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Monitor theory


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PPT elek2an, belajar ngerjain tugas ala S2. #kodekeras #semogadiabaca

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Monitor theory

  1. 1. Pritha Anggiarima 160221xxyyzz Monitor Theory
  2. 2. Monitor Theory • It is a theory that hypothesizes that adults have two independent systems for developing ability in second languages, subsconscious language acquisition and conscious language learning . • Makes some very specific hypotheses about the inter-relation between acquisition and learning in the adult
  3. 3. • Its fundamental claim  conscious learning is available to the performer only as a monitor. Utterances are initiated by the acquired system – our fluency in production is based on what we have “picked up” through active communication • The Monitor theory -> makes some very specific hypotheses about the inter-relation between acquisition and learning in the adult.
  4. 4. Condition of Monitor Use• 1. The performer must have time in order to successfully monitor (in normal conversation, both in speaking and listening, performers do not generally have time to think about and apply conscious grammatical rules) • 2. The performer must be “focused on form” or correctness • 3. the performer needs to know the rule, they need to have a correct mental representation of the rule to apply it correctly
  5. 5. General Characteristics of Monitor Users 1. Successful Monitor users edit their second language output when it does not interfere with communication 2. The editing results in variable performance, that is, we see different types and amounts of errors under different conditions 3. Monitor users show an overt concern with correct language, and regard their unmonitored speech and writing as “careless”
  6. 6. The Overuser • He/she refers to his/her conscious grammar all the time when using his second language. This may be due to an overconcern with correctness. • He/she can also stem from a simple lack of acquisition.
  7. 7. • They may utilize the firt language as an utteranve initiator when forced to speak, since they lack acquired competence in the second language • They will typically self-correct “by rule”, that is, when correcting errors, they will often be consciously aware of the rule that was broken and be able to verbalize it • Have a hesitant, overcareful style of speaking • In other words, they are Grammar Nazis.
  8. 8. The Underuser • Appear to be ununfluenced by most error correction and do not usually utilize conscious linguistic knowledge in L2 performance • Does not seem to use the conscious grammar at all • May be living in the country where the target language is spoken or may be exposed to frequent use of the second language in their own country.
  9. 9. Thank You