
Proportion is difficult to describe, as it is difficult to discern just how big the black figure really is. Variety in the mystical castle and the quaint town
is well shown. Harmony is shown in the way that parts of the painting come together. Space, value, texture, and shape are the dominant elements of
art, as stated in the analysis. I love this work of art because I love the night so much, particularly in this painting, with its bursts of light and color. I
also love mysteries, and the structure on the left side of the painting is definitely a mystery to me. I find that this painting is a new favorite of mine,
because of its beauty. It is an exceptional work of
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The Pros And Cons Of The Moon Landing
For the last forty years people have been arguing whether if the Moon landings were real. The Moon landings occurred during the late 1960's and into
the early 1970's. During this time the United States and the Soviet Union were in a competition known as the Space Race. The main objective during
the Space Race was for one country to put a man on the Moon. The competition was getting intense, and both countries began expanding their space
programs. During the Space Race and the Apollo missions NASA created over 400,000 jobs making it impossible for all of the workers to keep the
events a secret if it were fake (Riley). The technology between the two countries was also top of the line at that time. The Soviet Union could track
down the United States every move, so therefore if the moon landings were fake; the Soviet Union would clearly know (Allen). With the
technological advancements and the jobs created throughout the process of the Apollo missions, it's obvious that NASA did not fake the Moon
landings. Conspiracy theorists believe that the evidence of the flag waving in space, the lighting from the pictures, and the strange shadows from the
pictures create it obvious that the Moon landings were all a hoax. Conspiracy theorists claim these areas for the Moon landing being fake, and in the
end they believe that the moon landings were done in a T.V. studio to give the affect that the Moon landings were in fact real. The flag waving is the
largest claim that conspiracy theorist
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Analysis Of Lunar Eclipses By Robert Roy Britt
In the article Lunar Eclipses: What are They & When is the Next One, Robert Roy Britt explains the causation and the nature of these celestial bodies.
A lunar eclipse appears when the Earth is directly between the moon and the sun. Appearing only on a night of a full moon, a lunar eclipse is formed
when the Earth blocks any direct sunlight from reaching the moon. And this can only happen when the Sun, Earth and the Moon are aligned to form a
straight line, generally referred to as a syzygy. A total lunar eclipse can only occur when these celestial objects are perfectly in line, however,
anything less than perfection creates a partial or penumbral lunar eclipse. Robert Roy Britt also concludes in his article the 3 different types of lunar
eclipses; total lunar eclipse, partial lunar eclipse, and penumbral lunar eclipse. People are very fond of these lunar eclipses; ... Show more content on
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People used to be terrified, especially, when the total lunar eclipses turned the moon blood red. Individuals, who were illiterate from the
understanding of the celestial objects outside the Earth's atmosphere, blamed such events on god. For instance, Christopher Columbus knew the
nature of these objects and used it against the natives. Just before the total phase of the eclipse was about to end, Columbus said God had pardoned
the natives and would bring the moon back. The crew was well fed until help arrived in November and Columbus and his men sailed back to Spain
(Britt, 2016). However now we know, the exact color of the moon depends on the amount of dust and clouds are in the atmosphere. According to
NASA scientists, "if there are extra particles in the atmosphere, from say a recent volcanic eruption, the moon will appear a darker shade of red (Britt,
2016)." Theoretically, from previous ages, we are getting a better understanding of the events that are happening in space according to technological
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Break The Ice: Europa
Break the Ice With an ice–rink of a surface–just after a ballerina made her rounds–Europa's surface has a mosaic of crisscross patterns and deep
fractures painted across its crater–free face. As the fourth largest moon of Jupiter, Europa is pushed and pulled by the gravity of Jupiter itself, and its
other moons. With a surface temperature of approximately –328Вє F, this moon is seemingly uninhabitable, but in fact, under its mysterious frozen
shell could lay an incredible landscape of aquatic life (Astrobio). Hubble's discovery of enormous water vapor plumes on the South Pole coupled with
an analysis of its density and features, it is extremely likely that Europa boasts nearly twice the amount of water of Earth hiding underneath its thick ...
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If the calculations and lab results from various NASA flyby missions are accurate, the satellite should have enough oxygen rich water to sustain both
simple and complex life. According to a University of Arizona researcher, "Enough oxygen reaches the subterranean ocean to sustain macrofauna and
more complex, animal–like organisms," (Fohn, NASA). He estimates that with the current resources on Europa, it is possible to support around 6.6
billion pounds of macrofauna (Klotz, Discovery). Another plausible location for complex life is in the moon's subsurface lakes. When bubbles of
energy float up from beneath the surface, but don't make it to the crust, they form lakes under the surface that last for possibly millions of years. The
lifespan of these lakes makes it possible for life to develop and the relatively small size makes it more likely for the present organisms to interact and
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Dinosaurs Persuasive Essay
Have you ever wonder "why" dinosaurs went extinct? Here is a theory of why the dinosaurs don't exist in today's world. A long time ago the only
thing that existed was animals called 'dinosaurs" they were the only living things on planet earth. These dinosaurs were unique because they could talk
but nobody could understand them, it was like their secret "code" language. These dinosaurs lived a happy and healthy life until the small explosion
changed the life of these dinosaures. Just few miles away from earth a fight started between two planets called 'Sun' and "Moon'. The argument was
about who would shine more light on earth. The argument went to the point where they started to shoot fireballs at the moon and then the moon
started to throw rocks at the sun. During the fight one the fireballs misses it's target (moon) and made its was towards the earth but "apparently" there
was space ship traveling the universe full of aliens and the fireball came in its path which made space ship crashed on Earth including the huge
fireball. The fireball was so powerful that it almost brought everything that came in its path such as rocks, asteroids and much more. When the space
ship crashed on planet Earth creating a loud bang, making the dinosaurs frighten in terror. Then the biggest problem in Earth's history step out of the
broken space ship. There were 5 weird aliens that step out of the space ship. They had very big heads that looked like blue almonds. When the aliens
step out they
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Solar Eclipse : From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Solar eclipse
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Lunar eclipse.
Total solar eclipse
A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon completely covers the Sun 's disk, as seen in this 1999 solar eclipse. Solar prominences can be seen along
the limb (in red) as well as extensive coronal filaments.
Annular solar eclipsePartial solar eclipse
An annular solar eclipse (left) occurs when the Moon is too far away to completely cover the Sun 's disk (May 20, 2012). During a partial solar eclipse
(right), the Moon blocks only part of the Sun 's disk (October 23, 2014).
As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or
partially blocks ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
A total solar eclipse can be frightening to people who are unaware of its astronomical explanation, as the Sun seems to disappear during the day and the
sky darkens in a matter of minutes.
Since looking directly at the Sun can lead to permanent eye damage or blindness, special eye protection or indirect viewing techniques are used
when viewing a solar eclipse. It is technically safe to view only the total phase of a total solar eclipse with the unaided eye and without protection;
however, this is a dangerous practice, as most people are not trained to recognize the phases of an eclipse, which can span over two hours while the
total phase can only last up to 7.5 minutes for any one location. People referred to as eclipse chasers or umbraphiles will travel to remote locations to
observe or witness predicted central solar eclipses.[3][4]
For the date of the next eclipse see the section Recent and forthcoming solar eclipses.
Contents [hide]
1Types
1.1Terminology for central eclipse
2Predictions
2.1Geometry
2.2Path
2.3Duration
3Occurrence and cycles
3.1Frequency per year
3.2Final totality
4Historical eclipses
5Viewing
5.1Partial and annular eclipses
5.2Totality
5.3Photography
6Other observations
6.11919 observations
6.2Gravity anomalies
6.3Eclipses and transits
6.4Earthshine
6.5Artificial satellites
6.6Impact
7Recent and
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Neil Armstrong Papers
Neil Armstrong, an American Astronaut and Aeronautical engineer, became the first person to step on the moon on July 21, 1969. Neil Armstrong,
also is known for his famous quote when stepping on the moon "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong was born on
August 5, 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. Armstrong first discovered his love for space and flight at a young age when his father took him to an air show.
After the air show, Armstrong set a goal to become a pilot. He managed to achieve that goal by getting his pilot license at the age of fifteen. Armstrong
attended college at Purdue University and earned a bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering. Then Armstrong finished getting his masters degree at
the University of Southern California.... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
After the military, he became a test pilot, flying over 200 different types of aircraft during his career. Armstrong wanted to try something different and
applied to become an astronaut. September of 1962, NASA selected Armstrong and put him through the Astronaut Corps, which were a series of brutal
physical tests. After passing all the testing, Armstrong became a part of the "new nine", the second group of NASA astronauts.Neil Armstrong's first
mission was on the Gemini eight. The Gemini eight's mission launched on March 16, 1966, and landed on March 17, 1966. Gemini eight's mission
was to conduct the first docking of two spacecraft in orbit. The Gemini eight suffered the first critical in–space system failure of a U.S spacecraft,
which threatened the lives of the astronauts on the mission. Neil Armstrong remained calm and managed to return to earth safely, along with saving the
life of the astronaut David
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Rhetorical Analysis Of Apollo 11 Speech
[title] In 1969 we were still a people with our feet planted firmly to the ground. Having never sent anyone to walk on another celestial body other than
our earth, all eyes were fixed on the skies as Apollo 11 took off, putting two men on the moon. For the first time in the history of mankind, we saw
footprints on the moon. Those footprints, the markings of a new era of our world from the boots of Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, resonated within
the minds of many. In response to this monumental event, numerous texts were created which employed various types of rhetorical appeals and diction
to effectively communicate their purpose of describing the events of this mission and the achievements associated. The four various works that were
created effectively use multiple rhetorical appeals to display the author's purpose. "In event of Moon Disaster", a speech written by President Nixon's
speechwriter William Safire in the event of a disaster that would strand the astronauts on the moon, employs heavy use of pathos throughout the
entirety of the text. Pathos with the audience has already been established. The audience would already become familiar with the events that have
transpired surrounding the failed Apollo 11 mission. The audience would have some type of feeling towards the loss of American lives even before
hearing the prepared speech. Safire end the speech with "there is some corner of another world that is forever mankind" (Safire )which helps develop
the feeling of
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Neil Armstrong Accomplishments
The astronaut world is an exciting one and Neil Armstrong made it even better. He was the first person to walk and get all the way to the moon. Neil
Armstrong created the inspiration for people to do what they want to do, he persisted to innovate overcoming the doubt, it was possible, and
illuminated the world by giving them inspiration to do their own thing.
Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the moon. He created the Possibility so other astronauts to could walk on the moon. Neil Armstrong's
footprint is still on the moon (biography.com editors). Other cosmonauts might want to be remembered historically and have their footprint on the
moon. Neil Armstrong tested out aircrafts before he walked on the moon (History.com Staff 2010). If Neil Armstrong didn't walk on the moon, some
people in his time might think it was impossible. His creation leads to many more accomplishments for different people. ... Show more content on
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One way he innovated was by overcoming the uncertainty of people. He introduced a way to get to the moon and walk on the moon (May S, 2015
September 4). He changed the NACA when working with them. (Biography.com Editors). It was new because people doubted him and didn't think it
was possible. He changed the type of engines the aircraft needs. He changed astronaut's determination and the way people think about him.
When he walked on the moon he had to use habits of mind to get there. Neil Armstrong needed to strive for accuracy and persist, to prove others
wrong. He had to stay calm when he was in trouble and not panic. He persisted to make the aircrafts better (biography.com Editors). He faced
different challenges along the way and people told him it wasn't possible. He to stick at it to find a route to get to the moon. Neil Armstrong had to
persist to finish school and do his work above and beyond (May S. 2015 September 4). If Neil Armstrong didn't use habits of minds, he wouldn't have
achieved his
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Mercury Planet Research Paper
Mercury, named after the Roman God of Thievery, Commerce, and Travel, is the first planet from the Sun. It is unique because it shows at both
morning rise and evening set of the sun. It is rocky, heavily cratered, covered in boulders, and also pulverized dust. The majority of it's surface bears a
strong resemblance to that of Earth's moon. It's lack of atmosphere causes wild temperature fluctuations. Temperatures can range from 90 kelvin to 700
kelvin thus creating a planet, from all observations, that cannot sustain life––it is geologically dead. Mercury also has a magnetic field generated by the
planet's core that can deflect solar wind and which has a magnetosphere that changes. This was surprising for such a slow rotating planet––one that
rotates completely every 88 Earth days.
Venus is the 2nd planet from the Sun. Venus' reflective nature and close proximity to Earth are major factors in it's being one of the brightest objects in
the sky after the Sun and Earth's moon. It is often referred to as ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
It has two small moons both visible from Earth. The first moon, Phobos (fear) and Deimos (panic) were named for the sons of Ares (Greek God of
War, or Mars to Romans) and Aphrodite (Greek name for Venus) Goddess of Love. The moons were discovered by Asaph Hall in 1877. Both
moons have an irregular shape and heavily cratered surface. Their dark surface make it difficult to study them. Phobos is the larger of the two at
28km long and 20km wide with an enormous 10km crater named after Hall's wife Stickney. Deimos is the smaller of the two at 16k long and 10km
wide with it's largest crater being 2.3km. The moons were thought to have been asteroids that were slowed and captured by outer fringes of Eartly
Martian atmosphere. Because of this thought the moons are studied because the moons are assumed to contain what remains of the young solar system
––before the major planets were
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Galileo Ganymede's Influence On Galilean Moon
In 1610 on the 7th of January four moons, called the Galilean moons were discovered by Galileo Galilei. Using his homemade telescope he observed
them for many nights, he drew notes and recorded the movement in a journal (Figure 3). Ganymede is one of the largest, most well–known moons of
Jupiter and it is also the largest satellite in our solar system. It is larger than Mercury and Pluto, and three quarters the size of Mars. If Ganymede didn't
orbit Jupiter as moon it would easily be classified as a planet. Ganymede is also the only known moon to have a magnetosphere, a magnetosphere is a
region surrounding the moon in which its magnetic field is the predominant effective magnetic field. In Figure 1 you can see Ganymede's anti–Jovian
hemisphere ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The field of view of the telescope was 0.46 degrees with an angular resolution of 10.16 microradians/pixel. The camera was operated in eight filtered
band passes from 350–1100 nm. The eight–position filter wheel, consisted of three broad–band filters: red (671nm), green (559nm), violet (404nm).
These broad–band filters allowed for the reconstruction of visible colour photographs. Light was collected by the primary mirror and directed to a
smaller secondary mirror that channelled it through a hole in the centre of the primary mirror and onto the CCD. There are two types of
telescopes, Refracting and Reflecting. The refracting telescope works by using two lenses to focus the light and make it look like the object is
closer to you than it is. Its curved primary lens gathers light, bends it and sends it back to the focal point where it is further modified by the use of
another set of lenses called the eyepiece. A reflecting telescope is an optical telescope which uses a single lens or a combination of curved mirrors that
reflect light and form an
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I Am Stephanie Walker, The Only Woman On Our Team
09/01/2046 Cloudy
Hello, I am Stephanie Walker, the only woman on our team. We were training for such a long time to prepare for this project and I am so proud that
we make it. Our project, this fantastic project, has a wonderful name – Project Artemis. Our goal, simply to say is to place radio telescopes on the far
side of the moon, but we know, it is not simply. As project Apollo is the only successful manned space mission to the moon, our plan will reference
a lot of it, but of course not the same, because the mission goal is different and the technologies nowadays is far more developing than that time.
We anticipate that this mission will be more successful and that we will be able to find techniques to maneuver or reduce the potential challenges
that are essentially brought in by the known and unknown events across the space. To make our project more viable, we had observed the earlier
pictures that were taken by the Deep Space Climate Observatory. The images are rare as the satellite only takes them twice a year, some of the
images that have been successfully sent to earth revealed that, from the vantage point of earth we only see one side of the moon [1]. There is the
lunar transit part of the moon that cannot be seen while observing it from earth. It is the back side of the moon, scientist Adam Szabo, the lunar transit
is very different from what we observed or rather the moon's familiar face [2].
Human have curious about the far side of moon for centuries since
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Galilean Moon Research Paper
Since our, said to be 4.5 billion year old Moon, goes through a series of processes that are shown to be an essential element for Earth. These processes
work together for the Moon to exist and to be an essential element of Earth. From different mythologies, the Moon is called different things that
developed culture and language. For example, the Romans called the Moon Luna, and Selene by the Greeks. In 1609, Galileo Galilei discovered the 4
largest moons of Jupiter that orbited around another planet. The Moons are also known as the Galilean Moons when discovered.
Process of Controlling Tides
The Moon has many abilities to help planet Earth. For example, controlling the tides in our oceans. Tides are the fall and rise of sea levels caused ...
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The first moon landing happened on July 20th, 1969 during Apollo 11. The first moon landing was landed by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.
Apollo 11 was a mission to land on the Moon. After the two astronauts landed on the Moon, they began preparing for a decent to the lunar surface. A
sequence of activities they planned was a deployment of a Solar Wind composition experiment, collections of lunar material, photographs of the landing
site and the lunar horizon, photographs of lunar surface material, deployment of a Laser–Ranging Retroreflector and a Passive Seismic Experiment,
and then the collection of two core–tube samples of the lunar surface. The astronauts began preparations to reenter the lunar molecules. During the
night, the ascent from the lunar surface started at 124:22 GET or 21 hours and 36 minutes, after the lunar landing. After all of their experiments were
done and collected, Armstrong and Aldrin returned to
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The Moon Is The Only Natural Satellite Of Earth
The Moon
Jacob Hogue
SCIN 111–12F
Ivy Tech Community College
The Moon is the only natural satellite of Earth. Its orbit is 384,400 km from Earth, the diameter is 3476 km and the mass is 7.35e22 kg. The moon is
also Called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks, and many other names in other mythologies.
The Moon, of course, has been known since prehistoric times. It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. As the Moon orbits around the
Earth once per month, the angle between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun changes; we see this as the cycle of the Moon 's phases. The time between
successive new moons is 29.5 days (709 hours), slightly different from the Moon 's orbital period (measured against the stars) since the Earth moves a
significant distance in its orbit around the Sun in that time.
Due to its size and composition, the Moon is sometimes classified as a terrestrial "planet" along with Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The Moon
was first visited by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 2 in 1959. It is the only extraterrestrial body to have been visited by humans. The first landing was on
July 20, 1969 (do you remember where you were?); the last was in December 1972. The Moon is also the only body from which samples have been
returned to Earth. In the summer of 1994, the Moon was very extensively mapped by the little spacecraft Clementine and again in 1999 by Lunar
Prospector.
The gravitational forces between the Earth and the Moon cause some interesting
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Causes Of Solar Eclipse
A solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks the Sun. This
can happen only at new moon when the Sun and the Moon are in conjunction as seen from Earth in an alignment referred to as syzygy. In a total
eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured. If the Moon were in a
perfectly circular orbit, a little closer to the Earth, and in the same orbital plane, there would be total solar eclipses every month! However, the Moon's
orbit is inclined at more than 5 degrees to the Earth's orbit around the Sun so its shadow at new moon usually misses Earth. Earth's orbit is called the
ecliptic plane as the Moon's orbit must cross this plane in order for an eclipse to occur. In addition, the Moon's actual orbit is elliptical, often taking
it far enough away from Earth that its apparent size is not large enough to block the Sun totally.The orbital planes cross each other at a line of nodes
resulting in at least two, and up to five, solar eclipses occurring each year; no more than two of which can be total eclipses.However, total solar
eclipses are rare at any particular location because totality exists only along a narrow path on the Earth's surface traced by the Moon's shadow or
umbra. An eclipse is a natural phenomenon. Nevertheless, in some ancient and modern cultures, solar eclipses have been attributed to
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The Moon Hoax Essays
The "Moon Hoax" has been around since 1835, when the New York Sun printed an article about this whole ordeal. The New York Sun used and
credited Sir John Herschel, who was a British Astronomer. Herschel claimed that he had tried out a new type of telescope on the Cape of Good
Hope in January of 1834. While in Cape Town, he said he'd set up an Observatory. Using this, he claimed to have observed what he thought of as the
"Real" Moon. He claimed to have seen vegetation, bodies of water, and living creatures. He also said he had seen "Bat People" who were described
as being furry winged men. This took the People at a shock, and the "Evidence" and science astounded them. So many began to believe this is true.
