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India reimagined redefined reignited 2013 14 anil gupta iima


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inclusive innovation ecosystem in india, national innovation foundation, honey bee network, ignite, , gian, sristi, ahmedabad, how doe sone learn from innovations, autopoesis model fo innovation, frugality, sustainable development, mind on margin are not marginal minds,

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India reimagined redefined reignited 2013 14 anil gupta iima

  1. 1. India redefined, reimagined, reignited: A Perspective on Grassroots, Youthful Creativity and Innovation Minds on the margin are not marginal minds anil gupta, IIMA, Honey Bee Network and NIF -
  2. 2. Honey Bee Network founded in 1987-1988 A nameless, faceless innovator or traditional knowledge holder comes into contact with the Network and gets an identity, voice, visibility and viability of its sustainable vision .
  3. 3. Intellectual capital Social capital Trust, reciprocity and third party sanctions External regulation Natural capital ( commoditization of resources, stored, sold, exchanged, controlled) Intellectual property ( that part of ic from the commercial applications of which, one can exclude others for a given period of time) Ethical Capital ( internal regulations) Source: Gupta, 2001
  4. 4. Five tensions: a) Autonomy and agency b) Accuracy versus affordability c)  Blue print versus autopoiesis (blended, bundled and bridged innovations) d) Institution led -user adopted to user-created or cocreated and corporate adopted-reverse innovation e) Symmetrical versus asymmetrical open innovation models
  5. 5. Long tail of innovation (only a few innovations achieve scale, a large number sell a few pieces or in a few communities) Room for maneuver Long nose of innovation: Take long time to come into market
  6. 6. Transformation is possible Story of : five transformations a) New Chemistry of sustainability equation: circular economy: b) From market led to market disruption: new forms of alliances: TATA agrico and a small innovator, BUHLER, ST Microelectronics, TATA Steel, c)  Frugal, friendly, flexible and futuristic heuristics d)  New models of learning from below: inverted model of innovation-children invent, engg fabricate, companies commercialise e)  New models of financing and co-creation –, empathetic innovations
  7. 7. Dimensions of Inclusion – Spaces – Sectors – Seasons: stable to fluctuating – Social segments – Skills and knowledge Inclusive Innovation
  8. 8. • Less material • Local material • Repairable features • Upgradable features • Aspirational connect • Sticking to essentials •  Extreme affordability
  9. 9. H Affordable L high Accessible low h available L Assumption is that products or services are known, people are aware, but can they afford these, access these and if can access, can they avail them,
  10. 10. Material Old new Old method New old Use or applications New Innovation: at least one of the three dimensions should be New
  11. 11. Frugality Imperatives Material: frugality in quantity, replacement, maintenance, waste recycling Method: distributed, concentrated, iterative versus blue print, selfcorrecting, local repaired or repaired from outside, or blended Application: low end, high end, diversified or specialized locally modifieable or only experts can fix or make, robust versus sophisticated application, makeshift or permanent,
  12. 12. Circular Economy • Value chain redesign, •  reciprocal open innovation platform Frugality is flexible Frugality is friendly Frugality is extremely affordable
  13. 13. Four levels of learning 1) Artefactual 2) Analogic 3) Heuristic 4) Gestalt - replication of similar design - metaphor to inspire - models of thinking - configurational of factors Gupta, 2012, Own compilation Learning platforms from concrete to abstract
  14. 14. Learning at four levels: Higher the interlinkage, greater the depth, diversity AND development
  15. 15. Mohammed Usman Hanif Patel, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, class two Artefactual level
  16. 16. Self-Cleaning Molecular Material Student Team : M. B. Avinash ,T. Govindaraju, Carsten Schmuck, Elisabeth Verheggen Supervisor Name: Dr T. Aravind Govindaraju; College Name: JNCASR Analogic level
  17. 17. Autopoiesis at grassroots for inclusive development creativity, compassion, communication and collaboration anil Honey Bee Network creativity, compassion, communication and collaboration
  18. 18. Just 70 Euro Low  Cost  Wind  mill     Stronger, durable version,   900 euro, saves diesel Mehtar  Hussain  and  Mushtaq  Ahmad,  Assam   worth 700 euro in one   season of salt making Over  35  units  installed  in  salt  farming  regions   of  Gujarat  to  improve  livelihood  of  poor  salt   farmers     New  heuris9cs:     Maximizing  output  per  unit  of  9me  and  smoothening  the  flow  are    not  always  sustainable     Innova&on  by  Mehtar  Husain  and  Mushtaq  Ahmed    from    Assam  to  Gujarat    
  19. 19. Heuristic level Uniform flow versus flow in spurts Is maximisation of output always good?
