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Architectural planning and design of buildings pune university se civil bscoer jspm group dr. banhatti

Second Year Civil Engineering, Pune University subject

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Architectural planning and design of buildings pune university se civil bscoer jspm group dr. banhatti

  1. 1. By DR. ANIRUDDHA G. BANHATTI Associate Professor T.S.S.M.’s Bhivrabai Sawant College of Engineering and Research VIDEO CONFERENCE on Architectural Planning and Design of Buildings for S.E. Civil 5th March 2014 1
  2. 2. Civil Engineering  It is the oldest branch of Engineering  It came into existence since humans started living in caves.  The first invention in civil engineering was something with which one can see through a wall.  It is called “ a window ” 2
  3. 3. Planning of Buildings  There are 14 principles of planning as listed below:  Aspect  Prospect  Orientation  Privacy  Circulation  Grouping  Roominess 3
  4. 4. Principles of Planning  Furniture Requirements  Sanitation  Elegance  Economy  Access  Architectural composition  Climate and its Effect 4
  5. 5. Aspect: Arrangement of windows in external walls 5
  6. 6. Prospect: Desirable and undesirable views 6
  7. 7. Orientation 7
  8. 8. Privacy  External :  Isolation from surrounding buildings  Avoiding noise, dust and pollution from surroundings  Raised sill height of w.c. and bath  Compound wall  Growing trees around the house 8
  9. 9. Privacy  Internal :  Prevention of direct view of one room from another  Staggering of doors  Use of screens  Proper furniture arrangement 9
  10. 10. Circulation  Horizontal : On the same floor 10
  11. 11. Circulation  Vertical : Between the floors 11
  12. 12. Grouping  Rooms of similar function together  More important in Public Buildings  Staircase or lift approachable from each room  Kitchen w.c. and bath grouped for easy plumbing and watersupply 12
  13. 13. Roominess 13
  14. 14. Roominess : Chimney Effect 14
  15. 15. Roominess : Tunnel Effect 15
  16. 16. Furniture Requirements 16
  17. 17. Sanitation 17
  18. 18. Elegance 18
  19. 19. Economy  Planning should avoid all type of wastage  Wastage of space  Judicious use of space  Architectural aesthetics for space 19
  20. 20. Access 20
  21. 21. Architectural composition : Unity 21
  22. 22. Architectural composition :Contrast 22
  23. 23. Architectural Composition :Scale 23
  24. 24. Architectural composition : Proportion 24
  25. 25. Mass Composition 25
  26. 26. Architectural composition : Form and Function 26
  27. 27. Climate and Its Effect  Window openings  Type of roof  Sunbreakers and chajjas  External finish, paint and color 27
  28. 28. Noise and Acoustics  Qualities of sound  Noise  Comfort level of noise  Intensity and Loudness  Frequency or Pitch  Timbre or Quality 28
  29. 29. Measurement of Sound  L = K log I1 / I0  Measured in decibels (dB)  If L = 1 dB then I1 / I0 = 1.26  Difference in intensities 100 times  Loudness 20dB  Difference in intensities 1000 times  Loudness 30dB  Thus the scale of loudness is built 29
  30. 30. Sound Insulation  For avoiding indoor and outdoor noise  Wall insulation  Floor insulation  Cavity walls  Floating floors  Use of sound absorbing materials  Linoleum, Cork, Carpets etc. 30
  31. 31. Sound Absorbent Materials  Porous absorbents  Resonant panels  Cavity resonators  Composite type absorbents 31
  32. 32. Acoustical Defects  Echoes  Reverberation  Sound foci  Dead spots  Insufficient loudness  Intrusion of noise from outside 32
  33. 33. Reverberation time  Calculated by Sabine’s formula  Excellent : 0.5 to 1.5 sec  Good : 1.5 to 2 sec  Fairly good : 2 to 3 sec  Bad : 3 to 5 sec  Very bad Above 5 sec 33
  34. 34. Theatre : Fan shaped plan 34
  35. 35. Theatre : Splayed Ceiling 35
  36. 36. Sound and Music Studios : Hinged Panels on Shutters 36
  37. 37. Building Services  Electrical services  Telecommunication services  Entertainment services  Ventilation and Lighting  Air-conditioning and heating  Lifts and escalators  Emergency escape stairs  Fire fighting arrangements 37
  38. 38. Rain Water Harvesting 38
  39. 39. Large Scale System 39
  40. 40. New Innovations : Rainpod 40
