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ONLINE ASSIGNMENT
PHYSICAL CLASSROOM
ARRANGEMENT FOR SMALL GROUP
LARGE GROUP AND LABORATORY
GROUP INSTRUCTION.
Submitted by
ANILA EDWARD
B.Ed Natural Science
Reg.no:18114300004
G.C.T.E .Thycaud
Introduction
When you take student’s common development
characteristics in account while setting up a classroom: you will find that
they can be much more productive and comfortable throughout the
school day. When designing a classroom for students consider a couple
of key characteristics. They have tons of energy but easily tire, and they
are often gregarious, wanting and needing frequent social interaction.
Their need for social interaction means that the traditional seating
arrangement with separate desks facing the front of the classroom would
be really tough for students.
Small group sit on the floor or in chairs, there
should be at least one place in the classroom where they can sit in a
circle so that everyone can see and be seen. If space is tight, consider
teaching students how to move furniture. So there’s room to from a
circle. Make sure students can sit comfortable. The physical arrangement
of the classroom can serve as a powerful setting event for providing
students effective instruction and facilitate positive teaching or learning
interactions. As with the aspects of instruction, the physical arrangement
of the classroom should be reflective of the diverse cultural and
linguistic characteristics of the students and be consistent with specific
learner needs.
The groups may be depends on the size of
the class, the length of time you have available, physical features of the
classroom and the nature of the group task. Students are assigned to
group based on need for additional help, time and practice in order to
master the content and skills covered in a particular unit or less on the
teacher already has taught to the entire classroom group. Physically
arranging a classroom is very hard physical labor. Finding the right type
of furniture is challenging as well.
BENEFITS OF AWELL DESIGNED
CLASSROOM.
A class room that has a well defined physical
arrangement and appears organized will promote a positive learning
environment.
 Students learn to respect physical boundaries. There are
boundaries between student’s areas and teachers, boundaries
between each of students individual work areas. This
provides opportunities to teach students to respect other
people’s spaces and belongings.
 Students will also learn which behaviors are acceptable and
expected in each specific location of the classroom and which
behaviors are not acceptable or expected in certain other
classroom locations .It is a valuable life lesson that is
important at home, in the community, and on the job site.
 Proper room arrangement provides predictability which has a
calming effect on many students. A decrease in anxiety
typically translates in to a decrease in misbehavior as well.
 Class room materials are readily accessible it decreases down
time and misbehavior and increases productivity.
Of the 10 components physical
arrangement is the jumping off point .When an environment
is chaotic the pupils feel more harried. When an environment
is cluttered, the pupil in the environment feel more
disorganized, and valuable time is lost searching for the
correct materials or locating needed supplies. Class
arrangement design should begin with a well thought out plan
for the room and its contents.
THE 10 MINUTE RULE
If a visitor can come into your classroom and correctly
answer the following type of questions within 10 minutes, then said you
have a well designed classroom where specific activities and lessons will
take place.
 Where are reading and other academic taught?
 Does there appear to be an area for group instruction?
 Where are individual work areas?
 Is there an area for arts and crafts?
CLASSROOM ARRANGEMENT
The driving force behind your class room
arrangement is the needs of your students.
 Number of students.
 Sitting position of students- sit with their feet flat on the floor,
knees bent at an angle of 90.and elbow resting on the desktop for
writing.
 Students have specific medical needs that require special when
arranging the classroom.
 Should consider safety issues.
There are three questions that will undoubtedly impact your
classroom arrangement.
1. What furniture is available?
2. Is there a sink in my classroom?
3. Where are the electrical outlets and the connection for the internet?
The answer to these questions will guide you in making the
Appropriate decisions on how to use your classroom space and what
Furniture you will need. Medical procedures, diapering, or tube feeding
requires a private area to preserve dignity and to respect the right to
privacy of those students.
In the well designed classroom, specific areas are dedicated to
specific types of activities as well. A well planned classroom has clearly
defined boundaries designating where different type of activities will
take place. Furniture arrangement can provide physical boundaries and
clarity. Signs that label the area are also helpful. Keeping clutter to a
minimum helps maintain specific spaces and make clear the separation
between areas. If the classroom is not well planned not only can cause
confusion for student`s substitutes and visitors but it also makes it harder
for students to learn and teachers to teach.
