Asean

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Asean

  1. 1. Association of Southeast AsianAssociation of Southeast Asian NationsNations
  2. 2. ESTABLISHMENT ANDESTABLISHMENT AND MEMBERSHIPMEMBERSHIP The Association of Southeast Asian Nations orThe Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 inASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok by the five original Member Countries,Bangkok by the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines,namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.Singapore, and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984 Vietnam on 28 July 1995Vietnam on 28 July 1995 Laos and Myanmar on 23 July 1997Laos and Myanmar on 23 July 1997 Cambodia on 30 April 1999Cambodia on 30 April 1999
  3. 3. The Establishment of ASEANThe Establishment of ASEAN Bangkok Declaration, 8 August 1967
  4. 4. Goals of ASEANGoals of ASEAN  To accelerate the economic growth, socialTo accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in theprogress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavors; andregion through joint endeavors; and  To promote regional peace and stabilityTo promote regional peace and stability based on the rule of law & the principles ofbased on the rule of law & the principles of the United Nations Charter.the United Nations Charter.
  5. 5.  The ASEAN FlagThe ASEAN Flag In the ASEAN logo, the ten stalks of paddy (rice)In the ASEAN logo, the ten stalks of paddy (rice) represent the ten Southeast Asian countriesrepresent the ten Southeast Asian countries bound together in friendship & solidarity. Thebound together in friendship & solidarity. The circle symbolizes the unity of ASEAN.circle symbolizes the unity of ASEAN.
  6. 6. THREE PILLARS OF ASEANTHREE PILLARS OF ASEAN  In 2003, the group agreed on the pursuit ofIn 2003, the group agreed on the pursuit of three pillars or “communities”.three pillars or “communities”.  ASEAN Security CommunityASEAN Security Community  ASEAN Economic CommunityASEAN Economic Community  ASEAN Socio-Cultural CommunityASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
  7. 7. ASEAN Security CommunityASEAN Security Community  Based on the conviction that outstandingBased on the conviction that outstanding territorial disputes should not escalate intoterritorial disputes should not escalate into armed confrontation.armed confrontation.  The ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), whichThe ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), which was established in 1994, is thewas established in 1994, is the organization that carries out coordinationorganization that carries out coordination of security & foreign policy.of security & foreign policy.
  8. 8. ASEAN Economic CommunityASEAN Economic Community  To create a common market & productionTo create a common market & production base within ASEAN states & to aid socialbase within ASEAN states & to aid social & economic development in the region.& economic development in the region.  ASEAN has focused on creating aASEAN has focused on creating a FreeFree Trade AreaTrade Area (FTA) for investment, labor &(FTA) for investment, labor & services.services.
  9. 9. ASEAN Free Trade AreaASEAN Free Trade Area • Eliminating tariff barriers among the Southeast Asian countries • Integrating the ASEAN economies into a single production base • Creating a regional market of over 500 million people • ASEAN cooperation has resulted in greater regional integration. Within three years from the launching of AFTA, exports among ASEAN countries grew from US$43.26 billion in 1993 to almost US$80 billion in 1996 Launched in January 1992
  10. 10. Average tariff under AFTAAverage tariff under AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Area 1993 0 10 15 20 5 P e r c e n t 2003 12.76%12.76% 2.39%2.39%
  11. 11.  In 1997, the ASEAN leaders adopted theIn 1997, the ASEAN leaders adopted the ASEAN Vision 2020ASEAN Vision 2020, which aimed at, which aimed at forging closer economic integration withinforging closer economic integration within the region.the region.  Development ofDevelopment of Trans-ASEANTrans-ASEAN transportation networktransportation network consisting of majorconsisting of major inter-state highway and railway networks,inter-state highway and railway networks, principal ports and sea lanes for maritimeprincipal ports and sea lanes for maritime traffic, inland waterway transport, andtraffic, inland waterway transport, and major civil aviation links.major civil aviation links.
