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Vallidolid spain presentation on creative communities, innovative individuals


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this presentation based on a talk given on jan 18 draws upon several previous thoughts and ideas, comments are invited and usual disclaimers apply, feedback may be sent at anilgb @ gmail. com

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Vallidolid spain presentation on creative communities, innovative individuals

  1. 1. anil k gupta National innovation Foundation ( [email_address] iima Creative communities, innovative  individuals : harnessing imagination of minds on the margins for yet another renaissance Creative communities, innovative  individuals : harnessing imagination of minds on the margins for yet another renaissance Anil k gupta Honey bee network and national innovation foundation, sristi ahmedabad [email_address] blog [email_address]
  2. 2. Honey Bee network ( 1987-88 ) A nameless, faceless innovator or traditional knowledge holder comes in contact with the Network and gets the identity
  3. 3. Mapping the creative mind at grassroots Cultural Educational Technological Institutional folkloric
  4. 4. Leveraging long tail and compressing nose of innovations
  5. 5. Long tail of innovation ( only a few achieve scale, a large number sell a few pieces or in a few communities ) Long nose of innovation: Take long time to come into market Room for maneuver
  6. 6. Let scale not be the enemy of the sustainability : logic of the Long Tail, investing in ideas, technologies with limited diffusion, without that sustainability is threatened Let small scale innovations be not ignored, they enrich the eco-system for innovation and entrepreneurship
  8. 8. What is a skill: how do we convert such rich skills into enterprises, is economic meltdown a good time to create new icons of hope Bhabi Mahato: an unrecognized genius
  9. 9. Incubation of innovative ideas: <ul><li>Why so much talk about micro finance but none about micro venture finance; creating an ecosystem for start-ups </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting people without connections and collateral </li></ul>
  10. 10. Innovation Investment Enterprise GOLDEN TRIANGLE FOR REWARDING CREATIVITY
  11. 11. <ul><li>Design that matters , makes a difference and is rooted in culture and traditions </li></ul><ul><li>Fab-labs ( fabrication at the street corners, common fabrication workshops, common tool rooms) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Innovations in institutions, incentives and intermediary mechanisms
  13. 13. Learning from multiple sources, levels, and channels: Future sources of learning, creativity and innovation would not be restricted to formal boundaries of organisations. Polycentric Learning from multiple sources, levels, and channels:
  14. 14. Inclusive leadership requires dealing with dissent and diversity : Ownership of future strategies cannot be widespread if the contribution for creating them is only from a chosen few. 
  15. 15. Building capacity at different levels requires distribution of responsibilities. 
  16. 16.   Creating networks : No one organization is likely to possess sufficient information or knowledge to enable it to achieve its goals
  17. 17. Shaping future requires working sometimes without templates : Integration of different streams of thought and action require incorporation, assimilation and adaptation of the strengths of each system
  18. 18. Shadows of sustainable spirit: trying to look for frugal, diverse, resilient and simultaneous solutions , as nature does all the time
  19. 19. Many castles were built in India during long spells of drought to generate jobs : any lessons here?
  20. 20. Patan patola a seven hundred year old tradition-: cultural entreprenurship
  21. 21. Leadership is to start early : building consciousness among children so that they internalize the logic of future societal transformation
  22. 22. Ignite <ul><li>Recognising creativity of children and nurturing their dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Starting early </li></ul>
  23. 23. I want a high tech school bus which can give alert signal as it approaches my bus stop. I would not miss my bus this way!!: pallavi, 9 th class I want to integrate the gait of a person with a mobile. As walking style differ person to person, the software will be able to identify the signals based on the body movements while walking If the mobile will sense a different movement once act will lock itself and send a message about its location predefined number. : anurag rathor 9 th class Why pierce skin to get a blood test done? I wish to make a blood testing system that would do the required test by scanning the skin surface or testing the skin excretions :srishti class iv
  24. 24. Breathing sensor apparatus to assist physically challenged This system consists of a circuit which uses the energy generated through breathing exercise. It may display several options such as food, It thus enables paralyzed people articulate their wish and be self-reliant in routine activities. The technology has a range of applications like operating a wheelchair, electronic appliances, prevention of accidents, detecting thefts, etc. Susant Patnaik, Class VIII, now in 12 th Bhubaneshwar Back Back
  25. 25. Nisha Chaube NOIDA Bag with folding seat
  26. 26. Yathartha Saxena Pantnagar Triangular wheels
  27. 27. <ul><li>Sarojini Mahajan </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Charging mobile through human pulse: Idea </li></ul>
  28. 28. Prakhar Parashar Hoshangabad Increasing life of mosquito coil by almost 20%
  29. 29. Piyush Agarwal Hazaribagh Automatic withdrawal system for clothesline for rains
  30. 30. Rain Water Harvesting Umbrellas Ojasvi Goel & Saihiel Bakshi Delhi
  31. 31. Ullas Keshav, Poornesh A S, Amogh M Hooli, Vignesh D Nernekar, Akshay Tulasigeri Dakshina Kannada LPG Exhausting Indicator An electronic device that informs the user that the LPG in the gas cylinder is going to exhaust. When the weight of the cylinder decreases beyond a certain fixed weight, the signal gets activated.