REQUIRED AREAS IN ACLASSROOM
HOMEBASE
Home base is a place where students do independent work. It
is often where students sit to check their schedules and prepare to
transition to the next subject or activity. For some students it is a safe
place where they can engage in a calming activity. It is a specific
location where each student sits.
Many factors must be considered to determining where
home base will be located and how desks can best be arranged.
 Behavioral issues of students (grabbing materials from other
students desk, touching other students or exiting the classroom
without permission).
 The size and shape of your classroom.
 Permanent fixtures such as sinks ,kitchen appliances, rest rooms
and built ins such as cabinets or shelves
GROUP INSTRUCTIONAL AREA
In some classrooms, two different areas are needed for group
activities. One is for small group instruction and the second area is for
group lessons and activities such as arts and crafts, cooking or eating.
First one may require pencil, paper, reading materials, students use
these materials independently. Second type of instruction may require
materials for activities .where students may be sharing materials or
working together on the activity.
TEACHER WORK AREA
This area is important and indispensable. Teacher needs a
place to plan answer school e-mail write individualized education
programs and keep records. Teacher wok area should be fairly small
and has enough furniture. Students must learn that some places or
sections of the classroom are off limits to them. Students must learn
the concept of honoring and respecting boundaries.
ARRANGEMENT OF CLASSROOM FOR INSTRUCTION
The traditional classroom layout, in rows, allows the teacher to
make eye-contact with all the important for the teacher. Student`s
(although it is important to keep looking around to move beyond a
narrow arc of vision, if you want everyone to feel included). It facilitates
traditional teacher-student delivery and questioning, or "teacher-centered
teaching.
The students can also readily see a screen or board at the front. But in
order to talk to each other, they need to turn in their seats or address the
back of a fellow-student's neck
Traditional class room
LARGE GROUP
For large-group, the U-shape layout is more effective. The
students can make eye-contact with each other (although they still have
to twist to talk to a person along the same side of the table). However,
apart from those along the back, they also have to turn to see whatever
the teacher is presenting.
Large group
If the group is too large U shaped layout of sitting
arrangement is comfortable to see every student in the classroom. It
ensures the possibility of each student in class work.
SMALL GROUP
For small group it is useful to arrange tables at which four or five
students can sit. It promote the easy formation of small groups.. It
encourages talk within the small groups, and exchanges with the teacher,
but communication between the groups can be awkward, and people still
end up talking to others' backs. It does avoid the disruption caused by
people moving about half-way through (although that is sometimes a
useful "punctuation mark" in the session).
Small group
Classroom can range from small group of five or six to big
classroom with hundreds of students. A large classroom is also called a
lecture hall. A few examples of classroom are computer labs which are
used for IT lesson in schools, gymnasium for sports and science
laboratories biology, chemistry and physics. There are also small group
classroom where students learn in groups of about 7 or less. Most
classrooms have a large writing surface where the instructor or students
can chare notes with others members of the class
.
LABORATORY GROUP
A laboratory is a facility that provides controlled conditions in
which scientific or technological research, experiments and
measurement may be performed. Here students are working together or
individually. The behavioral expectations for these areas are usually
different than the expectations for students in other areas of the
classroom. These areas typically allow students to practice sharing
materials and taking turns. They provide opportunities to practice social
conversations in a group setting. It is important to present sink in these
areas. The furniture required is enough tables for the activity and enough
chairs and a place to store needed materials.
Arranging the physical environment of the classroom is one
way to improve the learning environment and to prevent problem
behaviors before they occur. A well-arranged classroom environment is
one way to more effectively manage instruction because it triggers fewer
behavior problems establishes a climate conductive to learning.
A warm well-run classroom begin with the classroom physical layout-
the arrangement of desks and working space, the attractiveness and
appeal of bulletin boards, the storage of materials and supplies. The
physical layout reflects your teaching style.
Conclusion
The physical layout reflects your teaching style. The seating
arrangement should be designed in a systemic way so that the
organization of the seats help the students to feel more organized, Class
room with well defined physical arrangement and appears organized will
promote a positive learning environment. If the classroom is not well
planned and set up for student success, it can be very difficult to
determine different areas. It causes confusion for students, substitutes,
and visitors, but it also makes harder for students to learn and teachers to
teach. Thus the physical arrangement of the classroom becomes the
physical foundation for the ten critical components.
