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ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN
CASE STUDIES OF
SHOPPING MALL
SUBMITTED BY:
RAHUL BHOLA
ANKITA JAIN
SOUMYAJIT
SAI KRISHNA
1130100377
1130100388
1130100389
1130100402
CASE STUDY 1
WAVE MALL (NOIDA)
Topography : Plain
Site area : 8777sq.m.
Approach road :
Entrance : 2 (out of which 1 is for parking)
Exit : 1
Ground coverage : 41%
Setback : side=7.5m , rear=4m, front= 25m
Height : 26m (G+6)
Built up area : 20,576sq.m.
Site
Building
Mall Bus
stand
Metro
station
Highway
road
Road
N
SITE
•Parking is provided on lower ground floor and basement at -2 level
•Total area for parking is 4700 sq.m.
•Parking area is 23% of the built up area.
•Total number of car parking is 110 on lower ground floor and -2 basement
AREAS
PARKING
Entry ramp
for parking
Exit ramp
from parking
Entry ramp for
parking
Exit ramp
from parking
Lower ground
floor
Inferences : -Layout should be efficient in order to ensure a smooth flow of
traffic within the site.
- Substantial amount of parking should be provided in order to
accommodate the crowd i.e. 60% of the built up area according
to AP bylaws.
N
S.NO FLOOR BUILTUP AREA
(sq.m.)
HEIGHTS
(m)
1 LOWER GROUND 2,592 3.5
2 GROUND 3,008 3.5
3 FIRST 2,496 3.5
4 SECOND 2,496 3.5
5 THIRD 2,496 3.5
6 FOURTH 2,496 3.5
7 FIFTH 2,496 3.5
8 SIXTH 2,496 5
9 Total 20,576 26
AREA STATEMENT
SL
NO
FLOOR ANCHOR
STORES
SMALL
SHOPS
FOOD
COURT
ENTERTAI
NMENT
CIRCULA
TION
SERVICES MULTIPL
EX
1 LOWER
GROUND
- 390 920 139 750 418 -
2 GROUND 418 953 195 185 1053 204 -
3 FIRST 992 542 278 - 461 223 -
4 SECOND - 1251 208 - 950 80 -
5 THIRD - - - 213 515 40 1728
6 FOURTH - 151 92 - 525 40 1728
7 FIFTH - 130 75 - 371 192 1728
8 SIXTH - - - 192 296 280 1728
AREA STATEMENT
CIRCULATION
ATRIUM VERTICAL CIRCULATION HORIZONTAL CIRCULATION
Lower ground
floor Atrium
Ground floor
Atrium
Fire staircase
Staircase
Escalator
Lifts
Toilets
Service corridor
Common
circulation
6th
5th
4th
3rd
2nd
1st
Ground
Lower
ground
Food court
Service
Atrium
Shops
Parking
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
LOWER GROUND FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
small shops
food court
entertainment
circulation
services
LOWER GROUND FLOOR
ATRIUM:
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,5 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(2nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
640sq.m. space for atrium.
-Common area should be provided in
adequate amount so that any visitor can
have visual access to the mall; and can
have a blueprint idea of the space, making
it easier for them to move around.
-Elements like eating spaces are to be
provided.(eating is a necessity that cannot
be avoided).
Circulation
Food court
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Shops
Anchor store
Box office
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
GROUND FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
GROUND FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
anchor store
small shops
food court
entertainment
circulation
ATRIUM:
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,5 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(2nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
512sq.m. space for atrium.
-Main floor ; makes or breaks the
motive of visitor(first impression is the
last impression).
-Characterized by huge open area;
acting as a buffer between exterior
and interior. Alleviates sudden
transition which often is disorienting.
- Toilets are not provided on this floor
which is not a good decision in the
planning process
Food court
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Shops
Anchor store
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
Circulation
FIRST FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
FIRST FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
anchor store
small shops
food court
circulation
services
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
- Main element of attraction should be there but sole importance should not be
given.(anchor store).