  32. 32. Jallandhar
  33. 33. Jallandhar
  34. 34. Remya was in class tenth, when she designed this
  35. 35. Networking innovators with engineering students: <ul><li>100k projects by 350k students from 500+engg colleges </li></ul>
  36. 36. Leadership is to ask questions about constituents which have no vote : nature and perfect strangers
  37. 37. Leadership is not having to live with problems unsolved indefinitely <ul><li>CPIK( Community Platform for Innovations and Knowledge management </li></ul>
  38. 38. Solutions for the poor people, by the poor Non stick clay pan: Rs 60 /= Mansukh Bhai Prajapati, Surendra Nagar, Gujarat
  39. 39. Md Rojadeen: cooker for coffee creativity in champaran ( 22 nd shodh yatra Dec 2008)
  40. 40. Service at your door step: Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, Maharshtra Fortune at the Top of Ethical and Innovation Pyramid Scooter mounted floor mill Scooterbased washing machine
  41. 41. Biomass gasification system Innovator : Mr. Rai Singh Dahiya, Hanumangarh, Rajasthan Scout : Direct entry Received on 18-10-2006 <ul><li>The system has unique gasification unit and filtering mechanism. Gasifier is compact and surrounded by water jacket. </li></ul><ul><li>Producer gas is cooled by heat exchanger (water jacket) </li></ul><ul><li>Producer gas is cleaned by a grit filter and a baffle filter (having perforated and non perforated plates/baffles surrounded by local dry grass) </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike other gasifiers, gas is not scrubbed by water </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal fuel: Dry wood (upto 30-35 cm long), coconut shell and coconut husk (MC < 20% db) </li></ul><ul><li>Calorific value of producer gas: 1000 kCal/m3, Composition: CO 21 %, H2 12%, CO2 15% (tested by TERI) </li></ul><ul><li>Price: Rs. 25000/- per kVA </li></ul>
  42. 42. Multi purpose processing machine <ul><li>Innovator Mr. Dharamveer, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana </li></ul><ul><li>Scout Direct Entry Received on 30-1-2006 </li></ul><ul><li>The machine is capable of processing various herbs like juice of aloe vera, gel and essence from left over of aloe vera, juice of amla, jamun, mango, tomato, orange, etc.; essence from chilly, coriander, flowers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Pulp of fruits is fed to machine for juice extraction </li></ul><ul><li>The feeding rate (almost equal to rate of juice (output)) is 150 kg/h </li></ul><ul><li>The left over of aloe vera leaves (after separating the pulp) is fed in batches of 40-42 kg along with water (1:0.5) for extraction by distillation. Adequate heat is applied at the bottom of the vessel by LPG stove. </li></ul><ul><li>The essence from aloe vera is evaporated and is collected in a separate vessel after getting condensed and the viscous residue left in the vessel is like a gel which is collected from the bottom outlet and zilactin is added @1 g/lit for converting it into useful cosmetic along with flavors </li></ul><ul><li>Machine price: Rs. 1,35,000 </li></ul>
  43. 43. Phone operated switch & others Mr. Prem Singh Saini
  44. 44. Compressed air car: join hands Mr. Kanak Gogoi
  45. 45. Automatic watering in flower pots and others Mr. Abdul Kaleem Video-electric shock Video-flower pot
  46. 46. A problem unsolved, but not any more <ul><li>Leadership is not having to live with problems unsolved indefinitely </li></ul>
  47. 48. Frugality is thus imperative, it is not a choice
  48. 49. Learning from nature <ul><li>Can we learn from common people while designing services and products for vertical and horizontal supply chain? </li></ul><ul><li>Has frugality of nature has some thing to do with our own need to be frugal? </li></ul>
  49. 50. Reducing footprint <ul><li>The design of packaging material, shelves, transportation system and consumption patterns will undergo a change once different circles of production and consumption exchanges / networks are visualized over space and time. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, only for long term and long distance consumption, one would use sturdy packaging material. </li></ul><ul><li>There will be another interesting spillover effect. Once we start modifying the logistical chain, the community markets will start becoming competitive. Face to face interaction among consumers and producers will take place more often. The whole politics of regional and sectoral development will undergo a change. </li></ul>
