1. Assistive Technology is any device, whether electronic or not, that helps a studentachieve their best performance in any common day activity or assignment.2. There are many laws concerning assistive technology and students with specialneeds. Three laws in particular are The Elementary and Secondary Education Act,The Technology Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act (Tech Act of1988), and No Child Left Behind. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act ismade so that every child has equal access to education and provides federal funding toschools with large concentrations of low income students. The Technology RelatedAssistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act is the first law to define assistivetechnology, it is applicable to people of all ages, and provides federal funding for thedevelopment of Assistive Technology training and delivery systems. Finally, No ChildLeft Behind is a law that states that students with disabilities are not exempt from statetests, and must be tested at their grade level. It also states that testing accommodationsbe the same as the ones used in the classrooms, requires schools to followaccommodations in IEP plans and 504 plans, and it requires states to measure studentand school achievement and growth. It also ensures that all children receive the samequality of education.3. There are ten different categories of assistive technology. First, there are cognitiveand learning aids. For example, a prewriting motor skills aid focuses on motor skillsbefore someone learns how to write. Secondly, there is communication. One goodexample would be an electronic communicator. Thirdly, there is computerhardware/access. An example of this is a color coded keyboard. Fourthly, there aredaily living aids. An example of this is a switch-adapted TV remote. Next, there areenvironmental aids. An example of an environmental aid is an environmental aid kit.Then, there are hearing and listening aids, such as a smart pen. Another category ismoving and positioning aids such as an adjustable mounting system. Recreation,leisure, and sensory aids are another category of assistive technology. One example ofthis category is a drop-in-a-bucket audio toy. Switches are also a category of assistivetechnology. An example would be a switch-adapted bubble maker. Lastly, there arevision and reading aids. An example of a vision or reading aid would be an electronicbook reader.4. The SETT process is a process used to determine which types of assistivetechnology would be best to improve a disabled student’s performance. This processincludes four steps. First, one must collect info. Second, one must generate solutions.Third, one must implement a plan. Last, one must integrate AT in IEP.5. After reading the case studies, I found that Wandas case interested me the most.The young man that I currently work with that has special needs, has a form ofLeukodystrophy. He has a hard time keeping his hands still, and cannot write becauseof this. This case most interested me because I have a personal situation that I canrelate to it, which makes it apply more to my life. I found it amazing how smart anddetermined the young girl seemed to be, and how unfair it seemed that she had adisorder that seemed to limit her ability to reach her full potential. I learned through this
article, that people may have setbacks in life that are out of their control, but if theyreally want to they can receive help and achieve as close to their full potential aspossible.6. This is a link.7. I can find out if one of my students is required to use AT by looking at the studentsIEP or 504 plans. I can seek help by going to the members of the students IEP team,and the exceptional students staff at the school.Extra CreditFour accessibility features on my computer include Bluetooth file transfer, whichtransfers files through Bluetooth to any other device that has Bluetooth, Sticky notes,which allows one to post reminder notes on a desktop and move them or delete them atany time, Sound recorder, which records sound by a built-in microphone, and acalculator, which does most mathematical equations in seconds.