-Consists of ancillary spaces that are the prime motive of this program.
- Spaces designed should be of optimum efficiency as maximum area should be chalked out
for leasing or for tenants.
- Each space should have equal access to the crowd and should be in their immediate visual
reach.
- Anchor stores have to be positioned in a manner where it can be away from immediate
reach but it should be followed in order to allow room for smaller shops to survive.
Food court
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Shops
Anchor store
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
Circulation
SECOND FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
SECOND FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
small shops
food court
circulation
services
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
- Should consist of similar spaces so as to maintain the flow of shoppers.
-Occasional provisions for eateries can be provided.
- Adequate number of toilets should be provided; they are a prime necessity.
- Segregation of service areas and public areas should be done properly.
Spa
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Multiplex
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
Circulation
THIRD FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
THIRD FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
entertainment
circulation
services
multiplex
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,5 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
Break in the flow of spaces.
Consists of spaces of different typologies
This is to ensure a break in the monotony of the shopping experience of the shopper.
Multiplexes of competing standards should be provided as are also a prime contributor of
the footfall in the shopping mall.
Adequate spaces for box office should be provided and spaces for services and equipment
rooms should be provided.
The rooms should be backed up with proper emergency facilities and equipped with latest
technologies.
Food court
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Multiplex
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
Circulation
FOURTH FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
FOURTH FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
small shops
food court
circulation
services
multipex
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
3 theatres,1 common lobby for theatres.
-Any place for mass-gathering requires a temporary buffer zone so as to avoid any sort of
rampage or confusion
- Other spaces like gaming zone and places of attraction to be provided in the upper floors.
No immediate requirement but still a strong crowd-puller. Big enough to accommodate a
substantial amount of crowd.
Food court
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Multiplex
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
Circulation
FIFTH FLOOR
ZONING
N
ZONING
FIFTH FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
small shops
food court
circulation
services
multiples
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
2 theatres,1 common lobby for theatres.
- Any place for mass-gathering requires a temporary buffer zone so as to avoid any sort of
rampage or confusion
- Other spaces like gaming zone and places of attraction to be provided in the upper floors.
- No immediate requirement but still a strong crowd-puller. Big enough to accommodate a
substantial amount of crowd.
SIXTH FLOOR
ZONING
N
Food court
Service
GF Atrium
LGF Atrium
Multiplex
Staircase
Escalator
Capsule lifts
Circulation
ZONING
SIXTH FLOOR
CIRCULATION:
INFERENCES:
AREA DISTRIBUTION
entertainment
circulation
services
multiplex
-Follows a linear hierarchy.
- 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases
-3m wide corridors, 3m wide
staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide
staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide
staircase(1no.)
3 theatres,1 common lobby for theatres.
-Any place for mass-gathering requires a temporary buffer zone so as to avoid any sort of
rampage or confusion
- Other spaces like gaming zone and places of attraction to be provided in the upper floors.
No immediate requirement but still a strong crowd-puller. Big enough to accommodate a
substantial amount of crowd.
MULTIPLEX
SIZE AREA CAPACITY Per person
area
AUDI 1 24mX26m 624 sq.m. 440 1.4
AUDI 2 24mX26m 624 sq.m. 440 1.4
AUDI 3 14mX26m 364 sq.m. 206 1.7
AUDI 4 14mX26m 364 sq.m. 206 1.7
AUDI 5 24mX32m 768 sq.m. 500 1.5
1
2
3 4
5
Connectivity :
Box office located at
ground floor
Two Audi located at
third floor
Three Audi located
at sixth floor
•Multiplex are located at third and
sixth floor.
•They can be reached through
escalators, lifts and staircases.
•All multiplexes connected with a
common corridor.
•A common lobby has been
provided for both the multiplexes.
