Review Packet


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Review packet for our finals

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Review Packet

  1. 1. I. Definition<br />Define the following terms:<br />
  2. 2. The study of undetermined cause of disease <br />for example: You don’t smoke, you don’t drink, you eat healthy but still had cancer. Doctors does not know the reason why you have cancer so they would send you to Idiologist to study why you have cancer. <br />Idiology<br />
  3. 3. Study of cause or origin<br />Ethiology<br />
  4. 4. Study of tissue<br />Histology<br />
  5. 5. Re-occurring <br />Long lasting<br />Goes away and comes back <br />Chronic<br />
  6. 6. Severe<br />Intense of short duration <br />Acute <br />
  7. 7. Lack or loss of nourishment <br />Waste away of tissue<br />Atrophy <br />
  8. 8. The period of time during which a heart chamber is contracting<br />systolic<br />Systole<br />
  9. 9. Relaxation of the heart <br />Diastolic <br />Diastole<br />
  10. 10. Collection of signs and symptoms<br />Syndrome<br />
  11. 11. Early or last stage of a disease but there are no signs or symptoms showing <br />There is no cure, its in you for life<br />Incubation <br />
  12. 12. An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cavities and intercellular spaces of body<br />fluids comes from the plasma <br />Edema <br />
  13. 13. The tissue response to injury from pathogens or physical agents; characterized by redness, pain, swelling and feeling hot to touch. <br />Inflammation (-itis) <br />
  14. 14. Substances that causes inflammation , <br />dilates blood vessel, <br />attracts more WBC to site of injury for repair,<br />dilates tissue and increase permeability <br />Histamine<br />
  15. 15. Blood clot that is stationary<br />Thrombus<br />
  16. 16. Blood clot that is circulating <br />Embolus<br />
  17. 17. II. Trivia<br />
  18. 18. Proximal<br />What means nearest to the point of origin?<br />
  19. 19. Distal<br />What means farthest the point of origin?<br />
  20. 20. Draw and label all the parts of the kidney<br />
  21. 21. Kidney parts<br />
  22. 22. Primary Convoluted Tubule <br />What part of kidney filters wastes products?<br />
  23. 23. Mitochondrion <br />What structure of cell is responsible for producing energy?<br />
  24. 24. Energy <br />What does ATP stand for?<br />Adenosine triphosphate <br />What is ATP?<br />
  25. 25. Inflammation of the intestine<br />What is enteritis?<br />
  26. 26. Duodenum<br />Jejunum<br />Ileum<br />What are the parts of the small intestine?<br />
  27. 27. Cecum<br />Colon<br />Ascending<br />Transverse<br />Descending <br />Rectum<br />What are the parts of the large intestine?<br />
  28. 28. The Right lung is divided into three lobes (as opposed to two lobes on the left), superior, middle, and inferior, by two interlobular fissures<br />How many lobes are there in the right lung?<br />
  29. 29. the left lung has 2 lobes (superior & inferior) <br />How many lobes are there in the left lung?<br />
  30. 30. There are 206 sizeable bones.<br />A total of 212 bones <br />How many bones are there in the human body?<br />
  31. 31. 4 types<br />Long bone<br />Short bone<br />Irregular bone<br />Flat bone<br />How many types of bones are there in the human body?<br />
  32. 32. Femur<br />What is the largest bone in the human body?<br />
  33. 33. Aorta<br />Located in the heart<br />What is the largest artery?<br />
  34. 34. Superior vena cava<br />Inferior vena cava <br />What is the largest vein?<br />
  35. 35. The integumentary<br />What is the largest organ? <br />
  36. 36. Liver<br />It produces bile which emulsifies fat <br />Emulsifies- breaks down and dissolve<br />What is the largest gland? <br />
  37. 37. Spleen<br />Located in the LUQ of the ABD.<br />What is the largest lymphatic gland?<br />
  38. 38. Ovum<br />What is the largest cell? <br />
  39. 39. Cerebrum<br />Occipital lobe<br />part of brain responsible for sight<br />Temporal bone <br />Part of the brain responsible for hearing<br />What is the largest part of the brain? <br />
  40. 40. Gluteus Maximus<br />What is the largest muscle?<br />
  41. 41. They are located in the arm pit. <br />Axillary lymph nodes are what? Where are these located?<br />
  42. 42. Mouth<br />Pharynx<br />Esophagus<br />Stomach<br />Small intestine<br />Duodenum<br />Jejunum <br />ileum<br />Colon (large intestine)<br />Ascending colon<br />Transverse colon<br />Descending colon<br />Rectum<br />Identify all parts of the digestive system.<br />