Today, there is still... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Earth rocks are very abundant in these minerals and other minerals that thrive in the high temperatures. They are almost completely deprived of
these types of elements. Moon Rocks don?t. Moon Rocks also contain small ball like pieces of glass. The main theory on how this happened is by
Moon dust being heated to extremely high temperatures along with other minerals. The hot dust would form a small glass piece, and the other
minerals would form the rest of the rock. Earth rocks do not have this feature. . In conclusion, one who reads this can clearly see that, by these terms,
there is clear evidence that we did in fact walk on the moon. The exact evidence of the mineral makeup of Moon Rocks is convicting and practical
evidence. Also, there is the common sense part. If the United States didn?t go to the moon, and produced fake moon rocks, Russian scientists would
have a say about it, saying as though we went to the moon at the height of the cold war, and produced Moon Rocks that could be tested by any scientist.
Works Cited
1. "Apollo Moon Rocks." Curators Chioce. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. 15 Oct. 2007 http://www.nasm.si.edu/exhibitions/cchoice
/moonrocks/moonrocks3.htm.
This was a good source because it provided good, true information and backed up it?s information with information from qualified specialists.
2. Knier, Gil, and Becky Bray. "The Moon Landing Hoax." New
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Lcross Essay
The Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) was a robotic spacecraft created and launched by NASA in June 2009. LCROSS's
mission was to find out more details about hydrogen that has been detected at the polar regions of the Earth's moon. The underlying mission, however,
was to investigate the mere presence of ice in a shadowed crater near a polar region of the moon. It was eventually confirmed within Cabeus, a
southern lunar crater, that water does exist on the Moon's surface. LCROSS wasn't launched alone as it was accompanied with the Lunar
Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) in June 2009. This was the first American mission to the Moon in over a decade. Simply put, LCROSS and LRO are
the guinea pigs of spacecraft and satellite when it comes to determining whether or not the Moon is habitable as well as if another trip to the moon will
occur any time soon. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
These two missions are an interesting read but, I feel as if one of LRO's pictures could describe in better detail what I would try to explain.
Therefore, I accept this topic and look forward to my future installments based on what I already found. Earth's Moon being habituated is an
unsettling topic to read about as it breaks the barriers of humanity and what can be done within our lifetimes. LCROSS and LRO endeavors and
findings hold true promise to what the future will be with life possibly being spread to planets where hydrogen is found. Beginning my research this
was an assignment I procrastinated on due to lack of interest, nonetheless just after this first installment a spark of curiosity was struck within me and
I'm ready for whatever I
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Moon Gathering By Eleanor Wilner

  • 1. Moon Gathering By Eleanor Wilner The moon is Earth's only natural satellite and light source during the night. As of today, not only does the moon hold these two positions, but it also represents a variety of symbols as well. For instance, it is known as a feminine symbol due to its lunar cycle being analogous to the phases of human maturation (Protas). "The new moon is infancy, the crescent is youth and adolescence, the full moon is maturity and pregnancy, and the waning moon represents the decline of life, sleep" (Protas). In addition, astronomers view the moon as a symbol of soul and some even relate the phases of the moon to immortality and eternity as well (Protas). Furthermore, as a result of its gravitational pull on earth, the moon might even reflect the "dark side ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However, the two differ in tone; "The Harvest Moon" being more calm and graceful and "Hunger Moon" being detached and hopeless. Furthermore, the moon in "The Harvest Moon" had an admirable and accommodating role while the one in "Hunger Moon" was loathed. The cause of these differences is due to the fact that these seasons of the full moon are the complete opposite of each other, one representing new life and the other representing the decline of life due to the lack of food (Rao). In addition, Wilner's "Moon Gathering" is similar to "Hunger Moon" in this theme of declining life. The difference in these poems is the speaker's interpretation of the moon. The speaker in "Moon Gathering" wants the moon to not dim away since it symbolizes life, yet the speaker in "Hunger Moon" is eager to have the moon leave so that the season of "Hunger" can go away as well. Altogether, the speakers in these three poems still look upon the moon as an object with the power of controlling life. It's the circumstances of the poem that changes how the moon's power of controlling life is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 2. Life As We Knew It By Susan Beth Pfeffer 238,900 miles away, the earth's moon is one that is truly unique. With a given age of about 4.5 billion years the Earth serves a major role in real life and in the book Life as We Knew It by Susan Beth Pfeffer. When catastrophe strikes, Earth takes a turn for the worst and great natural disasters occur. Thousands die, but there are a number of survivors. If there are survivors, how beneficial is the moon actually? What would happen if the moon had been destroyed? How necessary is it for human survival? The Moon, is a great benefactor to human survival because of the benefits earth gets from it. Luna in Latin, the moon is the second brightest celestial object that can be seen from earth other than the sun. Even though it seems very bright, it is actually very dark and shows a reflection ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... First explained with science by Isaac Newton in 1686, tides are known as the regular rise and fall of the ocean. Tides are created by the gravitational forces of the sun and the moon. A high tide is created when the moon's gravitational force tugs on water from the oceans and causes bulges. Even though high tides would be the most powerful on the side of Earth facing the moon, high tides will occur throughout the whole earth. Sometimes, depending on the Earth's stage during the orbit around the sun, the earth is able to have special and even sometimes rare tides. One tide that's rare is known as The Proxigean Spring Tide. The rare Proxigean Spring Tide is a very high tide that produce large waves. It occurs when the moon is unusually close to the Earth and in a new moon phase. When this type of tide occurs, it also means that the moon is between the earth and sun. In the book Life as We Knew It when the moon his with an asteroid knocking it out orbit. The moon gets very close to earth and the first natural disaster to occur are tidal waves. The Proxigean Spring Tide came to mind because the moon, in order to happen,the moon must be unusually close ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. Mercury's Surface Research Paper Mercury's surface is very similar to that of our very own moon. Just like our moon, It has a dark grey, rocky surface. It is known to be quite porous and covered in many craters. It is strewn with quite a few boulders and lots of dust. Interestingly enough, the lunar–like surface layer only runs about 500–600 kilometers deep into the small planet, where it meets Mercury's iron–rich core. As far as sustaining life, Mercury is geologically dead, and according to research done over the course of years, it has been for quite some time. This is apparent from its barren landscape, and lack of weather patterns. Data shows no record of dust storms, clouds or any form of weather, reassuring us of its similarity to our Earth's moon. Venus is known to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 4. Martian Moons Research Paper The Martian moons, Phobos and Deimos were discovered in 1877 by American astronomer Asaph Hall who was working for the US Naval Observatory at the time. Using the largest telescope at the time, the USNO 66–cm refracting telescope, he was able to visually see Phobos and Deimos. Hall on the suggestion of Henry Madan, Science Master of Eton College, used Homer's Illiad, to name the two moons Phobos meaning Panic or Fear and Deimos meaning Terror or Dread. Phobos and Deimos being the attendants or sons of the Greek god Ares the counterpart to Roman godMars. Hall had seen an object orbiting close to the planet mars on the 10th but could not identify it clearly because of bad weather. Hall discovered Deimos on the 12th of August and over the course ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The moons of Mars were found to actually be potato shaped. This is one of the reasons for the theory that they may actually be captured asteroids. The radii of Phobos was found to be about 2.76 Mars Radii and Deimos about 7 Mars radii. The moons are 23 km and 6 km with Phobos being the bigger of the two, and like our own moon are tidally synchronized to Mars (always presenting the same side to Mars). Phobos is gradually losing orbital energy and as a decaying orbit. Which means eventually it will fall into and collide with Mars in about 45 million years. Deimos on the other hand is just beyond Mars geostationary orbit, so it is gradually gaining orbital energy and will only increase its orbital distance over the years. Even though Phobos and Deimos have low self–gravity they themselves are deep within the mars gravity well. Meaning with a little work you could escape the gravitational pulls of the moons but you would still be pulled by mars gravity. Phobos is so close to its planet that the apparent size of Mars from Phobos is 42.5 degrees which is about 6400 times larger than our moon from ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. Analysis of “The Moon: Cold, Wet, and Breathing.” Essay Analysis of "The Moon: Cold, Wet, and Breathing." The article "Top 100 Stories of 2009 #16: The Moon: Cold, Wet, and Breathing" from DiscoveryMagazine.com discusses the LCROSS mission of 2009. This is a Moon mission conducted to search for the presence of water (Barone 2009). The mission is an important part of the ultimate goal of visiting the Moon and establishing a Moon base (NASA 2005). The article is written to expand upon what occurred during the LCROSS mission (Barone 2009). LCROSS stands for Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Spacecraft. The mission was designed to search for water on the surface of the Moon. Water on the Moon has long been theorized, but previous moon missions have not found any (Lutgens 2008). The ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... NASA used the LCROSS module to take the 2.8 ton upper stage of an old Centaur rocket out of Earth's orbit. LCROSS then accelerated the Centaur portion towards a dark crater. The best examples of craters that don't receive light are those on the Moon's south pole. The LCROSS project according to the article involved three portions (Barone 2009). This includes the LCROSS module, the Centaur rocket portion, and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter or LRO. The LCROSS orbiter sped the Centaur rocket up to 6500 MPH and impacted it with a crater near the Moon's south pole (LCROSS 2010). LCROSS followed behind it and analyzed the plume from the Centaur portion, sending information back to Earth, until it also impacted with the Moon (Barone 2009). The impact plume stretched to ten miles above the rim of the crater (Braukus 2010). Four minutes after the impact, the LRO flew through the debris cloud ejected by the impacts. It collected the raw data of what the cloud plume was composed of and transferred the information back to LCROSS control where computers received the data and started the analysis. Computers at NASA's Ames Research Center tore apart the ultraviolet, visual, and infrared spectroscopy images (LCROSS 2010). This was done under the careful supervision of NASA researchers who together with these high–powered computers took numbers and turned them into a breakdown of what the plume is ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 6. Two Types Of Solar Eclipses In Greek History An eclipse is an astronomical event that happens when a celestial object such as a moon or a planet moves into the shadow of another