INFERENCES:
Foyer and lobby space
Services
Administration
Staircase
Exit from Audi
Entry to Audi
PROVIDED Male Female
WC 4 28
WASHBASIN 8 8
URINALS 44 -
REQUIRED Male Female
WC 3 15
WASHBASIN 7 15
URINALS 18 -
THIRD FLOOR AUDI SIXTH FLOOR AUDI
MULTIPLEX
•Adequate number of toilets are
not provided.
•No toilets are provided for
differently abled people.
•Entrances and exits have been
adjusted according to the levels.
•This has been done to adjust the
flow of traffic during peak hours.
MULTIPLEX
SERVICES
ELECTRICAL ROOM
2 transformer rooms are provided (4.25X6m ; 6mX6m)
11
kv
440v
GENERATOR
160
KL
120
KL 160
KL 160
KL
60 KL 48 KL 58 KL
2 water tanks
for fire fighting
2 Treated water
tank
Overhead water tanks
PLUMBING
AREA : 8mX20m
Services like plumbing,
electrical, HVAC and
generator room are
provided at -2 basement.
HVAC
Centralized air conditioning with
water cooled condensers.
3 chiller plants of 419TR.
Office
Circulation
Parking
-2 basement
HORDINGS, SIGNAGES
The building’s exterior surface has been efficiently utilized for branding and advertisements
wherein not affecting the aesthete of the elevational feature of the building.
MATERIAL USED, FINISHES
Contemporary outlook has been maintained with the use of materials currently trending like
aluminum composite panels and glazed facades
FACADES
The entrance lobby and atrium has been
covered with fiber glass which allows light
to penetrate but covers up the area
efficiently and reduces the use of artificial
lighting.
Roof above the entrance lobby
Curtain wall at the entrance lobby Roof above the atrium
CASE STUDY 2
PVR RIPPLES MALL (VIJAYAWADA)
SITE
Site area: 3400sqmt
Ground coverage: 1995sqmt
Built up area: 13965sqmt
Approach road: main road-12m
Set backs: front set back-8m
side set back-6m
back side – 4m
Height of building: 23m
Location: Ripples mall is located in Vijayawada, Andhra
Pradesh. It is surrounded by MVR mall, PVP square.
Average footfall in weekdays: 2000
footfall in holidays and weekends: 3000
ENTRANCES and EXITS
• There were 2 main entrances to the
mall.
• For vehicles east side is an entry and
west is exit.
• Driveways or setbacks on sides is 6m
on right and 7m on left.
• The exit on left side is connected to
lower ground floor which is also an
entry for specially abled people.
Areas
• This mall has the parking area which can accommodate 70
cars and 200 bikes..
• Basement 1- Offices, toilets for admin and staff, loading and
unloading, service lift+2 elevators, 2 staircases.
• Basement 2- Parking, 2 elevators, electrical room.
• Basement height- 2.7m
• There were two separate entries which were connecting to
the parking, from ground level.
• One was used for general entry of cars & the other was used
for exit and service vehicles.
• Each ramp is 4.6m wide.
• 2 lifts connecting basement-1 to upper floors.
• Toilets are Provided for the drivers.
• Poor ventilation in basements.
PARKING AREAS
Basement-2 has 2 ramps of each 4.6m width.
South side ramp from B-1 for entry and north
ramp for exit.
Height of B-2 is 2.6m and it doesn’t have acess
to Elevator.
 2 emergency exits are the only acess to upper
floors each has a staircase of flight width 2m.
It has electrical room having 2transformers,
2 capacitor banks,4 VCB’s and ACB.
Electrical room varies in height
with B-2.(4m height)
B-1 has driveway of 4.6m which leads the
Vehicles to parking slot.
Elevator in B-1 has access through emergency
exit.
Exit ramp connects B-1 to lower ground floor.
B-1 has toilets for staff and drivers, office
room, fire fighting equipment, service elevator
connects B-1 to 2nd floor, which used for dock
loading and unloading.
Lower ground floor has 2 ramps, which is exit
Way from B-1 and B-2. It also acts as an
entrance for specially abled people.
LGF has gaming zone, store rooms, toilets and
generator room.
Corridor of 2.5m width connects the driveway
to LGF.