  21. 21. Meghalaya Technology is like words, institutions are like grammar and culture is like thesaurus GESTALT level Three pillars of sustainability
  22. 22. The President of India honours grassroots innovators, launches National Innovation Clubs and hosts an innovation exhibition at the President’s house; NIF becomes an Institute of Department of Science and Technology Initiative to Institutionalisation
  23. 23. The former President awards children innovators every year at the IGNITE Award function by NIF at IIMA Initiative to Institutionalisation
  24. 24. National Innovation Clubs •  Search: Celebrating the decade of innovation by scouting and mapping the creativity and innovations in the hinterland •  Spread: Disseminating/Cross-pollinating innovations across spaces, social segments and sectors •  Sense or Benchmark: Identifying the roots of persistent problems and the mindsets that trigger their continued tolerance in society to solve problems •  Celebrate: Recognising achievers in different social spheres
  25. 25. Few Variations of Bullet Santi / Handio
  26. 26. Fortune at the Top of the Ethical and Innovation Pyramid Scooter based washing machine Service at your door step Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, Maharshtra Scooter mounted flour mill
  27. 27. Being short of material resources, it is inevitable that the Poor optimize mental resources (imagination ) resulting in extremely affordable, frugal and accessible innovations Md Rojadeen: Champaran, Bihar cooker for coffee, anywhere !!!!!!!! frothy espresso
  28. 28. Bicyle Refrigerator For Rural Areas Student/ Author : Sagar Chandrakant Gadkar, Amol Raghunath Kachare, Sanjay Shivaji Kachare, Suyog Hanmant Jadhav Guided By : Prof. S. A. Khot College : Padmabhushan Vasantraodada Patil Institute of technology, Budhgaon, Sangli It is a 50 lit capacity, refrigerator which is powered by a rear wheel of bicycle. To achieve the required rpm of compressor we provide a larger pulley of dia 20 inch on rear wheel shaft through which pulley we run the compressor and achieved the required output. Steady paddling of bicycle at 14 km/hr. for 30 minutes at an ambient temperature of 35 C, brings down the temperature in box to 8 C.
  29. 29. Andhra Pradesh Meghalaya Energy – new heuristics Do we harvest it efficiently? Can our mothers from the North East and Southern India teach us some thing new? Mizoram
  30. 30. Arnab, West Bengal Frontiers of frugality
  31. 31. Mohammed Usman Hanif Patel, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, class two Frontiers of frugality
  32. 32. •  a portal by SRISTI ( pooling 167,000 engineering projects by 400k students from over 600 institutions •  engaging with youth
  33. 33. Shanu Sharma, Vardan, IITK
  34. 34. Image, Speech Recognition and Speech Synthesis for people with hearing and speaking disabilities Saurabh Saket and Rahul Ranjan Bhutta College of Engineering & Technology, Ludhiana
  35. 35. Exhaust pipe cools drivers cabin, Pune Lpg gas based refrigerator Chintan, Mayank, Biren Mehsana Hot water from fridge Dhruv Mehsana Has any big company given you a fridge that also provides hot water, keeps food warm and consumes less electricity?
  36. 36. GOLDEN TRIANGLE for rewarding CREATIVITY Leadership is to take note of ex ante and ex post transaction costs and deal with them upfront, If not, these are transferred to the weaker partner Innovation Enterprise Investment
  37. 37. Milking machines Innovator: Shri Raghava Gowda, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka •  •  Manually operated, semi automatic and automatic machines for milking cows which can milk cows using a set of reciprocating vacuum pump and suction assembly unit Machine can milks 1.5 litre to 2 litres per minute. Commercialization •  Over 5000 pcs are sold •  NIF signed MoU with Suntec Agri Equipements Pvt Ltd, which will sell 6000 pcs per annum through their 55 Agrimart retail outlets and 600 dealer network spread across the country. •  The cost of machine is 15-25k
  38. 38. Biomass Gasification System Innovator : Shri Rai Singh Dahiya, Jaipur, Rajasthan •  Unique gasification unit and filtering mechanism. Producer gas is cooled by water jacket/heat exchanger, cleaned by a grit filter and a baffle filter •  Gasification Efficiency 60 -70%, Thermal efficiency: 25% (tested by MNIT, Jaipur) •  Available in capacity 5 -100 kVA, single and three phase - open and closed (sound proof design, having canopy) as per the requirement of customer. •  GE helped in value addition. Commercialization: •  Over 170 units have been sold in different parts of country; received the single order of 100 units from Meghalaya (over 60 million INR), 30 units already delivered . •  Eight units have been exported to South Africa, Kenya, Germany, Italy and Singapore. •  Price (15 kVA): INR 550,000 and 650,000 with and without canopy, respectively
  39. 39. Sugarcane bud chipper Innovator: Mr. Roshan Lal Vishwakarma, Narsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh •  •  The device includes a hemispheric knife actuated by a hand operated lever, which can chipped the buds of sugarcane. The chipped buds can be shown directly in the field or nurseries may be grown Commercialization: • NIF signed MoU with Tata Agrico • Innovator will manufacture and Tata Agrico will market the device through its outlets • A batch of 1500 machines are delivered to Tata’s and they have approved the Quality of the product.
