Annotations Supporting Scholarly Editing

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  • Collaborators:The University of Queensland, University of NSW, Curtin University, University of Sydney, Queensland University of TechnologyInternational advisors: Loyola University, Chicago and the University of Saskatchewan
  • Scholarly editions contribute to and support research in the humanities by providing accurate reading texts of works of literary, historical, theological, and philosophical significance. In addition to the reading text, a scholarly edition also includes historical and textual essays, explanatory notes, appendixes, and a scholarly apparatus that provides access to alternative readings in other versions of the work. Computer-assisted scholarly editions have been appearing for decades, but most editions continue to be published in book form, and most electronic editions do not extend beyond the traditional book model.
  • In this edition, variations between the versions were split into apparatus appearing at the foot of the page and an appendix listing editor’s emendations
  • Example of custom annotation subclass
  • Annotations that describe variation are a type of Textual Note.Roger’s description of why this type of annotation is necessary:The purpose of a critical edition is to establish a new text informed by an editorial rationale. Punctuation, words and passages are accepted or rejected based on the authority that has been attributed to them in the course of argument in an Essay on the Text, a Textual Apparatus that displays the emendation, and possibly a Textual Note that clarifies the reasons for accepting or not accepting a particular reading. Textual Notes might often refer to other instances of similar emendation in a list of page and line numbers. So, for instance, if I wanted to establish a text that removes any errors due to mechanical processes or editorial interventions in the production of a particular edition from the past, I might want to write annotations that direct the reader from a reading text to the alternative versions in other documents (either encoded text or facsimile), highlighting the points of interest on those documents.
  • Our definition of annotations: Annotations are additional information attached to a digital resource or part of a resource that do not modify the original content of the resource
  • Annotations Supporting Scholarly Editing