celestial body and there are two types of the eclipse on Earth named solar eclipse and lunar eclipse. A solar eclipse happens when the moon's shadow falls somewhere on the surface of the earth and a lunar eclipse is the opposite of solar eclipse which happens when the earth's shadow falls on the moon. There are two sections of the shadow, the dark umbra, and the partially shaded penumbra, their placement determines the type of eclipse that can be seen on earth though placement sun.According to Greek history, the person who predicted the first eclipse was a Greek mathematician, Thales of Miletus. On May 28, 585 BC, the Lydians, and Medes were engaged in fierce fighting and this was the six–year of war between them. Each was from a different side of Anatolia which is modern–day Turkey. As the battle stretched on into the evening, both armies were surprised to see the Sun suddenly darkening and they believed that it was a message from the gods that they were displeased by the strife. But the Lydians and Medes laid down their arms. They swore to end the long war and solidified the peace by giving a Lydian princess to marry the king of the Medes. This is one of the earliest events in recorded history to which we can set an exact date as we can calculate when that eclipse took place. The eclipses are valuable to the historian as they give us an event that we can use to correctly date ancient chronologies. Ancient historians recorded that his eclipse that stopped the war was actually predicted by Thales. Through thousands of year, patiently watching the movements of the Sun and Moon in the sky, ancient astronomers realized eclipses happen when the moon passed directly in front of the Sun. For the solar eclipse to work though, of course, the moon has to be big enough to block out the sun. In reality, the moon is 400 times smaller than the Sun but in a fantastic cosmic. However, from our point of view, the moon is almost exactly the same size as the sun in the sky and this means it will line up and it will completely block the disc of the sun. If the moon is the smaller or any further ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. The Evolution Of The Moon's Craters Not that many people know how our moon's craters were created, some scientists say there were asteroids that had hit the newly created satellite. And those asteroids formed circular holes on the surface of this new satellite. After the new satellite was created it was being pulled around a planet which we know as our home planet Earth. Have you ever wondered about how the craters on the moon were created. Like that rabbit that everybody sees but yet I can't!There are many different types of hypothesis on how the moon's craters . But today I will try to recreate how the moon's craters were created or formed. You're probably saying as you read this "Didn't he say there are many different hypothesis on how the moon's craters were created ?" Yes... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... There are many astrologers in the world , but some astrologers don't really know how the moon's mysterious craters suddenly appeared all over the moon. So I thought "hey" "I should help out these astronomers who don't really know who the moon's craters were actually created" so I decided to help out these astronomers , by creating my own project which surface would be best for craters? Some astrologers say the moon's surface has many types of material. But I will be testing out which one would be best or the the surface that looks like a moon! I am going to use a rubber and sponge ball to reenact as asteroids that are going to hit the moon from billions of years ago. To start the investigation we first need to find out how high we will drop the ball , we will drop it around my height , so about 5 feet 7 inches then we will continuously be dropping the ball in the 4 different type of surfaces such as gravel (small rocks) , flour , soil, dirt, and we will be dropping the ball five times from the same height for each surface and we'll go on from there . And some important vocabulary words for this experiment are Astronomy, Asteroids, Gravity Diameter , height , sponge ball , rubber ball , craters , and yes it is a lot of words but guess what? It's all worth it at the end you all are really going to enjoy this project , I guarantee it. If you don't like you'll get your money ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 8. Eight Phases Of The Moon The moon is the planet Earth's only natural satellite and is one of the largest in the Solar System. This natural satellite was not formed long after Earth about 4.5 billion years ago. The gravitational forces continue to keep the moon in orbit of Earth. Even though it appears so, the moon does not physically produce light but it does reflect light from the sun (which is why we are able to see it). It takes our Moon 27.3 days to completely cycle through the Lunar month, which has eight phases. Through these different phases we see it lit from different angles and this depends upon the position of the Moon in its orbit. These phases include; the new moon, waning crescent, third quarter, waning gibbous, full moon, waxing gibbous, first quarter, waxing crescent and this process repeats. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As the moon takes 27.3 days to fully complete the lunar month this means that it takes this amount of time to fully orbit around the Earth. The orbiting moon moves about 12.8o per day around the Earth. It is also noticeable if you watch the moon over several hours in a night that it will move its position amongst the stars. As the moon changes position in correspondence with the sun it creates the lunar phases. Have you ever wondered why we can't see the "far–side" of the moon? If the moons rotation was faster or slower or if it did not rotate at all we could see even a glimpse of the "far–side." This is all from the cause of gravity as the pull from the Earth to the moon has slowed its speed of rotation therefore its orbit of the Earth is synchronised with its time of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. Apollo 11 Research Paper When Apollo astronauts carried samples of the moon's surface back to earth, the rocks and sediments has shown something incredible. It contained clues to how Earth and the Moon formed as well as the history of the Sun. The scientists looked for what life would be like if humans could live on the moon. The Apollo 11 mission brought back the first geologic samples from the Moon back to Earth. Astronauts collected twenty–two kilograms of material which acquired samples of the lunar "soil," fifty rock samples and two core tubes which was found below the moon's surface. All the samples was not composed with any water which provided no evidence for living organisms in the Moon's history. They figured out that there was volcanic activity since they ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The astronauts found on the regolith that the highlands have aluminum in its rocks and the regolith in the maria contains iron and magnesium which happens to be a major component of basalt. There was two main types of rocks found on the Apollo 11 site, basalts and breccias. The first type of rock was basalts were are solidified from molten lava. Basalts are made up of pyroxene and plagioclase which was formed by two chemically different magma sources and are dark gray which is why the Moon contains dark areas. The second type of rock are breccias which is composed of fragments of older rocks by the heat and pressure of meteorites. These samples from the regolith and maria provided facts that the maria was covered in lava flows and in the highlands provided how earth was like like 4.5 billion years ago. Apollo 12 mission contained basalts with low amounts of titanium and Apollo 17 mission had a sample of "orange soil," which consists of small orange glass beads. The beads are glass because they cooled rapidly with no crystals insider and all had different colors from titanium. Scientists conducted on basalts and pyroclastic glass which showed that they formed when the interior of the Moon partially ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 10. The Impact Of Apollo 11 On Modern Day America Everyday America thrives to make history, and when they do they surprise us and they surprise themselves. It was July 20, 1969 when Neil Armstrong and Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin had been the first men to step foot on the moon. Apollo 11 had began on July 16 they launched into the sky at 9:32 and into the Earth's orbit, after one and half orbit they had the "go" or as they call it "Translunar Injection" meaning it's time to head towards the moon. Three days go by and they enter the lunar orbit, another day has gone by Armstrong and Aldrin enter the lunar module (Eagle) ready to set off, while their companion Michael Collins orbits in the commanding module (Columbia). As we all know Neil Armstrong was the very first man to step foot onto to the moon with his famous quote "That's one step for man, one giant leap for mankind." but not many people know about Edwin (Buzz) Aldrin being the second man following after Armstrong. Man Takes First Steps on the Moon by Times as they describe every gesticulation and objects that is around them, giving the readers figures in their head. In Event of Moon Disaster by William Safire the speech was written in case of any astonishing demise while on the mission of Apollo ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The July 16, 1969, Launch: A Symbol of Man's Greatness by Ayn Rand is written from her point of view watching the space shuttle (rocket ship) take off and describing the scenario that is surrounding ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. Is A Hero Really Nothing But A Sandwich According to the Oxford dictionary, "A hero is a person who is admired by many people for doing something brave or good" (n.d.). A hero is an inspirational figure that people try to imitate their actions and have a strong desire to be like them. Moreover, A hero is a person who thrives to reach to the peak of the mountain and inspire people to follow his/her footsteps. "A hero is as an individual that take action on behalf of others in need, or in defense of integrity or a moral cause" (Dilbeck, n.d.). It is mentioned in "Is a Hero Really Nothing but a Sandwich?" one of the character traits of a hero which is " A hero does something worth talking about." (Tollefson, 1993). A hero is a person who sacrifices his/her own life and put... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He created a system by himself and succeeded in it. Furthermore, he wanted to lend a hand to those who need it and he accomplished it. He not only inspired people, but made them feel that what you think is impossible can be possible. Also, even though some people suffer from disability, but that doesn't prevent them from following their goals and helping people. In my opinion, I think that we all should look up to him because he is a great role model for the future generations and us. He teaches us how to be patient, devoted and committed just to make the world a better ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 12. Mayan Calendar Research Paper There are around forty different calendars used in the world today, usually for determining pious or religious events. Many countries like the United States use the Gregorian calendar for their official and modern activities which they are able to keep everyone organized. Over a thousand years ago in the fifth century the Mayans came out with the first calendars. There are three types of basic calendars that are being used today they are solar, lunar and the lunisolar/solilunar calendars. A solar calendar can be identified by theSun. This calendar is also based on Earth's orbit around the Sun. "Lunar calendars are based on the moon rotation around the Earth. This type of calendar is used usually for religious dates or purposes" (InpaperMagazine 2013). On the other hand, lunisolar or solilunar calendars connect the two kinds and is basically solar calendars with dates indicating a moon phase. The oldest known calendar was made by the Mayans. "The Mayans of Central America relied not only on the Sun and moon, but also on the planet Venus" (Misiroglu 2010). They were very intelligent in mathematics and in astronomy. "A stone tablet that was found in the 1960s was supposed to have predictions of the world's end on December 21, 2012" ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Each year in this calendar is related to a certain animal like a snake, ram, bull and even a rabbit, "it has 12 months in each year and an "intercalary" month every two to three years ("Introduction to Calendars")". The Chinese calendar is such an old calendar with the New Year being on February 10 back in 2013, and it will be the 4711th year in the Chinese calendar. The Chinese New Year is between January 21 to February 21, depending on when the new moon of the first lunar month is. The Chinese New Year celebration is a 15–day long celebration which is also known as the 'Spring Festival', it is the most known or significant of all the Chinese ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Cycle Of The Dark Moon The sun always illuminates one half of the moon, as the sun rotates we may or not be able to see the illuminated section of the moon. This process creates the "phases" of the moon that we see in the sky every month. Magickally we recognize six phases that change what type of magic we perform during these times. The first phase, the dark moon, is when the moon is completely shadowed by the earth and not visible to the naked eye. This phase only lasts one night and is a time that is generally associated with negativity. This association has lead to many pagans refusing to work magic on this day. This can be a time to work negative magick but that magick can also be used in a positive manner to banish a negative thing in our lives. This time ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This phase is not always recognized by all pagans because it is the first day of the waxing moon and has been referred to as the Young Moon or Waxing Crescent. This phase shows the cycle of the moon being reenacted and as such represents new beginnings and fresh starts magickally. As the moon grows we enter the phase known as the waxing moon. This normally lasts approximately fourteen days and is the period in between the new moon and the full. Due to the time frame and the observance of the moon growing over time, we perform spells that involve us bringing something positive to us that grows gradually over time, thus imitating the moon itself. The full moon phase technically only lasts one night. Some pagan paths follow this and only celebrate or perform magick on that night. Other paths that recognize the triple goddess will perform magick for three days. The last day of the waning phase, the full moon, and the first day of the waning moon. These phases represent the aspects of the triple goddess, the maiden, mother and crone respectively. Due to the moon being at it's full strength this is a really good time to perform any type of positive magick that needs a large boost. Other paths view this night as a day of celebration and assign specific meanings to each full moon of the year. These nights are known as Esbats and witches will perform magick that pertains to the believed association of each specific month, for example April's full moon is associated with Letting go of and honoring what has passed and spells or rituals of this nature would be ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 14. Moons Affecting Ocean Tides The moon is a giant ball of rock in our sky. The moon came to be where it is now when a giant, mars sized "proto plantet" as such, smashed into earth sending tons of molten rock flying into space and slowly the moon began to form from that rock. The moon affects our planet in many ways. It affects the oceans tides by pulling water toward where ever it is. Also it has an effect on how long each day is because it slows down the earths spinning by orbiting in the opposite direction. If the moon moon were only 10% further away from earth than it is today the earth would wobble and we would be totally out of place. If the moon was closer to earth, and it depends how much closer, but if it was about 20 times closer the earth would spin much slower ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... C, because the lines in the spectra are closer to the blue side meaning they are shorter wavelengths, so it's a blue shift so it is moving toward you. B, because the lines in the spectra are closer to the red side meaning they have longer wavelengths, therefore it's a red shift so it is moving away from you. A, and after the probe has moved further away C and D B,E, because as the probe moves toward the planets it is already moving when it releases the wave therefore the wavelength is shorter, whereas if its moving away the wavelengths are longer because as it releases them it its moving away creating longer distances between waves. A,B,E will at its current location but as it moves towards E they will all be effected. Because in its current location it is level with planets C and D because they are level but as it moves away they will begin to get the Doppler effects. 3 billion years (assuming the stars are not moving) 3 billion ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. Moon Observation The Moon The night of observing, the Moon was in the waxing gibbous phase. The Moon was formed when it collided with Earth as a planetesimal and now it is an object that orbits Earth. The distance from Earth to the Moon is 238,855 miles away and is about 4.5 billion years old. (How) That night at 8:15 pm the telescope was places so we could see were the Moon was illuminated and where it was dark. On the left side of the Moon their were some darker spots, were greyish in color, compared to the reset of the Moon. Even though it was partly cloudy with slight wind that night we could see the craters on the Moon clearly. Through the telescope I saw craters with a typical bowel shape and others with more complex. Another type of crater I saw was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 16. Utut The Moon – Introduction Its hard to imagine the history of Earth without our Moon. For as long as man walked this Earth, the Moon served as "lesser light for the night" and faithful time–piece. The phases of the Moon were used to help guide the Harvest, or help determine the time of the river floods. How our Moon came to existence is still under speculation. There are several possible scenarios: Fission Theory – the Earth spinning so fast during early formation that a piece broke off forming the Moon Capture Theory – the Moon formed elsewhere passed close to Earth and was captured Co–Creation Theory – the Earth and Moon formed and evolved together Collisional Ejection Theory – a large piece impacted the Earth and broke off pieces ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This article provides a brief introduction to the types of geological feature to be found on the Moon, to assist in any comparison with other planets and to help the reader decide whether there are any topics they would like to investigate further. The Moon is a timekeeper, and the luminary that takes over when the Sun sets. In ancient Egypt, this Sun–Moon switchover was embodied by the Sun god Ra and the Moon god Thoth. When the Sun god Ra journeyed into the underworld at night, Thoth took over until Sunrise. In even earlier, pre–historic times, the count of lunar months, and a lunar calendar, was in use across many cultures. The oldest artifacts show lunar markings on animal bone and carved into cave walls. The Native American elder might say he's been around for Many Moons. In Japan, there's a Moon–god called Tsuki–Yomi, which comes from Japanese words that mean moon and counter.(1) During the late 1800s and well into the 1900s it seemed that every book that described the craters, mountains and other features of Earth's moon was titled The Moon. In my mind this came to stand for an encyclopedia–like series of descriptions of features on the lunar surface. In general, more recent books, especially those by professional scientists, describe the processes that formed and modified the Moon, and the surface features themselves are no longer described systematically. But for many lunar observers and others thinking about the Moon as a place, knowledge ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Apollo 11 : The First Space Mission Apollo 11 was the first space mission that landed humans on the moon. On July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed on the Moon while Michael Collins stayed in the Command Module. On the surface, Armstrong and Aldrin spent two and a half hours collecting samples, taking pictures, and exploring the surface of the moon. After they got their samples, they placed a three by five feet American flag on the moon, a plaque that said, "Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon. July 20, 1969 A.D. We came in peace for all mankind." They landed off the shores of Hawaii on July 24, 1969. Apollo 11 landing on the moon exchanged new scientific and technological information in history, encountered a new region to discover, and started more explorations in space. According to the Lunar and Planetary Institute, Apollo 11 brought back the first geological substances back from the moon. One of the substances was one–hundred and ninety–three grams of basalt. Basalt are hardened rocks from molten lava. These rocks are commonly found in Hawaii. Basalt has a dark gray color, so when the moon is looked at, the darker areas are basalt. These minerals are very similar to the ones on Earth, except for the extra titanium. These basalts from the Apollo 11 landing site are from a range of 3.6 to 3.9 million years old and come from at least two differently chemically magma sources. The other substance was two–hundred and thirteen grams of breccia. Breccia are just ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 18. The Glass Menagerie Analysis "The Glass Menagerie," by Tennessee Williams, is a memory play designed to reveal some type of truth by examining the life of a family living in St. Louis. However, what exactly the play is trying to reveal remains unclear even as the play draws to a close. The play ends on a slightly confusing note, with Tom, the narrator, saying "for nowadays the world is lit by lightning! Blow out your candles, Laura– and so goodbye...." (Williams 97) and then Laura blowing out her candles. However, upon closer examination, the meaning and significance of this line become clear. After examining the symbolism around candlelight and natural light, it is evident that the last line of the play is really Tom saying that he is seeing the harsh reality of the world, and therefore he is begging Laura to get rid of her kindness and hope. Only once he relays this message can he say goodbye and let go of her memory, which gives the reader a hint at his motivation for telling this story. Candlelight is used to symbolize human kindness and romantic hope. Partway through Jim and Laura's conversation during dinner, the stage directions indicate that "Jim lights a cigarette and leans indolently back on his elbows smiling at Laura with a warmth and charm which lights her inwardly with altar candles." (Williams 79) These directions plainly draw an association between "warmth and charm" and "candles," which indicates that candles are correlated with human kindness. Additionally, these stage directions ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 19. Six Moon Phases Six moon phases New moon: On the day of the new moon the moon rises when the sun rises and sets when the sun sets. A day or two later the moon reappear in the west after sunset. The first phase in the lunar cycle in the new moon. New moon workings can be done from the first day of the new moon to three and a half days later. New moon magick is good for beauty,health,self–empowerment,farms and gardens,job hunting,love,purity,and romance,networking,protection and creates a shield for the beginning of the cycle,starting new adventures,new beginning and secrets. The new moon is a good time to preform lunar goddess invocations,fertility rituals,transformation,spirit conjuring and spells that increase psychic abilities and prophetic dreams. