CHALLENGES IN PUNJAB AND PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE

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CHALLENGES IN PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE AND HOW TO PLAN ABOUT AGRICULTURE INPUTS ESPECIALLY PESTICIDES BY DR MUHAMMAD ANJUM ALI DGA(EXT&AR) PUNJAB PAKISTAN

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CHALLENGES IN PUNJAB AND PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE

  1. 1. CHALLENGES IN PAKISTAN AGRICULTURE Dr Muhammad Anjum Ali Director General Agriculture (Ext&AR) Punjab
  2. 2. AGRICULTURE SECTOR Largest sector of the economy 21% of the Gross Domestic Product 45% manpower employment 70% of national agricultural output is from Punjab 63% share in export earnings Economic Survey of Pakistan 2013-14
  3. 3. AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION Sr. No. Crop Production in Punjab vs Pakistan 1 Wheat 76% 2 Cotton 71% 3 Rice 56% 4 Sugarcane 65% 5 Maize 78% 6 Mango 66% 7 Citrus 95% 8 Guava 82% 9 Dates 34%
  4. 4. PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT Crops Production 1947-48 (000 Tons) Production 2013-14 (000 Tons) Increase (Times) Wheat 2,637 19,470 7 Rice 253 3,481 14 Cotton lint (000 Bales) 735 9,526 13 Sugarcane 3,972 43,700 11 Maize 168 3,719 20 Potato 24 3,639 152 Citrus (1957-58) 79 1,930 24 Mango (1957-58) 102 1,280 13 Guava (1957-58) 15 379 25
  5. 5. MAJOR CROPS 0.0 2000.0 4000.0 6000.0 8000.0 10000.0 12000.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 COTTON (Production-000 Bales) Production 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 COTTON (Average Yield-Mds/Acre) Average Yield 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 SUGARCANE (Production-Mill. Tonns) Production 0.0 100.0 200.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 600.0 700.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 SUGARCANE (Average Yield-Mds/Acre) Average Yield
  6. 6. MAJOR CROPS 0.0 500.0 1000.0 1500.0 2000.0 2500.0 3000.0 3500.0 4000.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 RICE (Production-000 Tonns) Production 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 RICE (Average Yield-Mds/ Acre) Average Yield 0.0 500.0 1000.0 1500.0 2000.0 2500.0 3000.0 3500.0 4000.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 MAIZE (Production-000 Tonns) Production 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 MAIZE (Average Yield-Mds/ Acre) Average Yield
  7. 7. MAJOR CROPS 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14(Target) 2013-14 WHEAT (Production-000 Tonns) Production 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14(Target) 2013-14 WHEAT (Average Yield-Mds/ Acre) Average Yield 0.00 100.00 200.00 300.00 400.00 500.00 600.00 700.00 800.00 GRAM (Production-000 Tonns) Production 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00 10.00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 GRAM (Average Yield-Mds/ Acre) Average Yield
  8. 8. CHALLANGES Food Security for the burgeoning population Reduction in Food Import Bill Soil, Water, Climate Change Diversification, Intensification and Value Addition Management of Agriculture Inputs and enabling environment Compliance to the International Standards Harvesting the benefits of strategic location Human Resource Development & Policy Reforms
  9. 9. CULTIVATED AREA IN PUNJAB Year Per Capita Total Area (Kanal) Per Capita Cultivated Area (Kanal) 1951 20.0 8.7 1961 16.0 7.8 1972 11.0 5.8 1981 8.60 4.8 1998 5.50 3.3 2008 4.50 2.7 2012 4.20 2.2 2030 1.74 1.02
  10. 10. LAND OWNERSHIP PATTERN SIZE (Acres) % FARMS % CULT. AREA <12.5 85.3 47.2 12.5 – 25 9.6 21.5 25 – 50 4.0 16.5 50 – 100 1.0 8.3 100 – 150 < 0.1 2.3 >150 < 0.1 4.2
  11. 11. SOIL • Urbanization, Erosion, Over-Grazing Range Lands, Land Fragmentation, Flood Losses LOSSES • Soil Fertility, Water Logging, Salinity, Less Water, Compaction, Low Organic Matter Health
  12. 12. WATER Declining resources, Increase Use, Low Efficiency SURFACE WATER: Water Shed Management, Storage, Small/Mini-dam, Development of Water Based Agriculture WATER BASED Technologies, Desert Agriculture, Saline Agriculture SUB SURFACE WATER Over-pumping, Quality loss, One million pumps No Ground water rationing RAINFED (Rain- Fed Agriculture, Hill-Torrents, Rain Water Harvesting)
  13. 13. CLIMATE CHANGE • Visible impacts, Less Preparedness, • Less Coordination, Funding R&D PROBLEMS • Climate Smart Agriculture, Early Warning Systems, SUPARCO, PAKMET, PITB, Agriculture, work together, Data Bank, Trainings and Awareness ACTIONS
