What is test?
What is testing?
What is the purpose of testing?
The effect of testing
Why are tests inaccurate?
The need of testing
The need of testing
What is to be done!
A general definition:
“a procedure intended to establish the quality,
performance, or reliability of something,
especially before it is taken into widespread
A test or examination is an assessment intended
to measure a test-taker's knowledge, skill,
aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in
many other topics (e.g., beliefs). A test may be
administered orally, on paper, on a computer,
or in a confined area that requires a test taker
to physically perform a set of skills. Tests vary in
style, rigor and requirements
Testing is the practice of making
objective judgments regarding the
extent to which the
system (device) meets, exceeds or fails to
meet stated objectives.
There are two fundamental purposes of
First, testing is about verifying that what was specified is
delivered: it verifies that the product (system) meets the
design, and implementation requirements identified in the
Second, testing is about managing risk for both the
acquiring agency and the system’s
The effect of testing on teaching and
learning is known as backwash.
The test preparation with all dominate
teaching and learning activities and if
the test content and testing techniques
are at variance with the objective of
course , there is likely to be harmful
There Re two main sources of
techniques Lack of
1)Quality Assurance .
2)Verification and validating the
before it goes live in the market.
3) In Testing we have to learn more
4)Meets the requirements.
5) Intending of finding errors in the
Testing has discussed above
Formative Assessment occurs in the
short term, as learners are in the process
of making meaning of new content and
of integrating it into what they already
know. Feedback to the learner is
immediate (or nearly so), to enable the
learner to change his/her behavior and
understandings right away.
Summative Assessment takes place at the
end of a large chunk of learning, with the
results being primarily for the teacher's or
school's use. Results may take time to be
returned to the student/parent, feedback
to the student is usually very limited, and the
student usually has no opportunity to be
reassessed. Thus, Summative Assessment
tends to have the least impact on
improving an individual student's
understanding or performance.
The teaching profession can make three
contribution to the improvement of
They can write better test themselves.
They can enlighten other people who
are involved in testing process .
They can put pressure on professional
testers and examining boards to improve
A test that proves ideal for one purpose
may be quit useless for another , a
technique that may work very well in
one situation can be entirely
inappropriate in another.
To measure large proficiency.
To discover how successful students
have been in achieving the objectives of
a course of study.
To diagnose student strength and
To assist placement of students by
identifying the stages or part of a
teaching programme most appropriate
to their ability.