Basic Medical Equipments
• Basic common medical equipment required in a
• Patient monitor. ...
• Defibrillators. ...
• Ventilator. ...
• Infusion Pump. ...
• Syringe Pump. ...
• EKG/ECG machines. ...
• Hematology Analyzer / Cell counter. ...
• Biochemistry Analyzer.
Equipments used in hospital wards and
• Iron cot
• Mattress Bedside trolley
• IV stand Foot stool
• Dustbin Back rest
• Screen Wheel chair
• Stretcher Fan ,tube light
• Air contionner, exhaust fan
• Central oxygen and suction supply
Incubator :We place premature or sick babies inside an incubator, or in a heated cot,
to help them maintain their temperature. They may also have humidity inside the
temperature as an additional source of heat as well as a preventative measure to
decrease water losses and skin breakdown.
PHOTOTHERAPY MACHINE :
Phototherapy is the most common treatment for reducing
high bilirubin levels that cause jaundice in a newborn. In the
standard form of phototherapy, your baby lies in a bassinet
or enclosed plastic crib (incubator) and is exposed to a
special light that is absorbed by your baby's skin.
Suction machine and uses
• Suction machines are appliances that are used to remove
substances such as blood, saliva, mucus, and vomit from a
person's airway. A portable suction unit can prevent
pulmonary aspiration and facilitate breathing. Suction
machine supplies include bacteria filters, collection canisters,
and aspirator tubing kits.
Exhaust fan : An exhaust fan will help to absorb the moisture in the atmosphere within the room
and as a result one will benefit from a reduction in problems such as mold and its resultant
negative effects. to eliminate humidity.
Air conditioners often use a fan to distribute the conditioned air to an occupied
space such as a building or a car to improve thermal comfort and indoor air quality.
The cardiac monitor is a device that shows the electrical and pressure
waveforms of the cardiovascular system for measurement and treatment.
• The device is used to help people having sudden cardiacarrest. Sticky pads
with sensors, called electrodes, are attached to the chest of someone who
is having cardiacarrest. The electrodes send information about the
person'sheart rhythm to a computer in the AED.
Type of defibrillator
Defibrillators are devices that restore a normal heartbeat by sending an electric
pulse or shock to the heart. They are used to prevent or correct an arrhythmia, a
heartbeat that is uneven or that is too slow or too fast. Defibrillators can also
restore the heart's beating if the heart suddenly stops.
a BiPap machine can help push air into your lungs. You wear a mask or nasal plugs
that are connected to the ventilator. The machine supplies pressurized air into your
airways. It is called “positive pressure ventilation” because the device helps open
your lungs with this air pressure.
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is a common treatment
for obstructive sleep apnea. A CPAP machine uses a hose and mask or nosepiece
to deliver constant and steady air pressure. Common problems with CPAP include
a leaky mask, trouble falling asleep, stuffy nose and a dry mouth.
The primary purposes of intubation include: opening up the airway to
give oxygen, anesthesia, or medicine. removing blockages. helping a
person breathe if they have collapsed lungs, heart failure, or trauma
B-TYPE OXYGEN CYLINDER
A gas cylinder is a pressure vessel for storage and
containment of gases at above atmospheric pressure.
ECG MACHINE :
An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a simple test that can be used to check your
heart's rhythm and electrical activity. Sensors attached to the skin are used
to detect the electrical signals produced by your heart each time it beats.
NEBULIZER MACHINE :TO PROVIDE
A nebulizer is a small machine that turns liquid medicine into a mist. Medicine
goes into your lungs as you take slow, deep breaths for 10 to 15 minutes. It is
easy and pleasant to breathe the medicine into your lungs this way.
Infanto meter-to measure height
• Infantometer is designed for measuring the baby's length in a
lying down position. The headrest is fixed while the other end
can be adjusted to the baby's foot area to measure the length.
A clinical thermometer (also called clinical thermometer) is used
for measuring human body temperature. The tip of the
thermometer is inserted into the mouth under the tongue (oral or
sub-lingual temperature), under the armpit (axillary temperature),
or into the rectum via the anus (rectal temperature).
Stethoscopes: The stethoscope is an acoustic medical device for auscultation, or listening to the
internal sounds of an animal or human body. It typically has a small disc-shaped resonator that is
placed against the chest, and two tubes connected to earpieces. It is often used to listen to lung
and heart sounds.
The purpose of pulse oximetry is to check how well your heart is pumping
oxygen through your body. It may be used to monitor the health of
individuals with any type of condition that can affect blood oxygen levels,
especially while they're in the hospital.
Dyna plaster-used to wrap soft tissue injuries to
provide compression and support. This helps to limit
swelling and protects the affected area/secure the site
The tubes illustrated are designed for removing small amounts of secretions
from the nose, throat or ears. They are made of glass and are fitted to a
suction pump. Near the angle the glass is blown into a bulb into which the
secretion will run.
Manual Suction machine with parts
A suction machine, also
known as an aspirator, is a
type of medical device that
is primarily used
for removing obstructions —
like mucus, saliva, blood, or
secretions — from a
Laryngoscopy can be used to treat some problems in the vocal
cords or throat. For example, long, thin instruments can be passed
down the laryngoscope to remove small growths (tumors or
polyps) on the vocal cords.
used as part of a surgical procedure in evaluating kids with stridor (a noisy, harsh
breathing) and removing foreign objects in the throat and lower airway. They're
also used in collecting tissue samples (biopsies), laser treatments, and in locating cancer of
Endo tracheal tube
Endotracheal intubation is done to: Keep the airway open in order to
give oxygen, medicine, or anesthesia. Support breathing in certain
illnesses, such as pneumonia, emphysema, heart failure, collapsed
lung or severe trauma. Remove blockages from the airway.