•Landing at the entrance- 2.2m
•Corridor leads to Atrium- 3.8m
•Atrium- 9.6mx12m
•Corridor or space for movement
around the Atrium - 2.4m
•Width of the corridor that leads to
service lift - 2.1m
•The emergency exit on north side connects
3rd floor to ground floor.
2.7m wide corridor connects the atrium to
the north side emergency exit.
The width of emergency exit corridor is
1.2m.
Toilets are not provided in ground and
first floor.
Width of the corridor leading to west side
service lift and emergency exit is 1.2m.
Second floor has shopping area, box office,
food court.
Width of service corridor is 1.2m for food
court .
Toilets are placed at the corner, which
doesn’t have any signage.
Capacity of the theatres is min-200 and
max-272 people.
Corridor in front of A-1, A-2 is 5.5m and
A-3 is 3.4m, A-4 is 6m.
All theatres are connected to 2m wide
corridor which connects them to main
emergency exit.
A-1, A-3 are connected to upper floors
through steps.
INFERENCES
ATRIUM:
PARKING:
There is no direct access to Elevators from basement
we need to pass through emergency exit.
Parking space is not sufficient for vehicles since it
has area for 70cars and 200 bikes.
Ventilation is not provided as per standards (2.5%).
Insufficient ventilation in B-2 causes foul smell, since
it has underground sewage system.
Around the Atrium there is 2.4m corridor
for both people using escalators and to
shopping area.
There is no lift lobby provided and lands
on that 2.4 corridor, which increases
congestion.
INFERENCES
EMERGENCY EXITS:
Landing for south side exit staircase is not sufficient
and it is dangerous since it takes splay and less
width.
Even in main emergency exit from lower ground
floor to ground floor the headroom is less than 2m.
North side elevator have the corridor width 1.2m
which should be minimum of 2m
TOILETS:
•Toilets are not provided on every floor.
•Ground floor and 1st floor doesn’t have toilet facility.
•Toilets doesn’t have proper signages.

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Shopping mall case study

  • 1. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN CASE STUDIES OF SHOPPING MALL SUBMITTED BY: RAHUL BHOLA ANKITA JAIN SOUMYAJIT SAI KRISHNA 1130100377 1130100388 1130100389 1130100402
  • 2. CASE STUDY 1 WAVE MALL (NOIDA)
  • 3. Topography : Plain Site area : 8777sq.m. Approach road : Entrance : 2 (out of which 1 is for parking) Exit : 1 Ground coverage : 41% Setback : side=7.5m , rear=4m, front= 25m Height : 26m (G+6) Built up area : 20,576sq.m. Site Building Mall Bus stand Metro station Highway road Road N SITE
  • 4. •Parking is provided on lower ground floor and basement at -2 level •Total area for parking is 4700 sq.m. •Parking area is 23% of the built up area. •Total number of car parking is 110 on lower ground floor and -2 basement AREAS PARKING Entry ramp for parking Exit ramp from parking Entry ramp for parking Exit ramp from parking Lower ground floor Inferences : -Layout should be efficient in order to ensure a smooth flow of traffic within the site. - Substantial amount of parking should be provided in order to accommodate the crowd i.e. 60% of the built up area according to AP bylaws. N
  • 5. S.NO FLOOR BUILTUP AREA (sq.m.) HEIGHTS (m) 1 LOWER GROUND 2,592 3.5 2 GROUND 3,008 3.5 3 FIRST 2,496 3.5 4 SECOND 2,496 3.5 5 THIRD 2,496 3.5 6 FOURTH 2,496 3.5 7 FIFTH 2,496 3.5 8 SIXTH 2,496 5 9 Total 20,576 26 AREA STATEMENT
  • 6. SL NO FLOOR ANCHOR STORES SMALL SHOPS FOOD COURT ENTERTAI NMENT CIRCULA TION SERVICES MULTIPL EX 1 LOWER GROUND - 390 920 139 750 418 - 2 GROUND 418 953 195 185 1053 204 - 3 FIRST 992 542 278 - 461 223 - 4 SECOND - 1251 208 - 950 80 - 5 THIRD - - - 213 515 40 1728 6 FOURTH - 151 92 - 525 40 1728 7 FIFTH - 130 75 - 371 192 1728 8 SIXTH - - - 192 296 280 1728 AREA STATEMENT
  • 7. CIRCULATION ATRIUM VERTICAL CIRCULATION HORIZONTAL CIRCULATION Lower ground floor Atrium Ground floor Atrium Fire staircase Staircase Escalator Lifts Toilets Service corridor Common circulation 6th 5th 4th 3rd 2nd 1st Ground Lower ground
  • 9. ZONING CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION small shops food court entertainment circulation services LOWER GROUND FLOOR ATRIUM: -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,5 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(2nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) 640sq.m. space for atrium. -Common area should be provided in adequate amount so that any visitor can have visual access to the mall; and can have a blueprint idea of the space, making it easier for them to move around. -Elements like eating spaces are to be provided.(eating is a necessity that cannot be avoided).