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... It is a time when everything comes together, it is a time of ideas, also a time of commitment, to a person, idea or project. It is also a time of family, and, or friends coming together, any spell is well aspect during this phase of the Moon. This moon happens 14 days after the new moon and is the Mother aspect of the goddess. At this time your energies are hightened you should do your workings that take lot of energy at this time. The full moon is completely in the sun's light and appears in her round silvery lumiance. This is the time to do the most difficult of spells full moon is like the white candle it is an all purpose moon for your workings. It is time to give thanks for all the blessings that has already come your way. The full moon is most commonly celebrated by pagans. The full moon brings power and energy to both the seed you planted at the new moon or to fulfill a long–term goal or desire. Artistic endeavors,Beauty, health and fitness,Change and decisions,Children,Competition,Dreams, Families,Health and healing,Knowledge,Legal undertakings,Loveandromance,Money,Motivation,Protection,Psych–ism, Self–improvement to just name a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 20. Significances Of Total Solar Eclipses A Total Solar Eclipse occurs when the visible portion of our Moon covers the visible portion of our sun, causing it to seem like a white ring with a black center, causing an extremely unique view of our sun and Moon. The Total Solar Eclipse can only be seen from a few points in the world, in the umbral shadow. Most people in the world will only see a partial Solar Eclipse, where the Moon will only cover a portion of the sun, due to the fact that they're in the penumbral. While not as unique, it's still a rare sight to behold. The reason Solar Eclipses are so rare to begin with is due to the special coincidence of the Moon and sun being the same size to our eyes. While our sun is 400 times the size of our Moon, our sun is also 400 times farther away, causing them to appear the same size in our sky. As previously stated, you can only see a Total Solar Eclipse from an umbral shadow, which is the darkest part of the shadow cast on theEarth. This only happens when the Moon Totally covers the sun, but this is not the only factor. The Moon also has to be close to, or at the point of perigee, the point of the Moon's orbit closest to Earth. The penumbral shadow is only visible when the Moon only partly obscures the Sun's disk, causing a partial Solar Eclipse, but there are still more. There's the Annular Solar Eclipse, which is similar to a Total Solar Eclipse, but the Moon is too small to completely cover the sun, and the Sun's outer edges remain visible to form a ring of fire in the sky. This can only happen when the Moon is near to, or at the point of apogee, the point of the Moon's orbit farthest from Earth, and can only be seen from the Moon's antumbra. The last type of eclipse, Hybrid Solar Eclipses, also known as annular–Total eclipses, are the rarest type. This only occurs when a Solar Eclipse changes between a Total Solar Eclipse and an Annular Solar Eclipse along it's path. According to the article "What Are Solar Eclipses?" on the website timeanddate.com/eclipse/solar–eclipse.html "For a solar eclipse to take place, the Sun, the Moon, and Earth must be aligned in a perfect or near perfect straight line–an alignment astronomers call syzygy. This happens around New Moon every lunar month." There are 2 ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 21. Moon Research Paper Earth, the planet we humans live on. The Earth revolves around the Sun and the moon revolves around the Earth. The moon is Earth's only natural satellite. If you didn't know a satellite is a celestial body that orbits the Earth or other planets. Other than that, there is more about the moon. First off, the moon radius is around 1,079 miles. Secondly, the moon's gravity is about 1/6ths of Earth's gravity. Also, the moon has a thin atmosphere, which makes it unsuitable for humans to breathe. Other than Moon's features, there is more about the moon. First, there are moon phases. A moon phase is the shape of the sunlit side of the moon. The moon has 8 phases. In the moon cycle, the 8 moon phases go in a certain order. For a new moon to a full moon, it starts off with a new moon then a waxing crescent, half moon (first quarter), waxing gibbous, and it ends with a full moon. For a full moon back to a new moon, it starts with a full moon then a waning gibbous, half moon (last quarter), waning crescent, and it ends with a new moon. As you can see, the terms "waxing" and "waning" appeared through half of the moon cycle. These terms describe the moon's sunlit side's size. Waxing means to increase and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... An eclipse is when the light from the Sun or moon on briefly. There are two types of eclipses, solar and lunar. A solar eclipse is when the moon blocks out the Sun's light temporarily. When there is a solar eclipse, the moon phase is a new moon. During a solar eclipse, the only part of the Sun that is visible is the corona, the outer rim of the Sun. This light is very bright and focused, so just looking at it can cause blindness. On the other hand, a lunar eclipse is when the moon appears darker from passing into the Earth. When there is a lunar eclipse, the moon is full. This doesn't mean that there is a lunar eclipse in every full moon because the moon doesn't always get on the Earth's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 22. Portrait5Es Template2015sem1 2 5Es Constructivist Lesson Sequence: Earth and Space Science Student name: Student number: Course: EDX2260 Assignment 2 Australian Curriculum: Science http://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/Science/Curriculum/F–10 Topic: Sky and Space (3 weeks duration) Year Level: Science Understanding (only select relevant statements) Science as a Human Endeavour (only select relevant statements) Science Inquiry Skills (only select relevant statements) Earth and Space Sciences Content description: Observable changes occur in the sky and landscape (ACSSU019) Elaborations: Recording short and longer–term patterns of events that occur on Earth and in the sky, such as the appearance of the moon and stars at night, the weather and the seasons. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Discover Students misconceptions and list them on an interactive white board for future understandings. Inform the children that you're going to take them out in all the four season to observe, take pictures and discuss about each season and the weather.
  • 23. Four sets of season's pictures in boxes (When finding pictures look for a variety of weather and different changes in each picture. Ensure all the sceneries are not similar) Magazines Paper strips printed the four seasons Pencils and pens to write Drawing papers Interactive white board Camera Sticky tape I Spy Game ( Reference) EXPLORE To provide hands–on, shared experiences. To support students to investigate and explore ideas. Science learning experiences Resources Lesson 2 Hence children have misconceptions on the weather elements and changes in the environment (Reference book Year 1) Probing questions and discussing with the students about the moon's phases Asking the class as a whole. Can we see the moon during the daytime? Does the moon appear in the sky during daytime? Guiding the students to investigate the question through the Internet. Exploring through the Internet about the moon. Explaining and discussing about "what they knew" and "what they learnt" after the investigation. (Eg: What they know– the moon can be seen only in the night. What they learnt– the moon can also be seen during the daytime). Discussing about the new words throughout the
  • 24. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Starry Night Starry Night is a beautiful painting, representational in the type of art. The size of the painting is 29 in. by 36 Вј in., and oil on canvas were the materials used. Van Gogh is using an expressive quality and an emotionalism viewpoint. On the left side of the painting, there is a group of black lines that curve in waves upward, coming to a point. To the lower right, there is a small town that leads up to hills and then mountains. The painting is set at night, and the sky is a wondrous swirl of bursting blues, greens, and a gentle yellow for the crescent moon that is in the upper right corner. Lighter values of blue shape the outlines of large stars in the sky, though some stars are smaller than others. Sometimes, there is a yellow dot,... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This painting is fairly realistic, so as far as the type of art, the objective was met. However, emotionalism is also an objective, because the artist imitates reality, but also draws inward for emotion. Good balance is shown in the painting, I would say it is symmetrical. Rhythm is also well shown, as you gaze at the painting, your eyes moving around as each part flows into another. Emphasis is shown on the night sky and the great black figure. Proportion is difficult to describe, as it is difficult to discern just how big the black figure really is. Variety in the mystical castle and the quaint town is well shown. Harmony is shown in the way that parts of the painting come together. Space, value, texture, and shape are the dominant elements of art, as stated in the analysis. I love this work of art because I love the night so much, particularly in this painting, with its bursts of light and color. I also love mysteries, and the structure on the left side of the painting is definitely a mystery to me. I find that this painting is a new favorite of mine, because of its beauty. It is an exceptional work of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 26. The Pros And Cons Of The Moon Landing For the last forty years people have been arguing whether if the Moon landings were real. The Moon landings occurred during the late 1960's and into the early 1970's. During this time the United States and the Soviet Union were in a competition known as the Space Race. The main objective during the Space Race was for one country to put a man on the Moon. The competition was getting intense, and both countries began expanding their space programs. During the Space Race and the Apollo missions NASA created over 400,000 jobs making it impossible for all of the workers to keep the events a secret if it were fake (Riley). The technology between the two countries was also top of the line at that time. The Soviet Union could track down the United States every move, so therefore if the moon landings were fake; the Soviet Union would clearly know (Allen). With the technological advancements and the jobs created throughout the process of the Apollo missions, it's obvious that NASA did not fake the Moon landings. Conspiracy theorists believe that the evidence of the flag waving in space, the lighting from the pictures, and the strange shadows from the pictures create it obvious that the Moon landings were all a hoax. Conspiracy theorists claim these areas for the Moon landing being fake, and in the end they believe that the moon landings were done in a T.V. studio to give the affect that the Moon landings were in fact real. The flag waving is the largest claim that conspiracy theorist ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. Analysis Of Lunar Eclipses By Robert Roy Britt In the article Lunar Eclipses: What are They & When is the Next One, Robert Roy Britt explains the causation and the nature of these celestial bodies. A lunar eclipse appears when the Earth is directly between the moon and the sun. Appearing only on a night of a full moon, a lunar eclipse is formed when the Earth blocks any direct sunlight from reaching the moon. And this can only happen when the Sun, Earth and the Moon are aligned to form a straight line, generally referred to as a syzygy. A total lunar eclipse can only occur when these celestial objects are perfectly in line, however, anything less than perfection creates a partial or penumbral lunar eclipse. Robert Roy Britt also concludes in his article the 3 different types of lunar eclipses; total lunar eclipse, partial lunar eclipse, and penumbral lunar eclipse. People are very fond of these lunar eclipses; ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... People used to be terrified, especially, when the total lunar eclipses turned the moon blood red. Individuals, who were illiterate from the understanding of the celestial objects outside the Earth's atmosphere, blamed such events on god. For instance, Christopher Columbus knew the nature of these objects and used it against the natives. Just before the total phase of the eclipse was about to end, Columbus said God had pardoned the natives and would bring the moon back. The crew was well fed until help arrived in November and Columbus and his men sailed back to Spain (Britt, 2016). However now we know, the exact color of the moon depends on the amount of dust and clouds are in the atmosphere. According to NASA scientists, "if there are extra particles in the atmosphere, from say a recent volcanic eruption, the moon will appear a darker shade of red (Britt, 2016)." Theoretically, from previous ages, we are getting a better understanding of the events that are happening in space according to technological ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 28. Break The Ice: Europa Break the Ice With an ice–rink of a surface–just after a ballerina made