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Abstract
Self-medication is defined as the selection and use of medicines by individuals (or a member of the
individuals' ...
Self medication
Self-medication is a individual uses unprescribed drugs
Definitionof SELF-MEDICATION
: medication of onese...
 For healthcare systems as it facilitates better use of clinical skills, increases access to
medication and may contribut...
According to a report the reason for self medication,
given in fig. Male (35.48%)and female (15.56%)used Self
Medication d...
consultant Fee of Physician, 29.03%male and 11.11%
female wants Quick relief, 3.33 % male and 24.44%
female believe in Ayu...
The OTC Committee of the Organization of
Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI) is working
towards the promotion of resp...
household TC remedies and increasing the awareness of
the importance of responsible self-medication with the
general publi...
There are various sources from where people get
information like friend, family,medical shopes
Etc .
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Self medication-1

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Self medication-1

  1. 1. Abstract Self-medication is defined as the selection and use of medicines by individuals (or a member of the individuals' family) to treat self-recognized or self-diagnosed conditions or symptoms. Several benefits have been linked to appropriate self-medication, among them: increased access to medication and relief for the patient, the active role of the patient in his or her own health care, better use of physicians and pharmacists skills and reduced (or at least optimized) burden of governments due to health expenditure linked to the treatment of minor health conditions However, self-medication is far from being a completely safe practice, in particular in the case of non-responsible self-medication. Potential risks of self- medication practices include: incorrect self-diagnosis, delays in seeking medical advice when needed, infrequent but severe adverse reactions, dangerous drug interactions, incorrect manner of administration, incorrect dosage, incorrect choice of therapy, masking of a severe disease and risk of dependence and abuse. In this short review the author analyzes recent literature on some of the most important dangers related to self-medication practices, particularly: polypharmacy and drug interactions, medications abuse or dependence, misdiagnosis and incorrect choice of treatment. The author also proposes measures that could be adopted in order to solve or improve these issues. SUBMITTED TO SUBMITTED BY Mr. Santanu Binerji Anjul Tiwari/3rd year
  2. 2. Self medication Self-medication is a individual uses unprescribed drugs Definitionof SELF-MEDICATION : medication of oneself especially without the advice of a physician : self-treatment <self–medication with nonprescription drugs>  Help to prevent and treat symptoms and ailments that do not require a doctor.  Reduce the pressure on medical services where health care personnel are insufficient.  Increase the awareness of health care to populations living in rural or remote areas.  Enable patients to control their own chronic conditions.  Hay fever, headache, indigestion, mouth ulcer, nausea, cough, acne, allergic conjunctivitis can be treated by self medication.
  3. 3.  For healthcare systems as it facilitates better use of clinical skills, increases access to medication and may contribute to reduce prescribed drug costs associated with publicly funded health programs.   Self medication is associated with risks such as misdiagnosis, use of excessive drug dosage, prolonged duration of use, drug interactions and poly pharmacy.  Paracetamol, an antipyretic and analgesic in large doses can cause liver failure.  Paracetamol toxicity is, by far, the most common cause of acute liver failure.  Valsartan is an anti-hypertensive drug. It is highly effective when used in recommended quantities. The main consideration is the over usage of the drug may cause hypo tension, which may eventually lead to heart failure and also hepatic and renal failure.  The diagnosis may be wrong.  The drugs may cause side effects.  Financial losses – delayed recovery is ultimately more costly.
  4. 4. According to a report the reason for self medication, given in fig. Male (35.48%)and female (15.56%)used Self Medication due to the Lack of time, 32.26%male and 26.67%female used self medication due to High
  5. 5. consultant Fee of Physician, 29.03%male and 11.11% female wants Quick relief, 3.33 % male and 24.44% female believe in Ayurveda, There are some cases of female (6.67%) in which there is no family support hence they uses self medication, 15.56%female used self medication due to unable to walk. There are some other reasons like wider availability of medicine, greater choice of treatments, ease of access , an active role in his/ her own health care and self reliance in preventing or reliving miner symptoms or condition, ailment was minor and financial constraint .
  6. 6. The OTC Committee of the Organization of Pharmaceutical Producers of India (OPPI) is working towards the promotion of responsible self-medication with a view to grow the OTC sector. It is aiming to get regulatory support for issues such as the accessibility of
  7. 7. household TC remedies and increasing the awareness of the importance of responsible self-medication with the general public and the Government. There is a wide variety of conditions.In which OTC drugs are used. Most commonly available OTC medications are pain killers, cough and cold remedies, anti-allergy medicines, vitamins and energy tonics. Although these medications are considered risk-free and useful for the treatment of common healthproblems, their excessive use can also lead to serious side-effects and unfavorable reactions . Generally Consumers tend to utilize private pharmacies rather than public facilities for self medication.
  8. 8. There are various sources from where people get information like friend, family,medical shopes Etc .

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