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Religious controversies in art


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Religious controversies in art

  1. 1. Ankit Karwa Ankur Duhoon Shashi Prakash 1
  2. 2. War on Creativity “Art has always been a field where people can express themselves to the extent of whatever they want. Sometimes people like to take what freedom they have and maybe bring their creativity to an edge that may be offensive to some people. Though most would defend a persons right to express themselves to death , others would not be as pleased with the blatant abuse of it. Artistic right , however we should be able to use it sensibly”. - Peter Young American Painter 2
  3. 3. • There have been a number of religious controversies based around the teaching of science, certain religion practices and in the depiction of religion or religious figures in culture through art. • We will focus on Controversies caused because of visual art forms. 3
  4. 4. Piss Christ is a 1987 photograph by the American artist and photographer Andres Serrano. It depicts a small plastic crucifix submerged in a glass of the artist's urine. It hurt the sentiments of people forcing the closure of the exhibition in Melbourne’s National Gallery of Victoria. Serrano received death threats and hate mail, and lost grants due to the controversy. 4
  5. 5. This painting was displayed in the Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, USA in 1999. On a yellow-orange background, the painting depicts a black woman wearing a blue robe, a traditional attribute of the Virgin Mary. The work employs mixed media, including oil paint, glitter, and polyester resin, and also elephant dung and collaged pornographic images. 5
  6. 6. The central Black Madonna is surrounded by many collaged images that resemble butterflies at first sight, but on closer inspection are photographs of female genitalia. It caused a great deal of controversy for using elephant dung and pornographic images in a picture of the Virgin Mary. It rallied christian groups to protest against the Brooklyn museum for showing the work. 6
  7. 7. Virgin in a Condom is a controversial sculpture created by Tania Kovat in 1994. It was stolen from the Museum of Contemporary Art in Sydney, Australia within days of being exhibited. It attracted Christian protesters when it was on display in 1998 at the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.[ 7
  8. 8. In a parody of Leonardo di Vinci’s Last Supper, Renee Cox has created a photo montage featuring eleven black men and one white man as the twelve disciples and Cox herself as Jesus Christ. A lady, naked Jesus Christ. Such an image would naturally offend some members of the Christian faith. 8
  9. 9. However, there’s nothing directly obscene about the image; her nudity isn’t erotic in anyway and the photographs contain no blasphemous imagery. Some argue that recreating the classic painting in such a way is a mockery both to the piece and religion that holds it dear. However, other parodies of the image exist in the retail market which feature celebrities like Elvis in place of Jesus. 9
  10. 10. Ecce Homo is a controversial exhibition of 12 photographs of different biblical situations, in modern surroundings, taken by the Swedish photographer Elisabeth Ohlson Wallin. The photos recreated classical Christian motifs, but substituted the persons or the surrounding context with lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender-related issues and persons. 10
  11. 11. An example of context substitution is the recreation of the motif of Mary holding Jesus (the Pietà motif), with the surrounding context being that of a medical facility, with Jesus dying from AIDS. 11
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  14. 14. "Innocence of Muslims" is the title attributed to an anti-Islamic movie trailer. The 14 minute video clips were initially uploaded to YouTube in July 2012, under the titles The Real Life of Muhammad and Muhammad Movie Trailer. Videos dubbed in the Arabic language were uploaded during early September 2012. Anti-Islamic content had been added in post production by dubbing, without the actors' knowledge. The trailer starts with a scene portraying the reportedly increasing persecution of Copts and poor human rights in present day Egypt, with rise in church-burnings and growing religious intolerance that has been seen against the 10% population of Egypt that are Copts, and complaints that authorities have failed to protect this population. 14
  15. 15. What was perceived as denigrating of the prophet Muhammad caused demonstrations and violent protests against the film to break out on September 11 in Egypt and spread to other Arab and Muslim nations, and also to some western countries. The protests have led to hundreds of injuries and over 75 deaths. Fatwas have been issued against the video's participants. The film has sparked debates about freedom of speech and internet censorship. 15
  16. 16. Maqbool Fida Husain, popularly known as M F Hussein, was one of the most popular Indian Artists who got noticed more because of his nude paintings of Hindu Gods. He attracted a lot of controversy and wrath after painting the nude images of Hindu Deities, especially from the Shiv Sena and Hindus. He was accused of hurting the sentiments of those who belong to Hindu Religion. 16
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  19. 19. Another popular controversy was the Painting of Nude Bharat Mata which hurt the sentiments of majority of Indians. "Naked Bharatmata - Hussain has shown naked woman with names of states written on different parts of her body. He has used Ashok Chakra, Tri-colour in the painting. This Painting was opposed by Organizations like Vishva Hindu Parishad and Hindu Jagruti Samiti . 19
  20. 20. The Extent to which our freedom goes, is never questioned until it imposes on the rights of others. In art people should be allowed to express themselves to whatever limits their minds can manage. Even if it offends people or disgusts them, art is a thing that everyone can take pleasure in. It doesn’t matter if you wish to depict nudity, religion, animal dung or any fetishes. Whether its creating a world of you always dreamed of or expressing whatever desires your mind has there should never be anything holding anyone back. 20
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