  • 10. Circulation Food court Service GF Atrium LGF Atrium Shops Anchor store Box office Staircase Escalator Capsule lifts GROUND FLOOR ZONING N
  • 11. ZONING GROUND FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION anchor store small shops food court entertainment circulation ATRIUM: -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,5 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(2nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) 512sq.m. space for atrium. -Main floor ; makes or breaks the motive of visitor(first impression is the last impression). -Characterized by huge open area; acting as a buffer between exterior and interior. Alleviates sudden transition which often is disorienting. - Toilets are not provided on this floor which is not a good decision in the planning process
  • 12. Food court Service GF Atrium LGF Atrium Shops Anchor store Staircase Escalator Capsule lifts Circulation FIRST FLOOR ZONING N
  • 13. ZONING FIRST FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION anchor store small shops food court circulation services -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) - Main element of attraction should be there but sole importance should not be given.(anchor store). -Consists of ancillary spaces that are the prime motive of this program. - Spaces designed should be of optimum efficiency as maximum area should be chalked out for leasing or for tenants. - Each space should have equal access to the crowd and should be in their immediate visual reach. - Anchor stores have to be positioned in a manner where it can be away from immediate reach but it should be followed in order to allow room for smaller shops to survive.
  • 14. Food court Service GF Atrium LGF Atrium Shops Anchor store Staircase Escalator Capsule lifts Circulation SECOND FLOOR ZONING N
  • 15. ZONING SECOND FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION small shops food court circulation services -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) - Should consist of similar spaces so as to maintain the flow of shoppers. -Occasional provisions for eateries can be provided. - Adequate number of toilets should be provided; they are a prime necessity. - Segregation of service areas and public areas should be done properly.
  • 17. ZONING THIRD FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION entertainment circulation services multiplex -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,5 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) Break in the flow of spaces. Consists of spaces of different typologies This is to ensure a break in the monotony of the shopping experience of the shopper. Multiplexes of competing standards should be provided as are also a prime contributor of the footfall in the shopping mall. Adequate spaces for box office should be provided and spaces for services and equipment rooms should be provided. The rooms should be backed up with proper emergency facilities and equipped with latest technologies.
  • 18. Food court Service GF Atrium LGF Atrium Multiplex Staircase Escalator Capsule lifts Circulation FOURTH FLOOR ZONING N
  • 19. ZONING FOURTH FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION small shops food court circulation services multipex -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) 3 theatres,1 common lobby for theatres. -Any place for mass-gathering requires a temporary buffer zone so as to avoid any sort of rampage or confusion - Other spaces like gaming zone and places of attraction to be provided in the upper floors. No immediate requirement but still a strong crowd-puller. Big enough to accommodate a substantial amount of crowd.