  41. 41. Building Bye-laws  Definitions  Floor Area Ratio  = Total area on all floors / Plot area  Areas Excluded : projections < 0.75m  Canopies 5x2.5m in cantilever fashion  Balconies with certain specifications  Parking lock up garages or stilt floor parking 41
  42. 42. Excluded areas from FAR  Electric cabin / sub station, watchman’s cabin of max 1.6 sq.m. pump house, garage shaft, fire hydrants, electrical fittings, water tanks  Staircase room, lift room above top floor, architectural features, chimneys  Well, plant nursery, water pool, uncovered swimming pool. Platform round atree, fountain, bench, ramps, compound wall, overhead tank 42
  43. 43. Individual’s voice is characterized by  Timber  Pitch  Intensity  loudness 43
  44. 44. Individual’s voice is characterized by  Timber  Pitch  Intensity  loudness 44
  45. 45. Find good sound absorber  Metal  Open door  Water body  Carpet 45
  46. 46. Find good sound absorber  Metal  Open door  Water body  Carpet 46
  47. 47. 100000 times difference in intensities will create loudness of  30 dB  100 dB  Log 10 dB  50dB 47
  48. 48. 100000 times difference in intensities will create loudness of  30 dB  100 dB  Log 10 dB  50 dB 48
  49. 49. Climate of Mumbai is  Hot and arid  Humid and hot  Salty and windy  Coastal and cold 49
  50. 50. Climate of Mumbai is  Hot and arid  Humid and hot  Salty and windy  Coastal and cold 50
  51. 51. Climate of Pune is  Hot and humid  Temperate and arid  Cold and pleasant  Arid and dry 51
  52. 52. Climate of Pune is  Hot and humid  Temperate and arid  Cold and pleasant  Arid and dry 52
  53. 53. A theater should have  Dome shaped ceiling  Hanging ceiling  Rough wooden ceiling  Splayed ceiling 53
  54. 54. A theater should have  Dome shaped ceiling  Hanging ceiling  Rough wooden ceiling  Splayed ceiling 54
  55. 55. Sound foci is a  Desirable feature for music room  Desirable feature for bed room  Desirable feature for auditorium  None of the above 55
  56. 56. Sound foci is a  Desirable feature for music room  Desirable feature for bed room  Desirable feature for auditorium  None of the above 56
  57. 57. Lifts in malls should carry  12 to 20 persons  20 to 30 persons  5 to 8 persons  8 to 10 persons 57
  58. 58. Lifts in malls should carry  12 to 20 persons  20 to 30 persons  5 to 8 persons  8 to 10 persons 58
  59. 59. Car speed of mall lifts should not exceed  5m/s  1m/s  7m/s  2.5m/s 59
  60. 60. Car speed of mall lifts should not exceed  5m/s  1m/s  7m/s  2.5m/s 60
  61. 61. One point perspective is used for  Brochures  Railway lines  Interior decoration  Panoramic view 61
  62. 62. One point perspective is used for  Brochures  Railway lines  Interior decoration  Panoramic view 62
  63. 63. Three point perspective is common for  Axonometric view  Symmetrical view  Detailed terrace view  Exploded view 63
  64. 64. Three point perspective is common for  Axonometric view  Symmetrical view  Detailed terrace view  Exploded view 64
  65. 65. Dead spots are points where  Sound is heard louder  Sound is inaudible  Pitch changes  Wave front of sound faces a barrier 65
  66. 66. Dead spots are points where  Sound is heard louder  Sound is inaudible  Pitch changes  Wave front of sound faces a barrier 66
  67. 67. Sound insulation is important for  Hospital  School  Residential house  Music studio 67
  68. 68. Sound insulation is important for  Hospital  School  Residential house  Music studio 68
  69. 69. Ramp is essential at entrance of  Five star hotel  Kindergarten  School  Hospital 69
  70. 70. Ramp is essential at entrance of  Five star hotel  Kindergarten  School  Hospital 70
  71. 71. Automatic car leveling is must for  Car service centre  Hospital  Poolside  Weigh bridge for vehicles 71
  72. 72. Automatic car leveling is must for  Car service centre  Hospital  Poolside  Weigh bridge for vehicles 72
  73. 73. Additional persons allowed in a stretcher lift are  1  3  2  5 73
  74. 74. Additional persons allowed in a stretcher lift are  1  3  2  5 74
  75. 75. Staircase width for public building is  1.6 to 1.9m  1 to 1.5m  1.2 to 1.5m  None of the above 75
  76. 76. Staircase width for public building is  1.8 to 2m  1 to 1.5m  1.2 to 1.5m  None of the above 76
  77. 77. Winders should be  Avoided on staircase  Provided on pipes  Provided at corners  Provided for curved roof gutters 77
  78. 78. Winders should be  Avoided on staircase  Provided on pipes  Provided at corners  Provided for curved roof gutters 78
