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first aid in Insects bites and heat stroke.pptx

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What to know about snakes
What to know about snakes
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first aid in Insects bites and heat stroke.pptx

  1. 1. First Aid emergency in different type of insects bites /animal bites Dr. Anjalatchi Muthukumaran MD(AM), Ph.D (N) MBA (HA), MA (Soc) Vice Principal Cum Nursing Superintendent Era College Of Nursing , ELMCH,EU
  2. 2. Insect bites • Some insects are not harmful themselves but function as vectors for transmitting diseases such as malaria or tick-borne encephalitis.
  3. 3. Insect Bites • Bee, Wasp, Ant stings and other Insect bites. • Remove the sting by scraping, never squeeze the site. • Wash the area and apply antiseptic cream. • Keep the sting site rested, elevated and cool. • To relieve pain and swelling apply cold compress. • Local swelling and irritation may last for several days.
  4. 4. Different types of stings
  5. 5. First Aid in Bee and wasp stings
  6. 6. Scorpions Bites • Scorpion stings can be very painful and the pain may persist for several hours. Local redness and numbness often occur. • Some people are allergic to stings and can rapidly develop the serious condition of anaphylactic shock.
  7. 7. Symptoms of scorpion bite
  8. 8. Treatment • Apply a tourniquet proximal to the site of the sting and release it every 5 to 10 minutes. • Apply ice pack on the region to slow down the absorption of poison. • Shift the patient to hospital • Centipedes • Local redness, itching and pain are common. • Severe pain is sometimes experienced. • Apply antiseptic to the bite site.
  9. 9. Type of scorpion bite
  10. 10. First Aid measures
  11. 11. Snakebites • In many countries, bites by venomous snakes are a serious health problem. In addition, many people are extremely afraid of snakes and snakebites. Even in countries where only harmless snakes are found, people often panic after snakebite and may possibly provide first aid measures that may be harmful rather than beneficial
  12. 12. Snake bite meaning • Bites from sharp pointed teeth cause deep puncture wounds that can carry germs far into the tissues. Snake bite results in punctured wounds caused by the fangs of a snake.
  13. 13. Signs and symptoms of snake bite: • A pair of puncture marks. • Severe burning pain at the site of the bite • Redness and swelling around the bite Nausea and vomiting • Difficult in breathing and speech. • Dimness of vision. • Increased salivation and sweating.
  14. 14. Point to be remember
  15. 15. Guidelines • Suction should not be applied to pull venom out, because it is ineffective and may be harmful • Properly performed compression and immobilization of extremities should be applied in first aid • When performing compression for snakebite, the pressure applied should be a bandage that will allow a finger to be inserted underneath (40 to 70 mm Hg
  16. 16. Actions • In regions where very venomous snakes are found: • Contact the local health centre to find out where and how to get antivenin for victims of poisonous snakes and what specific treatments are needed.
  17. 17. Do,s and Donts
  18. 18. Guidelines • To remove a tick, grab the tick as close to the skin as possible with a very fine forceps/tweezers and pull it gradually, but firmly, out of the skin. • The bite site should be thoroughly disinfected with alcohol or another skin antiseptic solution. Avoid squeezing the tick during removal, because squeezing may inject infectious material into the skin • Use of gasoline, petroleum, and other organic solvents to suffocate ticks, as well as burning the tick with a match, should be avoided • If a rash develops, the patient should see a physician in case antibiotics or vaccinations are indicated
  19. 19. Actions • Contact medical centres to find out which of these insect related diseases are common in the region as well as preventive measures such as: • Use repellent, use bednets, wear long sleeves and long pants, especially at dawn, when these insects are active. • Get in touch with medical personnel on how to prevent these diseases, e.g., vaccination for tick- borne encephalitis and pharmaceuticals for malaria prevention.
  20. 20. Animal bites
  22. 22. FOR BURNS
  23. 23. Fire safety
  24. 24. First aid for bleeding
  25. 25. CPR
  26. 26. DR.ABCDE
  28. 28. ADULT CPR /ACLS
  29. 29. Thank you