    1. 1. Annotations Supporting Scholarly EditingAnna GerberITEE eResearch GroupThe University of Queensland
    2. 2. Scholarly Editions• Provide accurate reading texts of works of literary, historical, theological or philosophical significance• They contain: – historical and textual essays, – explanatory notes, – appendixes e.g. glossary – a scholarly apparatus that provides access to alternative readings in other versions of the work
    3. 3. Critical ApparatusCritical Edition with apparatus as footnotesFrom:Boldrewood, Rolf, &Eggert, Paul, &Webby, Elizabeth. & Australian Academy of theHumanities. 2006, Robbery under arms / RolfBoldrewood ; edited by Paul Eggert and ElizabethWebby, University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Qld. Apparatus
    4. 4. AustESE eResearchTools to Support the Collaborative Authoring and Management of Electronic Scholarly Editions http://itee.uq.edu.au/~eresearch/projects/austese/Funded by
    5. 5. Annotation Use Cases• Facilitate collaborative discussion of texts, sources and facsimiles – Comments – Questions – Replies• Describe textual variation for apparatus• Record notes – Textual notes (about production of text) – Explanatory notes (meaning, historical context etc) – Link texts with facsimiles, reference secondary sources
    6. 6. Extending OA Motivation
    7. 7. Annotating Transcriptions & Images
    8. 8. Explanatory Note
    9. 9. Explanatory Note RDF@prefix oa: <http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#> .@prefix cnt: <http://www.w3.org/2011/content#> .@prefix austese: <http://austese.net/ns/oa/>.@prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/>.@prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/>.@prefix dc: <http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/>.<http://austese.net/lorestore/oa/29FAC2C4D02CAC8F> {<http://austese.net/lorestore/oa/29FAC2C4D02CAC8F> a oa:Annotation ;oa:annotatedAt "2013-03-22T06:16:25+00:00"^^<http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF> ;dcterms:modified "2013-03-22T06:16:25+00:00"^^<http://purl.org/dc/terms/W3CDTF> ;oa:annotatedBy<http://austese.net/lorestore/users/tdolin> ;oa:motivatedByaustese:ExplanatoryNote ;oa:hasBody<urn:uuid:68b949ea-4621-4353-bc46-2d4c37264de2> ;oa:hasTarget<urn:uuid:91030c8e-78cd-4292-8d5c-c402f04cbfaf> .<urn:uuid:68b949ea-4621-4353-bc46-2d4c37264de2> a cnt:ContentAsText ;dc:format "text/plain" ;cnt:characterEncoding "UTF-8" ;cnt:chars "In 1 Kings 18 the prophet Elijah (called "Elijah the Tishbite") challenges the followers of Baal to dress a sacrificial bullock and pray to their god to ignite the fire beneath it. When their prayers are not answered, Elijah mocks them." .
    10. 10. Explanatory Note RDF (continued)<urn:uuid:91030c8e-78cd-4292-8d5c-c402f04cbfaf> a <http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#SpecificResource> ;oa:hasSelector<urn:uuid:cadfc91a-a137-45c0-a687-f626126d84ff> ;oa:hasSource<http://austese.net/repository/resources/fe4e44f4af604eebb934f981fade527d/content> .<urn:uuid:cadfc91a-a137-45c0-a687-f626126d84ff> a oa:Choice ;oa:item<urn:uuid:35a22500-92b9-11e2-9e96-0800200c9a66> ;oa:default<urn:uuid:35a22500-92b9-11e2-9e96-0800200c9a66> ;oa:item<urn:uuid:43d4c9c0-92b9-11e2-9e96-0800200c9a66> .<http://austese.net/lorestore/users/tdolin> a foaf:Person ;foaf:name "Tim Dolin" .<urn:uuid:35a22500-92b9-11e2-9e96-0800200c9a66> a <http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#TextQuoteSelector> ;oa:prefix "f whom the ironical " ;oa:suffix " spoke, he was talki" ;oa:exact "Tishbite" .<urn:uuid:43d4c9c0-92b9-11e2-9e96-0800200c9a66> a austese:RangeSelector ;austese:endElement "/div[1]/div[1]/p[23]" ;austese:endOffset "420"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#integer> ;austese:startElement "/div[1]/div[1]/p[23]" ;austese:startOffset "412"^^<http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#integer> .}
    11. 11. Replies
    12. 12. Reply RDF<http://austese.net/lorestore/oa/5E080F7E12D492FA> {<http://austese.net/lorestore/oa/5E080F7E12D492FA> a oa:Annotation ;dc:language "en" ;dc:title "Re: Amen" ;oa:motivatedByoa:replying ;oa:annotatedAt "2012-03-26T16:34:47.673+10:00"^^dcterms:W3CDTF ;oa:hasBody<urn:uuid:E20D57674C0B45769D6B20C72560E418> ;oa:hasTarget<http://austese.net/lorestore/oa/2DA0F9596B3BA7B6> .<urn:uuid:E20D57674C0B45769D6B20C72560E418> a cnt:ContentAsText ;cnt:characterEncoding "UTF-8" ;cnt:chars "While not deemed suitable for The BulnBuln and the Brolga, this passage issignificant to the argument of Such is Life (1898). Furphy is much more concernedwith exploring the fiction of facts and the facts of fiction in the typescript version.Returned to their previous context, the unrevised sections of the BulnBuln and theBrolga perform a different function in a significantly different narrative." .}
    13. 13. Textual Variation
    14. 14. Annotating Textual Variation
    15. 15. Variation Metadata
    16. 16. Annotation Validation• Validation service to check constraints from the core spec• Validation rules implemented as SPARQL 1.1 queries
    17. 17. Validation Rules{ "ref": "2.1.0. (5) Body and Target Resources", "url": "http://www.openannotation.org/spec/core/core.html#BodyTarget", "description": "There MUST be 1 or more oa:hasTarget relationships associatedwith an Annotation.", "severity": "error", "preconditionMessage": "No Annotations identified", "precondition": "PREFIX oa: <http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#> ASK WHERE { { ?annotation oa:hasTarget ?t } UNION { ?annotation a oa:Annotation } }", "query": "PREFIX oa: <http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#> SELECT ?annotation WHERE { ?annotation a oa:Annotation . FILTER(NOT EXISTS { ?annotation oa:hasTarget ?t }) }" },
    18. 18. Tools: lorestore lorestore Annotation Repository – Search, query, display &validate annotations & resource maps – REST API for creating, retrieving, updating and deleting annotations
    19. 19. Tools: lore lore Annotation Client • Firefox add-on • create, edit, search, browse annotations and resource maps eResearch Australasia 2012
    20. 20. Tools: AustESE Annotator AustESE Annotator • Extends OKFN Annoator • Create, edit & display basic annotations
    21. 21. Open Source• Annotation server – lorestore • https://github.com/uq-eresearch/lorestore• Annotation clients – lore • https://github.com/uq-eresearch/lore – AustESE Annotator • https://github.com/uq-eresearch/annotator
    22. 22. Contact http://itee.uq.edu.au/~eresearch/projects/austese/Anna Gerbera.gerber@uq.edu.auITEE eResearch GroupThe University of Queensland
    23. 23. AcknowledgementThe University of Queensland is proud to be in partnership with theNational eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) projectto create a unique opportunity to develop eResearch Tools that supportthe Collaborative Authoring and Management of Electronic ScholarlyEditions. This project will benefit the Australian research community byproviding an online research and publishing platform that contributes tothe preservation and understanding of literary, classical, theological andphilosophical texts that have shaped our cultural heritage.

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