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Plagiarism. Who cares?

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Plagiarism is an ongoing concern in this day of obtaining information immediately from the internet . 'Cut and paste' is an easy alternative when overloaded with information and under utilised with time. 'Digital citizenship' awareness and authentic task setting are the major tools in combating this education event.

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Plagiarism. Who cares?

  1. 1. Plagiarism…who cares? “Access to computers and the internet has become a basic need for education in our society” Kent Conrad-US Senator: September 29, 2004 ...so does that make ‘cut and paste’ of online text OK? Image: Clipart from Clipartheaven.com 1
  2. 2. Definition of Plagiarism.• to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as ones own.• use (a created production) without crediting the source.• to commit literary theft.• present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source. Websters New Collegiate Dictionary 9th ed, (Springfield, Ma: Merriam 1981, p. 870) as sighted on www.plagiarism.org.• All of the following are considered plagiarism:• turning in someone elses work as your own• copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit• failing to put a quotation in quotation marks• giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation• changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit• copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not.http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_article_what_is_plagiarism.html Image: http://i794.photobucket.com/albums/yy228/jade95_2010/BLONDE%20MOMENTS/confusd.gif 2
  3. 3. Why students plagiarise. Deadlines come around more quickly than expected and students feel pressured. Assignments can The boundaries of feel overwhelming plagiarism and due to the sheer research can be ‘grey’ and confusing for amount of students who are information and alreadyoverwhelmed expectation in an with information and assignment. knowledge.Image: http://educationaljargonschs.wikispaces.com/Constructivism 3
  4. 4. Is plagiarism immoral? Absolutely!• Plagiarism puts honest kids at a disadvantage. http://www.facultyfocus.com/articles/ teaching-and-learning/ a-lesson-in-academic-integrity-as-students- feel-the-injustice-of-plagiarism/• Copying another person’s work is lazy and doesn’t assist the student to develop thinking and writing skills of their own.• Plagiarism IS stealing. No one would think of walking out of a store with a product under their arm without payment. Image:http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee87/Onefineusername/plagiarism.jpg 4
  5. 5. Is plagiarism illegal? Plagiarism isn’t illegal.WHAT????? BUT…it is illegal to use someone’s creative work without their permission or acknowledgement. This is ‘copyright infringement’. Image: http://media.photobucket.com/image/burglar/korry_2006/burglar.jpg?o=15• Exercise of exclusive rights “The copyright in any work or other subject-matter is infringed when any act which the copyright owner has the exclusive right to do is done by a person in Australia who is not the copyright owner (or his or her licensee). Examples include when a work is published, reproduced or performed in public without the copyright owners permission. This general rule is subject to a number of specific exceptions in the Copyright Act.”• http://www.ag.gov.au/Copyright/Pages/Wheniscopyrightinfringed.aspx 5
  6. 6. How will anyone know?Guess what????Teachers KNOW their students. • Run a Google search. • Plagiarism monitors: • Turnitin and iThenticate. • The Plagiarism Checker. • There is also anti-plagiarism software available such as Wcopyfind and EduTie.comImage: http://media.photobucket.com/ image/plagiarismjudeann03/PlagiarismMonitor.jpg?o=15 6
  7. 7. Alternatives to plagiarism. Talk to students often about the benefits of Model correct note- good research and Encourage even very taking skills and give coming up with your young students to opportunity to own ideas. Also talk create a bibliography practice the skill. to them about to acknowledge where information stealing, in has come from. general, and apply the same guidelines to stealing words and ideas. Develop stategies to address digital citizenship across We’re all the entire school in this community together.Image: Annie Madden 7
  8. 8. Alternatives to plagiarism Appropriate task-setting encourages new construction of meaning. 8
  9. 9. Alternatives to plagiarism. Authentic tasks: An assignment given to students designed to assess their ability toWell structured ‘Authentic Tasks’ are/have: apply standard-driven knowledge• have real-world relevance and skills to real-world challenges• are ill-defined• are complex, sustained tasks• have multiple perspectives• are collaborative• are value (personal values) laden• are interdisciplinary• are authentically assessed• have authentic products• have multiple possible outcomes(Adapted from Reeves, T. C., Herrington, J., & Oliver, R. (2002). Authentic activity as a model for web-based learning. 2002Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, USA.) Image: http://www.ioxassessment.com/index.php?cPath=37 9
  10. 10. Conclusion Schools need to be at the Sound development of Plagiarism achieves little. It forefront in raising awareness authentic tasks aimed at ‘value adds’ to neither the about plagiarism, and tend to developing skills for life long plagiariser or the information providing the skills required learning is key to plagiarism wealth of the community. for individuals to avoid the becoming irrelevent. pitfalls of plagiarising.Image: http://i87.photobucket.com/albums/k154/actrices/plagiarism-2006.jpg 10
  11. 11. Discussion questions• Do you ever suspect a student of plagiarism? Do you know your students’ abilities, style, language and skill development well enough to detect possible plagiarism?• What action do schools need to take to support ‘Digital Citizenship’ awareness, and therefore, combat plagiarism before it becomes an entrenched practice.• Authentic tasks and authentic assessment are key to promoting creative and unique responses to genuine and realistic situations. What adjustments can be made to tasks and assessments set for your students that encourages unique and creative responses and, therefore, diminish opportunity to plagiarise? Image: http://educationaljargonschs.wikispaces.com/Digital+Citizenship 11
  12. 12. Recommended readings• Burke, K. (2009). How to assess authentic learning. Moorabin, Vic: Hawker Brownlow Education.• Kolk, M. (2012). Writing a great authentic task. Retrieved 23 April 2012, from http://creativeeducator.tech4learning.com/v01/articles/Writing_a_Great_ Authentic_Task• Kuhlthau, C., Maniotes, L., & Caspari, A. (2007). Guided inquiry- Learning in the 21st Century. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.• plagiarismadvice.org. (2012). Designing out plagiarism. Retrieved 12 April 2012, from http://www.plagiarismadvice.org/designing-out-plagiarism• Plagiarism.org. (2012). What is plagiarism? Retrieved April 14, 2012 from http://www.plagiarism.org/ 12

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