  • 20. Food court Service GF Atrium LGF Atrium Multiplex Staircase Escalator Capsule lifts Circulation FIFTH FLOOR ZONING N
  • 21. ZONING FIFTH FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION small shops food court circulation services multiples -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) 2 theatres,1 common lobby for theatres. - Any place for mass-gathering requires a temporary buffer zone so as to avoid any sort of rampage or confusion - Other spaces like gaming zone and places of attraction to be provided in the upper floors. - No immediate requirement but still a strong crowd-puller. Big enough to accommodate a substantial amount of crowd.
  • 22. SIXTH FLOOR ZONING N Food court Service GF Atrium LGF Atrium Multiplex Staircase Escalator Capsule lifts Circulation
  • 23. ZONING SIXTH FLOOR CIRCULATION: INFERENCES: AREA DISTRIBUTION entertainment circulation services multiplex -Follows a linear hierarchy. - 2 capsule lifts, 2 escalators,4 staircases -3m wide corridors, 3m wide staircase(2nos.), 2.5m wide staircase(1nos.), 1.5m wide staircase(1no.) 3 theatres,1 common lobby for theatres. -Any place for mass-gathering requires a temporary buffer zone so as to avoid any sort of rampage or confusion - Other spaces like gaming zone and places of attraction to be provided in the upper floors. No immediate requirement but still a strong crowd-puller. Big enough to accommodate a substantial amount of crowd.
  • 24. MULTIPLEX SIZE AREA CAPACITY Per person area AUDI 1 24mX26m 624 sq.m. 440 1.4 AUDI 2 24mX26m 624 sq.m. 440 1.4 AUDI 3 14mX26m 364 sq.m. 206 1.7 AUDI 4 14mX26m 364 sq.m. 206 1.7 AUDI 5 24mX32m 768 sq.m. 500 1.5 1 2 3 4 5 Connectivity : Box office located at ground floor Two Audi located at third floor Three Audi located at sixth floor •Multiplex are located at third and sixth floor. •They can be reached through escalators, lifts and staircases. •All multiplexes connected with a common corridor. •A common lobby has been provided for both the multiplexes.
  • 25. INFERENCES: Foyer and lobby space Services Administration Staircase Exit from Audi Entry to Audi PROVIDED Male Female WC 4 28 WASHBASIN 8 8 URINALS 44 - REQUIRED Male Female WC 3 15 WASHBASIN 7 15 URINALS 18 - THIRD FLOOR AUDI SIXTH FLOOR AUDI MULTIPLEX •Adequate number of toilets are not provided. •No toilets are provided for differently abled people. •Entrances and exits have been adjusted according to the levels. •This has been done to adjust the flow of traffic during peak hours.
  • 27.
  • 28. SERVICES ELECTRICAL ROOM 2 transformer rooms are provided (4.25X6m ; 6mX6m) 11 kv 440v GENERATOR 160 KL 120 KL 160 KL 160 KL 60 KL 48 KL 58 KL 2 water tanks for fire fighting 2 Treated water tank Overhead water tanks PLUMBING AREA : 8mX20m Services like plumbing, electrical, HVAC and generator room are provided at -2 basement. HVAC Centralized air conditioning with water cooled condensers. 3 chiller plants of 419TR. Office Circulation Parking -2 basement
  • 29. HORDINGS, SIGNAGES The building’s exterior surface has been efficiently utilized for branding and advertisements wherein not affecting the aesthete of the elevational feature of the building. MATERIAL USED, FINISHES Contemporary outlook has been maintained with the use of materials currently trending like aluminum composite panels and glazed facades FACADES
  • 30. The entrance lobby and atrium has been covered with fiber glass which allows light to penetrate but covers up the area efficiently and reduces the use of artificial lighting. Roof above the entrance lobby Curtain wall at the entrance lobby Roof above the atrium
  • 31. CASE STUDY 2 PVR RIPPLES MALL (VIJAYAWADA)
  • 32. SITE Site area: 3400sqmt Ground coverage: 1995sqmt Built up area: 13965sqmt Approach road: main road-12m Set backs: front set back-8m side set back-6m back side – 4m Height of building: 23m Location: Ripples mall is located in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. It is surrounded by MVR mall, PVP square. Average footfall in weekdays: 2000 footfall in holidays and weekends: 3000
  • 33. ENTRANCES and EXITS • There were 2 main entrances to the mall. • For vehicles east side is an entry and west is exit. • Driveways or setbacks on sides is 6m on right and 7m on left. • The exit on left side is connected to lower ground floor which is also an entry for specially abled people.
