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Tackling Air Pollution at Scale_ Bengaluru

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This was a presentation made for the Data Meet event held in Bangalore on 14 May 2016.

Published in: Environment
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Tackling Air Pollution at Scale_ Bengaluru

  1. 1. getting PM 2.5 to 12µg/m3 www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  2. 2. Getting PM 2.5 to 12 µg/m3 www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  3. 3. 150 µg/m3 Pollution Level Legend: • Emission Footprints (Average travel time: 1 hr) • Hospital • Schools • Parks • Waste burning sites www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  4. 4. Legend: • + LEZs • + Green Sinks • + Tree cover • Reduced Emission Footprints (Average travel time: 20 min) 12 µg/m3 Pollution Level Low Emisson Zones (LEZs) Around vulnerable geographies: Schools, hospitals Green Sinks to absorb pollution Increasing green cover Reduced travel time Closer work – live areas Or Using cleaner transport Monitoring of waste burning/ better management www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  5. 5. Getting PM 2.5 to 12 µg/m3 www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  6. 6. Getting PM 2.5 to 12 µg/m3 www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  7. 7. Getting PM 2.5 to 12 µg/m3 www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  8. 8. Interconnectedness of Data feasibility www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  9. 9. Interconnectedness of Data www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  10. 10. Interconnectedness of Data www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  11. 11. Interconnectedness of Data www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  12. 12. Data critical to influence decision making Making room for cycle lanes/ BRTS system Comparing: • Health benefits, pollution reduction, Reduce Per- capita emissions, Traffic flow vs economic investment • Determining viable routes – influenced by demand and existing routes, pollution levels Use of Data Source: http://www.narendramodi.in/Source: https://c2.staticflickr.com/ www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  13. 13. Data critical to influence decision making • Live –work – Configuration Limiting exposure levels • Enabling monitoring, measuring progress City Pollution map Source: Airasting.org Use of Data www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  14. 14. Role of Stakeholders to tackle the issue at Scale Role of Government • Setting clear targets through participation • Issuing supportive policies • Providing fiscal support • Strengthening Monitoring & Enforcement Role of Enterprises, community groups, citizens • Reducing emissions • Investing in clean production • Pollution abatement measures www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  15. 15. Ground Zero: Marking Status quo Awaiting Actions • Pollution levels indeterminate • Sources of pollution, its make up and impact unknown • Large scale policy actions to counteract rising pollution yet to be taken • Pollution being embedded as a criteria for infrastructure development and planning • Health directives for schools, hospitals or outdoor workers “No studies, no data: air pollution continues to haunt Bengaluru” - 21 Apr 2016 , Citizen Matters www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  16. 16. Ground Zero: Approach • Identifying first users and first actions – To realise immediate impact – Trigger multiplier effect • Scale matters – Critical mass for self organization – Community level - benefit and context visibly linked • Incremental approach (bottom up ) vs one led by a defined vision – Demand based actions – Localization of environment risk – Peer to Peer learning – City as a cluster of typologies of urban fabric www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  17. 17. Ground Zero: What’s the role of data? • As an investigator 1. Connecting – Pollution – Pollutants – Polluter 2. Deficits – Demand • Identifying stakeholders • Creating awareness/demand • Define normative, ways of understanding pollution, influence policy • Defining the market • Need data to be visual, interactive • Needs data to be democratic http://www.howpollutedismyroad.org.uk/roads.php www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  18. 18. Citizen/Community level • Emission footprint mapping for Schools • Assessing Health impact (Pulmonary Function Test) • Perception Survey • Dynamic mapping of Pollution levels • Community monitoring programme City level • Health meter • Pollution Congestion Map Sensing Local: On-going Projects www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  19. 19. Emission Footprint Mapping www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  20. 20. Assessment Health Impact www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  21. 21. Perception Survey 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 Perception of sources of pollution vehicular Burning of waste Construction Road dust 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 Burning of waste Greater concern for waste burning as a source of pollution by regular cyclists Ranking of sources of pollution by their importance remains same among all stakeholders www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  22. 22. 0 5 10 15 20 25 Modes of Travel (27) School Commuters (69) Office Commuters Perception Survey www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  23. 23. 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 0 - 30 min 30 - 1hr 1 - 2 hrs 2 -3 hrs over 4 hrs Commulative travel Individual travel time Moderate Toxic Unhealthy Unhealthy for sensitive people Average time 106 min in traffic 100 of 118 people spend close to 45 min a day in traffic 70 people (or over 50%) spend 90 min in traffic Perception Survey www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  24. 24. Sunday, Morning 10:00 – 10:30 Dynamic Mapping of Pollution Levels www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  25. 25. Community Watch Programme www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  26. 26. • Polluting vehicles • Garbage burning spots • Trees being illegally cut Reporting as a way of mapping the issue: Sources of pollution (demand for fixes) www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com
  27. 27. Going Forward: Proposition for a Public Project • Empanelment of enterprises to aggregate data on a single platform • Collaborate for pilot studies, working alongside multiple domain experts to look at the problem comprehensively • Work with local communities to understand capacities and problems at ground • Influence Economic and Policy instruments to support the ground level demand/need • Guiding setting of City Targets, bottom up. ‘Public Making’ of the project is also ‘Making of the Public’ Informed public is a demanding public! Public information is critical to shaping appetite for alternative solutions www.sensinglocal.wordpress.com

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