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Online Technology For Occupational Therapy Presentation


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This is the presentation by Karen Jacobs and Anita Hamilton at the AOTA conference at Orlando, FL, May 1, 2010.

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Online Technology For Occupational Therapy Presentation

  1. 1. Health-care knowledge transfer using the online environment
  2. 2. Feel like technology is moving so fast… you think you’ve missed the train?
  3. 3. Aims of this presentation <ul><li>Identify how online technology can benefit OT practice </li></ul><ul><li>Review online tools </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate how you can “get on board the train” </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate how the Gen-X and Boomers can embrace these tools </li></ul>
  4. 4. The importance of online technology in health care practice <ul><li>A vast number of online health resources are not created by healthcare professionals or have no professional input </li></ul><ul><li>~ Therefore ~ </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging health professionals to share knowledge online is part of the answer and… </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration between stake-holders using online technology is one other… </li></ul><ul><li>Being empowered to become skilled using online technology is crucial! </li></ul>(Kamel Boulos & Wheeler, 2007; Potts, 2006)
  5. 5. Evolution of Online Technology Phase Feature Web 1.0 One-way web Web 2.0 Interactive web Web 3.0 Immersive web
  6. 6. Online tools <ul><li>Blogs/Microblogs </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Forums </li></ul><ul><li>Online citation manager </li></ul><ul><li>Online databases </li></ul><ul><li>Online surveys </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>RSS feeds & Readers </li></ul><ul><li>Social bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks </li></ul>For a comprehensive list of applications see handout <ul><li>Video feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Voice over Internet Protocol </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul>
  7. 7. Using online technology to manage a world of knowledge Knowledge retrieval, storage, generation & transfer Evidence-Based Information Communities of Practice Client opinion & ideas Resources and information
  8. 8. Evidence-based practice <ul><li>Information on the Internet is often criticized for the following reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not clearly sourced/referenced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not peer reviewed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information may not have been retrieved or shared ethically </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do we know what we can trust? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cites references from reliable sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Registered with an online credential-checking organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains RSS feeds from reputable sites </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Communities of practice <ul><li>Online tools are perfect for creating communities of practice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social bookmarking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs & Microblogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Worlds </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Online with clients <ul><li>Online tools are perfect for obtaining information and opinions from clients </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual worlds </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Resources for clients <ul><li>Online technology can host information for clients </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasts (audio only) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Videocasts (visual and audio) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communities of interest </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Online tools in use in Occupational therapy <ul><li>Get ready to board the train! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Web-log or Blogs <ul><li>Tend to centre around a certain topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filter or reflection blogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can have one or more author </li></ul><ul><li>Can be public or private </li></ul><ul><li>Very easy to set up </li></ul><ul><li>Is a great way to start working in the online world </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easiest Blog: Blogger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sophisticated Blog: WordPress </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. An OT blog
  15. 15. Micro-Blogs <ul><li>Different from a traditional blog in that its content is typically much smaller, in length file size </li></ul><ul><li>An entry consists of a short sentence fragment, image or video </li></ul><ul><li>Microbloggers post about &quot;what I'm doing right now,&quot; to the thematic, such as “assistive technology&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial microblogs also exist, to promote websites, services and/or products. </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buzz </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Micro-blogging
  17. 17. Collaborative writing <ul><li>Can be used by one or more people in real time or asynchronously. </li></ul><ul><li>Groups can work on a document, spreadsheet or presentation, overcoming the need to keep track of different versions. </li></ul><ul><li>Appealing to healthcare workers, as they can be used to organize meetings, take notes or create joint documents </li></ul><ul><li>Each document is web based, and has its unique URL </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoho Writer </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Collaborative writing Text Text
  19. 19. Discussion forums <ul><li>A message board or online discussion site, equivalent to former “bulletin boards” </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced List-Servers via email </li></ul><ul><li>Manage user-generated discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Usually moderated by a group/team </li></ul><ul><li>Social bonds and interest groups for a topic may form from the discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>phpBB (Kawa forum and “Occupational Therapy Forum” use this program) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UltraBB </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. An OT discussion forum
  21. 21. A cancer support discussion forum
  22. 22. Online citation manager <ul><li>Online citation managers combine social networking with citation management and give greater access to knowledge through collection of like minded folk </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CiteULike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bibsonomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>connotea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2collab, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mendeley  </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Online citation manager