  • 34. Areas • This mall has the parking area which can accommodate 70 cars and 200 bikes.. • Basement 1- Offices, toilets for admin and staff, loading and unloading, service lift+2 elevators, 2 staircases. • Basement 2- Parking, 2 elevators, electrical room. • Basement height- 2.7m • There were two separate entries which were connecting to the parking, from ground level. • One was used for general entry of cars & the other was used for exit and service vehicles. • Each ramp is 4.6m wide. • 2 lifts connecting basement-1 to upper floors. • Toilets are Provided for the drivers. • Poor ventilation in basements. PARKING AREAS
  • 35. Basement-2 has 2 ramps of each 4.6m width. South side ramp from B-1 for entry and north ramp for exit. Height of B-2 is 2.6m and it doesn’t have acess to Elevator.  2 emergency exits are the only acess to upper floors each has a staircase of flight width 2m. It has electrical room having 2transformers, 2 capacitor banks,4 VCB’s and ACB. Electrical room varies in height with B-2.(4m height)
  • 36. B-1 has driveway of 4.6m which leads the Vehicles to parking slot. Elevator in B-1 has access through emergency exit. Exit ramp connects B-1 to lower ground floor. B-1 has toilets for staff and drivers, office room, fire fighting equipment, service elevator connects B-1 to 2nd floor, which used for dock loading and unloading.
  • 37. Lower ground floor has 2 ramps, which is exit Way from B-1 and B-2. It also acts as an entrance for specially abled people. LGF has gaming zone, store rooms, toilets and generator room. Corridor of 2.5m width connects the driveway to LGF.
  • 38. •Landing at the entrance- 2.2m •Corridor leads to Atrium- 3.8m •Atrium- 9.6mx12m •Corridor or space for movement around the Atrium - 2.4m •Width of the corridor that leads to service lift - 2.1m •The emergency exit on north side connects 3rd floor to ground floor.
  • 39. 2.7m wide corridor connects the atrium to the north side emergency exit. The width of emergency exit corridor is 1.2m. Toilets are not provided in ground and first floor. Width of the corridor leading to west side service lift and emergency exit is 1.2m.
  • 40. Second floor has shopping area, box office, food court. Width of service corridor is 1.2m for food court . Toilets are placed at the corner, which doesn’t have any signage.
  • 41. Capacity of the theatres is min-200 and max-272 people. Corridor in front of A-1, A-2 is 5.5m and A-3 is 3.4m, A-4 is 6m. All theatres are connected to 2m wide corridor which connects them to main emergency exit. A-1, A-3 are connected to upper floors through steps.
  • 42. INFERENCES ATRIUM: PARKING: There is no direct access to Elevators from basement we need to pass through emergency exit. Parking space is not sufficient for vehicles since it has area for 70cars and 200 bikes. Ventilation is not provided as per standards (2.5%). Insufficient ventilation in B-2 causes foul smell, since it has underground sewage system. Around the Atrium there is 2.4m corridor for both people using escalators and to shopping area. There is no lift lobby provided and lands on that 2.4 corridor, which increases congestion.
  • 43. INFERENCES EMERGENCY EXITS: Landing for south side exit staircase is not sufficient and it is dangerous since it takes splay and less width. Even in main emergency exit from lower ground floor to ground floor the headroom is less than 2m. North side elevator have the corridor width 1.2m which should be minimum of 2m TOILETS: •Toilets are not provided on every floor. •Ground floor and 1st floor doesn’t have toilet facility. •Toilets doesn’t have proper signages.