  50. 51. <ul><li>The proximal transactions do not have to be analyzed through the prisms of </li></ul><ul><li>remote supply chains. </li></ul>
  51. 52. Multi-functionality : <ul><li>Higher the multi-functionality, lesser the waste and better the resource utilization. Most cultures in developing countries are multi-functional in their orientation. </li></ul><ul><li>The skills, resources and tools for multi functional designs are quite different from the ones needed for specialized and single function goods and services. There is a higher redundancy, resource wastage and consumption of energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Multi functional devices and services may be able to build much higher feedback loops and thus reduce waste, ensure higher stability and justify better quality consumption. </li></ul>
  52. 53. Diversity of design <ul><li>Idea is to provide information to the consumer about degree of biodiversity in the habitats from which raw materials are sourced. </li></ul><ul><li>Since vegetative colours may not always be uniform, the consumer preferences will have to molded to prefer variable colours. Just as markets created preference for uniform colour, taste, shape, texture, etc., the challenge in future is to do the opposite. </li></ul><ul><li>While doing so, the packaging and transporting logistics would have to be adapted to the new needs. </li></ul>
  53. 54. <ul><li>A whole range of technological innovations will be needed, for instance, to package the diverse fruits, vegetables and other materials. Human needs and preferences for a sustainable world must guide and trigger technological innovations and consequent supply chains and logistical arrangements and not the other way around. </li></ul><ul><li>Time for re-definition of our logistical goals has come. </li></ul>
  54. 56. Leadership is to see the intertwining of sacred with profane, in pursuit of sustainability: CREATING PUBLIC STANDARDS OF EXCELLENCE
  55. 57. Relationship between Innovation and Standards <ul><li>How does Standard affect evolution of Ideas and Innovation?? </li></ul><ul><li>Case 1: QWERTY Keyboard </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid jams in typewriter while typing fast, by placing unrelated letters together and slowing down typing speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slower the typing rate, less frequent is the Jam </li></ul></ul>
  56. 58. Rethinking standards to trigger innovations <ul><li>Dvorak Keyboard : 20% faster typing speed </li></ul><ul><li>Movement of hands reduced to 1/16 th </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the advantages, 99.99% keyboards are QWERTY based </li></ul><ul><li>QWERTY’s de facto standard for 20 years, hindered the innovation for the society, even if it improved performance! </li></ul>
  57. 59. Voluntarism is the essence of volition: Innovations in civil society sector: social innovations –for elderly, lone mothers, minorities
  58. 60. JANAKI Devi, Western Champaran, Bihar, innovator of a herbal pesticide, patent filed by NIF on her innovation, testing done in SRISTI natural product lab
  59. 61. At 70, he is young, why are u old already? Saidullah, champaran, Bihar <ul><li>Blending </li></ul><ul><li>love, learning and loving </li></ul>learning love living
  60. 62. What can Spain, India and China learn from Brazilian and other slums Mr Ubirajara, 47 , in slums around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, inventor of stand on front wheel of cycle More stable, easier to vend things, portable bench
  61. 63. Rider Induced bicycle Mr. Kanak Das, Assam Bicycle based sprayer Mr. Mansukhbhai Jagani, Gujarat Bicycle with gear Mr. Jayanti J Patel,Gujarat Bamboo bicycle Mr. Dodhi Pathak, Assam Amphibious Bicycle Mohd. Saidullah, Bihar Bicycle based mobile spray pump Subhas Vasantrao Jagtap, Maharastra Multipurpose Bicycle Md. Kamruddin, Rajasthan Bicycle operated ..nif09Videovikram_rathore.mpg pump Mr. Vikram Rathore, AP Bicycle based portable Pump Mr. Nasiruddin Gayen, WB Bicycle based Innovations
  62. 64. Honey Bee network in Limpopo, South africa Modified donkey cart (One among many designs ) Differential-40 kg, what is it doing here, amrutbhai What it was???? What it became
  63. 65. CHIN: Shanzhai Breathing Apparatus Honey Bee Network in china TUFE The crude breathing machine assembled by Ji jun hai, Meng wen hai and Ma bao shun pumping life into Xiaoyan’s lungs!
