• Discussion is a text which present a
problematic discourse. This problem will be
discussed from different viewpoints.
Discussion is commonly found in
philosophical, historic, and social text
• To present argument and information from
a. Supporting Points (Pendapat Yang Mendukung)
b. Contrasting Points (Pendapat Yang Bertentangan)
Conclusion / Recommendation (Kesimpulan / Saran)
The language feature
• Simple present tense
• Generic participants – people; scientists;
• Logical connectives; therefore, however
Hacking: Pro and Contra?
Do you know what a hacker is? Well, a hacker is a person who enjoys
exploring the details of programmable systems on computers and they like
to stretch the capability of the systems. And you know what, the activities
they do in the computers are called ‘hacking’.
So, what’s the problem with ‘hacking and its hackers’? Well, the
problem is whether ‘hacking and its hackers’ is legal or illegal? What I mean
is that people in the world have many different views about hacking and the
hackers. Some of them take sides, but many object.
To get back to what I was saying previously, let us see the positive
points of a hacker, shall we? Although in most places breaking into
computer systems is considered illegal, I believe that hackers don’t do
anything illegal because they only want to know and try the systems. I dare
to say that a hacker likes finding the strengths and the weaknesses of a
computer system. They feel proud if they can find the weaknesses. So I
don’t really see the crimes in this case. In addition, these hackers
sometimes help the police catch the ‘white collar criminals’, such as bank
robbers, money launderers, credit card forgers. For example, in 2000, the
U.S. hackers caught some Singaporean hackers who made ‘Virus Love’ to
break up the programs of the U.S. National Security system.
Commercial breaks during television shows generally generate one of
two reactions: viewers will reach for the remote and switch
channels, or they will sit through the ads.
In recent survey by Marketing Research Indonesia
(MRI), some 47 percent of respondents switched channels during
commercial breaks, while 37 percent they sat through the ads.
In the survey of 711 people
in Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang,Surabaya, Medan and Makassar; 83
percent of respondents suggested that the government strictly
regulate the content of TV ads.
Despite all the criticism, most respondents agreed on the
importance of TV ads to support broadcast programs. Some 80
percent saw the necessity of ads for the survival of TV stations.
Besides the advertisers and the advertising industry, television
stations should also take part in filtering quality ads to show
audiences. TV stations should take a stand in rejecting
advertisements considered to be of low quality.
1. What is the type of the above text?
a. exposition d. description
b. discussion e. report
2. What does the writer want from the text?
a. to describe commercial TV ads specifically
b. to explain how TV ads are broadcasted in TV
c. to present at least two points of view about
d. to describe commercial TV ads generally
3. Why are TV ads indispensable for TV? Because ….
a. they are main income of TV
b. they attract the audiences to watch TV
c. they make the audiences switch the channels
d. they give significant lesson to the audiences
e. they determine the program availability
4. Which is TRUE according to the text?
a. The presence of ads has no effect on TV stations.
b. The TV stations have no power to reject the low
c. More people agree with the importance of TV ads.
d. The viewers give different reactions to the TV ads.
e. TV broadcast needs no TV ads to run its programs.
5. television stations should also take part in
filtering quality ads to show audiences.
The underlined words have synonymous
meaning with ….
a. separate d. assemble
b. resemble e. create