  40. 40. Marine Inboard diesel engine and Z Drive Innovator: B. Mohanlal, Aleppey, Kerala Reversible reduction gearbox Manually tillable Z-drive system The diesel engine directly couples with two reduction gears through flange coupling with engine flywheel. The innovativeness lies in the application of helical gears with inner spline cut with dual sided jaw and dog clutch. This provides the smooth running and better power transmission for the marine diesel engine. To go along with gear box for diesel engine, manually operated Z drive system is developed, which is manually tiltable and can be locked at 90 degrees while landing. It also has reduced the loss of power through horizontal shaft power transmission and result in smooth drive and better maneuverability. NIF signed MoU with Matsyafed Matsyafed gave an order of 100 machine sets – order value of about INR 68 Lakh.
  41. 41. Yuvan Long life Setup with Ensigns Healthcare to manufacture and market herbal teas based on community knowledge •  Herbal Tea for Diabetes. Herbal Tea for Obesity. •  Herbal Tea for Anti – Ageing. •  Herbal Tea with anti –inflammatory properties. • Herbal Tea with Anti – oxidant properties •  Herbal Tea for Hypertension.
  42. 42. Making strategic breakthroughs Domain characteristics Technological platforms Known Unknown     incremental innovations, R & D with external adaptive trials, user-led Known experts, new actors modifications. , and new arrangements incubation             Product Development, Paradigmatic Unknown amplify the form, features and functions disruption, discontinuity and non-parameteric approaches , sanctuary model  
  43. 43. How to reward: Portfolio of Incentives for Innovations Forms of Incentives Material material-individual Target of individual Incentives collective non material non-materialindividual Ipr or non ipr based Recognition awards Honour Awards Memorial R and d grants Endowments material-collective non-materialTrust funds collective Venture and incubation Policy changes funds Collective awards Pedagogic changes Support for Institution building Endowments
  44. 44. Mind to Market
  45. 45. Herbvate Skin Ointment It is based on the knowledge of seven innovators from six districts: Sabarkanth, Panchmahal, Dang, Mahsana, Patan and Bhavnagar of Gujarat. Herbavate exhibits remarkable properties against eczema and a variety of inflammatory and infectious skin conditions. Communities: The innovators of Herbavate: 1. Amratbhai Shankarbhai Rawal, Mehsana Gujarat. 2. Kunjubhai Kakadiyabhai Bhoya, Dang Gujarat 3. Pujabhai Dabhi, Sabarkantha, Gujarat 4. Karshanbhai Parmar, Sabarkantha Gujarat 5. Laxmanbhai Pagi, Panchmahal, Gujarat 6. Lilabhai Rawal, Patan Gujarat 7. Lakhabhai Becharbhai Khatana, Bhavnagar Gujarat
  46. 46. Botanicals for Growth Promotion and Insect Pest Control in Agricultural Crops Innovator: Bhikhaji Kaluji Solanki Field Trial Results    • Results indicate that the herbal preparation significantly reduced the grasshopper and larval population (H. armigera and Earias vittella ) in Okra plants. •  Fruit damage in Okra was also controlled by NIF-BKS, which was at par with Chlorpyriphos @ 0.05%. •  Increase of 14 to 69% in number of branches was recorded as compared to control. •  Increase of 8 to 44% in the yield was recorded, maximum @ 40ml/L.
  47. 47. Herbal preparation for controlling borers in vegetable crops Innovator: Jokhu Shah     Field Trial Results • NIF-JS (6ml) significantly reduced population of H.armigera as compared to untreated control. • A reduction of 52% in mealy bug was recorded as compared to untreated control. • Reduction in fruit damage was recorded with NIF-JS @ 7.5ml/L, followed by 10ml/L dose which was better than the positive control. • Formulation also increased plant height @ 6 ml/L . • NIF-JS showed moderate larvicidal effect against Spodoptera litura and Helicoverpa armigera larvae under controlled conditions.