her rounds–Europa's surface has a mosaic of crisscross patterns and deep fractures painted across its crater–free face. As the fourth largest moon of Jupiter, Europa is pushed and pulled by the gravity of Jupiter itself, and its other moons. With a surface temperature of approximately –328Вє F, this moon is seemingly uninhabitable, but in fact, under its mysterious frozen shell could lay an incredible landscape of aquatic life (Astrobio). Hubble's discovery of enormous water vapor plumes on the South Pole coupled with an analysis of its density and features, it is extremely likely that Europa boasts nearly twice the amount of water of Earth hiding underneath its thick ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... If the calculations and lab results from various NASA flyby missions are accurate, the satellite should have enough oxygen rich water to sustain both simple and complex life. According to a University of Arizona researcher, "Enough oxygen reaches the subterranean ocean to sustain macrofauna and more complex, animal–like organisms," (Fohn, NASA). He estimates that with the current resources on Europa, it is possible to support around 6.6 billion pounds of macrofauna (Klotz, Discovery). Another plausible location for complex life is in the moon's subsurface lakes. When bubbles of energy float up from beneath the surface, but don't make it to the crust, they form lakes under the surface that last for possibly millions of years. The lifespan of these lakes makes it possible for life to develop and the relatively small size makes it more likely for the present organisms to interact and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. Dinosaurs Persuasive Essay Have you ever wonder "why" dinosaurs went extinct? Here is a theory of why the dinosaurs don't exist in today's world. A long time ago the only thing that existed was animals called 'dinosaurs" they were the only living things on planet earth. These dinosaurs were unique because they could talk but nobody could understand them, it was like their secret "code" language. These dinosaurs lived a happy and healthy life until the small explosion changed the life of these dinosaures. Just few miles away from earth a fight started between two planets called 'Sun' and "Moon'. The argument was about who would shine more light on earth. The argument went to the point where they started to shoot fireballs at the moon and then the moon started to throw rocks at the sun. During the fight one the fireballs misses it's target (moon) and made its was towards the earth but "apparently" there was space ship traveling the universe full of aliens and the fireball came in its path which made space ship crashed on Earth including the huge fireball. The fireball was so powerful that it almost brought everything that came in its path such as rocks, asteroids and much more. When the space ship crashed on planet Earth creating a loud bang, making the dinosaurs frighten in terror. Then the biggest problem in Earth's history step out of the broken space ship. There were 5 weird aliens that step out of the space ship. They had very big heads that looked like blue almonds. When the aliens step out they ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 30. Solar Eclipse : From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia Solar eclipse From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with Lunar eclipse. Total solar eclipse A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon completely covers the Sun 's disk, as seen in this 1999 solar eclipse. Solar prominences can be seen along the limb (in red) as well as extensive coronal filaments. Annular solar eclipsePartial solar eclipse An annular solar eclipse (left) occurs when the Moon is too far away to completely cover the Sun 's disk (May 20, 2012). During a partial solar eclipse (right), the Moon blocks only part of the Sun 's disk (October 23, 2014). As seen from the Earth, a solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... A total solar eclipse can be frightening to people who are unaware of its astronomical explanation, as the Sun seems to disappear during the day and the sky darkens in a matter of minutes. Since looking directly at the Sun can lead to permanent eye damage or blindness, special eye protection or indirect viewing techniques are used when viewing a solar eclipse. It is technically safe to view only the total phase of a total solar eclipse with the unaided eye and without protection; however, this is a dangerous practice, as most people are not trained to recognize the phases of an eclipse, which can span over two hours while the total phase can only last up to 7.5 minutes for any one location. People referred to as eclipse chasers or umbraphiles will travel to remote locations to observe or witness predicted central solar eclipses.[3][4] For the date of the next eclipse see the section Recent and forthcoming solar eclipses. Contents [hide] 1Types 1.1Terminology for central eclipse 2Predictions 2.1Geometry
  • 31. 2.2Path 2.3Duration 3Occurrence and cycles 3.1Frequency per year 3.2Final totality 4Historical eclipses 5Viewing 5.1Partial and annular eclipses 5.2Totality 5.3Photography 6Other observations 6.11919 observations 6.2Gravity anomalies 6.3Eclipses and transits 6.4Earthshine 6.5Artificial satellites 6.6Impact 7Recent and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 32. Neil Armstrong Papers Neil Armstrong, an American Astronaut and Aeronautical engineer, became the first person to step on the moon on July 21, 1969. Neil Armstrong, also is known for his famous quote when stepping on the moon "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong was born on August 5, 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. Armstrong first discovered his love for space and flight at a young age when his father took him to an air show. After the air show, Armstrong set a goal to become a pilot. He managed to achieve that goal by getting his pilot license at the age of fifteen. Armstrong attended college at Purdue University and earned a bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering. Then Armstrong finished getting his masters degree at the University of Southern California.... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... After the military, he became a test pilot, flying over 200 different types of aircraft during his career. Armstrong wanted to try something different and applied to become an astronaut. September of 1962, NASA selected Armstrong and put him through the Astronaut Corps, which were a series of brutal physical tests. After passing all the testing, Armstrong became a part of the "new nine", the second group of NASA astronauts.Neil Armstrong's first mission was on the Gemini eight. The Gemini eight's mission launched on March 16, 1966, and landed on March 17, 1966. Gemini eight's mission was to conduct the first docking of two spacecraft in orbit. The Gemini eight suffered the first critical in–space system failure of a U.S spacecraft, which threatened the lives of the astronauts on the mission. Neil Armstrong remained calm and managed to return to earth safely, along with saving the life of the astronaut David ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. Rhetorical Analysis Of Apollo 11 Speech [title] In 1969 we were still a people with our feet planted firmly to the ground. Having never sent anyone to walk on another celestial body other than our earth, all eyes were fixed on the skies as Apollo 11 took off, putting two men on the moon. For the first time in the history of mankind, we saw footprints on the moon. Those footprints, the markings of a new era of our world from the boots of Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin, resonated within the minds of many. In response to this monumental event, numerous texts were created which employed various types of rhetorical appeals and diction to effectively communicate their purpose of describing the events of this mission and the achievements associated. The four various works that were created effectively use multiple rhetorical appeals to display the author's purpose. "In event of Moon Disaster", a speech written by President Nixon's speechwriter William Safire in the event of a disaster that would strand the astronauts on the moon, employs heavy use of pathos throughout the entirety of the text. Pathos with the audience has already been established. The audience would already become familiar with the events that have transpired surrounding the failed Apollo 11 mission. The audience would have some type of feeling towards the loss of American lives even before hearing the prepared speech. Safire end the speech with "there is some corner of another world that is forever mankind" (Safire )which helps develop the feeling of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 34. Neil Armstrong Accomplishments The astronaut world is an exciting one and Neil Armstrong made it even better. He was the first person to walk and get all the way to the moon. Neil Armstrong created the inspiration for people to do what they want to do, he persisted to innovate overcoming the doubt, it was possible, and illuminated the world by giving them inspiration to do their own thing. Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the moon. He created the Possibility so other astronauts to could walk on the moon. Neil Armstrong's footprint is still on the moon (biography.com editors). Other cosmonauts might want to be remembered historically and have their footprint on the moon. Neil Armstrong tested out aircrafts before he walked on the moon (History.com Staff 2010). If Neil Armstrong didn't walk on the moon, some people in his time might think it was impossible. His creation leads to many more accomplishments for different people. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... One way he innovated was by overcoming the uncertainty of people. He introduced a way to get to the moon and walk on the moon (May S, 2015 September 4). He changed the NACA when working with them. (Biography.com Editors). It was new because people doubted him and didn't think it was possible. He changed the type of engines the aircraft needs. He changed astronaut's determination and the way people think about him. When he walked on the moon he had to use habits of mind to get there. Neil Armstrong needed to strive for accuracy and persist, to prove others wrong. He had to stay calm when he was in trouble and not panic. He persisted to make the aircrafts better (biography.com Editors). He faced different challenges along the way and people told him it wasn't possible. He to stick at it to find a route to get to the moon. Neil Armstrong had to persist to finish school and do his work above and beyond (May S. 2015 September 4). If Neil Armstrong didn't use habits of minds, he wouldn't have achieved his ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. Mercury Planet Research Paper Mercury, named after the Roman God of Thievery, Commerce, and Travel, is the first planet from the Sun. It is unique because it shows at both morning rise and evening set of the sun. It is rocky, heavily cratered, covered in boulders, and also pulverized dust. The majority of it's surface bears a strong resemblance to that of Earth's moon. It's lack of atmosphere causes wild temperature fluctuations. Temperatures can range from 90 kelvin to 700 kelvin thus creating a planet, from all observations, that cannot sustain life––it is geologically dead. Mercury also has a magnetic field generated by the planet's core that can deflect solar wind and which has a magnetosphere that changes. This was surprising for such a slow rotating planet––one that rotates completely every 88 Earth days. Venus is the 2nd planet from the Sun. Venus' reflective nature and close proximity to Earth are major factors in it's being one of the brightest objects in the sky after the Sun and Earth's moon. It is often referred to as ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... It has two small moons both visible from Earth. The first moon, Phobos (fear) and Deimos (panic) were named for the sons of Ares (Greek God of War, or Mars to Romans) and Aphrodite (Greek name for Venus) Goddess of Love. The moons were discovered by Asaph Hall in 1877. Both moons have an irregular shape and heavily cratered surface. Their dark surface make it difficult to study them. Phobos is the larger of the two at 28km long and 20km wide with an enormous 10km crater named after Hall's wife Stickney. Deimos is the smaller of the two at 16k long and 10km wide with it's largest crater being 2.3km. The moons were thought to have been asteroids that were slowed and captured by outer fringes of Eartly Martian