  79. 79. Two point perspective is similar to  A photograph  Isometric view  Axonometric view  None of the above 79
  80. 80. Two point perspective is similar to  A photograph  Isometric view  Axonometric view  None of the above 80
  81. 81. Tunel effect is due to  Lack of ventilation  Too much length of a room  Defect in vision  None of the above 81
  82. 82. Tunel effect is due to  Lack of ventilation  Too much length of a room  Defect in vision  None of the above 82
  83. 83. Chimney effect relates to  A factory building  Roominess  Insufficient ventilation  None of the above 83
  84. 84. Chimney effect relates to  A factory building  Roominess  Insufficient ventilation  None of the above 84
  85. 85. North on a drawing is shown for  Feng shui considerations  Good vastu  Plane table alignment  Correct orientation during line out 85
  86. 86. North on a drawing is shown for  Feng shui considerations  Good vastu  Plane table alignment  Correct orientation during line out 86
  87. 87. Theatre olan should be  Circular  Fern shaped  Rectangular  None of these 87
  88. 88. Theatre olan should be  Circular  Fern shaped  Rectangular  None of these 88
  89. 89. Surfaces near sound source in a theatre should be  Rough and absorbent  Clad with cork  Having grooves  Smooth, hard and polished 89
  90. 90. Surfaces near sound source in a theatre should be  Rough and absorbent  Clad with cork  Having grooves  Smooth, hard and polished 90
  91. 91. To increase sound absorption  Windows should be open  Heavy curtains should be provided  Walls should be smooth  None of the above 91
  92. 92. To increase sound absorption  Windows should be open  Heavy curtains should be provided  Walls should be smooth  None of the above 92
  93. 93. Perforated boards covering walls  Increase sound absorption  Provide scattered light  Increase echoes  Make interference in sound 93
  94. 94. Perforated boards covering walls  Increase sound absorption  Provide scattered light  Increase echoes  Make interference in sound 94
  95. 95. Riser in stairs shall be  150 to 300 mm  200 to 300 mm  300 to 450 mm  None of the above 95
  96. 96. Riser in stairs shall be  150 to 300 mm  200 to 300 mm  300 to 450 mm  None of the above 96
  97. 97. In public building riser is  > in residential building  Twice high than in residential building  Equal to tread  < in residential building 97
  98. 98. In public building riser is  > in residential building  Twice high than in residential building  Equal to tread  < in residential building 98
  99. 99. Tread dimension in staircase is at least  300 mm  400 mm  450 mm  500 mm 99
  100. 100. Tread dimension in staircase is at least  300 mm  400 mm  450 mm  500 mm 100
  101. 101. Tread wider than minimum dimension is  Not allowed  Allowed with some fine paid  Allowed  Must be covered with carpet 101
  102. 102. Tread wider than minimum dimension is  Not allowed  Allowed with some fine paid  Allowed  Must be covered with carpet 102
  103. 103. Angle of inclination for escalators is  30 degrees  40 degrees  10 degrees  Depends on height between floors 103
  104. 104. Angle of inclination for escalators is  30 degrees  40 degrees  10 degrees  Depends on height between floors 104
  105. 105. Escalators can bbe stopped in case of emergency  By the control room operator  From main switch board  With a lever at the top  By pressing a button near the bottom 105
  106. 106. Escalators can bbe stopped in case of emergency  By the control room operator  From main switch board  With a lever at the top  By pressing a button near the bottom 106
  107. 107. In escalators rise is not more than  30 cm  20 cm  40 cm  25 cm 107
  108. 108. In escalators rise is not more than  30 cm  20 cm  40 cm  25 cm 108
  109. 109. Coming Challenges  Design of Green buildings  Ecosystem preservation  Renewable energy  Self sufficient homes from garbage disposal to water supply and all such facilities 109
  110. 110. In case of problems  Contact me at anibanister@gmail.com  This presentation shall be viewable at www.slideshare.net Type Aniruddha Banhatti and search Upload your own presentations by registering at slide share 110
  111. 111. THANK YOU  ANY QUESTIONS? 111

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