  43. 43. Identify all parts of skeletal system<br />Orbital bone<br />Zygomatic bone<br />Frontal bone<br />Maxilla<br />Mandible<br />Temporal bone<br />Occipital bone<br />Cervical vertebrae<br />Thoracic vertebrae<br />Lumbar vertebrae<br />Clavicle<br />Sternum<br />Scapula<br />Humerus<br />Ulna<br />Radius<br />Carpals<br />Metacarpals<br />Phalanges<br />Femur<br />Patella <br />Tibia<br />fibula<br />
  44. 44. Locate the following pulse points.<br />Carotid<br />Radial<br />Femoral<br />Brachial<br />Popliteal <br />Dorsalis Pedis<br />
  45. 45. Definition<br />Define the following Disease<br />
  46. 46. Characterized by abnormally low levels of dopamine and affect the cerebral nuclei<br />small muscle spasm<br />Parkinson’s disease<br />
  47. 47. Sudden burst of neuron activity<br />Epilepsy<br />
  48. 48. AKA- stroke<br />The development of an infarct due to loss in the blood supply to an area of the brain<br />CVA – cerebrovascular accident<br />
  49. 49. Paralysis of the 7th facial nerve<br />Bell’s Palsy <br />
  50. 50. Pain out the lower back down the leg and toes.<br />Sciatica<br />
  51. 51. There are three main types of joints<br />How many types of joints are there?<br />
  52. 52. Synathroses- no movement<br />skull<br />Amphiathroses- slight movement<br />Cartilage between vertebrae<br />Diarthroses- free movement<br />Shoulder and elbow<br />Name the joints and give examples.<br />
  53. 53. Proximal Convoluted tube<br />Kidney<br />Renal pelvis<br />Ureters<br />Urinary bladder<br />Urethra<br />Describe the flow of the urine from the beginning to where it exits the body <br />
  54. 54. Enuresis<br />Bed wetting (kids)<br />Urinary retention<br />urine produced but not voided<br />Urinary suppression <br />No urine produced but bladder is normal<br />Incontinence<br />Urine is voided involuntarily<br />Renal calculi<br />Kidney stones<br />Hematuria<br />Blood in urine<br />Cytitis<br />Inflammation of the urinary bladder<br />Anuria<br />Without urine <br />Dysuria<br />Difficult/pain urination<br />Glycosuria <br />Sugar in urine<br />Micturate<br />Urinate or void<br />Nocturia<br />Night urination of adults<br />Oliguria<br />Scanty urination (little)<br />Pyuria<br />Pus in urine<br />Polyuria<br />Excessive urination <br />Name al the urine disorders<br />
  55. 55. Sclera <br />Choroid <br />Retina <br />List the parts of the eye<br />
  56. 56. Alimentary canal<br />Gastrointestinal tract<br />What are the other names of the digestive system?<br />
  57. 57. The act or process of converting food into chemical substances that can be absorbed into the blood and utilized by the body tissues. <br />What is the definition of digestion?<br />
  58. 58. Hormones from the adrenal cortex <br />It regulates carbohydrates metabolism <br />What does cortisol do?<br />
  59. 59. Emulsifies fat<br />Emulsifies means to break down or dissolve<br />What does bile do?<br />
  60. 60. 3 layers<br />Perimetrium<br />Outermost layer<br />Myometrium<br />Middle layer<br />Endometrium<br />Inner most layer<br />How many layers are there in the uterus?<br />
  61. 61. There is three divisions in the uterus<br />Body<br />Fundus<br />Cervix<br />How many divisions are there in the uterus?<br />
  62. 62. oxytocin<br />What hormone causes the uterus to contract.<br />
  63. 63. Type AB<br />What is the universal recipient blood?<br />
  64. 64. Type 0<br />What is the universal donor blood?<br />
  65. 65. Four types of tissue<br />Epithelial tissue<br />Connective tissue (most abundant)<br />Muscle tissue<br />Nervous tissue<br />How many types of tissues are there? Which is the most abundant?<br />
  66. 66. External ear<br />Auricle <br />Auditory canal<br />Ceruminous gland <br />Ends at the tympanic membrane<br />Middle Ear<br />Contains three ossicles <br />Inner ear<br />Fluid-filled cavity (labyrinth)<br />List the parts of the ear<br />
  67. 67. The Tympanic membrane (ear drum) separates the middle ear from the external ear.<br />What separates the middle ear from the external ear?<br />
  68. 68. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves<br />There are 24 cranial nerves<br />How many cranial nerves are there?<br />
  69. 69. there are 62 spinal nerves<br />There are 31 pairs <br />How many spinal nerves are there?<br />
  70. 70. There is 3 types of nerves<br />PNS<br />CNS<br />ANS<br />How many types of nerves are there?<br />
  71. 71. Sensory nerve<br />What transmits impulses from the extremities to the brain?<br />
  72. 72. Connects the brain to the spinal cord<br />Responsible for controlling <br />Breathing<br />Heart rate<br />Digestion<br />What does the brainstem do?<br />