  64. 66. Empathetic innovations Pollution control device
  65. 67. Pollution controlling silencer 1 <ul><li>Most of the stationary engines and genset run without any silencer. </li></ul><ul><li>This is an attachment for filtering exhaust of stationary engines/gensets. </li></ul><ul><li>It comprises a cylindrical housing in which exhaust gas is allowed to expand and strike over fins embedded on internal surface of cylinder and perforated tubular fins. This results in dissociation of CO and CO2 into carbon particulates, which can be removed periodically through opening provided for this purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>The carbon can be used as raw material for making boot polish and similar applications. </li></ul><ul><li>The exhaust gas coming out has very reduced pollutants, quite low temperature and results in very low noise (BIT Mesra Test report) </li></ul>Video Innovator : Mr. Virendra Kumar Sinha , East Champaran, Bihar Scout : Md. Azhar Hussain Ansari (Scouted in 2005-6) PAS
  66. 68. Leadership is to nurture Designs that can self correct themselves: autopoesis designs
  67. 69. Electric shock proof converter Innovator : Mr. Kshetrimayum Nicholson Singh, Manipur Scout : NIF NE, Assam ( 4th July,2006 ) <ul><li>Usually people especially kids are electrocuted when they touch electric boards. Kids used to insert their finger inside the socket/plug point, which results accidents many times. </li></ul><ul><li>This device coverts all electrical lines to shock free power lines. </li></ul><ul><li>The device can be installed just after the energy meter </li></ul><ul><li>When there is a contact of human being at the output stage even with the live wire, due to the relays and circuitry, electricity circuit becomes open through the relay. </li></ul><ul><li>Innovator has developed one unit 5 years ago which he is using in his workshop since then </li></ul><ul><li>Product is ready to launch in the market </li></ul><ul><li>Price: Rs. 5000-10,000 (depending upon number of connections in the house) </li></ul>Video2 Test report
  68. 70. <ul><li>The smell from septic tank attracts mosquitoes </li></ul><ul><li>Once the mosquitoes get trapped they can not escape </li></ul><ul><li>The transparent plastic tubes act as a solar furnace and kills the mosquitoes </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for hospitals, gardens, schools, hotels, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The innovator developed it 15 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>The first machine was sold in Dec 2006, which is still functional. </li></ul><ul><li>The innovator has sold over 500 units till date (12.7.10) </li></ul><ul><li>Expected life: 5-6 years </li></ul><ul><li>Price: Rs. 1500/- </li></ul><ul><li>Weight: 1.25 kg </li></ul><ul><li>The innovator can deliver 5000 units per month </li></ul><ul><li>The innovator is planning to launch household version shortly, which will not use biogas as attractant, rather milk (processed in certain way.. under research) would be used. </li></ul>Eco-friendly mosquito destroyer Video Innovator : Mr. Mathews K Mathew, Kannur, Kerala Scout : Direct entry….5 th comp (2005-06) Feedback Bench-marking Prior art search
  69. 71. Milking machine <ul><li>Innovator: Shri Mr. Raghava Gowda, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka </li></ul><ul><li>Conventionally, milking is done manually which is tedious job if one has number of cows. The completely automatic machines are available in market but they are too costly. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a manually operated semi automatic machine for milking cows </li></ul><ul><li>It can milk cows using a set of reciprocating vacuum pump and suction assembly unit </li></ul><ul><li>The suction assembly has two sub-assemblies with a set of nipples and stainless steel plate on one side and transparent conduit pipes and a regulator valve on the other. </li></ul><ul><li>The hand lever attached to the pumping unit is cranked till a vacuum of 15 inches is created. This is attached to the udders and the milk gets deposited in the receiving canister via the transparent conduit pipes. When air bubbles flow along with the milk, the operation is stopped and on gently pressing the top of the teats, the teats get released. </li></ul><ul><li>It milks 1.5 litre to 2 litres per minute. For milking a cow it takes about 3-5 minutes (5-15 lit). </li></ul> Video Bench-marking
  70. 72. Herbal dye 1 Innovator : Mr. C V Raju, Andhra Pradesh <ul><li>Etikay Products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A feast to the eyes – are stunningly colourful wood lacquerware from Padmavathi Associates of Etikoppaka, a small village near Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To keep alive a traditional craft and sustain scores of craftsperosns and their families involved in the making of these beautiful novelties, toys and utilities. Etikay products are simply a class apart from other similiar wood crafts. </li></ul></ul>