  12. 12. DOH 3 Planning Bureau CHINA THAILAND VIETNAM INDONESIA PHILIPPINES MALAYSIA HONGKONG SINGAPORE BRUNEI INDIA Laoag CAMBODIA LAOS Denpasar Surabaya Surakarta Bandung JAKARTA Bakahuni Palembang Padang Medan Banda Aceh Ipoh KotaBaharu HatYai Sarawak Kalimantan Sabah Mindanao Zamboanga HoChiMinh SihanoukVille DaNang Haiphong Thakhek BanLaou Vinh HANOI ChiangRai Kunming Tak UdonThani VIENTIANE Mergui Tavoy Meiktila Mandalay Tamu Changsha Shanghai Shenzhen YANGON MANILA BANDARSERI BEGAWAN PHNOMPENH Tung Keng Loilem BANGKOK Nakhon Ratchasima Dumai Cikampek Udomxay Nakhon Sawan Kuantan DARUSSALAM Banjarmasin LaoCai Jinghong Namtha Luang VungTao SYMBOL: ASEANHighway MYANMAR Thibaw Muse KUALALUMPUR Dali Payagyi Bangsaphan Savannakhet Ruili Kawthoung Kuching Pontianak Pakse QuangNgai Matnog SurigaoCity ASEAN HIGHWAY NETWORKASEAN HIGHWAY NETWORK
  13. 13. ASEAN Socio-Cultural CommunityASEAN Socio-Cultural Community  To combat the pitfalls of capitalism & freeTo combat the pitfalls of capitalism & free trade, namely, disparity in wealth & jobtrade, namely, disparity in wealth & job loss.loss.  This community focuses onThis community focuses on disadvantaged groups such as ruraldisadvantaged groups such as rural workers, women & children.workers, women & children.
  14. 14. EXTERNAL RELATIONSEXTERNAL RELATIONS  ASEAN has made major strides in buildingASEAN has made major strides in building cooperative ties with states in the Asia-Pacificcooperative ties with states in the Asia-Pacific regionregion  Consistent with its resolve to enhanceConsistent with its resolve to enhance cooperation with other developing regions,cooperation with other developing regions, ASEAN maintains contact with other inter-ASEAN maintains contact with other inter- governmental organizationsgovernmental organizations
  15. 15. EXTERNAL RELATIONSEXTERNAL RELATIONS Dialogue PartnersDialogue Partners Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, European Union, New Zealand, Republic of Korea,Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, European Union, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, United States of AmericaRussian Federation, United States of America
  16. 16. STRUCTURES &STRUCTURES & MECHANISMSMECHANISMS  The highest decision-making organ ofThe highest decision-making organ of ASEAN is theASEAN is the Meeting of the ASEANMeeting of the ASEAN Heads of State and GovernmentHeads of State and Government. The. The ASEAN Summit is convened every yearASEAN Summit is convened every year  TheThe ASEAN Ministerial MeetingASEAN Ministerial Meeting (Foreign(Foreign Ministers) is held on an annual basis.Ministers) is held on an annual basis.  Supporting these ministerial bodies are 29Supporting these ministerial bodies are 29 committeescommittees of senior officials and 122of senior officials and 122 technical working groups.technical working groups.
  17. 17. ASEAN SUMMITASEAN SUMMIT
  18. 18.  To support the conduct of ASEAN’s externalTo support the conduct of ASEAN’s external relations, ASEAN has established committeesrelations, ASEAN has established committees composed of heads of diplomatic missions incomposed of heads of diplomatic missions in major capitalsmajor capitals  The Secretary-General of ASEAN is appointedThe Secretary-General of ASEAN is appointed on merit and accorded ministerial status. Theon merit and accorded ministerial status. The Secretary-General of ASEAN, who has a five-Secretary-General of ASEAN, who has a five- year term, is mandated to initiate, advise,year term, is mandated to initiate, advise, coordinate, and implement ASEAN activities.coordinate, and implement ASEAN activities.  ASEAN has several specialized bodies andASEAN has several specialized bodies and arrangements promoting inter-governmentalarrangements promoting inter-governmental cooperation in various fieldscooperation in various fields
  19. 19. Achievements of ASEANAchievements of ASEAN  Maintenance of an uninterrupted period ofMaintenance of an uninterrupted period of peace & stability in the region.peace & stability in the region.  Successful in preventing conflicts amongSuccessful in preventing conflicts among its member nations through negotiations.its member nations through negotiations.  ASEAN provided a forum in which govts.ASEAN provided a forum in which govts. have been able to communicate with eachhave been able to communicate with each other when ideology would otherwise haveother when ideology would otherwise have kept them apart.kept them apart.
  20. 20. THANK YOU.THANK YOU.

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