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Anıl Sural - Turkey 2050 Vision Business Geography


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Anıl Sural - Turkey 2050 Vision Business Geography

  1. 1. Anıl SuralUniversity of TriesteFaculty of EconomyBusiness Geography
  2. 2. Vision 2050 Turkey
  3. 3. Restructuring Process: 2010-2025Conversion Process: 2025-2050Human DevelopmentEnsuring equality of opportunity for everyone to reach a more democratic and prosperous society.UrbanizationCities that offer a high qualityof life for future generations.
  4. 4. Restructuring Process: 2010-2025Conversion Process: 2025-2050 Urban Transport Safe and low-carbon transport Energy Safe and low-carbon energy. Sustainable Production and Consumption Efficient and high tech manufacturing & conscious consumers
  5. 5. Time 2050:Turkey has a population of 100million
  6. 6. Human Development- VisionEnsuring equality of opportunity for everyone to reach a moredemocratic and prosperous society.- Measures of Success1.Education, employment, health and social security policiesconfigured taking into account changes in population structure.2. Individual and regional income disparities and poverty have beenfixed.- The main subject of the conversion time1.Increase in the population of working age, the aging society.2.The fight against poverty and inequality in income distribution.
  7. 7. Human Development-The key issues in the transition period1.Increasing participation of women in the labor force andemployment.2. Prevention of unemployment.3. Education reform.4. Changes in the age structure of the population.At 2025 , These must be done.1. Equal participation of women in all areas of social life.2. Eliminate regional development disparities.3. Implementation of employment-friendly policies.4. Expansion and improvement of the quality of training at each level.5. Tightening of the informal economy.
  8. 8. Urbanization- VisionCities that offer a high quality of life for future generations.- Measures of Success1. Balanced growth was achieved.2. Population and environmental sources was developed transportation systems and housing technologies.- The main subject of the conversion timeSmart green city.
  9. 9. Urbanization-The key issues in the transition period1. Provision of urban transformation.2. Increase in innovative capacity.- At 2025 , These must be done1. Integrated urban management.2. Urban growth, land use planning and urban design by means oftaking control.3. Using the principles of green architecture and green building,environmental protection and improving the environment, theintegration of planning processes of restoration work.
  10. 10. Time 205080 % of the population will livein cities
  11. 11. Against the negative effects ofclimate change:Smart Green Cities
  12. 12. Urban Transport- VisionSafe and low-carbon transport.- Measures of Success1. Alternative energy fuels became dominant.2. Transparent and participatory management of the transportation was provided.- The main subject of the conversion timeIntegrated transportation solutions.
  13. 13. Urban Transport-The key issues in the transition period1. Ensure a balance between transport modes.2. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from transportation.- At 2025 , These must be done1. Providing access to the transportation system.2. Vehicle and fuel efficiency improvement.3. The development of intelligent communicationstechnologies.4. Weight given to infrastructure investments.5. Development of new vehicle systems.
  14. 14. Istanbul highwaytransportation of CO 2emissions increased by 37 %between 1990-2007 and it hasbeen 9 million tons.
  15. 15. Energy- VisionSafe and low-carbon energy.- Measures of SuccessReduced greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with a specific target.- The main subject of the conversion timeEnergy supply security and reducing greenhouse gasemissions.
  16. 16. Energy-The key issues in the transition period1. Liberalization of the energy sector provision.2. Reduce reliance on energy imports.- At 2025 , These must be done1. Reducing the cost of renewable energy sources.2. Transition to efficient technologies in electricitygeneration.3. Diversification of energy sources.
  17. 17. Turkey, 70 % of the energyit consumes is imported.
  18. 18. PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF ENERGYAND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY HABITS.- VisionEfficient and high-tech manufacturing & conscious consumers.- Measures of Success1. Sustainability, for all products, services, consumption and lifestyles are applied.2. Increased share of the production of high-tech products.3. Energy intensity fell to the OECD average level.- The main subject of the conversion timeConsciously change the production structure and consumptionhabits of industry.
  19. 19. PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY HABITS.- The key issues in the transition period1. Reward and promote the technological development is the righttechnology choices.2. Reduce energy intensity.3. Consumers awareness, preferences, since the creation ofenvironmentally friendly products.- At 2025 , These must be done1. Stages of production and logistics to ensure the resourceand process efficiency.2. Increasing innovation at every stage of production.3. Environmentally friendly products, while building acompetitive, consumer preferences to be encouraged to doso.4. Increase business and consumer relationship.
  20. 20. 58 % of consumers sayenvironmentally-friendlyproducts are tooexpensive. While 33 %said there is functionalenough.
  21. 21. Turkey as of 2008 approximately37 % share of total industrialenergy consumption.
  22. 22. Turkey, in 2009 the share ofenvironmental spending 0.13 % ofenergy efficiency .
  23. 23. Thank you!Best Regards,Anıl Sural