School safety


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School safety

  1. 1. Physical Violence Prevention & Conflict Resolution<br />Anita Watkins<br /> School Safety<br /> EDU 615-B1<br /> 04/18/10<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Resolving physical violence and conflict in schools is achievable. As educators, we all play a part in fostering an environment that supports effective strategies that promote safety, good citizenship, and communication. In this effort, it is imperative to demonstrate to students various ways that they can manage and recognize emotions. Conflict resolution can be implemented in our classrooms by using existing curriculum. This model is effective in producing:<br /><ul><li>less physical violence and other disciplinary violations
  3. 3. increased student cooperation in the classroom
  4. 4. lower rates of suspension
  5. 5. lower dropout rates </li></li></ul><li>Introductioncont’d<br />It is also helpful in creating ways for students to counsel their peers. Peer mentoring groups support negotiation, mediation and assist in developing communication skills. Peer mentoring is effective in:<br /><ul><li> positive student interpersonal </li></ul> relations<br /><ul><li> reinforcing communication
  6. 6. teaching skills for resolving conflict </li></ul> without physical violence <br />
  7. 7. Essential Question: How can a school create the climate variables that foster communication and positive relationships?<br />Objectives:<br />1. Integrate conflict resolution skills and training using the existing curriculum<br />2. Create ways for students to share their concerns<br />
  8. 8. 1. Integrate conflict resolution skills and training using the existing curriculum<br />Through the use of our district’s curriculum, we can effectively nurture conflict resolution skills. Using strategies in subjects such as English, Language Arts, Humanities, and Social Studies we can cultivate and reinforce emotional intelligences. <br />
  9. 9. Strategy<br /><ul><li>Use cooperative pairs
  10. 10. Using academic material define and identify conflict
  11. 11. Students take turns sharing personal experiences that are connected to academic material
  12. 12. Students can take turns interviewing each other about conflict
  13. 13. Teacher can supply students with meaningful and interesting questions relevant to conflict, that they can ask each other
  14. 14. Have students work together to reach a mutual agreement
  15. 15. Students may take opposite positions of conflict</li></li></ul><li>This strategy will:<br /><ul><li>Encourage students to help each other
  16. 16. Foster positive student interpersonal relations
  17. 17. Foster listening attentively
  18. 18. Encourage negotiation
  19. 19. Promote good citizenship and character</li></li></ul><li>2. Create ways for students to share their concerns<br />Through the use of peer mentoring groups, students can learn to negotiate constructively. They can discover appropriate strategies for dealing with feelings, resolving conflict and not succumbing to physical violence. <br />
  20. 20. Strategy<br /><ul><li>Create and establish a peer mediation group
  21. 21. Have in place a system of referring students with conflict to the group
  22. 22. Implement activities that emphasize positive relationships
  23. 23. Implement activities that recognize and manage emotions
  24. 24. Implement activities that help develop caring and concern for others
  25. 25. Have students work together to resolve conflict</li></li></ul><li>Strategycont’d<br />Use writing prompts like the following:<br />“Who is someone that you admire?<br />“What qualities make that person effective as a leader?”<br />
  26. 26. These strategies will:<br /><ul><li>Nurture positive emotions
  27. 27. Allow students to practice and reinforce emotional intelligence
  28. 28. Support and foster positive relationships
  29. 29. Promote good citizenship and character
  30. 30. Teach appropriate strategies for dealing with feelings
  31. 31. Help resolve conflict before it leads to physical violence</li></li></ul><li>Nationally, the occurrence of physical violence has decreased since 1993, although, in some urban school districts they have increased<br />Nationwide occurrences of physical fighting in schools<br />Our School<br /><ul><li>Between 1993 and 2007 fighting in schools declined from 16% to 12%
  32. 32. Between 2005 and 2009 incidents of fighting rose by 19%</li></li></ul><li>Conclusion<br />Based on our school’s physical violence trend, the time has come for us to implement the appropriate variables that foster conflict resolution and positive relationships in our students. We can develop strategies by using our existing curriculum creatively. We can also use their peers to nurture skills that facilitate good citizenship and character.<br />
  33. 33. References<br />Stevahn, L. (2004). Integrating Conflict Resolution Training into the <br /> Curriculum. Retrieved April 12, 2002 <br /><br />Skiba, R.J., Peterson, R.L. (2000). Preventing School Violence: A Practical <br /> Guide to Comprehensive Planning. Retrieved April 12, 2010,<br /><br />Skiba, R., Peterson, R. L. (2000). Creating a Positive Climate. Peer Mediation<br /> What Works in Preventing School Violence. <br /> Retrieved April 13, 2010<br /><br />Skiba, R., Peterson, R.L. (2000). Creating a Positive Climate. Violence <br /> Prevention and Conflict Resolution Curriculum. <br /> Retrieved April 13, 2010. <br /><br />National Center for Education Statistics. (2010). Bureau of Justice Statistics<br /> Retrieved April 13, 2010.<br /><br />