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Java Messaging Service

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Java Messaging Service

  1. 1. Java Messaging Service (JMS) Presentation By -Anil Prajapati
  2. 2. Messaging  Messaging is a method of communication between software components or applications.  A messaging system is a peer-to-peer facility.  Messaging enables distributed communication that is loosely coupled.  Messaging differs from tightly coupled technologies such as Remote Method Invocation (RMI )  Messaging also differs from electronic mail (e-mail)
  3. 3. What is JMS?  A specification that describes a common way for Java programs to create, send, receive and read distributed enterprise messages  loosely coupled communication  Asynchronous messaging  A JMS provider can deliver messages to a client as they arrive;  a client does not have to request messages in order to receive them.  Reliable delivery  A message is guaranteed to be delivered once and only once.  Outside the specification  Security services  Management services
  4. 4. A JMS Architecture  JMS Clients  Java programs that send/receive messages  Messages  the objects that communicate information between JMS clients  Administered Objects  preconfigured JMS objects created by an admin for the use of clients  ConnectionFactory, Destination (queue or topic)  JMS Provider  messaging system that implements JMS and administrative functionality
  5. 5. JMS Architecture Administrative Tool JNDI Namespace JMS Client JMS Provider Bind Lookup Logical Connection CF D
  6. 6. Architecture Interaction • The administrator binds connection factories (CF) and destinations (D) into a JNDI namespace. • A JMS client can then lookup the administered objects and establish a logical connection to them via the JMS Provider
  7. 7. JMS Messaging Domains  Point-to-Point (PTP)  Publish-Subscribe systems  Request-Reply Messaging
  8. 8. Publish-Subscribe Messaging  When multiple applications need to receive the same messages, Publish- Subscribe Messaging is used.  The central concept in a Publish-Subscribe messaging system is the Topic.  In Publish-Subscribe Messaging is that, there may be multiple Senders and multiple Receivers.
  9. 9. Point- To-Point Messaging  When one process needs to send a message to another process, Point-To-Point Messaging can be used.  There are two basic types: • The first one involves a client that directly sends a message to another client. • The second and more common implementation is based on the concept of a Message Queue.  in Point-to-Point messaging even though there may be multiple Senders of messages, but there is only a single Receiver.
  10. 10. Request-Reply Messaging  When an application sends a message and expects to receive a message in return, Request-Reply Messaging can be used.  It could be: • Synchronous • Asynchronous  JMS does not explicitly support Request- Reply Messaging, though it allows it in the context of the other methods.
  11. 11. JMS API Programming Model Connection creates creates creates MsgDestination receives from sends to Connection Factory Destination Message ConsumerSession Message Producer creates
  12. 12. JMS Messages  Message Header  used for identifying and routing messages  contains vendor-specified values, but could also contain application-specific data  typically name/value pairs  Message Properties (optional)  Message Body(optional)  contains the data  five different message body types in the JMS specification :-Bytes Messages ,Map Messages, Object Messages, Stream Messages , Text Messages
  13. 13. JMS Message Types Message Type Contains Some Methods TextMessage String getText,setText MapMessage set of name/value pairs setString,setDouble,setLo ng,getDouble,getString BytesMessage stream of uninterpreted bytes writeBytes,readBytes StreamMessage stream of primitive values writeString,writeDouble, writeLong,readString ObjectMessage serialize object setObject,getObject
  14. 14. Development in JMS  JMS API was first introduced in 1998  JMS provider may implement message-driven beans to process messages concurrently.  Message sends and receives can participate in Java Transaction API (JTA)  The JMS API allows for a very loosely coupled interaction between J2EE applications and existing Enterprise Information system (EIS).
  15. 15. JMS Availability  Allaire Corporation - JRun Server  BEA Systems, Inc.  Brokat Technologies (formerly GemStone)  IBM  iPlanet (formerly Sun Microsystems, Inc. Java Message Queue)  Oracle Corporation  Pramati  SilverStream Software, Inc.  Sonic Software  SpiritSoft, Inc. (formerly Push Technologies Ltd.)  Talarian Corp.  TIBCO Software, Inc.
  16. 16. Thank You

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