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Fire safety presentation

an awarness workshop on Fire safety. which helps to know the types of fire, prevention,and avoidable works at the time oh fire.it may help to know FIRE well.

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Fire safety presentation
Fire safety presentation
Presented by
Adib Asshab Ankon
Community Volunteer, Bangladesh Fire Service & Civil Defence.
Sanjoy Das
Community Volunteer, Bangladesh Fire Service & Civil Defence.
Fire Safety
&
Prevention
Objectives
• To understand how to avoid fires
and fire related injuries.
• To create awareness of fire deaths
and injuries and their common
causes.
• To inform participants of their
personal responsibility toward fire
safety and injury prevention.
What is FIRE ???
Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in
the exothermic chemical process of burning,
releasing heat, light and various reaction products.
Types of Fire
• Class A
• Class B
• Class C
• Class D
• Class E

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Fire safety presentation

  • 3. Presented by Adib Asshab Ankon Community Volunteer, Bangladesh Fire Service & Civil Defence. Sanjoy Das Community Volunteer, Bangladesh Fire Service & Civil Defence. Fire Safety & Prevention
  • 4. Objectives • To understand how to avoid fires and fire related injuries. • To create awareness of fire deaths and injuries and their common causes. • To inform participants of their personal responsibility toward fire safety and injury prevention.
  • 5. What is FIRE ??? Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of burning, releasing heat, light and various reaction products.
  • 6. Types of Fire • Class A • Class B • Class C • Class D • Class E
  • 7. Class A • Fires involving solid materials such as wood, paper or textiles. • Extinguishing medium- Water.
  • 8. Class B • Fires involving flammable liquids such as petrol, diesel or oils. •Extinguishing medium- Foam,CO2,DCP (Dry Chemical Portable Extinguisher).
  • 9. Class C • Fires involving gases such as Methane (CH4),Propene (C3H6),LPG(Liquefied petroleum gas). • Extinguishing medium- DCP, CO2,Water.
  • 10. Class D • Fires involving metals such as Aluminum, Magnesium, Cupper etc. • Extinguishing medium- DCP, Sand, Dry Soil, Lime Stone, Ash. • Warning : Do not use Water in this type of fire.
  • 11. Class E • Fires involving live electrical apparatus. (Technically ‘Class E’ doesn’t exists however this is used for convenience here)
  • 12. Fire Extinguishing Method 1. COOLING : Extinguishing fire by Water. 2. SMOTHERING: Extinguishing fire by Foam. 3. STARVATION: Extinguishing fire by removing burning components .
  • 14. Fire Causes • The top fire causes include: –Cooking (49%) –Open Flame (10%) –Heating (9%) –Incendiary/Arson (8%) –Smoking (4%) *leading cause of fire fatalities Personal vigilance is the best way to avoid and survive fires!
  • 15. In The Home • People feel the safest in their homes, however residential properties are where most fires and fire deaths occur. – 76% of all structure fires occurred in residential properties. – 97% of structural fire deaths occurred in residential properties.
  • 16. Cooking Fires Pay attention to what you’re cooking. If you leave the room, turn off the stove. Don’t cook if you’re sleepy or if you’re impaired. Nearly half of all home fires originate in the kitchen.
  • 17. Reduce Your Chance of a Cooking Fire • Keep flammable items away from heat sources. Curtains, potholders, towels, clothing, etc. Clean your stovetop frequently to avoid grease build up. • Keep flammable cleaners away from heat sources.
  • 18. Grease fires Never put water on a grease fire! Smoking related fire Candles Electrical FIRE
  • 19. Important Safety Elements • Alarms –Smoke –Carbon Monoxide • Fire extinguishers • Residential Fire Sprinkler Systems
  • 20. Smoke Alarms Breathing smoke can kill you! Smoke is toxic. If you must escape through smoke, get low and go under the smoke.
  • 21. Alarm Placement & Maintenance Make sure you can hear the alarm in every place in your home. They should be loud enough to wake you from sleep. Check them once a month. Change the batteries once a year. Replace them every 10 years.
  • 22. Fire Extinguisher • A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. It is not intended for use on an out-of-control fire,
  • 23. Indication of Fire Extinghuisher
  • 24. Types of Fire Extinghuisher Depends on fire extinguish 1. Water type 2. Foam type 3. Gas type 4. Powder type
  • 25. Operating System 1> P. Pull the pin 2> A. Aim at the base of the fire 3> S. Squeeze the lever 4> S. Sweep from side to side
  • 27. If you have a fire… Leave, close the door, and call 199 , 9555555, 01713038182 from outside. Don’t ignore alarms! Even if your building has frequent alarms, you need to leave when they go off. Once you’re out, STAY OUT! Don’t go back inside for possessions or pets. Notify the fire department if anyone is unaccounted for. You never know when it could be a real fire.
  • 28. What Can We Do on Fire? If on fire • Stop, Drop, Cover and Roll • Smother the flames with a blanket • Move away from heat source
  • 29. First Aid For Burn Injuries • For all burns apply cold running (tap) water for at least 20 minutes • If running water not available, wet 2 cloths and alternate them onto the burn every 2 minutes • Keep the rest of the body warm • Do NOT use ice, butter, creams, etc.