QR code


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This presentation is about QR code and it uses in modern technology,here this code is compared with other codes and also tells about how it works

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QR code

  1. 1. ‘QR’ code Presented by- ANISH KUMAR.B 13MX04
  2. 2. BAR CODE What is a bar code? A barcode is an optical machine readable representation of data relating to the object to which it is attached.
  3. 3. Quick Response Code What is QR code? A two-dimensional bar code that is widely used to encode & provide easy access to information.
  4. 4. QR Code  The QR code system was invented in 1994 by Toyota’s subsidiary , Denso Wave.  Initially used to track vehicles & for tracking parts during manufacture.  Now it’s also used to easy link and transfer information on smart phones.  The information in a QR code is typically some sort of actionable text that directs the phone to take some sort of action
  5. 5. How it works? QR Code generator Print or link User connects with Smartphone or computer It requires a QR scanner application which is to be installed in smart phone or computer to decode the information in QR code.
  6. 6. QR codes are made up of black squares and white squares. Each of these squares is called a module. In every QR code, there are certain modules that must not be covered or edited, else the code won’t scan.
  7. 7. Encryption Encrypted QR codes, which are not very common, have a few implementations. The QR App , manages encryption and decryption of QR codes using the DES algorithm. Error correction  It has a function of an error correcting for miss reading that white is black.  It use the Reed-Solomon error correction algorithm with four error correction levels.  Capacity of a QRcode is determined by version , error correcting level and encoding mode.
  8. 8. Level L (Low) Level M (Medium) Level Q (Quartile) Level H (High) 7% of codewords can be restored. 15% of codewords can be restored. 25% of codewords can be restored. 30% of codewords can be restored.
  9. 9. Decryption The three large squares highlighted in red are the position markers. These tell the scanner where the edges of the code are.
  10. 10. The smaller red square is an alignment marker. The red strips of alternating black and white modules are called timing patterns. They define the positioning of the rows and columns. The green sections determine the format. This tells the scanner whether it’s a website, text message, Chinese symbols, numbers, or any combination of these. The modules highlighted in blue represent the version number.
  11. 11. Version of QR code Version 1 (21x21) Version 2 (25x25) Version 10 (57x57) Version 25 (117x117) Version 3 (29x29) Version 3 (33x33) Version 40 (177x177)
  12. 12. Scanning a QR code The information is read by a mobile phone equipped with a QR code reader, which works in conjunction with the phone's camera to decode the information.
  13. 13. Uses URL: A QR code can be used to encode the text of a URL, which will be opened using the Web browser. Telephone Number: A QR code also may contain a phone number. When the code is read, the phone's dialer will open with the number filled in, and also the QR code can automatically place the call by asking permission. SMS: A QR code may contain a mobile telephone number that is ready to receive a text message. The QR code reader would prompt the phone to open the messaging client, and would open a new message that the user can compose and send. The QR code can store up to 4,296 alphanumeric or 7,089 numeric characters.
  14. 14. QR Code Readers Apps QR Code Readers for Cell Phones: Kaywa Beetagg QR Code Reader for Computers: NeoReader QuickMark
  15. 15. Other 2D bar code  Microsoft Tag – Microsoft have their very own 2D barcode format known as a High Capacity Colour Barcode, or 'Tag'. The main benefits of this are that you can easily customise your tag. The main drawback of Microsoft Tag is that they can only be read using Microsoft's own tag reader.  Data Matrix – This is probably the most similar format to the QR Code and is commonly used on small electrical components because it can be read even when only 2-3mm in size.  EZcode – In this, data is not actually stored within the code itself, but on the Scanbuy server. A code index is sent from a mobile device to the server, which queries a database and returns the information. The problem with such a system is that it is wholly reliant upon the Scanbuy servers.
  16. 16. Reference http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/QR_code  http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/QR-codequick-response-code  http://www.tech-faq.com/how-do-qr-codeswork.html  http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia/term/61424/q r-code  http://www.qrstuff.com
  17. 17. THANK ‘U’