Women's research.key

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  • Women's research.key

    1. 1. LOWERING THE RISKS FOR PREECLAMPSIA Exercising through pregnancy
    2. 2. PREECLAMPSIAApproximately 1/4 of all maternal deaths20 % of all pre-term birthsIncreases risk of developing cardiovascular diseaseCause is not fully known
    3. 3. PATHOPHYSIOLOGYPlacentaEndothelial dysfunctionHypertensionProteinuria
    4. 4. RISK FACTORSGenetic FactorsObesityDiabetesHypertensionNulliparous WomenSedentary Lifestyle
    5. 5. EXERCISE = LOWER RISK?Studies show a 35% reduction in risk in women whoexerciseMany pregnant women do not engage in exercise24% of pregnant women are obeseObesity triples the risk of preeclampsia
    6. 6. CREATED EQUAL?Obesity and inactivity are significant risk factorsVigorous exercise not as beneficial for obese womenWhat exercise can safely reduce the risk ofpreeclampsia in obese women?
    7. 7. THE STUDYWALKING VS. STRETCHING
    8. 8. PARTICIPANTSHealthy pregnant women who had preeclampsia in aprevious pregnancyPregnant women who had lower than averagecardiovascular fitness levelsSedentary lifestyle
    9. 9. THE PROGRAMFive days a weekWalkers walked atmoderate intensityStretchers followed avideo program
    10. 10. RESULTSWalkers: Walked 2-3 times/week throughoutpregnancyStretchers 3-4 times/week16% of walkers developed preeclampsia5% of stretchers
    11. 11. 22% preterm births in walking group11% in stretchingMore than twice as many preterm births amongwalkers
    12. 12. WHY STRETCHING?Sympathetic activity isincreased throughoutpregnancyPreeclampsia developswhen vasodilation failsPrenatal stretchingexercise may increasevagal tone andprevent/inhibitpreeclampsia
    13. 13. FOR OUR PATIENTSPrenatal stretchingexercise lowers risk ofpreeclampsiaPromotes healthEasily adhered to bypregnant women in alltrimesters

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