Universal education of secondary education


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Challenges for secondary education in Ecuador, prepared by Ana María Núñez and Helen Camacho.

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Universal education of secondary education

  1. 1. Secondaryeducation in Ecuador: Problems and prospects María Helen Camacho Ana María Núñez
  2. 2. Outline Background Structure of the education system: Secondary education, Sp. Education & Specializations Trends: Indicators Quality assurance EFA Efforts: Broadening education coverage; Prospects & Plans Problems & Challenges Conclusions
  3. 3. Background Latin America: Adapting strategies Variables that affect SE performance Evolution in enrolment for the last 20 years Importance of private enrolment Expansion of female participation EFA Efforts
  4. 4. Structure
  5. 5. Secondary EducationBasic, diversified and specialized.Preparation aims to achieve interdisciplinary integration in order to allow students to perform different jobs and continue studies.Objectives: Provide Promote humanistic, research and Prepare mid-level Deepening scientific, technical experimentation to professionals to scientific training and labor skills to prepare the meet the to enable students allow the student to student to requirements of to be able to cope contribute economic continue higher individual, social efficiently to the development the education studies. and professional development of country. fields. science and technology;
  6. 6. Secondary education for people with special needs There are several programs: psycho pedagogic support, educative integration, educative inclusion, and student participation. A range of 31000 students are covered with special education services, whether they are pupils, young adults or adults with disabilities. EFA_VI is a campaign and a a global program from the international council of education of persons with visual disabilities (ICEVI).
  7. 7. Specialization courses The specialization course is intended to training of mid-level professionals. Its basis rests on the requirements of social development, economic development, and, individual Bachelor in Science Bachelor in Arts Technical Bs.
  8. 8. Indicators Transition of Primary to Secondary Education in 2005 78% Source: UNESCO World Education Report, 2006 GER NER 1995 2002 2005* 1995* 2002* 2005* 50 60 65 n/a 50 55Source: * UNESCO World Education Report, 1995; 1998 World Bank, World Development Indicators Repeaters in Secondary 2005 Percentage of Repeaters 2005 31,076 4% Source: UNESCO World Education Report
  9. 9. IndicatorsPercentage Female Students Secondary GPI for NET enrolment 2005 2005 50% 1,02Source: UNESCO World Education Report Pupil Teacher Ratio in Secondary 1995* 2009* 13 22Source: * UNESCO World Education Report, 1995; 1998 World Bank, World Development Indicators Percentage of Trained Teachers in Secondary 78% Source: UNESCO World Education Report
  10. 10. Quality assurance Increasing dependency on private schools. 2003: DINAMEP Examinations held by Ministry of education.
  11. 11. EFA Broadening Education Coverage: Achievements Incentives for voluntary retirement for teachers. Incorporation and appointment of new teachers. Elimination of barriers to entry into the education system (free text books and elimination of the $25 payment). Development of standards for equipment, furniture, teaching material and school uniforms.
  12. 12. EFA Broadening Education Coverage: Achievements Discussion of new teaching model. Basic alternative education (4th to 10th grades in spanish in rural areas) Alternative high school program (physical presence modality, via correspondence and tele-secondary).
  13. 13. EFA Broadening Education Coverage: Achievements Construction of national plans for inclusive education, environmental education, orientation and students’ welfare model. Affiliation to the International Baccalaureate Organization for 22 stage schools in Ecuador.
  14. 14. Problems & ChallengesChallenges: Achieve and strengthen the universalization of Basic education through the Ten Year Education Plan. Reach quality, equity and coverage based on a pedagogical model which responds to the needs of the society.
  15. 15. Problems & ChallengesChallenges: Ten-Year Education Plan aims to increase High School registration to reach at least 75% of the population of that age group. Its goal is to train young people with skills that will allow them to continue their higher education and incorporate them into a productive life conscious of their national identity with a multicultural and multiethnic focus.
  16. 16. Problems & ChallengesProblems: Teachers still work under outdated and traditional pedagogical models. Access to education particularly in rural areas. Free education covers only Basic Education (1st to 10th grades). Students with disabilities have access to secondary education but the school staff in public schools is not properly trained to meet their needs.
  17. 17. Problems & Challenges The lack of other didactic resources, equipment and teachers’ manuals is still affecting education. Repetition rates and dropouts. Infant and youth need to work for helping their families.