PREPARING YOURFIRST SPEECHNES English DepartmentFall semester 2012Anna Tsvetkova
Stages of preparation Developing the speech Organizing the speech Delivering the speech
Developing the speech Focus your speech   Do not try to cover everything in one speech   Observe the time limit   Do n...
Organizing the speech The classic three-part organization:   Introduction   Body   Conclusion
Organization: Introduction Get the attention and interest of the audience   Pose a question   Tell a story   Make a st...
Organization: Body Order the information   Follow a certain sequence: chronological, spatial, causal, problem-   solutio...
Organization: Conclusion Let the audience know you are about to finish Reinforce your central idea If possible, end on ...
Organization: Conclusion Let the audience know you are about to finish Reinforce your central idea If possible, end on ...
Delivering the speech Speak extemporaneously  Extemporaneous speech is a carefully prepared and rehearsed   speech that ...
Presenting: start Move to the front of the room Face the audience Assume a relaxed and upright posture Plant your feet...
Presenting: Gestures Feel free to use your hands to gesture, but don’t plan your gestures ahead of time – move naturally...
Presenting: Eye Contact Look at the audience as often as you can Be sure to look to the left and right as well as to the...
Presenting: Voice Use your voice expressively Speak loudly so as to reach the back of the room Speak slowly, do not rac...
Presenting:                              Overcoming Stage Fright Gain speaking experience Prepare, prepare, prepare Thi...
Source Lucas, Stephen E. The Art of Public Speaking. 11th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2012. Pp 9-15, 63-75. Print.
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Preparing your first speech

  1. 1. PREPARING YOURFIRST SPEECHNES English DepartmentFall semester 2012Anna Tsvetkova
  2. 2. Stages of preparation Developing the speech Organizing the speech Delivering the speech
  3. 3. Developing the speech Focus your speech  Do not try to cover everything in one speech  Observe the time limit  Do not narrow the topic too much Develop your topic  Think of creative ways to capture your audience’s attention  Give vivid examples to prove your point
  4. 4. Organizing the speech The classic three-part organization:  Introduction  Body  Conclusion
  5. 5. Organization: Introduction Get the attention and interest of the audience  Pose a question  Tell a story  Make a startling statement  Begin with a quotation Reveal the topic of your presentation
  6. 6. Organization: Body Order the information  Follow a certain sequence: chronological, spatial, causal, problem- solution, topical Single out your main points  Focus each point on one idea  Limit the number of points depending on the time Use transitions  Transitions help the listener follow you
  7. 7. Organization: Conclusion Let the audience know you are about to finish Reinforce your central idea If possible, end on a dramatic, clever, or thought- provoking note.
  8. 8. Organization: Conclusion Let the audience know you are about to finish Reinforce your central idea If possible, end on a dramatic, clever, or thought- provoking note.
  9. 9. Delivering the speech Speak extemporaneously  Extemporaneous speech is a carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes Rehearse the speech  Looking silently over your notes is not enough! Presenting the speech
  10. 10. Presenting: start Move to the front of the room Face the audience Assume a relaxed and upright posture Plant your feet a bit less than shoulder-width apart Allow your arms to hang loosely by your side Arrange your notes before you start to speak Take a moment to take a look over your audience AND SMILE
  11. 11. Presenting: Gestures Feel free to use your hands to gesture, but don’t plan your gestures ahead of time – move naturally Avoid nervous mannerisms, such as twisting your hair, wringing your hands, shifting your weight from one foot to the other, rocking back and forth, tapping your fingers on the table Try to appear calm and relaxed
  12. 12. Presenting: Eye Contact Look at the audience as often as you can Be sure to look to the left and right as well as to the center Avoid the temptation to speak exclusively to one or two sympathetic individuals If you are too nervous to look your classmates in the eye, look to the side of each person or just above his or her head
  13. 13. Presenting: Voice Use your voice expressively Speak loudly so as to reach the back of the room Speak slowly, do not race through your speech
  14. 14. Presenting: Overcoming Stage Fright Gain speaking experience Prepare, prepare, prepare Think positively  “I wish I didn’t have to give this speech” -> “This speech is a chance for me to share my ideas and to gain experience as a speaker” Use the power of visualization:  Picture yourself delivering the presentation smoothly and confidently before you go on stage Know that most nervousness is not visible Don’t expect perfection
  15. 15. Source Lucas, Stephen E. The Art of Public Speaking. 11th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2012. Pp 9-15, 63-75. Print.

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