  48. 48. Herbal preparation for controlling pests in paddy, bajra and vegetable crops Innovator: Kodarji Kaluji Pagi Field Trial Results •  The trail was conducted on Okra in field conditions and data of plant hoppers, larval (H.armigera and Earias vittella) population and fruit damage was recorded. • After 48 hours of spray there was significant reduction in the larval population. •  Larval population/plant was 2.25 in untreated and 0.0 in NIF-KKP (25 ml/L) and Chlorpyriphos treated plants. • The herbal preparation also caused reduction in fruit damage/plant as compared to untreated control.
  49. 49. g2G grassroots to global Global GIAN – Building a Global Value Chain for the Augmentation of Green Grassroots Innovations
  50. 50. Grassroots innovations find global markets …..
  51. 51. Sales made internationally 1.  Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets, California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, West Indies 2.  Pomegranate deseeder - Turkey, USA 3.  Garlic peeling machine - Pakistan 4.  Arecanut husker - Singapore 5.  Milking machine - Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia 6.  Resin grading machine - Peru 7.  Cassava peeling machine - Kenya 8.  Herbal growth promoters - Ghana
  52. 52. Product queries: Sl no. Innovation/product Countires 1 Coconut/palm tree climbing device USA, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Iran, West Indies 2 Entech oil expeller USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Phillipines, Canada, Kenya, Colombia, S. Africa, Switzerland, Poland, Indonesia, Belgium 3 Garlic peeling machine Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Peru, Singapore, Iran , Venezuela, Pakistan 4 Pomegranate deseeding machine USA, Australia, Turkey, Venezuela, Hongkong, Israel, Netherlands, Thailand, UAE, Iran, United Kingdom 5 Cassava peeling machine Congo, USA, Benin, Nigeria, Kenya, UAE, Uganda 6 Aaruni tilting cart Uganda 7 Coconut defibring machine China 8 Coconut dehusker Mexico, New Zealand, USA, Philippines, Bangladesh 9 Lemon cutting machine S. Africa 10 Milking machine Bangladesh, Uganda, Ecuador 11 Palm leaf mat weaving machine Fiji 12 Rain Gun (Chandraprabha) Sudan 13 Tea making machine Bangladesh, 14 Tile making machine Bangladesh, Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana, Zambia 15 Trench digging machine Pakistan 16 Zero head water turbine Egypt 17 Arecanut dehusking machine Chile
  53. 53. Culturally Alive India
  54. 54. Solar Operated Car Eco-friendly vehicle Bio-bike Air-powered car Green building design Solar Water Heater Rain Water Harvesting Umbrella Electricity From Noise Polution Bicyle Refrigerator For Rural Areas
  55. 55. Bicycle based Innovations Rider Induced bicycle Mr. Kanak Das, Assam Bamboo bicycle Mr. Dodhi Pathak, Assam Multipurpose Bicycle Md. Kamruddin, Rajasthan Bicycle based sprayer Mr. Mansukhbhai Jagani, Gujarat Bicycle with gear Mr. Jayanti J Patel,Gujarat Bicycle operated pump Mr. Vikram Rathore, AP Amphibious Bicycle Mohd. Saidullah, Bihar Bicycle based mobile spray pump Subhas Vasantrao Jagtap, Maharastra Bicycle based portable Pump Mr. Nasiruddin Gayen, WB
  56. 56. Emerging Models of Innovation a) Building upon what disadvantaged people are rich in: inability to live with problems unsolved – overcoming inertia b) Empathetic innovation: samvedana se srijansheelta, kho kho model of innovation (innovation relay) c) Going beyond long tail, long nose of innovation to turbulent innovation
  57. 57. Emerging Models of Innovation d) Inverted model of innovations: children invent, engineers fabricate, and companies commercialize e) Pooling of distributed ideas for innovation and experimentation : uncommon from common f) distributed mind management: transcending the limits of frugality g) Moving blackboards: learning from unexpected quarters
  58. 58. Should accuracy be traded off with affordability? Should design overtake durability Should desires be preferred over deserving ade-offs in Tr Inclusive evelopme D
  59. 59. Rethinking logistics for on the Minds sustainable future margin are not marginal learning from grassroots minds innovators shall we join hands in learning from grassroots green innovators fortune really lies at the Top of the innovation, anil k gupta value pyramid ethical, and thus, poor people are not at the bottom of all pyramids anil k gupta National Innovation Foundation, SRISTI, honey bee network, IIMA
  61. 61. Creativity counts Knowledge matters Innovations transform Incentives inspire (not just individual, but also collective, not just material, but also non-material) Join the Honey Bee Network! For rewarding indigenous creativity and innovation,,