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power sector in india

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  2. 2. <ul><li>India has the fifth largest generation capacity in the world with an installed capacity of 152 GW as on 30 September 2009, which is about 4 percent of global power generation. </li></ul><ul><li>The top four countries, viz., US, Japan, China and Russia together consume about 49 percent of the total power generated globally. </li></ul><ul><li>The average per capita consumption of electricity in India is estimated to be 704 kWh during 2008-09. </li></ul><ul><li>However, this is fairly low when compared to that of some of the developed and emerging nations such US (~15,000 kWh) and China (~1,800 kWh). </li></ul>
  3. 3. GENERATION CAPACITY <ul><li>State government :- 51.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Central sector :- 33.1% </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector :- 15.4% </li></ul><ul><li>In line respective power generation share,the government sector (both central and state) have contributed 84.6% of the total capacity addition of 45,295 MW during 1999-00 and 2008-09, the private sector has contributed the balance 15.4% </li></ul>
  4. 4. PRIVATE SECTOR <ul><li>STERLITE – 2.05 </li></ul><ul><li>TATA -7.4 </li></ul><ul><li>RELIANCE-9.6 </li></ul><ul><li>ADANI-4.6 </li></ul><ul><li>LANCO-4.3 </li></ul><ul><li>OTHERS-7.5 </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Status Ministry of Power, Government of India
  6. 6. King Coal ! <ul><li>Reserves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proven 91 billion Tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicated 116 billion Tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inferred 37 billion Tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TOTAL 245 billion Tons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coal reserves: > 250 years at present levels of consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Concentrated in Eastern India </li></ul>
  7. 7. Coal: Future Scenarios <ul><li>Projections of coal demand (2015): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High growth : 580 MT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BAU scenario : 380 MT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic production will not be enough. Imports needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ash generation > 200 million Tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO2 emissions > 850 Million Tons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particulate and NO x emissions (presently not regulated) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal transportation bottleneck: Rail transportation stagnation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Hydro-Electricity <ul><li>Inferred potential > 120 GW </li></ul><ul><li>Installed capacity 30 GW </li></ul><ul><li>Most big projects are in North-Eastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttaranchal and J&K </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of rehabilitation and resettlement with large projects </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Water sharing agreements with neighbours </li></ul>National Hydro Power Corporation, Government of India
  9. 9. Natural Gas <ul><li>Fastest growing primary fuel, worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Indian statistics (2009-10): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption: > 31 BCM/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Primary uses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power 41% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fertilizer 32% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponge Iron 4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other 23% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing needs for transportation (and some cooking) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latent demand estimated as high as 80 BCM (depends on price, of course) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Wind Energy <ul><li>Gross potential : 45,000 MW (assuming 1% land availability in potential areas) </li></ul><ul><li>Technical potential : 13,000 MW (assuming 20% grid penetration in potential areas) </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid growth in installed capacity from 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>India ranks 5 th in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present installed capacity ~ 3000 MW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Site selection issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More from fiscal benefits than from power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many plants not operating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low average load factor~13% </li></ul></ul>Global Wind Energy Council World Wind Installed Capacity (2009)
  11. 11. Nuclear Power: The Present Status
  12. 12. Indian Nuclear Program: The Present Status <ul><li>12 PHWR & 2 BWR now under operation </li></ul><ul><li>4 PHWR and 2 LWR under commission </li></ul><ul><li>2950 MW generation & 3000 MW under commission </li></ul><ul><li>Successful experiments with Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) </li></ul><ul><li>Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) for 500MWe under construction </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) using (Pu-Th) O2 MOX for 300MWe: advanced stage of design approval; construction soon to begin. </li></ul>
  13. 13. THANK YOU