  71. 73. <ul><li>This is an environment friendly cheaper solution for water lifting (having low initial cost and negligible operating cost). An alternative solution for water lifting by electric power operated pump/pumps guzzling fossil fuels or in absence of both pumps operated manually with low discharge. </li></ul><ul><li>The supporting structure/tower of windmill has been developed using low cost, readily available material in the region (eg. bamboo, eucalyptus, etc depending upon regional availability). This structure houses a horizontal shaft made of mild steel (or cast iron) with four blades placed at the centre. The blades of turbine are made of mild steel sheet. The rotary motion of the shaft over which blades are mounted, (resulting due to wind power) is transferred to reciprocating movement of pump-lever using cam and lever mechanism. </li></ul>Assam Low cost windmill Md. Mehtar (32) and Mushtaq Hussain Video
  72. 75. Innovation Investment Enterprise GOLDEN TRIANGLE for rewarding CREATIVITY Leadership is to take note of ex ante and ex poste transaction costs and deal with them upfront, If not these are transferred to the weaker partner
  73. 76. biodiversity Modern R and D Give me a place to stand, I will move the word
  74. 77. Shodh yatra every summer, every winter
  75. 78. Food for body, soul and the eyes
  76. 79. Satvik Traditional Food Festival, iim campus
  77. 80. Kitchen King- automatic food making machine Master Abhishek Bhagat, class tenth , Bhagalpur, Bihar
  78. 81. Automatic Food Making Machine Master Abhisek Bhagat, class tenth, Bhagalpur, Bihar <ul><li>One needs to switch it on, select the item to be prepared from menu in digital display, after selecting the items, there would be display of numbering of boxes along with information about raw material. Once the raw materials are fed in the respective boxes (in suggested quantity), user needs to insert unique electronic recipe card. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different cards for different items. </li></ul><ul><li>The machine reads the programmed card and accordingly signals different boxes at preset timings to release ingredients according to recipe card in given sequence. </li></ul>
  79. 82. Bixa orellana Natural dye obtained from seeds and used for flavouring puddings and sweets (Arku Valley) Jampras: arku valley ( community Knowledge)
  80. 83. 7G biscuits <ul><li>Nutraceutical properties: </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in calcium, iron, phosphorus </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in protein </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in Omega 3 fattyacids </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in vitamins and minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in dietary fibre </li></ul><ul><li>Repair the body tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy booster </li></ul><ul><li>Improve General health and metabolic functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Antioxidant </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in bioactive compounds </li></ul>
  81. 84. We are suffering form nutritional crisis due to deficient soils <ul><li>There's great variation from nutrient to nutrient in the various tests showing how depleted the soil/plants is/are, and here's one of the most extreme examples (Source: Japan standardized Ingredients List): </li></ul>
  82. 85. Dr. Linus Pauling, two-time Nobel Prize winner, stated, &quot;You can trace every sickness, every disease and every ailment to a mineral deficiency <ul><li>As an example, magnesium is the activator for over 300 enzymes. Also it is integral in the production of ATP, the energy compound of the body. Magnesium is seriously deficient in the average diet, yet mainstream medicine gives little attention to the body’s critical need for it. </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly, zinc is a component of all cells. It is a cofactor in nearly 70 different enzymes, and provides significant benefits for the immune system, growth and development of muscular and skeletal structures, and tissue repair. Today’s foods contain too little for our needs, especially those of children. </li></ul>
  83. 86. <ul><li>Amounts of Vitamin C in 100 g of Spinach 1950 = 150 mg 1963 = 100 mg 1982 = 063 mg 1994 = 013 mg </li></ul><ul><li>That's a circa 90% reduction and this is not the rule, but an exception. Still, nobody seems to disagree that there is a severe soil depletion going on, and that this affects the nutrient levels in both livestock animals and humans. Nutrient comparisons have also been made between traditional, 'non-Western' diets and current, Western diets - </li></ul>
  84. 87. <ul><li>Another example that has been referred to a lot (possibly/maybe because it's a bit more extreme/scary than the average?), is a comparison between the nutrient changes in potatoes over the last 50 years: Using potatoes as an example, in a study to find out what nutrients the  potato  has lost over the last 50 years. This is what was concluded : • 100% of Vitamin A  • 57% of Vitamin C and Iron • 28% of Calcium • 50% of Riboflavin • 18% of Thiamine Out of all of the nutrients analysed only niacin levels actually did increase. The conclusion was very similar for 25 fruits and vegetables under the same test conditions. Broccoli had a huge reduction in which all nutrients had significantly declined, surprisingly including niacin. Figures have been published in scientific journals in the UK including the British Food Journal.  A professor at the center for Food Policy explained how our food has been so degraded that we would now have to eat 8 oranges to get the same amount of Vitamin A from an orange which our grandparents would have eaten many years ago. </li></ul>
