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8
The outer annular fibers are eroded and eventually replaced by bone
→ bony syndesmophytes, which then grows by continued...
DIAGNOSIS
•X-RAY
• Narrowing of joint space,
• subchondral sclerosis,
• articular cysts,
• osteophytes
Knees
Hips
Neck & back
Big toes
Hands
Elbow
Shoulder
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis
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Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis

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Ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis

  1. 1. 8 The outer annular fibers are eroded and eventually replaced by bone → bony syndesmophytes, which then grows by continued enchondral ossification, ultimately bridging the adjacent vertebral bodies = “bamboo spine”.
  2. 2. DIAGNOSIS •X-RAY • Narrowing of joint space, • subchondral sclerosis, • articular cysts, • osteophytes
  3. 3. Knees Hips Neck & back Big toes Hands Elbow Shoulder

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