  14. 14. SEED • Up-gradation of Infrastructure, P.P. Partnership, Promotion & subsidies, Seed Exchange, Adoption of certified seed. Horticulture Seed Sector R&D • Quarantine Laws, Reforms, Seed Act, Plant Breeders Rights Imports
  15. 15. SEED REQUIREMENT VS AVAILABILITY Crop Total Seed Requirement Seed Availability Public Private Imported Wheat 1085,400 70,560 200,690 - Cotton 40,000 7,000 10,175.25 - Rice 42,480 5,068 28,216 3,840.69 Maize 31,914 245 2,527.89 11,617.83 Pulses 47,496 24 665.81 - Oil Seed 10,582 5 37 1,320.08 Vegetable 9,070 7 58 4,743.72 Fodder 40,138 4 6 20,921.01 Potato 372,725 33 30 4,217.15 TOTAL 1679,805 82946 242405.95 46,660 (Metric Tons)
  16. 16. MACHINERY • Wide Tractor Implement Ratio, Big gap in mechanization, Less skilled operators, Dearth in Quality and Range (Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Implements) No Scale Specific Machinery, Imports & Reverse Engineering, Bio-energy CHALLANGE
  17. 17. FERTLIZER •Increasing use of Macro-Micro Fertilizers, Cost of Fertilizers, Im-balance Use, wide range, Late Imports, Low NPK Ratio, Low Fertilizer Use Efficiency, Imp-proper Placement, Tracking and pricing CHALLANGE
  18. 18. (000 N. Tons) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 N P K FERTILIZER CONSUMPTION
  19. 19. FERTILIZER DEMAND 0.00 500.00 1,000.00 1,500.00 2,000.00 2,500.00 3,000.00 3,500.00 4,000.00 4,500.00 (000Tonnes) Nutrient (000 Tones) N P2O5 K2O
  20. 20. NITROGEN 3476 3133 3206 2852 3182 2669 2462 2541 2362 2631 901 383 871 491 551 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 OFFTAKE LOCAL PRODUCTION IMPORT (000 N. Tons)
  21. 21. PHOSPHATE (000 N. Tons) 860 766 633 746 875 403 423 431 473 467 522 244 291 274 408 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 OFFTAKE LOCAL PRODUCTION IMPORT
  22. 22. POTASH (000 N. Tons) 23 32 21 20 24 10 12 10 10 11 21 18 15 11 13 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 OFFTAKE LOCAL PRODUCTION IMPORT
  23. 23. PESTICIDES • Increase application of Insecticide due to Productivity Enhancement Intensification and Diversification, Weedicide Usage increased (Labor Shortage), No facility of manufacturing and only formulation , New Chemistry, Joint Ventures, Manufacturing facilities to satisfy Pakistan and neighboring countries needs CHALLANGE
  24. 24. PESTICIDES • Initiatives to Increase production, GSP Plus advantage (Duty Free Imports by 28 EU Countries, Previous Rate: 8% (Cotton Fabric), Simplified Process of Registration for Products and Pesticides Manufacturing Units OPPERTUNITIES
  25. 25. PESTICIDE CONSUMPTION 63 52 56 70 96 95 67 70 48 74 65 78 121 99 57 101 66 73 133 160 188 215 0 50 100 150 200 250 1992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013 Millions Pesticide Consumption Value (USD) Value (USD) Department of Plant Protection, Karachi, Pakistan
  26. 26. PESTICIDE IMPORT 23 20 25 43 43 38 42 46 61 48 70 78 130 105 44 94 39 41 74 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Thousands Pesticide Import (Tonnes) Consumption Department of Plant Protection, Karachi, Pakistan
  27. 27. ANTI-ADULTERATION CAMPAIGN 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Unfit Samples 79 109 145 169 159 227 175 158 191 367 548 305 180 281 204 303 70 Analyzed Samples 2682 3066 3460 3666 5327 5422 6548 5722 5473 6113 6481 4895 5614 8441 7933 8217 3878 No.ofSamples Pesticide Sampling Report
  28. 28. PESTICIDES • Under Current System all Exports from China to Middle Eastern and African Countries are Routed via Sea, This Export Channel Takes Days Ranging from 18-32 Days, Results in High Financial Cost, Time and Expense EXPORTOPPERTUNITIES
  29. 29. Current Export Channel Dubai
  30. 30. PESTICIDES China will be linked to Arabian Sea through Pakistan Easy Connection to Central Asian Countries, Middle Eastern Countries, African Countries and Europe. Benefits, Reducing Time Required to Reach Karachi (Pakistan) and Middle Eastern Countries by 10 Days. This will provide Chinese Exporters a New Lucrative Market
  31. 31. The New Route This New Route will Benefit Chinese Exporter through: Time Saving Cost Saving Access to Major Agricultural Market
  32. 32. CHINA-PAKISTAN PESTICIDES MANUFACTURING & EX-IMP SEED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MICRONUTRIENTS MANUFACTURING AND EX-IMP MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS JOINT VENTURES IN AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGIES
  33. 33. Thank You 谢谢您 謝謝您

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