  85. 88. <ul><li>Out of all of the nutrients analysed only niacin levels actually did increase. The conclusion was very similar for 25 fruits and vegetables under the same test conditions. Broccoli had a huge reduction in which all nutrients had significantly declined, surprisingly including niacin. Figures have been published in scientific journals in the UK including the British Food Journal.  A professor at the center for Food Policy explained how our food has been so degraded that we would now have to eat 8 oranges to get the same amount of Vitamin A from an orange which our grandparents would have eaten many years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Food and beverages industry has to educate people about it, invest in research and join hands for overall holistic vision . </li></ul>
  86. 89. ( g2G) Business Development and MVIF National Innovation Foundation
  87. 90. g2G grassroots to global <ul><li>Global GIAN – Building Global Value </li></ul><ul><li>Chain for augmentation of Green </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots Innovations </li></ul>
  88. 91. Sales made <ul><li>Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets, California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Pomegranate deseeder-Turkey, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic peeling machine-Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Arecanut husker- Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Milking machine-Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Resin grading machine-Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava peeling machine-kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal growth promoters-Ghana </li></ul>
  89. 92. Product enquiries: Sl no. Innovation/product Countires 1 Coconut/palm tree climbing device USA, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Iran, West Indies 2 Entech oil expeller USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Phillipines, Canada, Kenya, Colombia, S. Africa, Switzerland, Poland, Indonesia, Belgium 3 Garlic peeling machine Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Peru, Singapore, Iran , Venezuela, Pakistan 4 Pomegranate deseeding machine USA, Australia, Turkey, Venezuela, Hongkong, Israel, Netherlands, Thailand, UAE, Iran, United Kingdom 5 Cassava peeling machine Congo, USA, Benin, Nigeria, Kenya, UAE, Uganda 6 Aaruni tilting cart Uganda 7 Coconut defibring machine China 8 Coconut dehusker Mexico, New Zealand, USA, Philippines, Bangladesh 9 Lemon cutting machine S. Africa 10 Milking machine Bangladesh, Uganda, Ecuador 11 Palm leaf mat weaving machine Fiji 12 Rain Gun (Chandraprabha) Sudan 13 Tea making machine Bangladesh, 14 Tile making machine Bangladesh, Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana, Zambia 15 Trench digging machine Pakistan 16 Zero head water turbine Egypt 17 Arecanut dehusking machine Chile
  90. 95. <ul><li>How do we share the benefits? </li></ul>
  91. 96. How to reward: Portfolio of Incentives for farmers’ innovations Forms of incentives Material non material Target Of individual Incentives collective material-individual Ipr or non ipr based awards Awards R and d grants Endowments non-material-individual Recognition Honour Memorial material-collective Trust funds Venture and incubation funds Collective awards Supp for Institution building endowments non-material-collective Policy changes Pedagogic changes
  92. 97. What are stairs used for: climbing up?
  93. 98. Please think for a moment deeply
  94. 99. What are stairs used for: climbing around, into each other’s heart: horizontal bonding between formal and informal sector, science and spaces
  95. 100. How did it happen: The journey….. SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH AND INITIATIVES FOR SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES AND INSTITUTIONS (www. ) GRASSROOTS INNOVATION AUGMENTATION NETWORK (www NATIONAL INNOVATION FOUNDATION ( www. ) [email_address] Honey bee network , informal global social movement, started in 1987-88,
  96. 101. <ul><li>Creativity counts </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge matters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Innovations transform </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives inspire </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Join the honey bee network </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For rewarding indigenous creativity and innovation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contact us: [email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>