atmosphere. Because of this thought the moons are studied because the moons are assumed to contain what remains of the young solar system ––before the major planets were ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 36. Galileo Ganymede's Influence On Galilean Moon In 1610 on the 7th of January four moons, called the Galilean moons were discovered by Galileo Galilei. Using his homemade telescope he observed them for many nights, he drew notes and recorded the movement in a journal (Figure 3). Ganymede is one of the largest, most well–known moons of Jupiter and it is also the largest satellite in our solar system. It is larger than Mercury and Pluto, and three quarters the size of Mars. If Ganymede didn't orbit Jupiter as moon it would easily be classified as a planet. Ganymede is also the only known moon to have a magnetosphere, a magnetosphere is a region surrounding the moon in which its magnetic field is the predominant effective magnetic field. In Figure 1 you can see Ganymede's anti–Jovian hemisphere ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The field of view of the telescope was 0.46 degrees with an angular resolution of 10.16 microradians/pixel. The camera was operated in eight filtered band passes from 350–1100 nm. The eight–position filter wheel, consisted of three broad–band filters: red (671nm), green (559nm), violet (404nm). These broad–band filters allowed for the reconstruction of visible colour photographs. Light was collected by the primary mirror and directed to a smaller secondary mirror that channelled it through a hole in the centre of the primary mirror and onto the CCD. There are two types of telescopes, Refracting and Reflecting. The refracting telescope works by using two lenses to focus the light and make it look like the object is closer to you than it is. Its curved primary lens gathers light, bends it and sends it back to the focal point where it is further modified by the use of another set of lenses called the eyepiece. A reflecting telescope is an optical telescope which uses a single lens or a combination of curved mirrors that reflect light and form an ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. I Am Stephanie Walker, The Only Woman On Our Team 09/01/2046 Cloudy Hello, I am Stephanie Walker, the only woman on our team. We were training for such a long time to prepare for this project and I am so proud that we make it. Our project, this fantastic project, has a wonderful name – Project Artemis. Our goal, simply to say is to place radio telescopes on the far side of the moon, but we know, it is not simply. As project Apollo is the only successful manned space mission to the moon, our plan will reference a lot of it, but of course not the same, because the mission goal is different and the technologies nowadays is far more developing than that time. We anticipate that this mission will be more successful and that we will be able to find techniques to maneuver or reduce the potential challenges that are essentially brought in by the known and unknown events across the space. To make our project more viable, we had observed the earlier pictures that were taken by the Deep Space Climate Observatory. The images are rare as the satellite only takes them twice a year, some of the images that have been successfully sent to earth revealed that, from the vantage point of earth we only see one side of the moon [1]. There is the lunar transit part of the moon that cannot be seen while observing it from earth. It is the back side of the moon, scientist Adam Szabo, the lunar transit is very different from what we observed or rather the moon's familiar face [2]. Human have curious about the far side of moon for centuries since ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 38. Galilean Moon Research Paper Since our, said to be 4.5 billion year old Moon, goes through a series of processes that are shown to be an essential element for Earth. These processes work together for the Moon to exist and to be an essential element of Earth. From different mythologies, the Moon is called different things that developed culture and language. For example, the Romans called the Moon Luna, and Selene by the Greeks. In 1609, Galileo Galilei discovered the 4 largest moons of Jupiter that orbited around another planet. The Moons are also known as the Galilean Moons when discovered. Process of Controlling Tides The Moon has many abilities to help planet Earth. For example, controlling the tides in our oceans. Tides are the fall and rise of sea levels caused ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The first moon landing happened on July 20th, 1969 during Apollo 11. The first moon landing was landed by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. Apollo 11 was a mission to land on the Moon. After the two astronauts landed on the Moon, they began preparing for a decent to the lunar surface. A sequence of activities they planned was a deployment of a Solar Wind composition experiment, collections of lunar material, photographs of the landing site and the lunar horizon, photographs of lunar surface material, deployment of a Laser–Ranging Retroreflector and a Passive Seismic Experiment, and then the collection of two core–tube samples of the lunar surface. The astronauts began preparations to reenter the lunar molecules. During the night, the ascent from the lunar surface started at 124:22 GET or 21 hours and 36 minutes, after the lunar landing. After all of their experiments were done and collected, Armstrong and Aldrin returned to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. The Moon Is The Only Natural Satellite Of Earth The Moon Jacob Hogue SCIN 111–12F Ivy Tech Community College The Moon is the only natural satellite of Earth. Its orbit is 384,400 km from Earth, the diameter is 3476 km and the mass is 7.35e22 kg. The moon is also Called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks, and many other names in other mythologies. The Moon, of course, has been known since prehistoric times. It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. As the Moon orbits around the Earth once per month, the angle between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun changes; we see this as the cycle of the Moon 's phases. The time between successive new moons is 29.5 days (709 hours), slightly different from the Moon 's orbital period (measured against the stars) since the Earth moves a significant distance in its orbit around the Sun in that time. Due to its size and composition, the Moon is sometimes classified as a terrestrial "planet" along with Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The Moon was first visited by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 2 in 1959. It is the only extraterrestrial body to have been visited by humans. The first landing was on July 20, 1969 (do you remember where you were?); the last was in December 1972. The Moon is also the only body from which samples have been returned to Earth. In the summer of 1994, the Moon was very extensively mapped by the little spacecraft Clementine and again in 1999 by Lunar Prospector. The gravitational forces between the Earth and the Moon cause some interesting ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 40. Causes Of Solar Eclipse A solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon fully or partially blocks the Sun. This can happen only at new moon when the Sun and the Moon are in conjunction as seen from Earth in an alignment referred to as syzygy. In a total eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured. If the Moon were in a perfectly circular orbit, a little closer to the Earth, and in the same orbital plane, there would be total solar eclipses every month! However, the Moon's orbit is inclined at more than 5 degrees to the Earth's orbit around the Sun so its shadow at new moon usually misses Earth. Earth's orbit is called the ecliptic plane as the Moon's orbit must cross this plane in order for an eclipse to occur. In addition, the Moon's actual orbit is elliptical, often taking it far enough away from Earth that its apparent size is not large enough to block the Sun totally.The orbital planes cross each other at a line of nodes resulting in at least two, and up to five, solar eclipses occurring each year; no more than two of which can be total eclipses.However, total solar eclipses are rare at any particular location because totality exists only along a narrow path on the Earth's surface traced by the Moon's shadow or umbra. An eclipse is a natural phenomenon. Nevertheless, in some ancient and modern cultures, solar eclipses have been attributed to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 41. The Moon Hoax Essays The "Moon Hoax" has been around since 1835, when the New York Sun printed an article about this whole ordeal. The New York Sun used and credited Sir John Herschel, who was a British Astronomer. Herschel claimed that he had tried out a new type of telescope on the Cape of Good Hope in January of 1834. While in Cape Town, he said he'd set up an Observatory. Using this, he claimed to have observed what he thought of as the "Real" Moon. He claimed to have seen vegetation, bodies of water, and living creatures. He also said he had seen "Bat People" who were described as being furry winged men. This took the People at a shock, and the "Evidence" and science astounded them. So many began to believe this is true. Today, there is still... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Earth rocks are very abundant in these minerals and other minerals that thrive in the high temperatures. They are almost completely deprived of these types of elements. Moon Rocks don?t. Moon Rocks also contain small ball like pieces of glass. The main theory on how this happened is by Moon dust being heated to extremely high temperatures along with other minerals. The hot dust would form a small glass piece, and the other minerals would form the rest of the rock. Earth rocks do not have this feature. . In conclusion, one who reads this can clearly see that, by these terms, there is clear evidence that we did in fact walk on the moon. The exact evidence of the mineral makeup of Moon Rocks is convicting and practical evidence. Also, there is the common sense part. If the United States didn?t go to the moon, and produced fake moon rocks, Russian scientists would have a say about it, saying as though we went to the moon at the height of the cold war, and produced Moon Rocks that could be tested by any scientist. Works Cited 1. "Apollo Moon Rocks." Curators Chioce. Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. 15 Oct. 2007 http://www.nasm.si.edu/exhibitions/cchoice /moonrocks/moonrocks3.htm. This was a good source because it provided good, true information and backed up it?s information with information from qualified specialists. 2. Knier, Gil, and Becky Bray. "The Moon Landing Hoax." New ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 42. Lcross Essay The Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) was a robotic spacecraft created and launched by NASA in June 2009. LCROSS's mission was to find out more details about hydrogen that has been detected at the polar regions of the Earth's moon. The underlying mission, however, was to investigate the mere presence of ice in a shadowed crater near a polar region of the moon. It was eventually confirmed within Cabeus, a southern lunar crater, that water does exist on the Moon's surface. LCROSS wasn't launched alone as it was accompanied with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) in June 2009. This was the first American mission to the Moon in over a decade. Simply put, LCROSS and LRO are the guinea pigs of spacecraft and satellite when it comes to determining whether or not the Moon is habitable as well as if another trip to the moon will occur any time soon. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... These two missions are an interesting read but, I feel as if one of LRO's pictures could describe in better detail what I would try to explain. Therefore, I accept this topic and look forward to my future installments based on what I already found. Earth's Moon being habituated is an unsettling topic to read about as it breaks the barriers of humanity and what can be done within our lifetimes. LCROSS and LRO endeavors and findings hold true promise to what the future will be with life possibly being spread to planets where hydrogen is found. Beginning my research this was an assignment I procrastinated on due to lack of interest, nonetheless just after this first installment a spark of curiosity was struck within me and I'm ready for whatever I ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...