  24. 24. Online scholarly databases <ul><li>Freely accessible Web search engine that indexes the full text of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines. </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pubmed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BMJ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Online scholarly database
  26. 26. Online surveys <ul><li>Cost-effective way for delivering surveys, collecting results, and then analyzing the results all through one central system.  </li></ul><ul><li>Fantastic tool to collect opinions and information to enhance practice </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survey Monkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoomerang </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Online survey
  28. 28. Personalized homepage <ul><li>Your own homepage/start-page that uses RSS feeds to obtain information (e.g. news, weather, stock market info etc…) using widgets and gadgets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widget: a piece of reusable code that you can plug into virtually any website. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gadget: like a widget, but it is proprietary & only works on a certain website or a specific set of websites ( </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iGoogle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MyYahoo </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Personalized homepage
  30. 30. Podcasts and Videocasts <ul><li>A series of audio or video digital-media files that are distributed over the Internet by syndicated download (RSS), through Web feeds, to portable media players and personal computers </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CNET Podcast Central </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talkshoe </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Podcasts
  32. 32. Podcasts
  33. 33. Videocasts
  34. 34. RSS Feeds and Readers <ul><li>RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication, Rich Site Summary or RDF Site Summary (McLean et al. 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>You can subscribe to alerts from Internet news services, blogs or podcast updates, journal table of contents or Pubmed searches </li></ul><ul><li>You no longer have to visit your favourite websites or blogs for updates; rather you are informed of updates. </li></ul><ul><li>It is simple to subscribe to any site that has the RSS symbol </li></ul><ul><li>To start receiving RSS feeds, you will need to set up a reader or an aggregator to receive subscribed updates. </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Reader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloglines </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. RSS Feeds and Readers
  36. 36. Social Bookmarking <ul><li>Provides the ability to save your web browser's bookmarks on a website </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to take your bookmarks with you. </li></ul><ul><li>This type of bookmarking system is usually public but can also be saved privately or shared with specified people or groups </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delicious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diigo </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Social Bookmarking
  38. 38. Social Networking <ul><li>Support maintenance of existing social networks, or connect people with shared interests </li></ul><ul><li>Sites vary in the types of applications and communication tools they offer, such as mobile connectivity, blogging and photo- or videosharing (Kamel-Boulos et al. 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>They make a user’s network visible to others, opening up the possibility of new connections and new networks </li></ul><ul><li>There are over 40 major social network sites on the Internet today, with the two most popular in the English-speaking world being Facebook and MySpace (Junco & Cole-Avent 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>A different type of social networking site is Ning, where users set up their own social networks based on special interests </li></ul>
  39. 39. Social Networking
  40. 40. Social Networking
  41. 41. Social Networking
  42. 42. Virtual Worlds <ul><li>Multiuser virtual worlds are computer-based, simulated multimedia environments that are designed to enable users to interact with each other using digital objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Each user has a customizable graphical self-representation known as an avatar, which has its own name and can be adapted to have unique features (Kamel-Boulos et al. 2007). </li></ul><ul><li>Currently the most popular virtual world is Second Life, with 8.9 million residents in 2008 (Seeman 2008). </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Croquet project </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Virtual Worlds
  44. 44. Voice over Internet Protocol <ul><li>VoIP services convert voice into a digital signal that travels over the Internet to a computer or a phone or another computer </li></ul><ul><li>Some programs can be added so that you can record online calls (e.g. Ecamm Network) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skype </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iChat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google talk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wimba </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Voice over Internet Protocol
  46. 46. Wiki <ul><li>Wiki means “fast” in Hawaiian </li></ul><ul><li>A collaborative software that allows a group to collaborate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users add content and edit others’ content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Able to be developed, edited and modified with no knowledge of programming or HTML </li></ul><ul><ul><li>making it accessible to everyone, not just the tech-savvy! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Able to be maintained equally by all users </li></ul><ul><li>Is a great way to start sharing information in the online world </li></ul><ul><li>Where to start: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easiest wiki: PB Works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sophisticated wiki: Mediawiki </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. A wiki’s content is generated by its users <ul><li>The users are responsible for the direction and content of the wiki web site over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone that uses the wiki has the opportunity to contribute to it and/or edit in the way that they see fit. </li></ul><ul><li>This allows a wiki to change constantly and morph to represent the needs of the users over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Roll-back capacity in “history” tab can remove accidental loss of data or enable group to restore content or return to a previous version. </li></ul>(Bray & Boufford, 2006; Samarawickrema, 2007)
  48. 48. A wiki you probably know!