.
REFERENCE
 En.wikipedia.org/wiki/physical classroom arrangement
 www.uwec.ed/..../classroommanagement.pdf

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Online asmnt

  • 1. ONLINE ASSIGNMENT PHYSICAL CLASSROOM ARRANGEMENT FOR SMALL GROUP LARGE GROUP AND LABORATORY GROUP INSTRUCTION. Submitted by ANILA EDWARD B.Ed Natural Science Reg.no:18114300004 G.C.T.E .Thycaud Introduction When you take student’s common development characteristics in account while setting up a classroom: you will find that they can be much more productive and comfortable throughout the school day. When designing a classroom for students consider a couple of key characteristics. They have tons of energy but easily tire, and they are often gregarious, wanting and needing frequent social interaction. Their need for social interaction means that the traditional seating
  • 2. arrangement with separate desks facing the front of the classroom would be really tough for students. Small group sit on the floor or in chairs, there should be at least one place in the classroom where they can sit in a circle so that everyone can see and be seen. If space is tight, consider teaching students how to move furniture. So there’s room to from a circle. Make sure students can sit comfortable. The physical arrangement of the classroom can serve as a powerful setting event for providing students effective instruction and facilitate positive teaching or learning interactions. As with the aspects of instruction, the physical arrangement of the classroom should be reflective of the diverse cultural and linguistic characteristics of the students and be consistent with specific learner needs. The groups may be depends on the size of the class, the length of time you have available, physical features of the classroom and the nature of the group task. Students are assigned to group based on need for additional help, time and practice in order to master the content and skills covered in a particular unit or less on the teacher already has taught to the entire classroom group. Physically arranging a classroom is very hard physical labor. Finding the right type of furniture is challenging as well.
  • 3. BENEFITS OF AWELL DESIGNED CLASSROOM. A class room that has a well defined physical arrangement and appears organized will promote a positive learning environment.  Students learn to respect physical boundaries. There are boundaries between student’s areas and teachers, boundaries between each of students individual work areas. This provides opportunities to teach students to respect other people’s spaces and belongings.  Students will also learn which behaviors are acceptable and expected in each specific location of the classroom and which behaviors are not acceptable or expected in certain other classroom locations .It is a valuable life lesson that is important at home, in the community, and on the job site.  Proper room arrangement provides predictability which has a calming effect on many students. A decrease in anxiety typically translates in to a decrease in misbehavior as well.  Class room materials are readily accessible it decreases down time and misbehavior and increases productivity. Of the 10 components physical arrangement is the jumping off point .When an environment is chaotic the pupils feel more harried. When an environment is cluttered, the pupil in the environment feel more disorganized, and valuable time is lost searching for the correct materials or locating needed supplies. Class arrangement design should begin with a well thought out plan for the room and its contents.
  • 4. THE 10 MINUTE RULE If a visitor can come into your classroom and correctly answer the following type of questions within 10 minutes, then said you have a well designed classroom where specific activities and lessons will take place.  Where are reading and other academic taught?  Does there appear to be an area for group instruction?  Where are individual work areas?  Is there an area for arts and crafts? CLASSROOM ARRANGEMENT The driving force behind your class room arrangement is the needs of your students.  Number of students.  Sitting position of students- sit with their feet flat on the floor, knees bent at an angle of 90.and elbow resting on the desktop for writing.  Students have specific medical needs that require special when arranging the classroom.  Should consider safety issues. There are three questions that will undoubtedly impact your classroom arrangement. 1. What furniture is available? 2. Is there a sink in my classroom? 3. Where are the electrical outlets and the connection for the internet?
  • 5. The answer to these questions will guide you in making the Appropriate decisions on how to use your classroom space and what Furniture you will need. Medical procedures, diapering, or tube feeding requires a private area to preserve dignity and to respect the right to privacy of those students. In the well designed classroom, specific areas are dedicated to specific types of activities as well. A well planned classroom has clearly defined boundaries designating where different type of activities will take place. Furniture arrangement can provide physical boundaries and clarity. Signs that label the area are also helpful. Keeping clutter to a minimum helps maintain specific spaces and make clear the separation between areas. If the classroom is not well planned not only can cause confusion for student`s substitutes and visitors but it also makes it harder for students to learn and teachers to teach. REQUIRED AREAS IN ACLASSROOM HOMEBASE Home base is a place where students do independent work. It is often where students sit to check their schedules and prepare to transition to the next subject or activity. For some students it is a safe place where they can engage in a calming activity. It is a specific location where each student sits. Many factors must be considered to determining where home base will be located and how desks can best be arranged.  Behavioral issues of students (grabbing materials from other students desk, touching other students or exiting the classroom without permission).  The size and shape of your classroom.
