•Sometimes it is difficult to identify a verb by its form.
•Some word-endings (suffixes) can help you identify a word as a verb.
-en frighten, soften, widen
-ify identify, specify, qualify
-ise/-ize* realise, recognise, modernize
•Verbs often preceded by the following prefixes.
ad- adapt, admit, advance
de- deceive, deform, describe
im-/in- impose, increase, inform
per- perform, persuade, perceive
re- recall, receive, reproduce
Verbs related to nouns
Could you hand me the dictionary?
We should position the noticeboard where everyone can see it.
I’ll email Sally to see if she is free on Thursday.
Verbs related to adjectives
I needed to calm my nerves before the interview.
The government hopes to slow the growth in road traffic over
the next five years.
As they get older, most people’s hair starts to thin.
Compound verbs are two words which combine to make one meaning.
The first word is usually a noun, an adjective or a preposition, and the second
word is a verb.
The words are sometimes written as one word and sometimes joined by hyphens.
These verbs are much less common than compound nouns or compound
Verb In a sentence
hand-wash (noun + verb)
highlight (adjective + verb)
overcome (preposition + verb)
Sorry, I was daydreaming.
What did you say?
Do you have to hand-wash this
sweater or can it go in the
The airline upgraded me to
I. Nouns having the same form as verbs
II. Nouns formed with prefixes
III. Nouns formed with suffixes
IV. Abbreviations and acronyms
In some cases, the nouns differ from the verbs in
a) Stress: With nouns, the stress is on the first syllable,
with verbs, on the second.
Contrast,decrease, export, import,increase, present, progress,
record,research, transfer .
noun use [ju:s] verb use [ju:z]
noun practice verb practise (BE)
but: practice practice (AE)
d) both spelling and pronunciation
noun advice [s] verb advise [z]
device [s] devise [z]
Most of the prefixes used for forming adjectives and verbs are also used
for forming nouns.
1. Nouns describing people doing some activity (often an
occupation) and people experiencing some activity
2. Nouns describing devices finish in –er or –or.
3. Nouns describing (small) size are added –let at the end
4. Nouns formed with other suffixes
5. Nouns describing abstracts are given the following