  49. 49. Wikis in healthcare <ul><li>Wikis can be used: </li></ul><ul><li>For collaboration on projects and research </li></ul><ul><li>As a continuing professional development tool: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect practitioners in different geographic locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop communities of practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As a tool with clients: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For sharing knowledge (encyclopedia-style wiki) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create resources for ongoing use by clients (eg: home modification wiki) </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. Professional development wiki
  51. 51. Community resource wiki
  52. 52. Getting the Net Generation ready for practice <ul><li>Incorporating blogs, wikis, podcasts, video-casts, virtual worlds, discussion forums, etc in day to day teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating the applicability for practice </li></ul><ul><li>Highlighting the risks of working online </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating professional practice in the online world </li></ul><ul><li>Researching the students perceptions to share with the world! </li></ul>
  53. 53. Getting Gen X and Boomers on board
  54. 54. Getting Gen-X and Boomers on board <ul><li>Start simple </li></ul><ul><li>Get familiar with tools </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to be overwhelmed by choices </li></ul><ul><li>Ask yourself some questions… then make a plan </li></ul>
  55. 55. Stop… Think… Act… <ul><li>What do I do well in my practice? </li></ul><ul><li>What do I want to improve? </li></ul><ul><li>Who do I want to learn from? </li></ul><ul><li>Who do I want to learn with? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I share my knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>Do I acknowledge others’ knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>How can this all be better coordinated? </li></ul><ul><li>Am I invested in this? </li></ul><ul><li>What support do I need? </li></ul>
  56. 56. Websites <ul><li>AOTA Living Life to its Fullest Podcasts: </li></ul><ul><li>Cathy’s EC Café: http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>CiteULike: </li></ul><ul><li>Delicious: </li></ul><ul><li>Diigo: </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook: </li></ul><ul><li>Google Docs: </li></ul><ul><li>Google Reader: http:// .com </li></ul><ul><li>Healthskills Weblog: </li></ul><ul><li>iGoogle: </li></ul><ul><li>Linkedin: </li></ul>
  57. 57. Websites <ul><li>Mediawiki: http:// </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Therapy Forum: </li></ul><ul><li>PBWorks: </li></ul><ul><li>Podcast directory: </li></ul><ul><li>Pubmed Central: </li></ul><ul><li>Second Life: </li></ul><ul><li>Skype: </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Monkey: http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia: </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube: </li></ul><ul><li>Zoomerang: http:// / </li></ul>
  58. 58. References <ul><li>Bray, B., & Boufford, B. (2006). Beyond ‘Eye Candy’: Using Wikis for Collaborative Student Presentation Web Sites. Paper presented at the IMPACT 2006. Retrieved 30 January 2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>Burke, L., & Weill, B. (2009). Information technology for the health professions. (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Kamel Boulos, M. N. K. & Wheeler, S. (2007). The emerging Web 2.0 social software: An enabling suite of sociable technologies in health and health care education. Health Information and Libraries Journal, 24, 2-23. </li></ul><ul><li>Erardi, L. K. & Hartmann, K. (2008). Blogs, Wikis and Podcasts: Broadening our Connections for Communication, Collaboration and Continuing Education. OT Practice, 13(9), 1-7. </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton, A. (2010). Diffusion of Innovation: Web 2.0. Occupational Therapy Now, 12(1), 18-21. </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton, A., & Penman, M. (2010). Using online technology. In K. Stagnitti, A. Schoo & D. Welch (Eds.), Clinical and Fieldwork Placement for health professionals. Melbourne: Oxford University Press. </li></ul>
  59. 59. References Kift, S. (2003). From bolting on to embedding: How do we progress the seamlessness of online and in-class learning environments to enhance student learning outcomes? Paper presented at the OLT 2003 Excellence: making the connections. From . Potts, H. W. W. (2006). Is E-health progressing faster than E-health researchers? [Electronic Version]. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 8. Retrieved 1 May 2008 from (n.d.). Q. (n.d.). Unabridged. Retrieved March 24, 2010, from website: Samarawickrema, G. (2007). Wikis in Higher Ed. Report. Melbourne: Deakin University. Seeman, N. (2008). Web 2.0 and Chronic Illness: New Horizons, New Opportunities [Electronic Version]. Healthcare Quarterly, 6, 104-110. Retrieved May 2008 from . Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. (2010). FL: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved March 23, 2010 from