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Architecture

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Architecture

  1. 1. Famous architectural structures
  2. 2. Colloseum at Rome, Italy
  3. 3. Colloseum at Rome, Italy• There are four storeys above the ground; upper storey for lower classes and women; lowest storey for prominent citizens• Rooms with mechanical devices and cages were found below the ground• The events held here were comical acts and fights• The southern side was destroyed by an earthquake in 847.
  4. 4. Colloseum at Rome, Italy
  5. 5. Pyramid
  6. 6. Capitol at Washington, DC
  7. 7. Empire State Building, New York
  8. 8. Empire State Building, New York• Built in 1931, designed by Shreve, Lamb & Hammon• 381 m high; an example of Art Deco architecture (simple and subtle design on the exterior, more accentuated interior design)
  9. 9. Eiffel Tower at Champ de Mars, Paris
  10. 10. Eiffel Tower, Paris• Lattice tower at Champ de Mars, Paris• Named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower.• Erected in 1889; served as an entrance arch to 1889’s World Fair.• 320 metres (1,050 ft., like an 81-storey building)
  11. 11. Burj Kalifa, Dubai
  12. 12. Burj Kalifa, Dubai• Formerly called Burj Dubai• World’s tallest building (ratified 2010); 828 metres (2716 feet)• Architect is Marshall Strabala
  13. 13. Leaning Tower of Pisa
  14. 14. Taj Mahal, India
  15. 15. Taj Mahal, India
  16. 16. Taipei 101
  17. 17. Taipei 101• An example of Energy and Environment design• Has protection against earthquakes and typhoons• 101 floors above ground, 5 underground floors
  18. 18. Famous Filipino Architects
  19. 19. Quiapo Church – Juan Felipe de Jesus
  20. 20. Manila Central Post Office – Juan Marcos Arellano
  21. 21. Ayala Tower One – Leandro Locsin
  22. 22. Far Eastern University – Pablo Antonio
  23. 23. Cultural Center of the Philippines – Ildefonso Santos and Leandro V. Locsin
  24. 24. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesI. Egyptian - Mammoth rectangular plan of limestone - Monumental sphinxes - Relief sculpture on walls and columns
  25. 25. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesII. Greek - Relatively small rectangular plan of marble - Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian capitals on fluted columns for post and lintel
  26. 26. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesIII. Roman - Engineering principle of arch in dome on drum, barrel vaulting, and groin vaulting - Decorative medallions and keystone
  27. 27. Parthenon (Athens, Greece) – has the Doric order (columns)
  28. 28. Temple of Athena Nike (at Acropolis of Athens)
  29. 29. Temple of Sibyl in Rome (Corinthian)
  30. 30. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesIV. Byzantine - Great domes, plain exterior - Interiors of colored, richly grained marble and mosaics in upper vaults
  31. 31. Characteristics of Medieval art• Didactic; illustrates ideas of Christianity (secular)Architecture:• Byzantine – characterized by domed structures• Romanesque – characterized by semi-circular arches• Gothic – characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vault
  32. 32. Monreale Cathedral, Sicily
  33. 33. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesV. Romanesque - Use of round arches; recessed doorways ornamented with sculpture, and large rose windows on upper levels.
  34. 34. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesVI. Gothic - Soaring pointed arches and ribbed vaulting - High facade towers with gargoyles - Tall, recessed doorways decorated with elongated sculptured figures
  35. 35. Basilica of Saint-Sernin of Toulouse (Romanesque)
  36. 36. Milan Cathedral (Gothic)
  37. 37. Interior of Reims Cathedral, France
  38. 38. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesVII. Renaissance - Rectangular plan with combined post and lintel form and arch form - Ribbed dome on drum with lantern - Greek and Roman ornamentation
  39. 39. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesVII. Renaissance - Rectangular plan with combined post and lintel form and arch form - Ribbed dome on drum with lantern - Greek and Roman ornamentation
  40. 40. Summary Outline ofArchitectural StylesIX.International/Modern - Non-eclectic with minimum ornamentation - New engineering principles, such as cantilevering from hillside (projects from support) - Multi-level construction - Greater use of glass, steel and cement, as well as new materials

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