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population

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It is for class 9th . It gives a short description about the ncert lesson population.............................................................................................

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population

  1. 1. GROUP MEMBERS :- ARYAMAN APOORV ANUBHAV AKASH ANKUR ALOK ABHAY ABHISHEK
  2. 2. India population size and distribution by numbers : India population on march 2001 stood at 1,028 million ,which account for 16.7 per cent of the world s population . These 1.02 billion people are unevenly distributed over our country vast area of 3.28 million square km, which account for 2.4 per cent of the worlds area. the 2001 census data reveals that Uttar Pradesh with the population size of 166 million people is the most populous state of India.
  3. 3. On the other end , the Himalayan state Sikkim has a population of just 0.2 million people.
  4. 4. Almost half of India population lives in just 5 states. These are – Uttar Pradesh , Maharashtra , west Bengal and Andhra Pradesh .
  5. 5. PROCESSES OF POPULATION CHANGE BIRTH RATE IS A NUMBER OF LIVE BITHS PER THOUSAND PERSON IN A YEAR .IT IS THE THE MAJOR COMPONENT OF GROWTH BECAUSE IN INDIA, BIRTH RATES HAVE ALWAYS BEEN HIGHERTHAN THAT OF DEATH RATES. DEATH RATE IS THE NUMBER OF DEATHS PER TOUSAND PERSON IN A YEAR.THE MAIN CAUSE OF THE RATE OF GROWTH THE INDIAN POPULATION HAS BEEN RAPID DECLINE IN DEATH RATES. :
  6. 6. THE THIRD COMPONENT OF POPULATION GROWTH IS MIGRATION . MIGRATION IS THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE ACROSS REGIONS AND TERRITORIES.MIGRATION CAN BE INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL.
  7. 7. AGE COMPOSITION
  8. 8. LITERACY RATES Literacy in India is key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian literacy rate grew to 74.04% in 2011 from 12% at the end of British rule in 1947.Although this was a greater than six fold improvement, the level is well below the world average literacy rate of 84%, and of all nations, India currently has the largest illiterate population. Despite government programmers, India's literacy rate increased only "sluggishly," and a 1990 study estimated that it would take until 2060 for India to achieve universal literacy at then-current rate of progress.
  9. 9. Occupational structure
  10. 10. Primary activities includes agriculture , animal husbandry etc. secondary activities includes manufacturing industries building etc. tertiary activities include transport , commerce etc.
  11. 11. Health is an important component of population composition which affects the process of development . Sustained efforts of government programmers have registered significant improvement in the health condition of the Indian population . Death rates have declined from 25 per 1000 population in 1951 to 8.1 per1000 in 2001.
  12. 12. Recognizing that the planning of families would improve individual health and welfare , the government of India initiated the comprehensive family planning programme in 1952. it has sought to promote responsible and planned parenthood on a voluntary basis .

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