Switch board for himalayan disaster management ver 6
Disaster PreparednessA Switch-Board Concept Presented To : US Embassy & US AID Nepal 21st October 2011 Presented By Bijay Niraula On Behalf of ANMF/ASNEngr/CAN-USA Joint Committed for Earthquake Preparedness and Disaster Relief for Nepal
THE BACK DROP1. RoHOK – Google Global Initiative2. Hackathon – Nepali word “Parma” –3. HimalayanDisasterResponse.org – Sept 18th Response4. Interaction and Communication with local stake holders in Nepal5. Result a Switch Board Portal Concept
Parties Involved in Disaster Management Diplomatic Missions Facilitators Home Ministry ICIMOD HLCIT CAN Non-Profit ( NGOs) Save Lives Donors Disaster Risk Reduction Local Clubs SahanaEngineering Networks Community Technology Ushahidi Guthis Volunteers Google App Engine Schools DisInventor (archived data) Open Street Maps Risk-in-a-box (risk assessment tool
Challenge: Multi-portal/Multi-platform ICIMOD Home Ministry (In-house (Sahana & system, GIS Ushahidi) based) NSET External Websites - NGOs (Risk Reduction (fragmented data) eg Pre-disaster) Youth for Disaster Risk Reduction Social Media Twitter Facebook Youtube
Proposed Solution: Centralized repository Google Google Store Store Switch Board Portal “Guwali” Google App EnginePublic APIs (xls, fax): People Finder, Maps, Incident API Home ICIMOD NSET HCICT Social Media Ministry
Public API and Other Data Input Tools• People Finder API – Integrates with Sahana, Google People Finder• Maps API – Integrates with Open Street Maps, Google Maps• Incident API – Safe Places to be, Hospitals, Volunteers needed, – Immediate Food supply – Medical Attention Needed• RSS News Feeds, Static Data , Links, live video streaming
Crowdsourced Data Switch Board Bidirectional Data Exchange NGOs/RedICIMOD Volunteers Social Media Cross
Disaster Specific portal from Central Repository Earthquake Disaster Portal HDR Centralized Switch Board Flood Disaster Portal Terrorist Attacks Disaster Portal
Differentiator• Third Party – apolitical Nepalese Diasphora Involvement – existing multiple partners• Multi-feed – Multiplatform Integration – last person standing.• Eg. Google Person Finder – open-source API many stake holders already using it.
Google People Finder In Japan•Multiple Stake holders to implement this in their portal• Sensitive information available only for specific purposes.
Differentiator• Third Party – apolitical Nepalese Diasphora Involvement – existing multiple partners• Multi-feed – Multiplatform Integration – last person standing.• Democratization of DATA
Participation and VolunteersTypes – local youths clubs, NGOs, Guthis, Schools, experts• Pre-disaster • Asset Mapping (GIS plus crowd sourced) • Provide local training – with in their community• During Disaster and Post Disaster • First Responders - • Communication hubs - • Experts/ volunteers (national/international/nepali diasphora)
Media – Major Part of The Effort• Social Media• Websites• FM Radio• Local News Papers• PSA (Simplified Message)
Challenges1. Buy in from the different entities – Push back.2. Creating a portal is not enough it needs to be used.3. People who are not internet savvy or are not- literate/how to address their needs4. Security Concerns – all the data could fall into wrong hands5. Data Share Concerns -6. Creating an off-line component.. PSA systems, FM Radios.
Advantages• Transparency – Prevents duplication of efforts... – Sharing of technology and resources...• Empowering local communities/especially local youths to be proud of their neighborhoods (Asset Mapping)• Creating a competitive environment between and w/in communities (star system like the Scouts• Training - citizenry - getting plugged into an organized system
Positive Social Change Through Disaster Management• Power in the hands of the people - Locally• (International Nepali Diaspora) involvement – creating opportunities for idea exchange, and some form of check and balance.• Creating systems to grow democratic principals• Freedom comes from responsibility – instill among the youth – the future of a nation.
EMPOWER THE PEOPLE GIVE THEM THE TOOLSTOGETHER WE WILL BUILD A NEW NEPAL