Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

42

Share

Download to read offline

Reflection of Culture and Climate in the Vernacular Architecture of Himachal Pradesh

Download to read offline

Reflection of Culture and Climate in the Vernacular Architecture of Himachal Pradesh

Reflection of Culture and Climate in the Vernacular Architecture of Himachal Pradesh

  1. 1. REFLECTION OF CULTURE AND CLIMATE IN THE VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Ankita Mehta Shraynita Paliwala Department of Architecture Gogte Institute of Technology Belgaum
  2. 2. CONTENT • Introduction • Why Vernacular Architecture Of Himachal Pradesh? • Construction Techniques Adopted To Mitigate Seismic Tremors • Factors Influencing Vernacular Architecture – Climate – Culture – Materials • Conclusion
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION What is vernacular architecture?? It is based on : • localized need, • construction materials, and • local traditions. It is an epitome of place to which it belongs. It cannot be imported from elsewhere. “The architecture of the people, By the people and for the people.“ - OLIVER
  4. 4. WHY VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH? • Seismic tremors are frequent. • Layout plans and construction of buildings is complicated in hills than in plains. • Extreme example of sustained vernacular architecture.
  5. 5. Kath Khuni Style CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES ADOPTED TO MITIGATE SEISMIC TREMORS
  6. 6. FACTORS INFLUENCING VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE  Climate  Culture  Materials
  7. 7. CLIMATE • Cold and cloudy climate • southern slopes are preferred for orientation of the houses so as to maximize penetration of the sun rays. • The height of building varies at different altitudes and are designed in accordance with the sun path.
  8. 8. • The structure is a two storey building with an Attic. • Low Height of the rooms (2.1 – 2.4 m) • low surface to volume ratio reducing heat loss from surfaces. Climate two storey 2.1 to 2.4 m Attic
  9. 9. low ceiling height Small windows slope for efficient drainage • Small window sizes and low ceiling height • Roof of buildings possess proper slope for efficient drainage. Climate
  10. 10. Culture • Major Occupation – agriculture • House with many stores - for storage of grains. • Service Area forms a separate unit away from the living quarters.
  11. 11. • Baisakh, Poh, Magh and Phalgun are regarded as auspicious for the start of construction • House should face east and the rising sun. • Houses do not have a boundary wall. Culture
  12. 12. Material • Deodar Wood – imparts stability to tall structures – insect and termite resistant – even when untreated, can withstand long periods of weather corrosion. – It is used in making posts, beams, window and door frames, shutters, roofs etc.
  13. 13. • Mud – good insulator and binder – Either mud is filled into the wooden forms and rammed – Alternatively, sun dried mud blocks are used for walls Material
  14. 14. • Hard Stone - used in building foundation and walls supporting the roof. Material • Slate Tiles - These have high quartz content, frost resistant - Low maintenance - Invulnerable to rot and insects - provide a moisture barrier to the structure.
  15. 15. The Attic • A multifunctional space • It is used to store grain • Also served as abode of the god • Windows on the sides ventilate and dry the grain, also protecting from the rain. • Insulate the house, it serves as an excellent storage space Window on sides storage space
  16. 16. Conclusion • Vernacular structures - by empirical builders without the intervention of professional architects • In vernacular architecture - culture and climate play a vital role • Local culture Local material stability
  17. 17. • Principles of vernacular architecture can be applied to modern architecture and offer improved adaptation to A particular climate. • Sensitive to social needs of the users - provision of outdoor areas (verandas and balconies) • Window hoods provide adequate ventilation and rain protection for the openings • Buildings provide a good solution by introducing attic – a multifunctional space • Facilities which are already in use prove their positive qualities on a daily basis Conclusion
  18. 18. Thank You Open For Queries
  • NeeleshAttri

    May. 2, 2021
  • YuktaKholiwal

    Oct. 14, 2020
  • ajayradadiya2

    Aug. 31, 2020
  • AryaKinake

    Feb. 27, 2020
  • jaswinderkaur105

    Sep. 18, 2019
  • JanyaVyas

    Sep. 3, 2019
  • kritikadhiman3

    Aug. 24, 2019
  • Jigyasaamaheshwari

    May. 26, 2018
  • someshdubey2

    May. 25, 2018
  • lforlakshman

    Mar. 2, 2018
  • RashikaShahi

    Feb. 13, 2018
  • max_stl

    Dec. 31, 2017
  • TwinkleNasit1

    Oct. 25, 2017
  • chehakverma

    Oct. 14, 2017
  • PallaviPrakash5

    Sep. 7, 2017
  • manishkumar3244

    Sep. 2, 2017
  • PoonamSoni34

    Jul. 30, 2017
  • FathimaRoshni1

    Jul. 18, 2017
  • pruthvishah58

    Jun. 24, 2017
  • archinidhi

    Mar. 29, 2017

Reflection of Culture and Climate in the Vernacular Architecture of Himachal Pradesh

Views

Total views

9,723

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

5

Actions

Downloads

1,259

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

42

×