OSHA- Respiratory Protection

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OSHA- Respiratory Protection

  1. 1. OSHA- Respiratory Protection Last updated 6/9/2008
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><ul><li>We need to breathe to live, but sometimes breathing what’s in the air can be hazardous to your health. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breathing in hazardous dust, vapors, gases, or fumes can cause such health problems as lung and respiratory diseases or cancer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In some cases, it can kill you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The air is also a problem when it contains an inadequate amount of oxygen. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction… Page 2 <ul><ul><li>But on the job, we have a way to make sure the air we breathe has enough oxygen and not too mush dangerous substances. It’s called using respirators. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respirators are so important that the basics of how to select, use, fit and maintain them have to be reviewed annually. We want to be sure that everyone uses the correct respirator when a respirator is needed, and uses it properly so it will provide the protection for which respirators are designed. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Identifying Hazards <ul><ul><li>The company uses ventilation systems and other engineering controls in an effort to keep the concentrations of hazardous substances in the air below levels where they might cause health problems. But that’s not always possible, which is where respirators come in. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are a number of substances we use her that can cause health problems if you are overexposed to them. OSHA set permissible exposure limits for this substances, which are listed on their material safety date sheets (MSDSs). If the measured concentrations in the air are above these limits and cannot be reduced any other way, respirators are needed, The substances we use that my require respiratory protection include (list). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometime vapors or gases, processes, or particular operations may remove oxygen from the air. If the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere is 19.5 % or less, you need a respirator to supply with breathing air. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Identifying Hazards… Page 2 <ul><ul><li>The company or client is responsible for measuring the level of contaminants in the air to determine when respiratory protection is needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You’re responsibility for using the respirators. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Protection Against Hazards <ul><ul><li>Respirators are designed to make sure the air you breathe doesn’t make you sick or kill you. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Protection Against Hazard… Page 2 <ul><ul><li>There are two basic types of respirators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air-purifying respirators filter out contaminants by moving the air through a filter, cartridge, or canister. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They must be NIOSH –certified to protect you against the specific contaminant and the form (dust, gas, etc.) that’s in the air. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All filters, cartridges, and canisters must have legible NIOSH-approved labels and color coding. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Protection Against Hazard…Page 3 <ul><ul><li>Atmosphere-supplying respirators provide air from a tank or compressor through an airline. They’re used when there’s not enough oxygen in the air, in situations termed “immediately dangerous to life or health,” or when there is no appropriate air-purifying respirator for the atmosphere. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Safety Procedures <ul><ul><li>To do it job, a respirator must fit well. There are a number of scientific ways to test respirator fit, and the are all used. But what you have to remember is to make sure the no contaminated air can get around the face seal. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Safety Procedures…Page 2 <ul><ul><li>A respirator is pretty awkward, but that doesn’t mean it can’t fit comfortably. You should expect a respirator to fit so that it: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is secure, but not too tight, around you chin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t pinch your nose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t slip </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Allows you to move your head and talk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When you put on a respirator, check the fit carefully. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Do a mental checklist of how it feels, and look in the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mirror, too. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Safety Procedures… Page 3 <ul><ul><li>Be aware that not everyone can wear a respirator. OSHA requires that you have a medical evaluation to determine if you can safely use a respirator. You may not be able to get a good fit or use a respirator safely if you: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wear glasses with temple pieces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have a beard, mustache, or long sideburns </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have breathing problems like asthma </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have a heart condition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have claustrophobia (fear of confined spaces) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have heat sensitive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some individual faces just don’t fit right into a respirator, either. If </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>you have a problem, let me know and/or the client. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Inspection <ul><ul><li>Since a respirator’s purpose is to keep contaminated air out of your lungs, it can’t have any leaks that would let air in. So it’s very important that you inspect your respirator before and after each use and during cleaning to make sure it’s working properly. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Inspection… Page 2 <ul><ul><li>Look For: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holes, cracks, tears, or other damage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connections that aren’t tight </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sings of wear, especially in rubber parts like the face piece seal, headband, valves, connecting tube, fittings, canister, or cartridge. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dents or corrosion in filters, cartridges, and canisters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An air or oxygen cylinder that’s not fully charged </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you see anything that doesn’t look right, report it and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>don’t use the respirator unless you’re told it’s safe. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Maintenance <ul><ul><li>When you take a respirator off, you have to remove it carefully so that you don’t contaminate yourself. Follow our decontamination procedures, and then clean and disinfect the respirator after every use. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store it in its proper place – away from dust, light, heat, cold, moisture, or chemicals. Be sure the rubber and plastic parts are in their normal position. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaving a respirator upside down, uncovered, or out of shape mean it’s not going to be ready when you are. </li></ul></ul>

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