Tracheal tube-A tracheal tube is a catheter that is inserted into the trachea for the primary
purpose of establishing and maintaining a patent airway and to ensure the adequate exchange of
oxygen and carbon dioxide
Tracheal T piece
A T-tube is a silicone stent for the trachea with an external limb.
This stent provides airway support for patients with a tracheal
stenosis to allow the trachea to heal and avoid the need for a
long term tracheostomy tube.
The tracheostomy tube can be attached to a machine (ventilator) that
supplies oxygen to assist with breathing to increase the flow of oxygen to
Non Invasive Ventilator
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
have been used in various unusual settings to assist breathing. NIV is now
frequently used to treat exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary
disease and chronic respiratory failure in neuromuscular disease.
Air mattresses are primarily used to prevent
pressure injuries from occurring. Pressure is a
big concern in all areas of healthcare,
A bed cradle is a frame that is
installed at the foot of the bed to
keep sheets/blankets off legs/feet
Pillows serve to keep the upper body in alignment during sleep, relieving pressure and counterbalancing the
points in the body.
Bryant's traction is used for developmental dislocated hip(s) (DDH). In Bryant's
traction, the child's body and the weights are used as tension to keep the end of the
femur (the large bone that goes from the knee to the hip) in the hip socket.
EMR crash cart:
A crash cart or code cart (crash
trolley in UK medical jargon) or
"MAX cart" is a set of
trays/drawers/shelves on wheels
used in hospitals for transportation
and dispensing of emergency
medication/equipment at site
of medical/surgical emergency for
life support protocols (ACLS/ALS) to
potentially save someone's life.
Inj.Adrenaline (epinephrine )
Uses. This medication is used
in emergencies to treat very
serious allergic reactions to
insect stings/bites, foods,
drugs, or other substances.
Epinephrine acts quickly to
improve breathing, stimulate
the heart, raise a
dropping blood pressure,
reverse hives, and reduce
swelling of the face, lips, and
• Atropine Injection is given before anaesthesia to decrease mucus secretions, such
as saliva. During anaesthesia and surgery, atropine is used to help keep the heart
beat normal. Atropine sulfate is also used to block or reverse the adverse effects
caused by some medicines and certain type of pesticides.
It works by improving the pumping strength of the heart and improves blood
flow to the kidneys. Dopamine injection (Intropin) is used to treat certain
conditions that occur when you are in shock, which may be caused by heart
attack, trauma, surgery, heart failure, kidney failure, and other serious medical
Dobutamine is a medication used in the treatment
of cardiogenic shock and severe heart failure. It may also be
used in certain types of cardiac stress tests. It is given by
injection into a vein or intraosseous as a continuous infusion.
This medication is used to
treat various conditions such as severe allergic
reactions, arthritis, blood diseases, breathing
problems, certain cancers, eye diseases,
intestinal disorders, and skin diseases. It is also
used to test for an adrenal gland disorder
Dexamethasone injection is used to treat
severe allergic reactions. Dexamethasone
injection is in a class of medications called
corticosteroids. It works to treat people
with low levels of corticosteroids by
replacing steroids that are normally
produced naturally by the body.
Digoxin belongs to a class of medications
called cardiac glycosides. It is used to treat
mild-to-moderate congestive heart failure and
to treat certain types of abnormal heart
Digoxin increases the force of contraction of
the muscle of the heart by inhibiting the
activity of an enzyme (ATPase) that controls
movement of calcium, sodium, and
potassium into heart muscle. Calcium
controls the force of contraction.
• Sodium bicarbonate reduces stomach acid. It
is used as an antacid to
treat heartburn, indigestion, and upset
stomach. Sodium bicarbonate is a very quick-
Calcium gluconate is used to treat conditions arising
fromcalcium deficiencies such as hypocalcemic tetany, hypocalcemia
related to hypoparathyrodism and hypocalcemia due to rapid growth or
Kcl Injection is a medicine used in the treatment of potassium
deficiency in the body. This supplement can relieve muscle weakness,
irregular heartbeat, nausea, and vomiting. It is an essential nutrient of
the body which helps in the maintenance of good health.
Dressing trolley set
Dressing trolley is used in hospitals to
carry out dressing or cleaning of patients
after an operation. The tubular frame of
hospital dressing trolley is made of various
metals which are either painted or powder
Oxygen cylinder with stand
1) Clinical Purpose: A Container
designed as a refillable cylinder
used to hold compressed
medical Oxygen (O2) under safe
conditions at high pressure; O2 is
used as an essential life support
gas, for anesthesia, and for
A Rhinoscope (or Nasoscope) is a thin, tube-like instrument used to examine the inside of the
nose. A rhinoscope has a light and a lens for viewing and may have a tool to remove tissue.
• Till now we discussed about the medical
devices and equipments used in hospital and
their significant in health care
• I hope you all understand the devices and
their uses . If you got chance to do work with
theses equipment and devices will you able
apply this knowledge .