  • 6.  Permanent fixtures such as sinks ,kitchen appliances, rest rooms and built ins such as cabinets or shelves GROUP INSTRUCTIONAL AREA In some classrooms, two different areas are needed for group activities. One is for small group instruction and the second area is for group lessons and activities such as arts and crafts, cooking or eating. First one may require pencil, paper, reading materials, students use these materials independently. Second type of instruction may require materials for activities .where students may be sharing materials or working together on the activity. TEACHER WORK AREA This area is important and indispensable. Teacher needs a place to plan answer school e-mail write individualized education programs and keep records. Teacher wok area should be fairly small and has enough furniture. Students must learn that some places or sections of the classroom are off limits to them. Students must learn the concept of honoring and respecting boundaries. ARRANGEMENT OF CLASSROOM FOR INSTRUCTION The traditional classroom layout, in rows, allows the teacher to make eye-contact with all the important for the teacher. Student`s (although it is important to keep looking around to move beyond a narrow arc of vision, if you want everyone to feel included). It facilitates traditional teacher-student delivery and questioning, or "teacher-centered teaching. The students can also readily see a screen or board at the front. But in order to talk to each other, they need to turn in their seats or address the back of a fellow-student's neck Traditional class room
  • 7. LARGE GROUP For large-group, the U-shape layout is more effective. The students can make eye-contact with each other (although they still have to twist to talk to a person along the same side of the table). However, apart from those along the back, they also have to turn to see whatever the teacher is presenting. Large group
  • 8. If the group is too large U shaped layout of sitting arrangement is comfortable to see every student in the classroom. It ensures the possibility of each student in class work. SMALL GROUP For small group it is useful to arrange tables at which four or five students can sit. It promote the easy formation of small groups.. It encourages talk within the small groups, and exchanges with the teacher, but communication between the groups can be awkward, and people still end up talking to others' backs. It does avoid the disruption caused by people moving about half-way through (although that is sometimes a useful "punctuation mark" in the session). Small group Classroom can range from small group of five or six to big classroom with hundreds of students. A large classroom is also called a lecture hall. A few examples of classroom are computer labs which are used for IT lesson in schools, gymnasium for sports and science laboratories biology, chemistry and physics. There are also small group classroom where students learn in groups of about 7 or less. Most
  • 9. classrooms have a large writing surface where the instructor or students can chare notes with others members of the class . LABORATORY GROUP A laboratory is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments and measurement may be performed. Here students are working together or individually. The behavioral expectations for these areas are usually different than the expectations for students in other areas of the classroom. These areas typically allow students to practice sharing materials and taking turns. They provide opportunities to practice social conversations in a group setting. It is important to present sink in these areas. The furniture required is enough tables for the activity and enough chairs and a place to store needed materials. Arranging the physical environment of the classroom is one way to improve the learning environment and to prevent problem behaviors before they occur. A well-arranged classroom environment is one way to more effectively manage instruction because it triggers fewer behavior problems establishes a climate conductive to learning. A warm well-run classroom begin with the classroom physical layout- the arrangement of desks and working space, the attractiveness and appeal of bulletin boards, the storage of materials and supplies. The physical layout reflects your teaching style. Conclusion The physical layout reflects your teaching style. The seating arrangement should be designed in a systemic way so that the
  • 10. organization of the seats help the students to feel more organized, Class room with well defined physical arrangement and appears organized will promote a positive learning environment. If the classroom is not well planned and set up for student success, it can be very difficult to determine different areas. It causes confusion for students, substitutes, and visitors, but it also makes harder for students to learn and teachers to teach. Thus the physical arrangement of the classroom becomes the physical foundation for the ten critical components. . REFERENCE  En.wikipedia.org/wiki/physical classroom arrangement  www.uwec.ed/..../classroommanagement.pdf